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As Aaron was constituted Higb-(Priesti so all his Sons were appointed Priests, and consecrated by Moses, by a special Commission from God, at the same Time. I will sanStify both Aaron and his sons to Exod. minister to me in the Priest's office. And, as the First of the House of Aaron was, from Time to Time, to succeed to the High-Priest's Office, so the Priesthood was to be supplied out of the rest.
By the Priejls, we may understand, those only, who were admitted to officiate in the Sacrifices, and to use and take care of the sacred Implements within the Tabernacle and Temple, under the Inspection of the High-Priejl: of which we need not bring any Proofs here, having done it so amply above. But, we shall fee wherein they were inferior to the High-Priest, both in Dignity and Authority; if we pursue our Enquiry under the same Heads; as, how they were habited; after what Manner, consecrated;
what Qualifications were requir'd of them; and the Nature of the Officest which they were to perform.
Vestments of the PRIESTS.
Instructions for the Habit of the 'Priefti are given, at the fame Time, with those relating to the High-Priest: where it is Exod. said j And for Aaron's sons thou Jhalt make XoV1& c°ats> an<l thou shalt make for them girdles t and bonnets shalt thou make for them; for glory, and for beauty. And thoujhalt make them linnen breeches j from the foyns, even unto the thighs they Jhall reach.
This Habit seems to have been well adapted to their officiating about the Sacrifices, in two Respects, Coolness and Cleanliness; that they might, at the fame Time, be easy to themselves and inoffensive to others. For, upon such Occasions, only, was this Habit worn by them i as we may fee, from the Injunctions intermix'd with Ezekiel's Account of his vixLv*' sionary Temple. The Priests, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my fanffu
ary, when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me, to. minister unto me, and they Jhallstand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, faith the Lord God. They Jhall enter into my sanSluary, and they jhall come near to my table to minister unto me, and they shall keep my charge. And it pall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they Jhall be clothed with linnen garments; and no wooll Jhall come upon them whilst they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within. They Jhall have linnen bonnets upon their heads, and Jhall have linnen breeches upsn their loyns: they Jhall not gird themselves with any thing that caufeth sweat. And when they go forth into the outer court, even into the outer court to the people, they Jhall put off their garments wherein they ministred, and lay them in the holy chambers, and they Jhall put on other garments; and they pall not. sancJify the people with their (sacerdotal) garments.
And besides the Injunctions of Moses, we find the Priests generally wore a Linnen Ephod when they minister'd j at least
in the Time of Saul, they are said to xxii.18. have done so; When Doeg the Edomite fat the Command of Saul) fell upon the Priests, and flew on one day, fourscore and five persons, that did wear a linnen Ephod: If this Ephod were irio!e|o! any thing more, than the ordinary Habit of Linnen, which they were oblig'd to wear, when they attended upon the Sacrifices. Be that as it will, we find' k was of Linnenj and consequently much inferior to the other rich and stately one which the Law prescribes for the Hig%. Priest. '*V^
The Manner of their Consecration, arid the Conditions requir'd to qualify them for their Office, are altogether the fame with those relating to the High-Priest: except that the latter, when he was consecrated, Exod. had oylpoured on his head; beside the A7. * spersion of Oyl and Blood, which was made afterwards upon him and the Priests, and — 2r. upon tfoir garments, in order* to hallow them.
The Office of the PRIESTS.
Their peculiar Office, being likewise, mostly, to take care of the Lamps, the Shew-Bread, the Oblation of Incense, the Veflels of the Tabernacle, under the Inspection of the High-Pries; and to prepare the several Sorts of Victims, which were to be offer'd either by him, or themselves j we have little more to fay of them, upon that Head. To the office of Eleazar, Numb. the son of Aaron, the Priest, pertaineth the lV- l6' oyl for the light, and the sweet incense, and the daily meat-offering, and the anointing oyl, and the oversight of all the tabernacle^ and of all that therein isy in the fanStuary and in the vejsels thereof
And at any Time, when the Camp was to move, Aaron and his sons were to take the Ark of the Covenant, the Table of Shew-Bread, the Candlestick, and the Altar of Incense, and to cover them up severally, with Decency and Care; after the Manner which is punctually prefcrib'd in the Law. All which was to be born and n T carried