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As Aaron was constituted High-Priest, fo all his Sons were appointed Priests, and consecrated by Moses, by a special Commission from God, at the same Time. I will fanctify both Aaron and his sons to
xxix. 44. minister to me in the Priest's office. And, as the First of the House of Aaron was, from Time to Time, to succeed to the High-Priest's Office, so the Priesthood was to be supplied out of the rest.
By the Priests, we may understand, those only, who were admitted to officiate in the Sacrifices, and to use and take care of the sacred Implements wichin the Tabernacle and Temple; under the Inspection of the High-Priest: of which we need not bring any Proofs here, having done it so amply above. But, we shall see wherein they were inferior to the High-Priest, both in Dignity and Authority; if we pursue our Enquiry under the same Heads; as, how they were habited; after what Manner, confecrated;
what Qualifications were requir'd of them; and the Nature of the Offices, which they were to perform
Vestments of the PRIEST S. Instructions for the Habit of the Priests, are given, at the same Time, with those relating to the High-Priest: where it is said ; And for Aaron's fons thou halt make coats; and thou shalt make for them girdles; and bonnets shalt thou make for them; for glory, and for beauty. And thou shalt make them linnen breeches; from the loyns, even unto the thighs they shall reach.
This Habit seems to have been well adapted to their officiating about the Sacrifices, in two Respects, Coolness and Cleanliness; that they might, at the same Time, be easy to themselves and inoffenfive to others. For, upon such Occasions, only, was this Habit worn by them; as we may see, from the Injunctions intermix'd with Ezekiel's Account of his vifionary Temple. The Priests, the fons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my fan&tu
ary, when the children of Israel went astray from me, tbey fall come near to me, to minister unto me, and they all stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, faith the LORD God. They shall enter into my fanctuary, and they fall come near to my table to minister unto me, and they hall keep my charge. And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they Mall be clothed with linnen garments ; and no wooll shall come upon them whilst they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within. They Mall bave linnen bonnets upon their heads, and shall have linnen breeches upon their loyns : They shall not gird themselves with any thing that causeth sweat. And when they go forth into the outer court, even into the outer court to the people, they fall put off their garments wherein they ministred, and lay them in the holy chambers, and they shall put on other garments; and they Mall not. fanctify the people with their (facerdotal) garments.
And besides the Injunctions of Mofes, we find the Priests generally wore a Linnen Ephod when they minister'd; at least
(at the Command of Saul) fell upon the
in the Time of Saul, they are said to i Sam. Xxii. 18. have done so; When Doeg the Edomite
Priests, and few on one day, fourscore
The Manner of their Confecration, and the Conditions requir’d to qualify them for their Office, are altogether the same with those relating to che High-Priest: except that the latter, when he was consecrated, had oyl poured on his head; beside the Aspersion of Oyl and Blood, which was made afterwards upon him and the Priests, and upon their garments, in order to ballore them.
Exod. xxix. 7.
The Office of the PRIEST S. Their peculiar Office, being likewise, mostly, to take care of the Lamps, the Shew-Bread, the Oblation of Incense, the Vefsels of the Tabernacle, under the Inspection of the High-Priest; and to prepare the several Sorts of Victims, which were to be offer'd either by him, or themselves; we have little more to say of them, upon that Head. To the office of Eleazar, Numb. the son of Aaron, the Priest, pertaineth the oyl for the light, and the sweet incense, and the daily meat-offering, and the anointing oyl, and the overhght of all the tabernacle, and of all that therein is, in the Sanktuary and in the vessels thereof.
And at any Time, when the Camp was to move, Aaron and his fons were to take the Ark of the Covenant, the Table of Shew-Bread, the Candlestick, and the Altar of Incense, and to cover them up severally, with Decency and Care ; after the Manner which is punctually prescrib'd in the Law. All which was to be born and
ib. iv. T