Page images

* Plate of

36, &c.

Upon the Mitre, which was to be made
of fine Linnen, was to be put a
Gold, with these Words engraven upon it,

Thou Exod.

xxviii. fhalt put it on a blue lace, that it


may ": : upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the i mitre it shall be; And it hall be upon

Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel Mall hallow in all their holy gifts: and it shall be always upon bis forebead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.

In Conclusion, it is said; And for Exod. Aaron's

fons thou shalt make coats, and thou *xvii. shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets salt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty. And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his fons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and

sanEtify them, that they may minister unto me, in the priest's office. And thou shalt make them linnen breeches to cover their nakedness: from the loins even unto the thighs, they shall reach. And they shall be upon Aaron,


* This, is afterwards ( 29, 6.) call’d the Holy Crown,


xxix. 29,


and upon his fons, when they come in unfo tbe tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto tbe altar, to minister in

the boly place. Exod.

And lastly, it is written, that The holy garments of Aaron shall be bis fons after bim, to be anointed therein, and to be confecrated in them. And that fon, that is priest in his stead, shall put them on, faven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.

So far, the Precepts relating to the

Vestments of the High-Priest. That they Exod.

were made accordingly may be seen in anoLev. viii. ther Place ; and, in a third, that Mofes put

them upon Aaron at the Time of his being consecrated to the High-Priest's Office. Of which we are to speak next.


S E C T. IV.

Confecration of the High-Prieft. This Ceremony which was to last seven Days, began with the Preparation of the Sacrifices; the Particulars of which may better be seen at large in the Book of the Law, than transcrib'd here. Then, follows ;


Exod. xxix.

xxix. 4.

"Aaron and his fons, thou shalt bring unto Exod. the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water. And thou shalt take the garments and put upon Aaron,&c, These we have already describ'd. But when the Mitre and holy Crown are Exod. put on, it is order'd; Then shalt thou take xxix. 10. the anointing oyl, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him. Which was a Ceremony peculiar to the High-Priest alone. : Next, it is said; And thou shalt cause a

bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of (the congregation ; and Aaron and his fons fall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. And thou shalt kill the bullock, and take of his blood, and put it upon the borns of the altar, with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar, &c. as before, in the Sin-Offering. Then, in like manner a Ram, for a Burnt-Offering. Then, to be kill'd as the former, another Ram, for a Confecration Offering ; of the Blood of which Mofes is commanded to take, and to put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and of his fons, and upon the thumb of their right band, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and thou shalt


take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oyl, and sprinkle it upon Aaron and his fons, and upon their garments and be shall be hallowed,&c. Then follows the Peace-Offering of Confecration ; of which we have spoken before. And in Conclusion, it is said; Thus halt thou do unto Aaron and to his fons ; feven days shalt thou consecrate them; and offer, every day, a

bullock for a fin-offering. All which we Lev. viii. find accordingly to have been punctually

done by Mofes, at the Time of the Confecration of Aaron and his Sons.

S E C T V. Qualifications of the High-Priest. The Conditions necessary to qualify those who should be admitted to the Order of an High-Priest, were of two forts: first, such as were to be previous to his being Consecrated ; secondly, such as it was incumbent

upon him to observe, after it. As to the first of these, he was, in general, to be free from all manner of Blemish, either natural or acquir'd, in the Make and Figure of his Body; the Particulars of which may be better seen in the


Lev. xxi.

Law, than given here. As to those of the Second kind; He was not to defile himself Lev. xxi. by mourning for the dead; unless in the Lev. xxi. Case of a Father or Mother, Brother or 2, 3. Sister, Son or Daughter : nor was he to defile himself by touching or going in to any of these. He was, in general, to be Holy, 11. and to avoid every thing profane, in his Lev. xxi.

6. Life and Conversation. And, in another Place, The LORD spake unto Aaron, fay

Lev. x.8. ing; Do not drink wine nor strong drink, Thou, nor thy fons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, left ye die. It hall be a statute for ever, throughout your generations. He was not to marry a Prostitute, or one that had been divorc'd, or

Lev. xxi. any Woman of ill Fame ; or even a dow : But a spotless Virgin, of good Rank

Lev. and Condition among his People. Accordingly we find Jehoiada the High-Priest Lev. --married to the Sister of Ahaziah King of 2 Chron. Judah. He was not to have his head, nor xxii

. 11. the corner of his beard; nor to make any cut- Lev. --tings in his flesh. Nor to uncover his head, ib. 10.





* In Ezekiel's Injunctions, they are allow'd to marry IVidow, whose firji Husband had been a Priest before. xliv. 22.


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