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have given offence, by any way failing in their'Duty and Allegiance to Him I we may conclude, this distinguishing Mark of Favour was put upon the Tribe of Levi, out of Respect to Moses, that great Prophet; whom God thought sit, so signally to employ, first, in the Deliverance of his People, from Egyptian Servitude; and afterwards, in settling and establish] Ing among them that Form of Govern* ment, which he judg'd to be the most reasonable and proper for them.
Especially, considering how great a sliare in the Administration of their Affairs, temporal as well as spiritual, the Chiefs of this Tribe were sure to have, as long as the rest of them would live contented under that Political Oeconomy, which God himself had design'd for their Comfort and Well-being. And, at the same time, how * sufficient an Income they were
* All the First-fruits and Tenths of eleven, or rather, twelve Tribes; were apprifriated to the Maintenance of this One, besides Offerings, Vows, and Donations ef all Kinds. Which, if paid regularly and fairly, Without any Deduction or fraudulent Abatement, must mr.inted to, at leajl, as much, as the Revenue of any tiber single Tribe. \. , , "; r\r\V fll GJ
to -enjoy*; provided and brought to their Hands without any Expence or Toil on their Side, (the Ministration of the sacred Offices excepted) that so, they might the more intirely devote and apply themselves to the great Business of their Profession the greatest Good and Happiness of Mankind; and, from which, consequently, it was the best Interest of all the People committed to their Charge, to use their whole Endeavours, that they mould not be call'd off, or disturb'd, by being Oblig'd to hunt after the Necessities and Convenienci€6 of Life.
Their Portion and Allotment is mention'd in several Places, in the Law. The Lord fays to Aaron; 'Thou shalt have no Numb. inheritance in their land; neither JhaltTM"'2' thou have any part among them: I am thy partt and thine inheritance, among the children of Israel. And behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel, for an inheritance; for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: And, in the same Chapter, most of the Emoluments arising to the High-Priest, arc likewise specified. - Of
Of whose Office we will begin to treat i« the first Place.
SECT. II. >s
The High-pr Le. S grucli J: ,•
When God had dclivcr'd the £,a>w From Mount Sinai, and given Directions' dboa the Tabernacle, and all its AppurtenahExod. ces; he then fays to Moses, Take unto tbet xxvui. i. Aaron thy brother, and bis sons ivith hxih, from among the children of Israel; tbatbt may minister unto me in the Priest's office: even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Elea^sir and Ithamar, Aaron'J sons. Of these, Aaron was the Chief or High-Prieji; bis Sons, in a subordinate Degree, only iViests.
This Distinction is frequently ntiade'm the Law, as it is also in other Parts tif 2 Kings tne Scripture. King Josiah commaniti xxiii. 4. Hilkiah the High-Priejl, arid the Przefts-if the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the Lordj all the vessels that were made for Baal. And we are told that at the Time Jer. lii. °f tnc Babylonish Captivity, The captain'if 24- the guard took Seraiah the Chief-Priest, and
^epHaniah the second Priejl, and the three eefers of the door. And we read, after heir Return from the Captivity, that Elia- Neh» iii. bib the High-Priest jose up with his ire- l' hren the Priests, and was instrumental in ebuilding the Walls of "Jerusalem. Bue ,s the Directions about those things, which elated to the High-Priest and the rest of he Priests are mostly given to Aaron and his Sons, what we read of as established nominally in and for them, must be look'd upon as appertaining to all the HighPriests and Priefis of the second Order, who were to succeed them in after Times.
By enquiring y?r/? into the Circumstances of the High-Priest's Office, therefore, we shall clear the way a little, and lay some Foundation towards our better understanding all the rest, which are to follow. And as these Circumstances are deliver'd in the Law, under four Heads, First, the Vestments or Robes; next, the Consecration; then, the Qualifications; and lastly, the Office of the High-Priest; it will not be amiss, if we pursue the same Method. '5 1 ■'
S E CT. '-ttjjc Oj ^£,70 >:
Vestments of the High-pri¥s.^;.
To begin, therefore, with the Vestmnfs of the High-Priest-, concerning which the Scripture Direction is as follows: God fexod. fays to Moses; Thou shalt make holy garxxvm*z" merits for Aaron thy brother; for glory\ani for beauty. And thou Jhalt speak unto all that are •wife-hearted (skilful in Works of this Kind) whom I have filled -with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron V garments^ to consecrate him, and tbaliv,Be may minister to me in the Priest's office. '
They were, in general, to be rich and ornamental: partly, to make him appear awful and venerable in the Sight of the People; partly, to be a Shadowing sifid Resemblance, as far as human Skill and Ability could reach, of the Glory of Christ; of whom, as a Mediator and Redeemer, by making Atonement for the Sins of the People, the High-Triest himself was but a Type and Shadow.^* \ And thus the Psalmist, typifing the Purity and Elegance of Manners, in which