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whereas he was indeed a Levite, as appears », Chron. by his Genealogy. v 34*
And, for the better securing and keeping these several Allotments unalienable and fix'd in the Tribe to which they belong'd, no one had a Power of absolutely conveying away his Estate; and Heiresses were confin'd to marry those of their own Tribe* It is probable that this was the Cafe of the Blessed Virgin; and that, for this Reason, the * Evangelists, in deducing the Genealogy of our Lord, pursue not her Line, but Joseph's only; it being the same Thing, in effect, as they were both of the fame Tribe. But, as nothing of this kind could affect the Levites, who had no Inheritance, we find they married out of any Tribe indifferently. And therefore Elizabeth might be nearly related to the Virgin Mary; Luke i. though the former was of the Tribe 0s36* Levit and the latter of that of Judah.
When this People came to be quietly settled in the Land of Canaan, and had, according to that Form of Government which God himself was pleas'd to prc
* St. Matthew and St. Luke.
scribe to them, been govern'd by Judges first, and then by Kings; namely by Saul, of the Tribe of Benjamin-, by David, of that of Judah, who made Jerusalem, a City of the fame Tribe, the Seat of his Empire; and by Solomon the Son of David, who built the first Temple at Jerusalem: They, hitherto, obtain'd and preserv'd the Name of Israelites. But,
Whence call'd Jews.
UPON the Death of Solomon, Ten of the Tribes declaring for Jeroboam the Son of Nebat, and the other Two, those of Judab and Benjamin, adhering to Rebsh boam, Salomons Son, hereby arose a Distinction -, the former being call'd the King of Israel, because the Majority of the Tribes sided with him, and the latter the King of Judah-, taking his Title from that Tribe, by way of Eminence, because his own Family was of it; and Jerusalem, the Metropolis, with the Temple and all the Institutions of Religion thereunto belonging, was one of its Cities. And, as
Jeroboam was of the Tribe of Epbraim, all the Tribes that submitted to him are sometimes call'd the People of Epbraim; Jcr. vii. and the two Nations, as we may now call fa v them, are generally distinguished from each »*> '3« other by the Names of Judab and Israel, or "Judab and Epbraim.
From this Division and Separation of the Tribes, there naturally grew up a strong Enmity, on each Side, fomented by consequential Differences and Provocations. For Jeroboam, the more effectually to secure those who had declar'd for him, and to prevent them from returning to Rehoboanty made them forsake the Worship of the true God, and perverted them to Idolatry, He knew, that they could notj go up to offer Sacrifice in the House of the Lord at Jerusalem (as, by the Law, they were oblig'd, every Year, to do) and, at the fame time, continue in their Allegiance to him; and therefore, upon a Consultation with the Heads of his Party, he made * two golden Calves; assuring the
* i Kings xii. 28. To represent the Apis or Serapis •/ the Egyptians, in the Absence of the Temple } as Aaron People, these were their Gods which brought them up out of the land of Egypt: that, to these only, religious Worship was due; and that, therefore, they had no Occasion to give themselves the Trouble of a Journey to Jerusalem, upon that Account.
The Priests and Levites, * for the most Part, upon this, repair'd to Jerusalem, to testify their Allegiance to God. They left the Cities which had been anciently assign'd them, together with their Suburbs and all their Possessions; as indeed it was high Time they should. For Jeroboam and his Sons had cast them off from executing the Priest's Office unto the Lord; and had appointed other Priests, of the lowest of the people, for the High Places, and for the Devils, and for the Calves which he had made.
This Departure of the Levites was follow'd by several others, out of all the
bad done before in the Absence of Moses. Exod. xxxii. 4, Baal, an Idol, often mention'd in the Old Tejlament, and by Interpreters understood to represent Jupiter, is by Topit call'd, The Heifer Baal, Too. 1. 5.
* 2 Chron. xi. 13. As many as would not turn Idolaters ; for that some did so is plain, from Ezek. xliv. 1 o.
Tribes of Israel; even by all such as set their Hearts to seek the Lord, and to worship the God of their Fathers. By which means, the Kingdom of Judab was considerably strengthens; and enabled, upon Occasion, to defend itself against, and to cope with, that of Israel. And thus they went on, each through the Reigns of about twenty Kings successively; until, first the People of Israel, were carried away Captive by Shalmaneser King of Assyria, and put in Halab and Habor by the River of Gozan, and in the Cities of the Medes; from whence they never return'd: And, about two hundred Years after, the "People of Judab with Zedekiah their King, their City and Temple being destroy'd, were carried away Captive, to Babylont by Nebuchadnezzar.
The Rise of the Samaritans.
AFTER the King of Assyria had carried away the People of Israel, in their stead he brought Men from Babylon, and from Cutbah, and from Ava, and from C 4 Hamate