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his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes: And there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. >.-■ 1 Sam. And we read that Samuel took a fucking:

Vll. Q. . .

lamb and offered it for a burnt-offering wholly unto the Lord: And Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel, and the Lor J? ,b-x-8- heard him. Again, he tells Saul, Thou shall go down before me to Gilgal, and behold I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt-offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace-offerings. At which Time, we find that Saul, impatient of tarrying any longer for Samuel, resolves to sacrifice without him, and says, Bring hither a burntofftring to me, and peace-offerings. For ib. xiii. 9. which he afterwards endeavours to excuse ~ ,l2' himself to Samuel, by saying, Because thou camejl not within the days appointed, thtrefore, said I, the Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the Lord; I forced my self therefore, and offered a burnt-offering. And when David was ordering the * Sam. Ark to be brought to Mount'Sim, from vi. 13,17. House of Obed-Edom, when they that


bare the ark of the Lord, had gone fix paces, be sacrificed oxen and fat lings. And, as soon as he had placed it in the tabernacle that he had pitched for it, he offered burnt-off rings and peace-offerings before the Lord. Also, in the Threshing-floor of Oman the Jebufite, he built an altar, and i Chron. offer'd burnt-offerings and peace-offerings, jj^xxfx And, at his resigning the Crown to Solo- »i. mon, we read of his making a most pompous Offering.

Solomon, after God's gracious Promises to him, offer 'd up burnt-offerings and peace- i Kings offerings. And, after he had built the 2Sm Temple, it is said, Three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt-offerings and peaceofferings upon the altar 'which he had built unto the Lord.

And when Ahaz, one of the Kings of fudah, had caus'd a new Altar to be built after the Fashion of one he had seen at Damascus, we are told, he offered thereon; And he burnt his burnt-offering, and his 2J^m® meat-offering, and poured his drink-offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace-offerings upon the altar. And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the Priefi, faying, upon the great


altar burn the morning burnt-offerings and the evening meat-offering, and the king's burnt-sacrifice and his meat offering, with the burntoffering of all the people of the land, and their meat-offering, and their drink-offerings, and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt-offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice,' s And Hezekiah, aster he had sanctified 2 Chron. the House of the Lord, gathered the ruxxix. 21. jeri 0f the city, and commanded the Priests I to offer seven bullocks, and seven rams, and seven lambs, and seven he-goats, for a finoffering for the kingdom, and for the fanfluary, and for Judah; and they sprinkled the blood upon the altar. And they brought forth the he-goats for the fin-offering, before the king and the congregation, and they laid their hands upon them. And the Priests killed them, and they made reconciliation •with their blood upon the altar, to make an atonement for all Israel. And, at the Dedication of the second Temple, we read that they offer d an hundred bullocks, two Ezra vi. hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and fur ''' a fin-offering for all Israel, twelve he-goats..

There are more of these Sacrifices mention'd in the historical Books of the


Scripture, as likewise in the Psalms and the Prophets; too many to be transferr'd into thrtP Treatise. What we have produced may suffice to (hew how much of the yewijh Religion consisted in them; and how pompously they were solemniz'd upon extraordinary Occasions. That the Observance of them was prescrib'd to them by God himself; and was what they always thought themselves bound to as long as they had Liberty and Power of so doing.


Sacrifices, only a Toleration.

But, after all, by the Light of the Gojpel since reveal'd to us, we are well aflbr'd that these carnal Ordinances were not so properly an Establishment, as a Toleration. The Times, in which they were conniv'd at,

Acts xh

were Times of gross Ignorance; and the xvj People, to whom they were indulg'd, hard- 3°hearted, stiffnecked, and perverse to a high Degree. Yet, as they were the Posterity of Abraham, and several other worthy Patriarchs of old, who in the main, had led their Lives in such a manner as to


88 RE L IG I OU S Af F Al RS.

please God j and because, the scanty Pro-
portion of true Religion then existing in
the World was no where so great as among
the Tribes of Israel j as likewise, because
out of them, God had resolv'd the Messiah,
the Saviour of the World, should in the
Fulness of Time be born: Therefore, he
vouchsafed so far, to bear with their Infir-
mities, as to permit them to worship him,
after the prevailing Custom of the World
by sacrificing Beasts to him. Since this
might help, in some measure, to kindle
reverential Thoughts of the supreme
Deity in their Minds; and thereby inflame
them with an ardent Desire to render them-
selves acceptable to Him, by an Imitation
of that Purity which they knew must be
inseparable from him. And especially since
these Sacrifices were so contriv'd, that they
should be significant towards Man's eternal
Salvation, by typically representing that
glorious and satisfactory Sacrifice which
C H K i s T, in his own Person, would one
day make, for the Sins of the whole
World. And moreover, as they had been
always us'd by their Forefathers, and they
saw were still us'd by all the Nations round


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