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S E C T. X.
Exod. XXX. 1, &c.
The Oblation of INCENSE. And beside the Sacrifices beforemention'd, there was an Oblation of Incense, appointed to be made every Day, Morning and Evening. When the Lamps were dress'd in the Morning, and lighted up at Evening, then the High-Priest was to burn Incense, upon the Altar that stood juft without the Veil of the most holy Place: a perpetual incense before the LORD throug bout their generations. Ye Shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt-facrifice, nor meat-offering; neither fhall ye pour drink-offering thereon. And Aaron' (the High-Priest) shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year.
Andafterwards, when we have an Account Exod. xl. of the Tabernacles being set up, it is said;
He put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation, before the veil; and be burnt Sweet incenfe thereon, as the LORD commanded Moses. '. We have frequent mention of burning Incense, both Altar and on the High-Places, in the Books of the Kings, and those of the Chronicles;
and in some other Places in the Scripture. Particularly in St. Luke ; who, speaking of Zacharias, one of the Priests, and the Father of John the Baptist, tells us,
that according to the custom of the Priest's office, bis Luke i. lat was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the LORD. And the whole multitude of the people were praying without, at the time of incenfe. And there appear'd unto bim an angel of the LORD standing on the right fide of the altar of incense.
Pbilo the Jew says, « This Altar dif« fer'd from the Altar of Burnt-Offering “ in three. Particulars; the Materials of " which it was compos'd; the Place in « which it ftood; and the Use to which " it was put. Whereas the one was made " of rough unpolish'd Stones; the other " confifted of pure Gold wrought in the « best manner.
Whereas the one stood " in the Court, without the Temple, ex
pos’d to the Sight of the Vulgar; the "other stood in the holy Place, within " the Temple, inaccessible to all, but the " Priests, who were purified and fanctifi" ed by their Office. And whereas the one was for offering up in Sacrifice the
" Flesh of Beasts, the other was only to burn “ Incense, and to send forth the most
grateful Odours.” Whence he concludes that “ a pious Thanksgiving of“ fer'd up by a pure innocent Heart is
more acceptable to Heaven, than all “ the other pompous Ceremonies of De“ votion, consisting of a Multitude of “ grofs Formalities, without that accep“ table Ingredient: inasmuch as Gold is “ better than rough Stone, the Inside of " the Temple more honourable than the “ Outside, and the Smell of Incense more « fragrant than the Steams of Burnt-Sa« crifices. Wherefore (as he goes on to “ tell us) the daily Devotions of the Tem
ple began with such à Thanksgiving: “ It not being allow'd to enter upon ma
king any Burnt-Offerings abroad, 'till “ che Incense had been offer'd, betimes in " the Morning, within.”
S E C T. XI.
Devotions at the Time of SẠCRIFICE.
During the Time that these Sacrifices were offering, those who attended at them
employ'd themselves in Exercises of Devotion suitable to the Occafion; either in Supplications or Thanksgivings. While Zacharias, as beforementioned, was offering the Incense within; we are told, all the People were praying without. But of folemn Thanksgivings upon these Occafions, we have many Instances, in the Times of David, and the ocher religious Kings. Where, among other Branches of the Levitical Office, this is mention'd as one; to stand every morning to thank and 1 Chron. praise the LORD, and likewise at even.
At the Dedication of the Temple by Solomon; The Levites which were the Sing- 2 Chron. ers, being arrayed in wbite linnen, and ac- v, 12, 13. companied with a concert of all kinds of proper instruments, were as one ; to make one found to be heard, in praihng and thanking the LORD. And when they lift up their voice, with the trumpets
сутbals and instruments of musick, and praised the LORD, saying,
« For He is Good, for his mercy endureth for ever,” we read, that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the LORD.
And, upon Hezekiah's purifying and reficting the Temple, after it had been long neglected, or polluted with Idolatry; a
mong the rest of the solemn Preparations 2 Chron. upon that Occasion, The Levites stood with xxix. 27. the instruments of David, and the Priests
with the trumpets: And when the burntoffering began, the song of the LORD began also, with the trumpets, &c. And all the congregation worship’d, and the fingers fang, and the trumpeters founded : And all this continued until the burnt-offering was finished.
The same Solemnicy was used at the
laying of the Foundation of the second Ezra iii. Temple. The Priests in their apparel,
with trumpets, and the Levites with cymbals, were plac'd in order to praise the LORD, after the ordinance of David king of Israel. And they sung together, by course, in praising and giving thanks unto the LORD; because he is Good, for his mercy endureth for ever.
The Book of Psalms contains several of these Gratulatory Hymns. And the Gof
pel has two very fine ones; that of the Luke i. Blessed Virgin, My soul dotb magnify the