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There were likewise Sacrifices of Expiation or Atonement, which the Priest made occasionally, eitherfor himself or others. One of these Days, we have mention'd before; which, was the great Faji, or Day of Atonement, for the Sins of the Nation, committed in the Course of the whole Year; and kept annually upon the tenth Day of the seventh Month. Then it was, that the High-Priest, Lev- xv dress'd in all the Robes peculiar to his Order ,after having ofFer'd the previous Sacrifices, for himself, and for all the Congregation, took two goats; and prejented them before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle; and caji lots upon them, one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat, the goat upon which the Lo Rd's lot fell, uoas offer'd for a fin-offering; but the goat,on which the Ut fell to be the scape-goat, was presented alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scape-goat into the wilderness.
And among other Ceremonies, the Higb-Prieji was to take a censer full of burning coals of fire, from of the Altar before the Lord, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail; (of the Holy of Holies) and put the incense upon the fire before the Lor. D, that the cloud of the incense might co-ver the mercy-seat. And when be had made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar; he was to bring the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their fins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and to fend him away by the hand of a fit man, into the wilderness: And the goat was to bear upon him all their iniquities, unto a land not inhabited. And in the End of these Prescriptions, is added 3£' ' And this \Jhall be an ever lofting fiat ut e unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel, for all theirfins once a year.
The 'Trespass-Offering was to be for Le . vi.i. wilful deliberate Sins, either in offending &c' God by neglecting his- Worship, or injuring their Neighbour by any kind of Fraud or Violence. The offering a Ham
without Blemish. The Blood to be pour'd Lev. vH. out round about the Altar; the Fat to be' barrit, and the remainder to be eaten by die Priests.
And lastly, the Consecration-Offerings was to be made upon the anointing of any to be a Priest. This is the offering of Aaron and of his sons, which they skall offer unto zo' V1" the Lord in the day when he is anointed; the tenth part of an Ephah of fries our for a meat-offering perpetual, half of it in the morning, and half thereof at night. And, after the Directions for the preparing it, it is order'd to be wholly burnt; for every meat-offerring for the priest Jhall be Lev- vu wholly burnt, it Jhall not be eaten: as, for others, it might.
For the Sin-Offering, and the BurntOffering upon this Occasion, special Di- . ... rections are likewise given. And, after o- 14. 18. thers, in relation to the anointing Oyl and 22- bK" the holy Vestments, mention is made of the Ram of Consecration; the Fat and
right Shoulder of which, were fro be
There were, besides these, Offerings of several Kinds to be made upon particular Occasions, by way of Purification \ too long to be here enumerated} and which Lev xii may Detter be read in the Book of the xiii. xiv. Law it self. I shall only observe j that Lw. xii. Offering for the Purification of a Woman after Childbirth, was to be a Lamb fora Burnt-Offering, and a Turtle-Dove or a young Tigeon for a Sin-Offering: and,
if slie were not able to bring a Lamb, "then two Turtles, or two young Pigeons, one for each Offering.
Agreeably to which St.LwforelatesJof the Luke u. blessed Virgin; That, when the days of her purification, according to the law of Moses, were accomplished, they brought him (the Child Jesus) to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord: as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the Exod. womb, shall be called holy to the Lord and xuu 1,12* offer a sacrifice, according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, a pair of turtle-doves, or two young pigeons.
And because not only they, but th«ir Tents or Houses and Utensils were liable to become unclean by several Accidents, there is a Prescription for making a kind Numb, of Water call'd the Water of Separation; X1X" without being sprinkled with which they could not be made clean again. This consisted chiefly of an Infusion of the Ashes of a red Heifer. To which St. Paul
alludes in his Epistle to the Hebrews. Heb. ix.