« PreviousContinue »
Lev. ii. i. it are given at large in the Levitical Institutions. And, as we are inform'd, in another Place, every Burnt-Offering that was Numb, made, was to be accompanied with a xv.z.&c. Meat-Offering and a Drink-Offerings of a Quantity ascertain'd according to the Nature of the Sacrifice.
The haw concerning this kind of Offering is again repeated, in another place; This is the law of the meat-offering; The sons of Aaron Jhall offer it before the Lor D, Ltv vi before the altar. He Jhall take of it his 14. &c. handful; of the Flour of the meat-offerings and of the Oyl thereof and all the Frankincense which is upon the meat-offering, and Jhall burn it upon the altar, for a sweetsavour, even the memorial of it unto the Lord. And the remainder thereof Jhall Aaron and his sons eat; all the males among the children of Aaron Jhall eat it: It Jhall be a statute for ever in your generations, concerning the offerings of the Lo R D made by fire. That is, the Meat-Offerings when made alone, and by particular Persons: For those which were made, ;with the Burnt-Offering properly so call'd, were to be intirely consum'd along with it.
The Peace-Offering, which was offer'd upon two Accounts, either to Supplicate for Peace and Safety in any Cafe, or to return Thanh for the Enjoyment of them, was to be, without Blemisli; whe- Lev. ther Male or Female; whether of the' Herd, or the Flock. All the Fat from the inside, and wherever it could be easily taken off, was to be burnt on the Altar. The Breast and the right Shoulder, were^s^' the Fees of the Priest j as was also a part of the leavened Bread, and of the Cakes appointed to accompany the Peace-Offering of Thanksgiving. Of the Breast and Shoulder of the Peace-Offering, the Daughters of Aaron, as well as his Sons, were allow'd to eat, tho* not of the Meat- Lev. x. Offering.
The rest might be eaten by those that brought the Offering. But conditionally; If it were a Thanksgiving, it was to be all eat the fame Day; If it was a Vow, they might leave some of it to the next M 3 Day, Day, if they thought fit: But otherwise, they are forbidden to eat it, under the Penalty of being cut off from their People. Under the Sentence of which Commination they lay likewise, in Case they eat either the Blood or the Fat of that which they offer'd. And these Prohibitions, in some Places, are so generally express'd, that they seem to leave no Liberty at all, as to these two Exceptions last mention'd, in any Cafe whatever; and therefore the Jews, (as it is said) religiously abstain from both. And indeed, in Regard to the Particular of eating Blood, they were prohibited from it, not only by frequent ^Injunctions in the Law, but by the Precept Gen. ix. deliver'd to Noah. Flesh, with the life 4" thereof, which is the Blood thereof, /hall you not eat.
To this Offering the Psalmist alludes, Psalm wnen he says; What shall I render unto
&c' "the Lord for all his benefits towards me? I will take the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the Lord. / will pay my vows unto the Lor D, now in the presence of all his people. I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving, &c.
We come next to the Sin-Offering; Lev which was to be made, diversely, as occasion requir'd; either for the prieji j or the whole congregation o/*Israel collectively; or a Ruler; or any one of the common people, if they mould happen to commit any Sin through ignorance, and it afterwards came to their knowledge.
For the Priest, or the whole Congregation collectively, it was to be a young Bullock without Blemi/h. And, either the Priefi, or the Elders of the Congregation, whichever had been guilty of the Sin, were to lay their hand upon his head, and then he was to be kiWd. Then the Priest was to dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle it seven times toward the veil of the fanSluary; then to put some of the blood -f upon the horns of the altar of incense, within the tabernacle; and to pour all the rejl of it, at the bottom of the altar of burnt-offering j on
t This was to be done but once a 7ear. Exed. 30. 10.
M 4 which
which he was to burn all the fat; but, to carry forth every other remaining Part o£ the Beast, even the -whole bullock, except the Fat and the Blood, unto a cleans lace without the camp, and burn him with fire till he was consumed. Of which St. Paul takes notice, in his Epistle to the Hebrews, and makes it to be a Type of Christ's
Heb. xiii. suffering without the gate.
"! IZ" For a ruler, it was to be a kid of the goatSy a male without blemish; for any private person, a female kid or lamb; and some of the Blood was to be put upon the horns of the altar of burnt-offering only > the1 rest, to be pou/diround about the altar; and the fat to be burnt, as in the other. But, in the two last Cafes, the Remainder was not to be carried out of the Camp and burnt, but to be eaten by the Males in
j^ v-u the Priest's Family. All the males among
35. the priests shall eat thereof'; it is most holy.
But no fm-offering whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal, in thetfyoly place (that is, put upon the Horns of the Altar of Incense, as before) stall be eaten-, it stall be burnt in the fire.