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of the land, ye Jhall keep a feajl unto the Lord, seven days; on the Jirji day Jhall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day, Jhall be a sabbath. And ye Jhall take unto you, on the sirs day, the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook: and ye Jhall rejoyce before the Lord your God, seven days. And ye Jhall keep it a feajl unto the Lor D, seven days in the year: It Jhall be a statute for ever in your generations; ye Jhall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye Jhall dwell in booths J'even days: that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in Booths, ivhen I brought them out of the land of Egypt.
This Injunction is repeated in another Numb. Place, with particular Directions, what xxix.12. kind of Burnt-Offerings were to be offer'd, every one of the Days. And again, rjeut.xvi. in these Words; Thou Jhalt observe the «3feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hajl gather d in thy corn and thy Wine, This Festival, we find, was kept with great Pomp and Solemnity, after their Re- Neh. viii. turn from the Captivity. H» L 3 This
This was one of those three great Festivals of the Year, upon which all their Males were to appear before the Lord at 'Jerusalem. The Precept for it is, as follows. *Tbree times thou /halt keep a feaji unto me in the year; Thou Jhalt keep the feaji of unleavened bread, (Passover) in the month Abib (March) for in it thou earnest out from Egypt. And the feajl of harvest, (Pentecoste) the first-fruits of thy labours which thou hajl sown in the field: And the feast of Ingathering (Tabernacles) which is in the end of the year (the old natural Year) when thou hast gathered in thy j^ut labours cut of the field. And this last is xxxiv. called in another Place, The Feast of Ingazz' thering at the year's end. Which must mean the old Style, when, as we observ'd before, August was reckon'd the last Month in the Year.
* Exod. xxiii. 14, &c. Deut. xvi. 16. It was the second of these (Pentecoste) which St. Luke calls Awcpi-rparw, the second Sabbath after the First; when the Disciples pluck'd the Ears of Corn. Or, as some will have it, the fecund weekly Sabbath, which happen'd after the first Great one, the Paslbver. Luke vi. 1.
The Sabbatical Year. Among the divine Appointments beforemention'd, we may place the Sabbatical Year; every seventh Year was to be a Year of Rest to the Ground. Six years Exod. thou Jhalt sow thy land, and jhalt gather xxill^.c in the fruits then of; but the seventh year,' thou jhalt "let it rejl and lie fill; that the poor of thy people may eat; and what they leave, the beajls of the field Jhall eat. In like manner thou jhalt deal with thy vineyard and with thy olive-yard.
Again; When ye come into the land which Lev. xxv. J give you, then Jhall the land keep a fab- 2' bath unto the Lor D. Six years thou jhalt sow thy field, and fix years thou jhalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; Buty in the seventh year, jhall be a sabbath of rejl unto the land, a sabbath for the Lord; thou jhalt neither Jbw thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 'That which growetb of its own accord, of thy harvefi, thou jhalt not reap; neither gather the grapes of thy vine undrefj'ed: For it is a year of rest unto the land. And the sabbath of L 4 the
the land jhall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee. And for thy cattle, and for the beajls that are in thy land, Jhall all the increase thereof be meat.
Levit. And, a little further; If ye Jhall fay 'what Jhall we eat the seventh year? behold, we Jhall not sow, nor gather in our increase: 'then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years. And ye Jhall sow the eighth year, and eat yet of old fruit, until the ninth year; until her fruits come in, ye Jhall eat of the old store.
In another Place, we are told how this Year is to be further observed: At the
Deut. xv. end of every seven years, thou shalt make a release. And this is the manner of the release; every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour, Jloall release it; be Jhall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother, because it is called the Lor D's release, &c. And if thy brother, an Hebrew man or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then, in the seventh year, thou shalt let him go fret
from thee; and thou Jhalt not let him go away empty: 'thou sloalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy store, and out of thy ivine-prefs. And thou Jhalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the Lo R D thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to-day.
SECT. XV. The Tear of Jubilee. There was, besides, another sabbatical Tear, call'd the Year of Jubilee, which was every seventh of the sabbatical Tears beforemention'd, and revolv'd once in fifty Years; the Institution of which is as follows: Thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine Tears, then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the Jubilee tosound, on the tenth day os theseventh month; in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim Liberty throughout all the land, unto all the inhabitants thereof: It shall be a Jubilee unto you, and ye shall returnevery man