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upon as Part of the Duty of keeping holy

the sabbath day.

There were likewise peculiar Offerings Numb, appropriated to this Day -t and, at the xxVU1"9'same Time, the Shew-Bread was to be

chang'd for new j Aaron is commanded to _ provide it, and set it in order before the xxiv. 8. Lo R D, every Jabbath-dqy continually. The

Celebration of the Sabbath was to begin

the Evening before; and continue to the j^i-j,Evening of the sabbath-day. From even

unto even Jhall ye celebrate your sabbath*


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'The Feast of the Passover.

* Another great Festival among them was the Feast of the {PaJsoverJ and unleavened Bread. Which, tho' two distinct Feasts, and instituted in Commemoration of two . different Transactions, yet because they happen'd at one and the same Time, and related to one and the same signal Deliverance, (their being brought out of the Land of Egypt> from the House of Bondage, by the extraordinary Assistance of God) therefore were to be observ'd * upon the same Day of the Month, for ever.

That of the Passover•, in Remembrance Exod. qf God's passing over their Houses when xu-3-&che flew the First-born of the Egyptians Thatof unleavened Bread, to fix and con- Exod. 39. tinue such. Remembrance; by bringing to their Minds the great distress and hurry they were in, at that Time, when they could not so much as stay to put Leaven in their Bread. Both typically predictive of Christ our Passover; who, becoming a Sacrifice for the Sins of the whole World, will save all those who, putting away the 1 Cor. leaven of malice and •uHckedntfs, conform v*7* themselves to his Institution, with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

/^gain, 'thou mayjl not sacrifice the Pas- Deut. paver within any of thy gates which the 5" Lord thy God giveth thee; but at the

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* It was customary to speak os them, as all one Feajl.

^Therefore St. Luke mentions them as one, The Feast of unleavened Bread, which is call'd the Passover. And, The Day of unleavened Bread when the Passover must

i be kill'd. Luke xxii. 1.7. and St. Matth. quite Mends them together, by calling the Eve of the Passover, the •first Day of unleavened Bread. Matth. 16, 17. and so it was. Exod. i*. 18. ,.

•„ K 4 place

place which the Lord thy GodJhall choose to place his name in. Therefore it was celebrated at first in Shi/oh; and afterwards at Jerusalem. It was to be kept upon the fifteenth Day of the first Month, (March) to last seven Days, . and (as all their Feasts were) to begin, the Evening before. In xxlii 5. *be fourteenth day of the first month, at &t. even, is the Lord's pajover. And on the fifteenth day of the fame month, is the feafi of unleavened bread unto the Lo Rd; seven days Jhall ye eat unleavened bread.

Yet the Jews, in after times, made void, or difpens'd with, this Law by their Traditions, so £fr as, * by an Order of Council, to forbid its being kept upon either Monday, Wednesday or Friday, if it should happen to fall upon any of those Days; and to appoint the Observation of it, upon the Day following. At the time of our Lord's Passion therefore, tho' it fell upon the Friday, and he, who came to fulfil the Law, kept it accordingly, by eating the Paschal Supper with his Disciples on Thursday Night; yet we find the

■ - ;.

* Seder Olam,

Jews y?ws did hot propose keeping it till Saturday. And, according to their Account, Friday being the Eve or 'Preparation of it, they would not go into the judgment hall, Joh. left they Jhouldbd defied; so Pilate was ob- xvuL 2 lig'd to go out to them, to know what they accused our L o R D of. And, just before Pilate consigns him over to Death, we are told, It was the preparation of the pas- j0h. sover, and about theJixth hour, or twelve o' XIX- 1 clock at noon. The Jews therefore, (after j0h. he had hung above three Hours upon the XIX"3' Cross, with the two Malefactors who were crucified with him) because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath-day (for that sabbath was an high day) besought Pilate, that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. It was an high day, because it was both the Sabbath and the Feast of the Passover,

Thus therefore the other Evangelists may be easily reconciled with Sr. "John. They mention our Lord's eating the Passover on Thursday, as the first day of it which it really was according to the Institution of Moses, which our Lord ob


serv'd; He mentions Friday, as only thc» Preparation or Eve of the, Passover 5 which, according to the Jewi/h Act of Council, it was. So that, tho' they seemingly differ, yet in Reality, they harmoniously agree; and, accordingly, when they come to mention the Day of the Resurrection (which was to be, for ever after, the Sabbath of Christians) to prevent all Possibility of mistaking about the Observance of it, They all declare, that it was very early upon the first Day of the Week; just as the Sabbath was ended *.

And that this Day was thereafter accordingly observ'd as the great Day of Cessation from servile Work and Devotion to the Service of God and Works of Charity, we learn from the Usage of the Christians in the Apostolic Age; when, Acts xx. upon the first day of the week, the disciples came together to break bread, and Paul

* Matt, xxviii. i. As it began to dawn towards the first day of the week. Mark xvi. When the sabbath was pajl, very early in the morning, the first day of the week. Luke xxiv. i. Upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning. John xx. I* The first day of the week, when it was dark.


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