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Moreover, they divided their Days into four 'principal Parts; which were distinguisli'd' by the firsts the third, the sixth, and the ninth Hours. Therefore in the Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard; Mat. xx. some are hired early in the morning, which was .the first Hour j others, at the third Hour; others, at the sixth, and others, at the ninth: and some, at the eleventh Hour, which was the latest that could be: The sixth Hour being always Midday, and exactly answering to our Twelve o' Clock at Noon.
These Days were all to be observ'd with religious Worship of one kind or other j some more, some less. But, as they were allow'd to work on some, and forbidden so to do, on others; the former, may, not improperly, be call'd ordinary or Work Days; and the latter, Festival or Holy. For Example, on every Day, as well Work Days, as Festival or Holy, the daily Sacrifice of the Burnt-Offering was K to
to be offer'd, at the Altar appointed sor
that Purpose. After Directions are given
to prepare and sanctify it, follows this
Exod. Order; Now this is that which thou/halt
Numb! °ffer uP°n fbe Altar; two Lambs of the
xxv'm. 3. jrft year, day by day, continually>, -&c;
That this Oblation was to be, Morning and Evening, we are told by Solomon, where he acquaints Hiram King of Tyre, with his pious Design of building the 2 Chron. Temple. Behold, I build an bouse to the "• 4- name of the Lord my God, to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual Jhew-bread, and for the burnt-offerings, morning and evening, and on the new moons -, To which he adds, This is an ordinance for ever to Israel. And when (after their Return from the Captivity) they had erected Ezra. iii. a new Altar, we are told, they offer"d burnt3> !• offerings thereon, morning and evening-, and the continual burnt-offering of the new moons.
'"Isbe N E w M o o N s.
Their New-Moons (that is, the first day of every Month) tho' they did not require a Ceflation of Work, yet were to be observ'd by Sacrifices of a peculiar Kind. Numb. In the beginnings of your months, ye Jhallxxyuu offer a burnt-offering unto the Lord; two bullocks, &c. These the Prophet IsaiahIsoiah- '• likewise calls the new-moons.'
Their Festivals or Holydays, on which
they were to do no manner of servile
Work, were several;' first, every * Sabbath
or seventh Day throughout the Year:
Concerning the Observation of which,
there are repeated Precepts. Upon this day
they were to do no manner of work j not so x* g*
much as to kindle any fire in their habitati- &c.
Exod. -—■ xxxv. 3.
* Sabbath Jignifies a Resting from Labour: And therefore other Festivals, en which no servile Work was to be done, are often call'd Sabbaths. Lev. xxiii.
K 2 ens.
ons. But this was not all; they were moreover, to keep it holy: That is, to employ their Minds in religious Exercise, after the best manner, that either divine Revelation or human Wisdom could instruct then*.'
And more especially, (as * the Sabbath Was instituted in Imitation and Commemoration of God's resting on the seventh Day, after he had been employ'd, the other fix, in the Work of the Creation) to adore and admire his infinite Goodness, Wisdom, and Power, for his so graciously bringing Mankind into Being; making them capable of eternal Happiness after this short transitory Life; and, in the mean Time, furnishing them with all Things requisite to make their living in this World, easy and pleasurable: provided, they would but do their Part; the Part of rational Creatures; be honestly industrious in the Procurement of them; freely temperate in the use of them; and religiously thankful in the Enjoyment of them; that
* Which probably was the Reason why God chose to be sa long, and no longer, in creating the World: viz. that it might be a standing Rule for the Sabbath, and an everlasting Subjeilfor Man to contemplate his Attributes by.
is, endeavour, to the utmost of their Power, to live agreeably to the Will of God, howsoever made known to them; whether by any extraordinary Revelation, or by the Dictates of natural Reason.
That the Jews did actually observe it by such religious Exercise of the Mind, as well as by a Cessation of Work, we may learn from that Passage, when our Lord is said, to have went, as his custom was, Luke iv. into the synagogue, on, thesabbath-day. And l6- &c* there was deliver d to him (as the course of the Scriptures requir'd) the book of the prophet Isaiah; which, when he had read, he redeliver'd to the minister of the Congregation. So Paul and Barnabas went into the A&s Synagogue, at Antioch, on the sabbath-day, X1"-1'4» and sate down. And after the reading of the law and the prophets, Sec. Again, it is said, the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day. And, the next sabbath day, came almost the whole city together to . hear the word of God. To frequent the Synagogues therefore, among their Brethren of the same District or Congregation, and hear the Law and the Prophets read and expounded, was what they look'd K 3 upon