A Light to the Nations: An Introduction to the Old Testament

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Wipf and Stock Publishers, Aug 18, 2009 - Religion - 640 pages
A Light to the Nations is a singularly well-organized survey of ancient Israel in its historical continuity, with special attention to the literature of the Old Testament viewed through the lens of historical-critical method. The book interweaves literary, historical and theological approaches, combining the best features of other scholarly texts that are strong in only one of these points of view. Thus it is not just an exegesis of the biblical books, nor simply a history of Israel, nor purely a theological study, but a synthesis of the interests and values of all three.

Throughout, connections between the faith of Israel and that of the later synagogue and church are stressed. An immensely useful section on Canon and Text gives the student a knowledge of the Old Testament's ancestry that is foundational to studying the biblical text. The book is richly supplied with maps, illustrations, a glossary, recommended further reading, and translations of eleven chief ancient Near Eastern texts related to the Bible.
 

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Contents

Perspectives
5
THE ANCESTRY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
15
Literary Types
21
Canon
29
Text
37
Translations
46
THE OLD TESTAMENT WORLD
57
The Fertile Crescent
59
The Elohist
246
The Origins of Hebrew Prophecy
254
THE COLLAPSE OF ISRAEL
266
Hebrew Prophecy
273
Amos
281
Hosea
291
Micah
305
NeoBabylonia and the Fall of Judah 700587 B C
327

Palestine
69
Old Testament Palestine
79
THE FATHERS OF ISRAEL
85
The Patriarchal Traditions
92
THE PEOPLE OF THE COVENANT
102
The Mosaic Traditions
109
The Exodus
119
Traditional Southern Route of the Exodus
122
The Originality of Moses
126
The Religion of Moses
134
THE SETTLEMENT OF THE LAND
145
The Traditions of Joshua
152
Tribal Allotments in Canaan Joshua 1321
154
The Settlement Reconstructed
160
Song of Deborah
171
Religion During the Settlement
177
Saul
184
David
191
Solomon
202
The Secession of the North
211
THE KINGDOM DISRUPTED
234
Deuteronomy
334
Nahum
346
Jeremiah
352
THE PEOPLE IN EXILE
372
Ezekiel
380
The Rise of Persia 550538 B C
398
The Restored Community 538333 B C
428
Postexilic Prophecy
436
The Priestly Code
448
Wisdom Literature
463
RECONSTRUCTION UNDER THE HELLENISTS
495
The Psalms
503
Religious Fiction
514
Apocalyptic
524
Intertestamental Judaism
533
Glossary
539
Recommended Further Reading
553
Near Eastern Texts Related to the Old Testament
565
Index of Subjects
597
Index of Biblical References
609
Copyright

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About the author (2009)

Norman K. Gottwald is a pioneer in the use of social science methods and models to interpret the Hebrew Bible. He taught at Columbia University, Andover Newton Theological School, and New York Theological Seminary before retiring to Berkeley, California, where he is Adjunct Professor of Old Testament at Pacific School of Religion. As visiting lecturer, he has taught on all five continents. His major works are The Tribes of Yahweh, The Hebrew Bible-A Socio-Literary Introduction, The Hebrew Bible in Its Social World and in Ours, and The Politics of Ancient Israel.

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