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that there was the nucleus of a strong and with a desire to spread the Gospel Presbyterian congregation in Nottingham. amongst all classes in this great town. The He heartily, on his own behalf, and on that Rev. J. C. Paterson epoke in high terms of of his congregation, wished them God- his friend Mr. Lundie, and of his thorough speed. The Rev. Dr. Blaikie, of Pilrig fitness for the new sphere upon which he Free Church, Edinburgh, gave a long and had entered, and added that he looked fordeeply interesting address on "The History ward through Mr. Lundie's efforts to the of Presbyterianism in Scotland during the extension of Presbyterianism in Liverpool. last twenty-five years,” which he charac- The Rev. J. Towers bore testimony to Mr. terized as a series of struggles like that Lundie's ability and earnestness as a minis. which they bad just begun. The address ter, having been a fellow-labourer with him was listened to throughout with the deepest for upwards of fifteen years at Birkenhead. attention.
The Rev. C. M. Birrell spoke of the duties ALDERNEY PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGA- and responsibilities of a minister, and in TION.-On the evening of the 1st ult. the connection therewith urged that the concongregation at Alderney held their annual gregation also had their work to do, the tea-meeting. The assemblage was large in leading features of which he pointed out. proportion to the population of the place. The Rev. Dr. Candlish offered a few reThough the boisterous weather prevented marks on the government of the church, the attendance of a number who would and commented upon some of its leading otherwise have been present, about 150, features ; he also referred to the induction partly military, partly civilian, sat down to of the Rev. Mr. Lundie, expressing his good tea. The expectation of being able to wishes towards that gentleman, who he conraise, after paying expenses, an overplus sidered eminently fitted for the work to wherewith to commence a Sunday School which he had been called. It was said there Library, was well realized, Sergeant Bur- was a debt upon the church of £1,000, but nett, R.A., having announced before the he hoped the exertions of the congregation
close that he had as much as £5 in hand, would be successful in liquidating it within . and he has received more in the form of a very short period. The Rev. V. M.
donation. The minister, the Rer. W. White spoke in ternis of commendation of Charteris, was assisted on the platform by the newly-appointed pastor of Fairfield, and the Rev. Mr. Brewer, Primitive Methodist, hoped that success might attend his labours. and the Rev. Mr. Spilsbury, Wesleyan. On Sabbath forenoon, Mr. Lundie was inBoth of these gentlemen addressed the troduced to his charge by the Rev. Dr. meeting in a very brotherly spirit.
Candlish, who preached an able and eloFAIRFIELD, LIVERPOOL.—The Liverpool quent sermon to a large congregation who papers record the induction of the Rev. R. filled the church in erery part. In the H. Lundie, M.A., to the pastorate of the afternoon the Rev. Hugh S. Brown Fairfield English Presbyterian Church, and preached; and in the evening the newly. state that the building was filled by a nu- inducted pastor of the church. The colmerous congregation. The Rev. J. C. lections on the occasion amounted to upPaterson, of Manchester, presided, and wards of £100. preached â sermon from Esther v. 13, 14, SOIREE AT BLYTH.-On New Year's-day after which he formally inducted the new the annual congregational tea meeting, in pastor, and briefly addressed both the connection with the English Presbyterian minister and the congregation upon the re- Church, was held in the large hall of the lationship thus established between them. Mechanics' Institute and the two schoolIn the evening, the members of the congre- rooms adjoining the church. The schools gation and friends held a tea party at Hope were very tastefully decorated with flowers Hall, the chair being occupied by Mr. Gra- and evergreens, and the ball with banners. ham. The Rev. R. H. Lundie addressed The tables, which were profusely spread the meeting in reference to his removal to with all the delicacies of the season, were Fairfield, and the reasons which had in- given gratuitously, and presided over by duced him to accept the call. He hoped the following ladies :-Mrs. Reid, Mrs. he would be backed by the earnest and de- Newman, Mrs. Renwick, Mrs. Golden, voted efforts of the congregation, and he Mrs. Keenlyside, Mrs. R. Hettle, Mrs. looked to them the more seeing that it was Thomas Hettle, Mrs. Distow, Mrs. John a small one, and that every man would | Distow, Mrs. Gardner, and Misses Hedley, consequently have something to do. In Gair, Newman, M. E. Smith, A. M. Smith, reference to his connection with the church, and Driskell
. Notwithstanding the rather he said he came there to be a minister of limited accommodation, upwards of 500 the Gospel, and with an earnest purpose to persons were refreshed with a bountiful live on terms, not only of amity, but in supply of tea and cake. After the tea the brotherhood, with Christians of other deno- usual social meeting was held in the church minations, animated by love to the Saviour, and lower school-room, which were filled by a large and respectable audience. The them away from their native soil for the meeting was presided over by Mr. John smallest consideration given to their parents, Hedley, of Blyth, in the unavoidable ab- keep them in this country in the most absence of George Brewis, Esq., of Sunder-ject state of slavery, to gather money on derland. The Chairman opened the meet their account. There are many trading in ing in a few introductory and appropriate figures and other articles in plaster or stucco, remarks, and afterwards called upon the some manufacturing them in their own Rev. J. Reid, M.A., the respected minister workshops, and some carrying them about of the congregation, to address the meeting. on sale. There are large numbers of Mr. Reid, after thanking the congregation Italian confectioners scattered all over Lonfor their special kindness to him during the don, as well as musicians and instrument past year, and also to his brethren in the makers, and many belonging to other proministry for their kindness in assisting him fessions, besides numerous visitors, who during his illness, made a few well-chosen either remain but a little time, to return remarks on their general and financial again to Italy, or are on their way to prosperity. He also suggested that the emigrate to America, Australia, or other time had now come when it was necessary countries. From this analysis of the Italian that they should begin to form the nucleus population in London, it will be seen that of a fund for the building of a new and there is ample field for an Italian mission; commodious church, which the flourishing and it would indeed seem a total dereliction state of the congregation so urgently de- of duty, were we to allow so many to come mands. Highly interesting and instructive to this metropolis and go from amongst us addresses were also delivered by the Revs. without even attempting to introduce among S. M. M'Lelland, of South Shields, W. A. them that Gospel which will make them P. Johnman, M.A., of Darlington, E. G. wise unto salvation. It is with a view to do Wall, of Bedlington, S. Clifton, R. Haworth, something towards this great desideratum and J. Nicholls, of Blyth. The speakers that the Society for Promoting the Improvewere listened to throughout with unflagging ment of the Italians has been formed. Feelattention by a densely crowded audience, ing that one chief object to be sought is the and were greeted with repeated marks of spread of education, the Society's first enapprobation. The choir, under the able deavour has been to open a class on Sundays leadership of Mr. Robert Butterease, added for the study of the Bible, and a week-evening to the enjoyment of the large assemblage by class for teaching reading and writing. At the singing a selection of hymns and anthems first the attendance at these classes was selwith admirable taste and precision. A dom more than five or seven, but the labours cordial vote of thanks was unanimously of the Society begin to be better appreciated, carried with acclamation to the ladies for and as many as forty or fifty Italians have providing the tea, the speakers, choir, and already entered their names, for the school chairman.*
was to be organized on a large scale. A class for teaching chemistry applied to the
arts is also in contemplation : rooms for the MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. purpose have been 'engaged in the very heart
of the Italian district in Cross Street, SOCIETY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF Leather Lane, which, though limited in THE ITALIANS IN LONDON. - The first size, are certainly best suited for the purpose. annual meeting of this Society was held on But equally important it is to attend to those Wednesday, December 27, in the Lecture Italian's who reside in other parts of the Hall of the Regent Square Presbyterian metropolis, and who cannot be reached by Church, Rev. Dr. Duncan, president of the any school fixed in any special locality. Society, in the chair, After some introduc- The largest number in fact consists of adults tory remarks from the Chairman, Dr. Leone who must be met in their own houses or Levi read a report of the proceedings of the places of business. For these the only Society during the last year, from which we means is an Italian missionary—one who, take the following :-"The Italians in Lon- knowing not only the language, but the feeldon, numbering in all upwards of 2,000, ings and wants of the Italians, is best able differ materially in their social position and to obtain their confidence, and induce them educational attainments. A large portion to think of the serious purposes of life and of them are seen every day in the streets eternity. Such a missionary the Society and lanes of the metropolis, obtaining a has, in the providence of God, happily precarious livelihood from the playing of found. The Count Tergolina, who has been the organ and other instruments. Many of warmly recommended by several Christian them mere boys, they are at the mercy of ladies and friends, is a man of great talent their masters, who having ruthlessly torn and great heart, and having himself, we
* We regret that this piece of intelligence was trust, the grace of God, is fully able omitted last month by mistake.
to speak to his countrymen the word
life. His reports from week to week are early even the work of Reformation commost interesting. He reads to the Italians menced in Italy; and how much that country and with them chapters of the Bible; he has done for civilization and science for ages distributes Italian Bibles and tracts; he past-it will be admitted that it is our combats many errors; he inculcates on bounden duty to endeavour to benefit the them sound moral principles ; he refutes the Italians in our midst to the best of our teaching of priests; and, what is better, he power, and that we are called upon by. the sows among them the precious truths of tie of common faith and common aspirations Christianity free from the gloss of human to instil among them the word of eternal tradition. To attract and to provide some life." At a later part of the proceedings source of intellectual enjoyment for the Signor Alessandro Gavazzi gave a splendid adult portion of the Italian community, it oration in Italian, the Rev. Dr. Hamilton was thought desirable to have occasional lec- presiding. There was a very crowded attures delivered in Italian. The first of these, tendance, including about 200 Italians, and delivered in November last, was largely the subject was “The Future of Italy.” At attended by the Italians, and we trust that the conclusion of the lecture, the Rev. Dr. the second lecture, which will be delivered Duncan moved, and Dr. Leone Levi this evening, may prove as successful. What seconded, a vote of thanks to the eloquent is most necessary for the best interests of orator, which was carried by acclamation, the Italians in London is the establishment and after a few words by Count Tergolina to of an Italian Evangelical Church. There the Italians, with reference to the school in are in London German, Greek, French, Leather Lane, the meeting separated. Swiss, and even Swedish Churches, and we THE ENGLISH PRESBYTERIAN DEPUTAthink that the time has come when a churchTION TO SCOTLAND.--At the meeting of the should be provided for the Protestant Edinburgh Free Presbytery last month, Dr. Italians. The necessity is indeed apparent. Candlish intimated that there was a deputa. Since as a matter of fact a large number of tion from the English Presbyterian Church them are quite alienated from the Church of to visit Edinburgh in the month of March-he Rome, it is all-important that there should believed on the 18th of March-and he probe a place of worship open for these men in posed that a small committee should be apaccordance with their altered minds and pointed to make the necessary arrangements religious views. Otherwise they are sure for receiving them. The motion was unanionce more to become the victims of scepticism mously agreed to, and Sir Henry Moncrieff, or incredulity. The Society is earnestly Dr. Candlish, Messrs. Cousin, Mann, and anxious to provide this great want, and they Crichton, and Sheriff Cleghorn, were aptrust to meet with some able Italian Evan- pointed a committee accordingly. At the gelical minister of the Gospel, who may meeting of the Free Church Presbytery of conduct at least one Italian service every Kirkaldy, the Rev. Norman L. Walker, of Sunday in some convenient locality. For Dysart, begged to say a few words regarding these and other purposes the committee a collection to aid the English Presbyterian would express the need of extended support Church in carrying on their mission operaand co-operation. During the year one of tions in England. He thought that but for their number, one most able to take part in the efforts put forth by the English Presbythe work, from his knowledge of the Italian | terian Church, the Free Church of Scotland language, and the grace of God in his heart, would be under the necessity of having a has been suddenly taken away. By the death separate scheme for England. The most of Robert Nichol a vacancy has taken place important colonial mission of the Free in the committee, which they trust will soon Church of Scotland was England. The be filled by some earnest and pious youth, Church of England appeared to be very willing to give his hearty co-operation in much in the position to which the Church promoting all these objects. The committee of Scotland seemed to be verging-viz., that take this opportunity of tendering their best of having no creed ; it was therefore of the thanks to the college committee of the Pres- utmost importance that the Free Church of byterian Church in England, for the use of Scotland should do what was in her power their rooms for several meetings of the to assist the English Presbyterian Church. Italians, and to the British and Foreign He hoped that every congregation within Bible Society, for a large vote of Italian the bounds of the Presbytery would heartily Bibles and Testaments, for free distribution respond to the call of the English Presbyamong the Italians. In conclusion, the terian Church, work now commenced will, we trust, redound WALDENSIAN DEPUTATION.- A deputato the glory of God. When we consider tation from the Waldensian Church is to how identified are the Romans with the visit this country in a few weeks, for the very writings of the Gospel ; how earnest purpose of raising £5,000 or £6,000, to were the Italians in the first plantation of enable them to carry out their schemes for Christianity throughout the world; how the evangelisation of Italy.
Newbiggin, per Mr. W. Brown £1 0 0
13 9 6
35 00 Dr. A. P. Stuart, Chelsea, Subscrip. tion, per Mr. W. Hume
4 0 0 Trinity Church, Manchester, Associa. tion, per Mr. T. C. Morton
16 00 Trinity Church, Liverpool, Collection, per Mr. John Turner
14 8 0 Widdrington, Contribution, per Mr. J. Mather
1 10 0 Islington, Liverpool, Sunday School
Collection, per Mr. John Reid 5 15 6
4 6 10 Bewcastle, per Rev. w. Tweedie
1 0 0 Mrs. Routledge, Bewcastle (Don.), per Rev. W. Tweedie
0 10 0 Torquay, Donations and Subscriptions, per Mr. R. Dennistown
5 2 6 ROBERT LOCKHART,
Treasurer. 1, Rumford Place, Liverpool,
5 0 0
0 10 0 10 0 0 1 5 0
JAMES E. MATHIESON,
Joint-Treasurer. 77, Lombard Street, London, E.C.
CONGREGATIONAL SINGING. who conclude, from our style of singing in
church, that we are deficient in musical To the Editor of the English Presbyterian Messenger. taste, had better follow us to our homes or
SIR,– Can you give any good reason social meetings, and they ill be quickly why the singing in our English Presbyte- undeceived. No, it is only in church that rian Church should be a continual reproach we are dull, and heavy, and slow. to its members ? Has musical education, It is not difficult to arrive at the original which has reached nearly every class in cause of this. Our Church was formed at society, been so ignored by the natives of a time when not only small attention could “bonnie Scotland,” that they are content be given to psalmody, but when it was of to sing the praises of God in so dull a all things necessary to oppose a pure and fashion ? Our pulpits may challenge com- simple worship to the sensuous exhibitions parison with any in the kingdom; but of the Church of Rome. And so we conwhat a contrast to the servour and anima- tinue to exclude instrumental music; but tion there displayed is presented in the it is a great mistake to suppose there is coldness and apathy of the congregation anything in the doctrines or standards of when engaged in an exercise which, of all our Church that prevents our singing the others, should excite in them a spirit of de- praises of God in a way calculated to rouse votional warmth. That the fault is not in the devotional feeling of the people. On the national character, nor in the indivi- the contrary, Knox and the early reformers duals who compose our congregationa, may were most careful in maintaining this be safely affirmed. The poetic element has branch of Divine worship; and in the its home in the Scottish mind, and those “ Directory' it is strictly enjoined that all the congregation abould join therein ; that paving the way for the organ more effeceach person should bave a Psalm-book, and tually than its advocates ? those who could not read were to be What is the remedy? That is not so taught, in order that all might unite in easy to determine. Prejudice and long“ making melody to the Lord.” I have established use are opposed to any radical indeed been informed that the Psalm-book change. The formation of choirs, with the of that day had the musical notes printed harmonious blending of voices under a at the head of each psalm, an example skilful teacher, may do much, but not all which might be followed in the present day that is required. There is a confessed want with great advantage,
of variety in the versification of the psalms, One cause of our remaining satisfied with and it is said to be impossible to adapt the the present state of things may arise from a music to them so as to bring out the exgeneral though unexpressed idea that it is pression of joy, or thankfulness, or adoranot desirable to cultivate music for our tion, which the words convey. With few spiritual exercises, and that there may be exceptions our tunes are slow and melanpositive sin in making ourselves too perfect choly. But there is no likelihood of our in this respect. Now, it will not be denied obtaining a metric translation of the psalms that the praise of the heart, whether musi- that could take the place of the present. cally expressed or not, is equally acceptable Very grand and noble are some of them, to God; but, on the other hand, it must and endeared to us in many ways, and also be admitted that perfect melody may some prefer them even to the prose translabe as sincere as the rudest discord. God tion. We may say it is prejudice, but it is has given his creatures the exquisite sense a prejudice that would be difficult to reof enjoyment of sweet sounds, that causes move. At the same time something should them to linger on a summer night to bear be done to make our song of praise the glorious outburst of the thrush or what it was intended to be, not a dreary blackbird in preference to the dreary chirp monotonous hum issuing from only a porof the sparrow, and it is vain to attempt to tion of our congregations. ignore it. But the argument for plain, un- It is a pity the Synod could not agree cultivated, inharmonious praise, will apply upon a Hymn-book. Surely there are men with equal force to the ministrations of the of learning, talent, and taste in our body pulpit. We might say we want the Gos- who might have compiled a Hymn-book to pel preached to us in its naked simplicity- satisfy all that will be satisfied. But it apwe object to the embellishments of oratory pears there is no hope of the Synod doing and the polish of rhetoric-we doubt the anything, and congregations should look to piety of a preacher who is eloquent or themselves. Suppose we retain our present imaginative, and prefer the plain narrative psalms and paraphrases, would it be a very of the Gospel without argument and with violent innovation to suggest that the out illustration. But do we in reality psalm immediately preceding the sermon prefer this bold style of preaching, and have should be chanted either in the prose we not splendid examples to show that true translation or in verse, instead of being piety and genuine godliness may co-exist sung in the present style? A whole psalm with the most extensive learning and could thus be chanted instead of the three talents cultivated to the utmost limit of or four verses abstracted (I have no doubt human capacity ? What is God's own way. often with difficulty) by the minister ; and of teaching? Do we find nothing in the as it would be done with animation, it Bible but plain narrative or exhortation ? might have the effect not only of rousing On the contrary, is not the heart of man the devotional spirit of the people, but of appealed to in every variety of composi- imparting a corresponding warmth to the tion ? Even the historical records of the minister, on whom the present apathetic earlier time are interspersed here and there attitude of many of his congregation with poetic imagery far surpassing human during the singing of the psalms must bave powers; such, for example, as we find in a depressing effect. the song of Moses, when the Egyptians I throw out these hints with much diffiwere swallowed up in the Red Sea, or the dence, and will be glad if they call forth triumph of Deborah over the downfall of suggestions from those better able to disSisera.
cuss the subject than I am. When the late Mr. Duncan and Dr.
I am, sir, yours faithfully, Munro stood up at the meeting of Synod in
M. this town, a few years ago, to denounce the
Newcastle-on-Tyne, Jan. 12, 1866. introduction of instrumental music into our churches, the sympathies of the great ma- [We have much more hope of the Synod jority of the people were with them. But than our correspondent seems to have, and by an obstinate adherence to the present we believe that if he will wait patiently till obsolete style of psalmody are we not 'after its next meeting, he will find the