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naught, in an Irish jaunting car, he would The name of the Rev. Henry Wallace, of while away the hours by repeating the Derry, appears in a published list, but, I “ Lady of the Lake" from end to end, or am quite sure, without sufficient grounds. some other of Scott's poems. His criticisms It is well known that, but for a slight defect on students' discourses were often very of hearing, Mr. Wallace would be the object
A very ambitious, but unequal, of the all but unanimous choice of the performance was set down with—“He soared Assembly; for he is possessed of a most like an eagle and drooped like a goose.” metaphysical mind, which has been rarely He used to remind such of his students as disciplined by years of study, and displays were likely to make too much of a text, and a most complete mastery of all the great “bolt it to the very brim,” of the minister questions at present in discussion between who, in preaching on“ Behold the Lamb of the evangelical and broad schools of theoloGod," took care to show, in the sixth place, gical thought. But Mr. Wallace is not a “that lamb's wool was good for making candidate. The most promising candidate stockings.” He was not, however, so inci- is the Rev. Dr. Robert Watts, of Dublin, a sive or laconic as good old Archibald Alex. comparatively young minister, who was ander, of Princeton, who disposed of a trained in Princeton, and was the foremost grandiloquent discourse on the creation with theological student of his time in the class the words—“It don't beat Moses."
of Dr. Hodge. He has contributed several Dr. Edgar was connected with every great very able articles to the Princeton Review, and important religious and philantbropic one of which, on Barnes' Treatise on the movement in Ulster for the last forty years Atonement, was published in the British —which represents, indeed, the period of the and Foreign Evangelical Review for revived evangelism. He was the apostle of January, 1860. He is the “R. W." who temperance
in Ireland before Father writes the article on “Bushnell's Vicarious Mathew. He was the founder of the Sacrifice" in the last number of the same Belfast Penitentiary for Fallen Women, and Review. He has many qualifications for one of the most active promoters of the the chair-his youth, his academic habits, Deaf and Dumb Institution. His labours his rare grounding in Hebrew and Greek in Connaught-religious, missionary, educa- literature. The other candidates, whose tional, and industrial-why should I speak names have been published, though without of them ? His latest work was the raising their authority, are the Rev. James Killen, of £20,000 for churches, manses, and of Comber, the author of "Our Friends in schools. He worked on to the last. As Heaven," who is the brother of Professor Andrew Fuller said of himself, so we may Killen, of the Church History Chair; the say of Dr. Edgar—"He had a large portion Rev. John Rogers, of Comber, ex-Moderaof being.” He professed his strong assur- tor; and the Rev. D. Wilson, of Limerick, ance of God's mercy before his death, and the present Moderator. A few weeks will his last words were—“ The Rock that is decide the question. higher than I.” He was a man of great Since I wrote the above, I observe by sensibility and affectionateness, rich in all the Derry Standard that in many quarters the elements of human feeling and moral a strong desire has been expressed that the aspiration, and with an overflowing geniality Rev. Henry Wallace should allow his name and humour that ministered to his own to be placed in the list of candidates, and at strength and usefulness.
a meeting of ministers from numerous dis
tricts, on Monday last, resolutions to this It has been resolved to hold a special effect, we understand, were unanimously meeting of the Assembly on the 3rd of agreed to. It is my belief that, if Mr. October to elect a Professor in the Doctor's Wallace should consent to offer himself, his room. Some complaints have been made election is almost certain. However, I see of the alleged precipitancy of this measure, his named signed to a requisition, asking as it might be better to defer the appoint- Dr. Watts to allow himself to be put in ment till June, the regular time of meeting. nomination of the office.-Edinburgh Daily There are several candidates in the field. Review.
RELIGIOUS REVIVAL AT CUMBERNAULD AND KILSYTH.
A CORRESPONDENT of the Watchman ness manifested itself among the people. writes as follows:-“At a small village After preaching in the open air, they ad(Cumbernauld) about four miles distant journed the meetings to a large scholroom, from Kilsyth, a few laymen began to con- where they preached and prayed; and, duct religious services in the open air; and, under the blessing of God, their efforts after preaching a few nights, great numbers proved instrumental in the conversion of flocked to hear them, and a spirit of earnest- ! many souls. The congregations continued
to increase, and it was found necessary to gregation divided into two bodies, one open the largest church in the place. For of which went to each chapel, where nine weeks past a great work has been numbers were truly converted to God. It is going on, and that village, long destitute of gratifying to be enabled to state that the evangelical religion, is completely changed. Methodists at once put themselves at the Almost every house is a house of prayer, and head of the movement, and have worked the people manifest the deepest earnestness well during the whole time. Our chapel regarding spiritual things. In order to has been open every evening for more than assist in the good work, some of the Metho- three weeks, and on several occasions it has dists here went over for several nights, and, been crowded to excess, and hundreds have being anxious that the awakening should ex. been obliged to stand outside. The work tend to Kilsyth, they invited the laymen to continues so to increase, that there are now come here and preach. A lay gentleman services held every evening in five churches, came about four weeks ago, and preached to which are all well attended. Another gratia very large congregation in the Market fying feature of the work is, that it is not Place. A spirit of hearing at once was confined to Kilsyth and Cumbernauld alone, manifest, and they adjourned to the Congre- but has spread all over the country for gational chapel, where the Spirit of God about eight miles round. In the coalpits, rested upon them, and numbers were instead of fighting and swearing, the aroused, and anxiously inquired the way of miners are reading the Bible and praying. salvation. Meetings were held in the All over the country there is a visible same place every evening following, and change, and hundreds who never entered a great good was done. The work gradually church before are now walking miles in progressed, the congregations grew larger, order to worship God with the public conthe people became earnest, and they were gregation. Altogether, it is a marvellous. obliged to open the Wesleyan chapel. Re. work, and the most sceptical have been con. ligious services were conducted in the open strained to acknowledge that it is truly the air every evening, after which the con- work of the Lord.”
POPISH DEVELOPMENT IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
The Association for Promoting the Unity fume of the incense, with the smoke of of Christendom have had a field-day in some which the edifice was filled, produced on the of the London churches. The object of this uninitiated visitors a suffocating sensation, association, as stated in a prospectus issued but which gradually abated as they became by its executive, is “to unite in a bond of inured to it. The altar was richly decointercessory prayer members of both the rated with white and crimson and other clergy and laity of the Roman Catholic, coloured drapery, and two tall wax candles Greek, and Anglican communions," and its were burning, one on either side. A large promoters selected the Roman Catholie gilt crucifix formed the centre object, and Feast of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary for there was a species of canopy in front, under their demonstration. If the services of St. which was what appeared to be the usual Ethelburga, Bishopsgate Street-a rectory representation of the “Host,” as seen in in the gift of the Bishop of London—may Roman Catholic chapels and churches. be accepted as representative in their cha. There were also on the table a chalice and racter, Ritualism has now reached its highest certain missals used in the administration of development. The rectory is of the value the Eucharist. In front of the altar, with of £1,050 per annum, and is held by the their backs to the congregation, knelt three Rev. J. M. Rodwell. No Protestant (writes. priests, the one in the centre, a remarkably a correspondent) who entered this sacred large man with bald head, wearing a robe of edifice to witness and to hear the “special white lined with crimson, on the back and service” and sermon on the occasion could front of which were emblasoned in gold have been otherwise impressed than with the large crosses. The priests on either side conviction that he had made a grand mis- wore white surplices. The prayers were take, and had entered a Roman Catholic intoned by the centre priest, who was, it chapel instead of a parochial edifice dedi- appears, the “ Protestant” rector of St. cated to the worship of God in accordance Ethelburga, the Rev. J. M. Rodwell, and with the ritual of the service of the Reformed during the progress the censers were swung Church of England. The congregation about vigorously, and handed from acolyte consisted of some thirty people, chiefly to acolyte, and at one time to the rev. rector females, who were distributed loosely about himself, who distributed it over the church. in open seats in the nave of the church. At the conclusion of this portion of the serThe chancel was, however, filled with sur-vice, the priest who had knelt on the right pliced choristers and acolytes, and the per of the altar having made genuflexion, moved down the chancel, preceded by an acolyte it was, there were amongst them one or holding aloft a gilt cross, which he fixed in two Roman Catholic priests, and most of front of the pulpit as it was ascended by the the people as they entered the door crossed priest, the Rev. F. G. Lee. A chant by the themselves in the Roman Catholic style, the choir accompanied these proceedings, which only feature ahsent being the fonts, or rehaving concluded, the Rev. Mr. Lee took ceptacles for "holy” water. There were his text from the 37th chapter of the Book some few persons present who gave unmisof Ezekiel, 24th verse, “And David my takeable evidence of their repugpance to the servant shall be king over them; and they proceedings, and who, in their whisperings all shall have one shepherd : they shall also of astonishment, were called to order by the walk in my judgments, and observe my woman who tolled the bell. One young statutes and do them.”
man at the conclusion loudly denounced the The preacher drew conclusions from this whole proceeding as disgraceful in a Protext favourable to the views of the associatestant Church of England, and was told by tion he represents, and he appealed to all one of the ancolytes that he had no business who lamented divisions among Christians there. On making inquiries of the churchto look forward for their healing, mainly towardens, it was ascertained that the proa corporate reunion of those three great ceedings at this church are utterly at bodies, the Roman Catholic, Greek, and variance with the feelings of the parishAnglican Churches, which claimed for ioners, and that when Mr. Rodwell was themselves the inheritance of the priesthood nominated to the incumbency at the in. and the name of Catholic.
stance of the parish, it was on the ground The rest of the proceedings were con- that he was a thorough evangelical member ducted on the model of the Roman Catholic of the Church of England. The parishioners Church; and an old woman tolled a bell to have entirely deserted the church, and go heighten the effect. The chief priest at one to other places of worship, while the contime held up something over his head in the gregation are chiefly Roman Catholics manner of elevating the “Host,” as in connected with Moorfields Catholic Chapel. Roman Catholic places of worship, at which One of the churchwardens says it often the regular attendants bowed their heads. happens that when compelled by his duty to After the benediction had been intoned, the be present, he was the only parishioner in organ played, and a procession was formed, the church. Appeals have been from time the acolytes, choristers, and priests chant- to time made to the Bishop of London to ing, the last being the rector of St. Ethel- stop the proceedings, but it is supposed he burga, carrying aloft a square box-looking has no power. On a recent occasion of thing with a satin cover, and as he passed high festival it is stated that a large number down the chancel to the vestry the initiated of the banners and emblems used in the bowed, and the special service terminated. church were borrowed from a neighbouring With regard to the congregation, meagre as Roman Catholic chapel.- Weekly Review.
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PRESBYTERIAN MESSENGER .
OPENING OF THE COLLEGE.-- DR. LORIMER ON
CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES AND “ECCE HOMO.”
We can afford space for only a brief summary of the first and main part of Dr. Lorimer's elaborate lecture; his closing reinarks on Ecce Homo" we shall give as he uttered them.
Of late years the Professor has favoured us with a biennial adaptation of the evidences to the theological developments of the day. The idea is good; and Dr. Lorimer deserves our thanks for the careful study he has bestowed on passing controversies, and on the best methods of meeting the successive departures from orthodox belief which have marked our time. Yet it is not unaccompanied by danger. Looking back we discern a shifting of positions, and a changing of the order and relative importance of the different kinds of evidence which seem to us to involve at each period a rectification rather than a simple adaptation of the evidences to meet present requirements. There was a time when Dr. Lorimer gave the front place to the historical branch of evidence, maintaining that the authenticity, genuineness, and credibility of the sacred books must be established before we can interrogate, with any satisfaction, the books themselves. Two years ago, in his inaugural lecture at the opening of the New College Hall, he
became the champion of the internal as against the external evidences. That lecture was a very valuable one, showing, with much effect, the "self-evidencing light, and power” of Christ, of the Christian documents, and of the early Christian Church. But now he has advanced another step, and he insists that the first and chief place in the Christian argument must be given to the life and character of Jesus Christ. Now there is truth in all these positions, and if they were to be regarded simply as showing the varied resources of Christian evidence and its applicability to all phases of theological error, they would have our entire assent. But when we are told that each has an essential priority or excelling value, we get confused ; and, considering the Professor's somewhat rapid advancement in his rectifications of our evidential system, we are inclined to ask, Where will it end? Is “ Ecce Homo" to be the last questionable production ? Are the person and character of Christ to afford the last field of theological controversy? Error repeats itself; and it may be that a few years hence we shall have to furbish up our old historical weapons and meet the enemy in company once more with Paley and Chalmers. The truth is, each kind of evidence has its own place, its own work, and its own value ; and it weakens the whole to exalt one at the expense of the rest. The hand must not say to the eye, or the ear to the mouth, I have no need of thee. It is true that our creeds and confessions, and our methods of stating and defending truth, owe their form in some ineasure to past controversies, but it is surely giving our opponents a huge triumph if we are to admit that every blow they strike reveals some weak No. 227.-New Series.
point in our defences, and necessitates a reconstruction of our forces. We are not prepared to make such an admission. We are not among those who regard every heresy as springing directly from some defect or one-sidedness in the orthodox presentation of truth. However fully and consistently the Word of God might be taught, there would still be error and unbelief. It has often been said that the Mauricean school is the birth of the Church's neglect of Bible doctrine concerning the risen and living Christ. The assertion may be true ; but we feel very confident that recent attacks on the character of Christ, as presented in the Gospel records, have not risen from any want of attention, on the part of our Christian teachers, to the life, character, work, and words of Jesus; or from their failing to give him, in their writings and discourses, that unapproachable position which he claims from himself as the “ light of the world.” If the present state of the evidences and the ordinary way of using them be such as to involve an obscuring of Christ, or a diminishing of the power of his self-evidencing light in our theological halls, it is to be deplored; but we have no hesitation in saying that every earnest preacher of the Gospel makes Christ his one, ever-recurring, all-pervading theme, and has enforced a thousand times, and in as many ways, that truth concerning Christ which forms the burden of the Professor's lecture. Are the practical exhibitions of truth from the pulpit in advance, theologically, of the more systematic statements of the dogmatic and apologetic chairs? If so, the sooner things are adjusted the better; and Dr. Lorimer does good service in seeking to bring about a change as to the order and method that are observed in treating the Christian evidences. Meanwhile, however, the frequent shitting of position, and confession of error in view and method to which we have referred, makes one feel uneasy, and seems to attach a measure of uncertainty to the ground on which the Church stands as a defender of the faith.
While making these remarks we have a high appreciation of many portions of the present lecture. It contains points which all would do well to consider, and it is marked by equal learning, force, and breadth.
The Professor took, as the basis of his discourse, the words of Christ, “My doctrine is not mine, but His that sent me. If
any man will do His will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself,” John vii. 16. From this passage he deduced certain“ evidential principles” which he proceeded to state and illustrate. The first of these principles was,
" that the conditions of Christian faith and certitude were primarily moral conditions.”
“It was not said If any man has a clear head, or sound common sense, or strong reasoning powers, or an adequate store of relevant learning, he shall know of the doctrine; but Christ made the state of a man's will the primary condition, and that will in relation to the will of God. No man inquiring into the truth of Christianity could arrive at a profound and settled Christian faith except upon these conditions-that God was a reality to him—that God's will was recognised by him as the law to which his moral being was bound to be subject—and that he was in earnest to learn all God's will with a view to be all that God would have him to be, and to do all that God would have him to do. Why should we marvel at such a phenomenon as Pantheistic Infidelity, since it is plain from our Lord's words that no man can become a Christian believer wbo has already adopted an unreligious philosophy unless he consents to cast that philosophy away. Christ says a man must be willing to do the will of God in order to arrive at Christian faith and certitude. But what if a man has philosoph'sed himself out of any belief in God or in God's will at all? What if a man is au Atheist in philosophy, or a Pantheist, a Positivist or a Materialist ? To all such the God whom Christ spoke of is as good as non-existent, and the will of God, as Christ meant it, a nullity. Take the case of Strauss, for example. He is, without doubt, a Pantheist, i.e., to him God and nature are the same thing. There is no Deity distinct from and above