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the Earl of Cavan, R. N. Fowler, Esq., | that important subject, and having conLord Radstock, Hon. W. Ashley, &c. sidered the report of the committee transSeveral foreign brethren are also expected mitted to Presbyteries by the General to be present.
Assembly, and having respect to the object THE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.-The new of the Assembly in sending it, resolve to cable has been successfully laid, and the make the following suggestions to that old one has been raised from the bottom of committee:-1. That the committee should the Atlantic and attached to the mainland; endeavour to ascertain and set forth still and thus has been accomplished one of the more explicitly than is done in their present greatest triumphs of science and industry report, the precise extent of agreement and that the world has seen. The East and disagreement which exists among the West are now united, and we may hope negotiating Churches in relation to the that the great wire will not only develop great principles which their Church holds material interests, but promote good under- as to the Headship of Christ in relation to standing and good feeling between Great Bri- both the Church and the State, and for tain and her mighty offspring in America. which she was called to contend and to
CHOLERA.—We are thankful to say that suffer at the period of the Disruption. this mysterious scourge is on the decrease, 2. That in reviewing the other doctrines' though still hovering over many parts of embraced under the second head of the this and other countries. It has elicited programme, the committee shall be careful much Christian liberality and effort; and to have all doubts removed as to the actual it will, we trust, lead to a great improve agreement of the several bodies negotiating ment in the sanitary regulations of our for union in the doctrine contained in the large towns and in the dwellings of the Confession of Faith on these points, and to humbler classes.
ascertain whether, and to what extent, any THE HARVEST.-The continuous rains of present intention exists to alter, modify, the last month have greatly impeded har- and abridge the Westminster Confession of vest operations, and been the cause of in. Faith or adherence to it as a subordinate tense anxiety to farmers. The most gloomy standard of the Church. 3. That a like accounts have been received from many course of inquiry should be followed for parts of the country; and at one time it the purpose of removing all uncertainty as was feared that the year's crop would be to the agreement of the several Churches very inferior both in quality and measure. in the matters embraced under the filth But from the latest accounts we learn that head of the programme, respecting the things are not so bad as they were expected law and practice of the Churches as to to be. The best use has been made of the public worship.' 4. That in relation to little intervals of dry weather that have | Government grants for education, as reoccurred, and, though much grain has been ferred to under the sixth head of the proinjured, it is believed that the yield will be gramme, the committee should so conduct little, if any, below the average.
their inquiries as to bring out fully and exUNION OF PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES. plicitly how far the negotiating Churches - The Presbyteries of the negotiating are agreed, and how far they differ, as to churches are now busily engaged in con- the right and duty of the State, when sidering the report of the Union Com- necessary, to grant aid from the national mittee. As was to be expected, the process resources for the training of the young in is revealing the existence of some differ- the principles of the Christian religion, so ence of opinion on certain points contained as to exhibit the grounds on which they in the report. The most prominent and cherish the anticipation, that this question difficult of these points relates to the duties may be solved in a manner wbich will preof the civil magistrate in the matter of vent it from causing any bar to union religion. We discover nothing, however, between the several Churches.' 5. That, to prevent a harmonious settlement of all considering the vast importance of the differences given only time and patient Free Church Sustentation Fund for the effort. As a specimen of Presbyterial support of the Gospel ordinances, and for deliverances in Scotland, we give the fol- securing an adequate maintenance for the lowing series of resolutions which, on the Christian ministry in all parts of the land, motion of Dr. Buchanan, were unanimously and among even the poorest of the people, adopted, after some slight modification of the committee should be at pains to make the preamable, by the Free Church Pres- those with whom they are negotiating disbytery of Glasgow :-“That this Presby- tinctly aware of the strong feeling which tery, cordially approving of Union upon a the Free Church is known to cherish on Scriptural basis, and in harmony with the this subject, and to ascertain clearly to great principles of the Reformed Church what extent the other negotiating Churches of Scotland, among the Presbyterian are prepared to approve of the general Churches in Scotland now negotiating upon principles and constitution of this fund, and are likely to be agreed in upholding it. amount to £176,050. The whole amount That the committee in their further negotia- of the fund, including what is promised as tions for union should carefully reconsider well as paid, is £268,550, including a sum its bearing on the tenure of Free Church of £15,000 promised as payable through property, according to the provisions of the local associations. To the present date the model trust-deed recommended by the the grants from the fund provide for 71 General Assembly, 1844, and printed along missionary clergy, and 31 parochial curates, with the Acts of Assembly of 1851, as well in all, 102 clergy. With respect to permaas upon the tenure of the Church property nent works, it was stated that graxts from of other negotiating Churches. And, the fund bave been made to 46 churches, further, that approving generally of the the aggregate amount voted to that object findings of the committee, in reference to being £45,765 ; £12,900 has been voted in other matters, this Presbytery do not deem aid of the erection of 24 schools ; £1,700 it necessary, in present circumstances, to has been granted towards nine parsonages. offer any further suggestions."
Towards erecting 19 mission-stations the THE BISHOP OF LONDON'S FUND.- sum of £9,376 bas been voted, besides From a statement submitted to the general £3,620 expended in the purchase of leases board meeting of this fund it appears that of such buildings. The total grants for the whole cash receipts to the present time sites amount to £36,434 18s. 5d.
THE Rev.J.M. Ross, as one of the deputies / some 38s. 6d. per week, is not a respectable of the Home Mission Committee to the mechanic's wages. In Manchester there Newcastle Presbytery, made the following are hundreds of mechanics who can make pertinent remarks :-" It will be remem- 50s. or £3 per week with ease, and the bered that at last meeting of Synod, when members of whose families, when only the Home Mission Committee's report was from fourteen to eighteen years of age, given in, it was resolved, amongst other can with equal ease make from twelve to things, 'That the Committee be requested eighteen shillings each per week. Consider to take steps, by means of deputations or further the necessary difference between otherwise, to raise the stipends of all minis- the expenditure of mechanics and ministers ters to a minimum of £150 per annum.' of religion. Ministers are expected to, and We have been appointed by the Home indeed must, if their usefulness is not to Mission Committee to come and confer be hindered, keep up a position very differwith you on the matter, and place ourselves ent from that of mechanics. Then comat your disposal, for the visitation of the pare the kind of apprenticeships through congregations within your bounds, hoping which a minister has to go to fit him for by our joint efforts to be able to do some- his calling with that of a mechanic, and the thing that may help in securing this most disparity will appear. Mechanics receive desirable end. The importance of raising wages from the commencement of their ministers' stipends to the minimum of £150 three or four years' apprenticeship, which can hardly be over-estimated, and indeed goes on increasing as their apprenticeship this minimum is by far too low; but it is advances. Ministers must be possessed of believed to be the highest attainable at a comparatively good education before present. Looked at in a social aspect, it is entering the University. They are required in the utmost degree necessary that minis- to remain four years at the University, and ters of religion should be delivered from a after that, four years at the Divinity Hall
, position of anxiety in regard to temporal and undergo by the Presbyteries of the affairs. Few things can be more distract- Church severe examinations before they ing to a minister of religion than to be can be ordained to a ministerial charge. toiling away in the discharge of the arduous During this long period, they not only duties entrusted to him, under the burden receive no wages, but have a continuous of pecuniary difficulties. And how men, and very considerable expenditure. I leave who are obliged to keep up a respectable it to any intelligent man to say whether appearance, who have to educate their these men, with such prolonged and costly children in a way becoming their position preparations, are anything like adequately in society, and procure the books necessary remunerated at £100 a-year, or even at to keep themselves abreast of the times, £150, yea, at £200 and a manse, which I can keep out of pecuniary difficulties on humbly submit ought to be the minimum £100 a-year, it is difficult to understand. stipend all the Church over, and which I The fact is, that £100 a-year, which is believe is perfectly attainable, were the
individual members and adherents of the people need only to be properly instructed Church to give the matter an honest con- as to what their duty is in the matter, and sideration, and act in a reasonable degree, to be shown how they may, in way accordivg to their ability. Ministerial consistent with their means and ability, labour, when efficiently and faithfully per- accomplish what they desire as much as formed, is far removed in point of likeness, we do, the proper remuneration of their and greatly more valuable than other ministers. I grant you there are those labour. Do not ministers, besides pro- who grumble at the very mention of claiming the glad tidings of eternal salva- giving, for whatever object, in connection, teach and impart a knowledge of the tion with the cause of religion ; but these principles of truth, integrity, industry, and men are poor men, even if they be possessed righteousness, which are the principles of this world's good things, their soul is without which society, real prosperity, and shrivelled like a withered leaf, they are honest money making were impossible. sapless and fruitless, and it is not a breach Looking at it only from this low and of charity to say, Christless. Such are not mercantile, though not mercenary, point of to be the rule or standard for the Christian view, we maintain that these labourers are church. They have yet to learn the secret worthy of their hire-worthy of a far higher of the Lord which is with them who fear pecuniary hire than is generally offered him ; and what is more, they have yet to them. They have a right to expect that learn the secret of real worldly prosperity they shall receive from their people a and money-making. But it was to do our reasonable and adequate pecuniary remu- people, as a whole, a great injury to class neration, certainly not for the Gospel they them with such men as these, or to suppose bring, which they freely receive and freely that they are not as anxious as we are give, but for their toil and labour in bring in this matter. What they do want is to ing it. It is not too much to say, that be instructed in a right manner, as to what their labour enhances the value of every they ought to do and the way to do it. It other kind of labour ; and it is the blind- is our duty properly to instruct our people est and most short-sighted policy possible as to the duty and privilege of Christian not at once to recognise this fact, and act liberality; but much, very much, rests with in accordance with this recognition. There the office-bearers of each congregation. It are enlightened and noble-hearted Christian is theirs to devise liberal things, and I have men in our Church who fully recognise not the slightest doubt but that the people this truth in all its bearings, from its most will respond in a manner that will astonish worldly to its most spiritual aspect, and, the church at large. This is not a question according to their ability, act upon it; but which simply touches the comfort and usethe Church at large is not alive to it ; or fulness of ministers at present in office. It it were better days with the Church and vitally affects the question of the supply of with the world than it is. Except in men for the ministry in the future, also the exceptional circumstances, which do not character of that ministry and the standhere at present exist, there is a pruden- ing and the usefulness of the Church in the tial necessity for ministers and their land. It is all very well for men to theorisé families being placed in a position of on the duty of ministers to be above the respectability and freedom from pecuniary influences of earthly things, while they difficulties, that the great cause, to the themselves are earning their thousands, and furtherance of which they are set apart, keeping back more than is meet of the labe pot hindered. I apprehend sepsible bourer's bire, and whilst they require him and reasonable men will appreciate the to be wholly devoted to their good. But necessity of a minister being able to preach despite this theorising, parents are beginconsistently from the text, Owe no man ning to think that their sons will be better anything; but ought he not to be able able to be above earthly things and set their with equal consistency to enjoin on his affections on things above, if they be placed people that it is their duty to use hospi- in a position where they will be able to earn tality,' and 'to contribute to the necessities a competency, so that they may live of the poor?' Is it right for congregations 'honestly,'
man anything, and the church at large to permit ministers give to him that needeth,' and be able of the Gospel, their servants in the Lord, the better to help forward the cause of to be in such a position embarassed in Christ. Talent is thus turned away from the very teaching of the truth itself, because the Church, and the cause suffers. Prethrough their straitened circumstances vention is better than cure, and it becomes they are compelled to seem to act incon- us to look to this matter in time, for the sistently with the truth they teach. It is evil is creeping apaco, and the Church is my firm belief that the people have no only awaking to the danger as she begins to desire that this state of things should realise the difficulty of procuring candiexist. My experience has been that the dates for the ministry."
! IN MEMORIAM.
To the Elitor of the English Presbyterian Messenger. I for ever. Wondrous ! to be called a son of SIR,-If found suitable, your inserting
God." the following will oblige
I often saw him for a few minutes during Yours respectfully,
his protracted illness, and always found him WILLIAM PEARSON.
rejoicing in of the glory of God. One
day I said to him, his wife propping up his Kiln Hill, Tweedmouth.
pillow," Mr. P., if a man live a hundred years, and rejoice in them all, let him re
member the days of darkness, for they shall Died at Tweedmouth,
be many." On the 16th of September, 1866, He turned upon me his still bright eye, ANDREW PIKE,
and replied, " Darkness! I don't know how Aged 59 years.
about that; I am sore troubled. But as
for darkness, there has been nothing here Mr. Pike was an elder in the English Pres. but light since the day I was first laid up. byterian Church, Twee Imouth. The de- Yes, light and peace, such as I never felt in ceased was a hard-working man at his busi- the world. And let me tell you, I would ness, as a mason, and a hearty worker in the not exchange conditions with one of you, affairs of the Church. He was of quaint or any one upon earth.” manners and fine athletic form, and he car- Telling him one day not to speak, for it ried his religious and total abstinence was painful to witness how it distressed him, principles along with him into the world, “Speak!” said he; "while there is life in and among his fellow-workmen, where he me, I will never cease to speak of the goodcheerfully faced the foul and scornful ness of God to me a sinner.” epithets that were freely discharged at him. Asking him whether he remembered the One of the most abusive of his companions spot in the new cemetery which I had came to see him on his death-bed, where, marked out to lay my bones in, and where taking out his handkerchief, he hid his face I soon expected to be laid under the turf, and sobbed like a child, while his old mate, and remarking on the dispensation which tossing with pain, kindly reasoned with him had summoned him away first, he said, on “temperance, righteousness, and judg- “Yes, I recollect distinctly how I thought ment to come."
at that time. But no cemetery can hold I have no disposition to extol the de- this spirit.” And stretching out his once ceased, but neither have I any hesitation in brawny, but now shrivelled arm, at its full saying he has left an example worthy of length, and pointing his forefinger to the imitation ; and let each of us reflect that if hills from whence came his aid," Meet me,” we have never suffered contumely or worldly he said, “meet me yonder." hatred on account of our religious prin- Satan," he said at another time, "has ciples, we may have some reason to fear never been permitted to buffet me with any we are neither cold nor hot."
distrust in the mercy, the word, and the “In the midst of life we are in death.” The promise of God. subject of these remarks was cut down in
I know that safe with Him remains, his strength and usefulness. He had been
Protected by His power,' engaged on a building at a little distance from his home, where, being taken suddenly repeating the perses from beginning to end, ill, he left work and with difficulty staggered laying particular emphasis on the two last
lines of the fine paraphrase. “I am on the home.
After a few days I went to see him, and brink of eternity, and perfectly satisfied that found him, though suffering greatly, trust
I cannot be deceiving myself with a false ing with unshaken confidence in the
hope, and that Satan cannot be deceiving
mercy of God.
me by causing me to believe a lie." Oh," said he, one day, “ you know not
The crisis came at last, whenhow much I suffer. Talk of a death-bed “Oh, change, stupendous change;
There lay the soulless clod! repentance, what would have been my condition now, distracted with pain and rest. But its late tenant—where ? Gone, we lessness ? But I know whom I have be- may well believe, to a city that hath foundalieved, and this is the rock on which I tions, where there shall in no wise enter anybuild"-clenching a Bible which he had in thing that defileth, and where the inhabitant his hand. “He has gone to prepare a place shall not say, 'I am sick,” for the people for and will take me to Himself, where who dwell there are forgiven, and freed from I shall see Him as He is, and be like Him their iniquity.
DEATH AND FUNERAL OF MATAMOROS. It is our painful duty to announce the relaxed nothing of his zeal. It seemed death at Lausanne, on the 31st of July, of that, in proportion as his powers declined, Don Manuel Matamoros, in the 31st year his craving for activity increased. After of his age. The following letter from M. several visits to the South, necessitated by Dupraz, pastor av Lausanne, gives some his state of ill-health, Matamoros returned, details of this sad event :
in the early spring, to Switzerland. He “ A procession of great length and variety had at Lausanne several devoted friends. yesterday traversed the streets of Lausanne. Hundreds of persons heard him, at the end Following the coffin came the young people of May, with lively interest, address the and children, who wept as they would have Synod of Morges, on the evangelization of wept over the loss of a father. Amongst Spain. On the 3rd July he also engaged the crowd itself many hearts were sad. in prayer in a numerous assembly of his Nevertheless, it was a foreigner whose mor- friends; but already, at this moment, the tal remains were being attended to the marks of death were visible upon his worn grave; but a noble foreigner, who had just features. For a fortnight his end was daily died in the flower of his age, an exile from expected. Our friend knew it. He bade his country, and a martyr to his faith- an affecting farewell to that little group of Manuel Matamoros.
Spaniards, to whom he was as a father, and “At the brink of the grave, Pastor Bridel, who constantly surrounded him. If he did in a touching address, related the events of not desire to depart with that ardour which the latter part of the life of the deceased-a is sometimes witnessed, neither did he fear life so short, and yet so replete with inci- to bid adieu to earth. " What sentence will dent. Converted in 1859, as the result of you engrave upon my tomb ? " said he one a sermon which he heard at Gibraltar, day to those who surrounded him.
“ Choose Matamoros was thrown into prison the next one for yourself," was the reply. After year. He had, as we know, to suffer in some moments' reflection, he replied, "For every possible way, in the dungeons of that me to live is Christ, and
But he unhappy country, which, in the middle of could not finish; his strength failed him. the nineteenth century, would revive the "To die is gain," added his nearest friend. mediæval age and its intolerance. His “That is it, that is it,” replied the dying deliverance was due, under God, to the man. efforts of the Evangelical Alliance and of Yes, death to him was gain. Persecuted the noble deputation presided over by M. for his faith, misjudged, on many occasions, Adrien Naville. But the prison doors even by Christians, always a sufferer, he exopened only to banish Matamoros to a perienced many trials calculated to rend a foreign land, far from that Spanish country sensitive heart
. But now he has entered which he loved so tenderly, and was never into the rest of the people of God, and it is to behold again.
no longer in the power of men to close upon Broken in, his constitution by his trials the exile the gates of his own true country. and privations, our brother, nevertheless, -Evangelical Christendoni.
THT LATE REV. DR. EDGAR.
The death of the Rev. Dr. Edgar has | Rev. Dr. Hanna, of Edinburgh), and after created a deep sensation through the length his colleague's death he performed all the and breadth of the Presbyterian Church. duties of the chair alone till the last winter He had almost reached his seventieth year, of his life. He was a very respectable Prowith vital and intellectual force unimpaired. fessor, but the great work of his life lay His plain, homely countenance, his good altogether outside his class-rooms. His rehumoured brusquerie of manner, and his putation is not at all professorial, and he disregard of petty conventionalities, are all wrote no book upon theology, nor, indeed, familiar to the large world of his acquaint- upon any other subject, though he published
He was born near Ballinahuich, in hundreds of pamphlets, tracts, and letters. County Down—the scene of one of the rebel | His students have a very clear recollection battles of 1798—in the year before the battle, of his astonishing memory. He could reand succeeded his father, an old Secession peat, word for word, on Monday morning, minister, in the Professorship of Theology whole passages of a student's discourse that in connection with the Secession Synod. he had heard on Saturday previous. He At the union of the Secession Synod and had, besides, whole volumes of the best Synod of Ulster in 1840, he became joint popular poetry in his head. Driving on a Professor with Dr. Hanna (father of the dreary day through the dreary bogs of Con