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agreeable to the spirit of pure Theism, 6.13. I shall advance the cause of and free from the superstitions and general and female education and enabsurdities—[mark, these are not my lightenment, and particularly in my own wo.ds, they are the words of the Hindoos family circle. themselves]-which at present charac- “14. I shall study the Sanskrit lanterize Hindoo ceremonies. (Applause.) guage and its literature (especially theo
“63. In the meantime I shall observe logical), and promote the cultivation of it the ceremonies now in use, but only in by means not calculated to promote supercases where ceremonies are indispensable, stition. as in marriages and funerals, or where “. To-day, being the day of the their omission will do more violence to the month of of the Kalyabda feelings of the Hindoo community than is hereby embrace the faith of the Veda consistent with the proper interest of the Somâj, and in witness thereof I set my Veda Somâj, as in Sradhas. And I shall hand to this.' go through such ceremonies, where they Nor are these movements entirely confined are not conformable to pure Theism, as to the Brahmo Somâj and its branches. mere matters of routine, destitute of all | The very last mails from India have religious significance, as a lifeless remains brought us accounts of a petition having of a superstition which has passed away. been presented to the Bengal Government
“4. This sacrifice, and this only, shall praying for the emancipation of the I make to existing prejudices. But I females of Bengal from the pains, cruelshall never endeavour to deceive any one ties, and attendant crimes of the debasing as to my religious opinions, and never custom of polygamy.' (Hear, hear.) stoop to equivocation or hypocrisy in order This petition was signed by 21,000 Hinto avoid unpopularity. (By the way, it does, among whom (says the Friend of would be well if some of our teachers of India) ' are the highest in rank, learning, new things would conform to this rule wealth, and sanctity in Bengal.' (Applause.) --(applause)—but there is a monstrous Every question connected with the dedifference in their practice. As you read graded state of woman in India is just them they warm up and warm up, and, as now being thoroughly canvassed by the the boys say, they get hotter and hotter, natives themselves; and I doubt not that but just as you think they are about to some decided movement like this against tell you what they mean, they elude your polygamy will soon be made against infant grasp, and their opinions remain as in- marriages. Last year Lord Shaftesbury, comprehensible as ever. (Laughter and whose sympathies are as warm for the applause.) The covenant goes on to say-] people of India as for those of his own
*65. I shall discard all sectarian views country (great applause), invited to dinner and animosities, and never offer any en- all the native gentlemen who were in couragement to them.
London studying for the bar or the civil “.6. I shall, as a first step, gradually service of India. And you little know the give up all distinctions, and amalga- sacrifices they have made in doing so, for mate the different branches of the same every one who has the courage to cross caste.
the seas, becomes by that act an outcast “07. Rigidly as I shall adhere to all from the rest of his countrymen. (Hear, these rules, I shall be perfectly tolerant to hear.) Some of them brought the ladies the views of strangers, and never inten- of their family. Altogether, perhaps, tionally give offence to their feelings, there may have been twelve or fourteen.
"18. I shall never violate the duties Lord Shaftesbury's object was to let them and virtues of humanity, justice, veracity, see the better side of English social life, temperance, and chastity. [There is a and not merely what might be picked up catalogue of virtues for you.] (Hear, at Cremorne or such places. I had the
pleasure of being present; and certainly it 5.9. I shall never hold or attend or was a most instructive scene. Some of pay for nautches (that is, native dances], the native gentlemen were Parsees, some or otherwise hold out encouragement for Brahmins, some of other Hindoo sects. prostitution.
I don't think there were any Moham“10. I shall encourage and promote to medans. One was a native Christian from the best of my power, the re-marriage of Ceylon, just called to the English bar. widows, and discourage early marriages. They all joined in the English meal—that
“11. I shall never be guilty of bigamy seems nothing to you, but to me it was the or polygamy:
most wonderful sight I ever saw (Hear, “12. I shall grant my aid towards the hear)—without one thought of caste; and issue, in the vernaculars, of elementary conversed in English like well-educated prayer-books and religious tracts, and also and enlightened men. I particularly of a monthly journal, whose chief object questioned them as to the effect on their shall be to improve the social and moral minds of their stay in England; and they condition of the community.
said that, one by one, their views had
changed on almost every point. But they pecting too great results. 2. Valuing too dwelt chiefly and earnestly on the evils of little the results obtained.
On the one domestic life in India ; and implored all hand don't expect a millennium on earth who had influence to move the Legislature before the coming of our Lord himself. to abolish polygamy and infant marriages, The conversion of 200,000,000 of heathen and educate the women. (Hear, hear.) is not to be done by pulling a bell at your Now each one of these young men will go fireside. It is the vast inheritance of the back to India, either as a barrister or a Saviour, and must be gathered in by toil civil servant, with all the prestige of learn- and waste of human life. But do not on ing and position; and every one of them the other hand be discouraged by the testiwill be practically a missionary of civiliza- mony of those faint-hearted witnesses who tion, preparing the minds of his country- return from the promised land with the men for Christianity. (Applause.) The report that the people be strong that dwell Parsees of Bombay are carrying on very in the land, and the cities are walled and similar reforms in their own body. The very great, and moreover we saw the chilMohammedans still remain the most diffi-dren of Anak there.' (Laughter and cult to move; and they are in danger of applause.) I, too, have gone up and seen drooping into the rear and being left be- it; and have flung at your feet a cluster of hind in all departments by the educated the grapes of Eshcol. (Applause.) It is Hindoos. Still here and there we hear of but a cluster' it is true; for time and some Mohammedan like Safdar Ali, who strength do not serve to gather more; but has the courage to inquire for himself, and it testifies that the land floweth with milk become a Christian. (Applause.) The last and honey' of Christian promise; and I mail mentions two incidents of great in- would say with Caleb, 'Let us go up and dependence among Mohammedans. The possess it, for we are well able to overcome first is the establishment of female schools it.' (Loud and long-continued applause.) throughout his terirtory by the Nawab of Put confidence, then, in your missionaries, Ramporein Rohilkund; and the second is the and sustain their hearts. I feel ashamed prayer for the Royal family being offered to offer my poor testimony in bebalf of up (it is believed for the first time in India) such a band ; but the questions that have in the great Mosque at Lahore, in the been put to me in England compel me to name of Queen Victoria. (Great applause.) say a word. I have been twenty-five years Ialluded just now to a more advanced school in the Indian service, and have been thrown of Hindoo Reformers than the Brahmo into contact with many missionaries of Somâj of Calcutta, or the Veda Somàj at many Protestant denominations and from Madras;+as a school who feel that Deism, many countries. I have found no angel though a step in advance of Polytheism, among them. They were all men. Some is no resting-place for the soul. (Applause.) were gifted by God with very high powers It was well said by one of the ablest mis- indeed, and some with very humble powers. sionaries in India (Dr. Mullens) that 'He all had some share of human frailty. But alone can make a new nation who can form I have never seen one who was not laboura new man.' (Great applause.) That He ing with a single eye for the conversion of is forming a new nation in India, is clear the heathen to the utmost of his ability, to every thoughtful mind. While the and setting the example of a holy Christian Hindoos are busy pulling down their own life. (Loud applause.) Well would it be religion, the Christian Church is rising for the State,if in any department of its serabove the horizon. Amidst a dense popu- vice, civil or military, it had such a body of lation of 200,000,000 of heathen, the little servants as the missionaries in India. Do flock of 200,000 native Christians may not discourage them then. Do not distrust seem like a speck, but surely it is that them. Send out more help to them. Think
little cloud out of the sea, like a man's how little can be done by 500 missionaries hand, which tells that there is to be 'a among 200,000,000 of heathen. I rememgreat rain.' (Hear.) Every other faith in ber the two first Protestant missionaries India is decaying: Christianity alone is who ever went to India—Zeigenbally and beginning to run its course. It has taken Plutscho. They were sent by Frederic long to plant, but it has now taken root, IV. of Denmark, great-great-great-grandand by God's grace will never be uprooted. father of our Princess of Wales (loud ap(Great applause.) The Christian converts plause), in 1705. They found not one have already been tested by persecution and Protestant or Christian in India! Rememmartyrdom in 1857; and stood the test ber Schwarz, and Rhenius, and the long without apostasy. And I believe that if line of evangelists and martyrs down to the English were driven out of India to- Ragland, Dr. Cander, Jamier, and Robert morrow, Christianity would remain and Noble. These men ploughed, and sowed, triumph. (Applause.) In conclusion, I but only reaped their tens and hundreds. would wish to guard all friends of missions And where are they now? Absorbed like against two great errors, the Scylla and the souls of the Brahmins ? Or annihilated Charybdis of evangelical work.' 1. Ex- like the souls of the Buddhists? No!
they are a portion of the 'great cloud of gations of native Christians, as at Tinnewitnesses' who encompass you now, as velly, give no rest to the bishops of India Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob encom- till they consecrate a native bishop (appassed the Hebrew Church. And they are plause), and leave the native Christian now thanking God for the 200,000 redeemed Church to walk alone. Christianity will ones over whose scanty numbers you are then be more indigenous in India than murmuring with faithless discontent. Mohammedanism has become in eleven (Hear, hear.) Murmur no more, but urge centuries ; for instead of being propagated your missionaries to develop and complete by the sword of the stranger, it will be the native churches—to bring forward preached and evangelised by the natives of native pastors for ordination; and, where the soil. God grant that we may all live these have been secured, with vast congre- to see it.”
PRESBYTERY OF NEWCASTLE. -The or- cellence of character. He was a dinary meeting of this Presbytery was held hearted and affectionate friend, an honest, in the John Knox Church, on the 8th May. upright man, a sincere and humble Christian, Present: the Rev.T.W. Brown, Moderator; and an earnest and devoted minister, one the Revs. J. Jeffrey, J. Brown, J. Black, who earned for himself the respect and affecA. Wilson, 8. M. McLelland, W. A. P. tion of those who knew him. The PresbyJohnmay, and J. Reid. The minutes of tery, sensible of the loss that has been former meeting having been read and sus- inflicted on them by the removal of their tained, Elders' Commissions from the Kirk deceased brother, and recognising the hand Sessions of Blyth, John Knox, North of God in this matter, express their deepest Shields, St. John's, Seaton Delaval, Scotch sympathy with the widow and the fatherless Church, and St. George's, Sunderland, and children in their affliction, and earnestly Gateshead, in favour of Messrs. John Hed. commend them to Him who has promised to ley, jun., James A. Davison, John Hedley, be ' a husband to the widow, and a father to sen., John B. Bushell, Joseph Willis, Robt. the fatherless.'' The Moderator and Clerk Brewis, John T. Burnop, and John P. Say- were instructed to transmit an extract copy bourne, appointing them respectively to of this minute to Mrs. Anderson. Further, represent said sessions in this Presbytery the Presbytery, in view of recent afflicting during the current synodical year, were laid bereavements, and the numerous vacancies on the table, read, and sustained, and their occasioned by them and other causes now names were added to the roll. The Moderator existing, desire to humble themselves in the then read a paper on “The Functions, Respon- sight of God, to commend their congresibilities, and Duties of the Presbytery,"and gations to his gracious regard, and, in a then, having intimated that the term of his spirit of dependence on the Divine blessing, moderatorship had now expired, Mr. Wil to devote themselves with increased energy son, of Wark, was chosen Moderator for the to the work of the Lord. The Presbytery current year, and took the chair accordingly. then ordered the Church at Falstone to be Thereafter, on the motion of Mr. Black, declared vacant on Sabbath next, and apthe thanks of the Presbytery were given to pointed Mr. Wilson to moderate in the Mr. Brown for the excellent paper now session during the vacancy. Mr. Black was read by him ; and the Presbytery agreed to appointed to address the people at North consider the subject of Presbyterial work Shields on the 17th, in room of Mr. Anderwith special reference to the suggestions son. The Presbytery then appointed the folcontained in said paper at next ordinary lowing members of Commission of Synod:meeting. The Moderator having formally the Moderator and Mr. Murray, ministers ; announced the death of the Rev. Al. Ander- Mr. John Hedley, North Shields, and Mr. son, of Falstone, and prayer having been Saybourne, elders. For the Committees offered with special r-ference to this visita- meeting in London :-Mr. McLelland and tation, it was agreed to insert the following Mr. John Hedley, Blyth. For the Home statement in the Record :-“The Presby- Mission Committee:- Mr. John Brown tery desire to record their sense of the loss and Mr. Robert Brewis. For the Board of occasioned by the sudden and early death of Examination :-Messrs. T. W. Brown and the Rev. Al. Anderson, minister at Falstone, John_Jeffrey. Corresponding member of and their appreciation of his worth and ex: the Foreign Mission Committee :--Mr.
Reid. The Clerk was instructed to notify church. He then signed the Confession of these appointments to the Moderator of Faith and Formu a, and his name was added Synod and the Conveners of the several to the roll. Mr. Black submitted subjects Committees. The Session Records and of examination to be prescribed to Mr. Communion Rolls of Gateshead, Trinity James McKenzie, student, which were apBlyth, and Scotch Church, Sunderland, prover. The Presbytéry then adjourned to were submitted, examined, and ordered to meet in the church at North Shields, on the be attested The others were ordered to be 171h current, at eleven a.m. Closed with produced at next meeting. The following prayer. were appointed members of the Evangelistie PRESBYTERY OP BERWICK.—This Court Committee, viz. :-Dr. Paterson, Messrs. met at Bankhill Church, on the 1st of May, Murray, Jeffrey, T. W. Brown, Black, and and was duly c«nstituted. Sederunt : Rev. McLelland, ministers; Messrs. Hedley, sen., Mesers. Fraser, Terias, Cant, Valence, Davison Matheson, and Brewir, elders. McLean, Scott, and Dunn ; Mr. Gardner, Mr. Hedley, sen., gave notice that at next elder. This being the time for the election ordinary meeting he would draw the atten- of a Moderator for the synodical year, he tion of the Presbytery to the subject of retiring Moderator, in accordance with the Church Extension within the bounds of the ule of the Presbytery, delivered an address, Presbytery. Next ordinary meeting was subject “The Duty we owe as Ministers to appointed to be held in this place on the the Young in our Congregations.” This was 121h June, at ten a.m. The Presbytery then followed by a somewhat lengthy and inte. adjourned to meet in St. George's Church, resting conversation, members expressing Sunderland, on Thursday, May 17, at eleven themselves as to the high importance of the The meeting was close 1 with
prayer. subject, and some also stating their own St. GEORGE'S CHURCH, SUNDERLAND. experience in their efforts to benefit the -The Presbytery met on the 17th May, yourg.
On the motion of Mr. Scott, 1866, and was duly constituted by the retiring Moderator, it was agreed that Mr. Moderator. Present the Rev. Andrew Wil Dunn be appointed Moderator for he current son, Moderator, the Revs. John T. Paterson, synodical year; and Mr. Dunn, by the D.D., J. Jeffrey, T. W. Brown, J. Black, Presbytery's desire, took the chair. There 8. M. McLelland, J. Brown, W. A. P. were laid on the table and sustained, Elders' Johnman, and J. Reid, ministers; with Commissions from the Kirk Sessions of Messrs. Brewis and Davison, elders. The Bankhill, Horncliffe, Lowick, and Tweedminute of last meeting was read and sus. mouth, in favour of Messrs. Peter Gardner, tained. The Rev. John Davidson, of the James Paxton, Andrew Lilley, and John Free Church, Langholm, being present, on Hall, appointing them respectively to reprethe motion of Mr. McLelland, was associ- sent said sessions in this Presbytery during
ated. The edict appointing the induction of the current synodical year; Mr. Gardner Mr. Wallace to take place this day, was being present, his name was added to the returned duly served and attested. Objec- sederunt. Printed copies of the extract tions having been called for and none offered, from Statement for 1865, submitted by the it was moved and agreed that the induction Statistical Committee to the Presbytery at services do now proceed ; whereupon, the its meeting in April, 1866, were now given Moderator ascended the pulpit and conducted to the ministers for circulation among the Divine worship, preaching an able and members of their respective charges. Mr. appropriate discourse from Heb. i. 8. At Valence was appointed to represent the the close, having narrated the steps taken to Presbytery in the ome Mission Comäill up the vacancy in this church occasioned mirtee, and Mr. Haig on the College, by the retirement of the Rev. Dr. Paterson, School, and Foreign Mission Committees, resulting in the orderly election and call of during the current synodical year. Mr. the Rev. Geo. Wallace, he then called on Fraser was appointed member of the Board Mr. Wallace and put to him the usual of Examination of candidates for the ques'ions, to all of which he returned satis- ministry. Mr. Terras was appointed Corfactory answers; and was then by solemn respondent member of the Committee on praver inducted into the pastoral charge of the State of Religion. Home Mission this church and congregation, with all the Schedules from Ancroft Moor and Horncliffe rights and privileges thereto appertaining, were laid on the table, examined, and orand received the right-hand of fellowship dered to be attested. Adjourned to meet at from the brethren. Thereafter a solemn Berwick, on the first Tuesday of July, at charge was addressed him by Mr. twelve o'clock at noon. McLelland, and Mr. Johnman delivered a THE PRESBYTERY OF LONDON.—The suitable address to the people ; and the ser monthly meeting of this Presbytery was vices having been closed by the benediction, held on Tuesday last, Rev. Mr. Dinwiddie, Mr. Wallace received the usual welcome Moderator. It was agreed to appoint the from the people as they retired from the Rev. Mr. Edmonds Moderator for the next
half-year. The Rev. Mr, Wright and the Rev. appointed one of their missionaries to China, John Matheson were appointed to represent would likely be licensed by he Free Presthe Presbytery at the Home Mission Board ; bytery of Aberdeen in a few weeks, and the Rev. Mr. Prentice and the Rev. Mr. that the Foreign Mission Comınittee were Keedy were appointed to represent the Pres- anxious that the London Presbytery should bytery at the Foreign, College, and School appoint his trial for ordination about the Comu ittees; and the Rev. Dr. Roberts, the 20th June, in Hampstead Church, in order Rev. John Matheson, and the Rev. Mr that he might sail for his destination a few D vidson, of River Terrace, were appointed days afterwards. The Presbytery agreed to members of the Examination Board. Pro comply with the request, after which they fessor Lorimer asked that Mr. Wallace, adjourned. student in divinity, should be taken upon PRESBYTERY OF LANCASHIRE. The trial at next meeting of Presbytery, with a Presbytery of Lancashire niet at Liverpool, view to license, which was agreed to. It on Tuesday, the 1st o! May; the Rev. J. having been stated that the Synod Clerk had M. Ross, Moderator. Messrs. James Paternot yet transmitted the papers in the case of son and J. M. Ross were appointed the the Rev. Mr. Bonthorne, the Presbytery Presbytery's representatives in the College, Clerk was instructed to intimate to that gen- School, and Foreign Mission Committees, tleman the decision of the Synod; and the and Mr. J. B. Johnstone in the Home Committee that formerly conferred with Mr. Mission Committee. Messrs. D. Henderson, Bonthorne was reappointed with one or two G. Johnstone, and W. K. Moore, were additions. The Rev. Mr. Wright then drew appointed members of the Board of Examiattention to the importance of the Presby- nation. The Rev. J. C. Paterson regretted tery appointing parties to make a survey of to observe that the contributions for Foreign places beyond the boundaries of London, Missions from this Presbytery were small, where Presbyterian Churches could with and proposed that Mr. Thomas Matheson be advantage be set up; and of their expenses requested to take special charge of the being borne by the Home Mission Commission cause within its bounds. Mr. mittee of the Church, as was done in the Matheson consented, and promised to do case of the Lancashire Presbytery. He what he could to create a greater interest in also stated that he had been struck, on a our Foreign Missions throughout the Presrecent return from Scotland, to find that a bytery, and to obtain larger contributions. large population had been gathered together The Rev. Jas. Paterson laid on the table a at Peterborough by the works of the Great call from the congregation of Cardiff to the Northern Railway, and that there was a Rev. John Fordyce, of Duure.
It was nuinber of Scotchmen now located there. sustained, and Messrs. R. Lundie and James Then at Gravesend there were two Dis- Paterson were appointed the Presbytery's senting churches largely sustained by Commissioners to prosecute it before the Scotchmen; and he had been told that if Free Church Presbytery of Dunse and the English Presbyterian Church were to Chirnside. The Rev. James Paterson recome in they would secure a very good con- ported that the station at Nottingham had gregation without doing any material injury been erected into a sanctioned charge by to the other congregations there. Then at the Synod, and requested that a session ad Worthing, on the Sussex coast, he found interim be appointed. A session that the town was doubling itself every five appointed, the Rev. D. Blelluch, Modeyears, so great was the increase of the
rator. The Rev. J. M. Ross preferred a lation. It was in fact a Brighton in minia- similar request in behalf of Preston. A ture ; and yet they had never made any session was appointed, the Rev. J. M. Ross, inquiry in order to ascertain whether they Moderator. The Rev. J. C. Paterson might not advantagevusly set up a congre- gave notice that he would call the attention gation in that rapidly rising watering-place. of the Presbytery at its next ordinary ineeting Further, there was Weymouth, where there to the proposed regulations anent the adwas a large model prison, a large pro- mission of students to the study of theology. portion of the officials of which, he was The Rev. James Paterson presented a megiven to understand, Presbyte- morial from the session and congregation of
Inquiry might also be made St. Peter's, praying the Presbytery to recogthere to see whether there was a Presby- nise him, and such of nis elders and conterian element that would justify them in gregation as might adhere to him, as the beginning operations. The Presbytery, on minister and congregation of the Everton the suggestion of the Rev. Mr. Matheson, Valley Church; and also to take all constiagreed to apply to the Home Mission tutional measures to provide a minister for Board for a continuance of the grant to the congregation of St. Peter's. He said Devizes, the last grant having expired on he felt the step he asked the Presbytery to the 31st December last. Rev. Mr. Ballan- allow him to take was very solen and imtyne stated that Mr. Masson, who had been portant. But he was encouraged by the