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our mission, and indifferent to its work and his contribution to Mr. Matheson's little claims. Henceforth, there will be no book is full of the most instructive excuse for ignorance or indifference. Mr. matter, and will be read by all with deep Matheson's narrative”. clear in style, interest. It is not our intention now to and methodical in arrangement-sets forth give extracts, or to explain further the all the facts which go to make up the nature of the work. We wish simply to history of the mission. It combines minute- bring it under the notice of our readers in ness with brevity, and sustains the interest order that they may at once secure it, and from beginning to end. And then, it is read it for themselves. In combination followed by an elaborate paper, on the with the letters that appear montbly in the “ Social Life and Religious Ideas ” of the MESSENGER, it will supply all necessary, Chinese, written by the Rev. J. Macgowan; materials to ministers and office-bearers for and by a few “Notes on Climate, Health, lectures and addresses, and we trust that and Outfit," from the pen of Dr. Carnegie. by these efforts it will soon be introduced Mr. Macgowan labours at Amoy in con- into every family connected with our nection with the London Missionary Church. It should become a household Society, but is a Presbyterian and an book. alumnus of our College in London ; and
PRESBYTERY OF BERWICK.—This Pres-stipend, ordered the schedule to be atbytery met at Berwick on the 3rd of April. tested. The report from the Statistical Sederunt :-Rev. R. Scott, moderator ; Committee, in terms of the resolution Messrs. Fraser, Terras, Cant, Valence, and at last meeting of Presbytery, was now McLean, ministers ; Mr. Robertson, ruling read and carefully examined. Agreed that elder. The minutes of last meeting were it be printed for circulation in the several read and confirmed. Agreed in terms of congregations within the Presbytery's the Synod's standing order anent the bounds. Adjourned to meet at Berwick mode of appointing the Business Com- on the first Tuesday in May next, at twelve mittee, that the Revds. John Fraser, o'clock noon. Andrew Cant, and Robert Scott, be ap- BOLTON.—On Tuesday evening, March pointed members of the Business Com- 13th, a tea-meeting was held in the Baths mittee at the ensuing Synod. Mr. McLean Assembly Room to celebrate the fourth brought forward the motion of which he anniversary of the St. Andrew's Young gave notice at a former meeting, which, not Men's Association, and was attended by being seconded, was allowed to drop. Mr. about 150 persons. After tea the chair Valence reported that the deputation ap- was occupied by the Rev. R. Mitchell, pointed to confer with the office-bearers of M.A., minister of the Presbyterian Church, Bankhill, Belford, and Norham, anent and honorary president of the association. the establishment of associations for The chairman delivered an excellent address, ministers' support in their congregations, after which the secretary read the report, had met with cordial and kind reception. and the following gentlemen spoke on a Mr. Cant reported that he had, as in- variety of suitable topics :-Mr. W. Park, structed, intimated to Mr. Robinson the Mr.J.
Fullon, Rev. Mr. Gordon (Warton), Presbytery's resolution ; and forwarded Mr. Geo. Irving, Rev. W. A. P. Johnman medical certificates, and made application (Darlington), Mr. Hay, and Mr. Anderson. to the Committee of the Aged and A number of excellent pieces were given Infirm Ministers' Fund, for renewal of a by the choir and other ladies and gentlemen grant to Mr. Robinson. Mr. Fraser, who were present at the meeting, and Mr. agreeably to notice given at last meeting, W. Glendinning ably personated two Irish now moved :-" That the Presbytery in characters. future meet at eleven o'clock a.m., and on THE REV. R. H. LUNDIE, M.A.-The Wednesday instead of Tuesday.” This was following memorial was read to the Presnot approved of. A Home Mission bytery of Lancashire, in the case of the Schedule from Tweedmouth was produced Fairfield call :and examined, and the Presbytery being “ The undersigned were appointed by the satisfied that the amount stipulated, £70, is congregation of St. Andrew's Presbyterian as much as this congregation, in present cir- Church, to represent them at your Court formatances,
for minister's with resnect to the call recently given to
our esteemed pastor, Mr. Lundie, by the labours at present. The congregation new congregation of our Church at Fair- heartily approves of the proposals already field, and have deemed it advisable, under laid before Mr. Lundie by our Session to the circumstances, to lay their reasons be- relieve him of a part of his duties, and fore for objecting thereto in this form otherwise to enable him to continue in his rather than by oral statements. Mr. Lundie charge comfortably. Mr. Lundie's flock has held his present charge for fifteen are highly attached to him, and should the years, and during that time his ministra- Presbytery now determine to remove our tions have been highly acceptable to those pastor to Fairfield, we believe it will be exwho have been connected with the congre- ceedingly detrimental to the welfare of the gation. It is needless here to refer to the congregation we represent, and also of our circumstances under which he took charge Church in this important place. In conof our congregation; suffice it to say that clusion, we respectfully ask the Presbytery they were accompanied with no ordinary to take this memorial into favourable condifficulties, and the congregation had be- sideration, so that the call to Fairfield may come exceedingly weak in consequence. not be sustained. The debt on the church and property “Birkenhead, 30th December, 1865. amounted, together with legal expenses, to "Signed by the Commissioners." about two thousand pounds, which large sum was paid off, mainly through Mr. The CUNNINGHAM LECTURESHIP, 1866. Lundie's exertions, in'course of a very few -The first of the second series of lectures years. Following that, it was found that was delivered on the 6th of March to a the schools connected with the church were crowded audience, in the New Assembly unsuitable, and Mr. Lundie originated a Hall, by the Rev. Dr. James Buchanan, scheme for the erection of a new building, the subject being “The Doctrine of Justifiwhich was opened free of debt in 1861, and cation.” In a few introductory remarks the cost upwards of one thousand pounds, and lecturer referred to the selection of this we are happy to add is now attended by subject, indicating its suitableness for all nearly 600 scholars. About two years ago ages of the Christian Church, and its near it became absolutely necessary to add to the interest in every experience of the power accommodation in our church, and galleries of the truth, but specially its direct relations were erected, and other alterations made, to prevalent forms of error-Rationalism at an expense of more than eight hundred on the one hand, and Ritualism on the other. pounds, which has been defrayed, and now He added, as another reason for the vindicathe
property is in a substantial condition, tion of this truth at present, that on the part free from debt. When Mr. Lundie under- of many able and earnest men of the Church took his present charge, we believe the of England it was contended that Justificanumber of sittings let did not exceed 200, tion by Faith alone is not a doctrine of that whereas at the present time there are about Church, or of the Word of God and the 600. The Sabbath-schools and other asso- early Christian teachers. The lecturer ciations carried on by the congregation are further explained that the historical part of in a most flourishing condition, mainly the course would be alone embraced in the through the constant care of Mr. Lundie; lectures, the statement and vindication of and a reference to the financial accounts of the doctrine being reserved till the whole our Synod will prove that our congregation was published. The first part of the hishas greatly prospered under his sustained torical sketch, embracing the doctrine as efforts. In addition to all these considera- revealed to the Old Testament Church, was tions, Mr. Lundie occupies a most promi- proceeded with, and justification as it may nent and worthy position in this commu- refer to an unfallen or to a guilty creature nity, and in his well-timed belp to all good explained as historically presented in God's public objects, thereby upholds and tends transactions with our first parents. At the to extend our church in Birkenhead in a close of the lecture, Dr. Buchanan illustrated manner that no stranger could expect to do the fulness of the experience of the Ancient for years,
if ever; for we have pleasure in Church in relation to this doctrine by stating that Mr. Lundie is highly respected, numerous quotations from the Book of not only by his own congregation, but by Psalms. The lecture
listened the community at large of all denomina- throughout with much interest, and we tions. As it has been stated that a princi- have no doubt that that interest will be pal reason for entertaining the present call sustained to the close of what proves to be is the state of Mr. Lundie's health, and it a valuable contribution to the literature of may be advanced that the smaller charge at this important subject. In the second of Fairfield will lighten bis labours, we would the course, on the 9th, Dr. Buchanan gave take leave respectfully to suggest that pos- an interesting and valuable historical review sibly the efforts necessary to build up a new of the doctrine of Justification, in so far as congregation may be as trying as his the New Testament is concerned ; traced the
relation between the Promise, the Law, and testant and Romish methods of Justification. the Gospel; gave an elaborate review and Dr. Buchanan showed how the Romanist analysis of the errors of Judaism in reference appeared to concede everything to the Proto the question ; indicated the ground taken testants—that Justification was by grace, by by Christ and the Apostles in opposition to faith, and by the merits of Christ—and those errors; then gave an account of the yet, while conceding, or rather appearing to controversies that arose from the relation concede, all this, they reserved one point, between the Gentile and Jewish converts, and and in reserving it they reserved all. Justi. lastly from the corruptions introduced into fication was by faith, the Papists admitted, Christian doctrine by the admixture of not a faith which appropriated Christ's heathen philosophies. The special topic righteousness wrought out for us, but a treated in the third lecture was the Patristic faith which imported Christ's righteousness doctrine on the subject of Justification. The into us, giving us a title to pardon and degree of importance to be attached to the eternal life. And so Justification was still opinions of the Fathers was carefully weighed. on the ground of infused righteousness; It was proved, by an appeal to them simply illustrating, as Dr. Buchanan remarked, the as witnesses as to a fact, that the doctrine saying of John Livingston, that the dividing had been fully recognised from the earliest line of a controversy may be as fine as a age after the Apostles, and that, by some of razor's edge, but on the one side of that the Fathers, a forensic as opposed to a moral line is God's truth, and on the other side justification was distinctly taught. The the devil's lie. In the last lecture of the critical value of the views of the Primitive series Dr. Buchanan shortly glanced at the Church was estimated and defended. Quota- history of the doctrine of Justification by tions were made from Clement of Rome, Faith at and since the Reformation, bringing Justin Martyr, &c., to show the rise of prominently into view the remarkable unierrors on the subject of Christ's person, and formity of opinion on this subject of the which tended to pervert and obscure tha creeds of all the Reformed Churches. He doctrine of Justification. The service which proceeded to consider at some length the Augustine rendered to evangelical truth was position of the Church of England, and ably illustrated, and bis doctrine of efficacious combated the views of those who maintain grace as excluding all merit in man was that that Church has never accepted the shown to have prepared the way for the Reformed doctrine on this question, but doctrine of a free Justification. Reference has adhered to what they call the Catholic was made to Anselm and Bernard as sus. Apostolic doctrine. That opinion has been faining the evangelical view of the doctrine. founded mainly on the influence which The statements of the scholastic divines Melancthon and Bucer exerted over the were also explained, with the errors to which founders of the Church of England. But, They led. The special topic of the fourth while denying that their influence was greater leciure was “Indulgences." Dr. Buchanan, than that of Luther, Calvin, or Knox, or with great theological discrimination, traced that it would have involved any such views ther origin to the Roman doctrine of of the doctrine of Justification by Faith, pardon, and to the distinction which Papists Dr. Buchanan contended that the Church make betwixt the eternal and the temporal of England herself must be accepted as the punishment of sin, and showed that indul. exponent of her views; and that her articles gences were no accidental abuse, but a and homilies, when interpreted in their necessary development of an erroneous doc- natural and obvious sense,
were in full trine.
He said that Luther, with intuitive harmony with the views of the Reformers sagacity, discovered the real origin of this on this subject. Extracts were also read monstrous abuse, and laid the axe to the from several of the leading English Reroot of the tree by attacking the false doc- formers, and one from the “judicious trine out of which indulgences grew, even Hooker” was given, of special directness that of Justification by works. The lecturer, and interest Dr. Buchanan forcibly alluded at the close, briefly but clearly traced the to the indicatious of a season of special distinction betwixt the Roman and Protes- trial to the Churches through the entrance of tant doctrines on the head of Justification forms of error, and referred to the probaby works the one, by grace the other. The bility that the Established Churches of the 1opic of the fifth lecture was the attempts country would either become the receptacles made, at the period of the Council of Trent, of all forms of error, or, by the raising up 10 unite the Protestant and Romish Churches of some Cromwell, be swept away as the on the basis of an agreement betwixt the nurseries of error and scepticism. Dr. Bu, Reformers and the Baptists on the doctrine chanan then intimated that the Council had of Justification. The concessions made on appointed Principal Fairbairn, of Glasgow, both sides afforded an opportunity to the to deliver the next course of lectures, and lecturer admirably to illustrate, still farther, that the subject was Law, in relation to he irreconcilable difference betwixt the Pro- the Divine Dispensations.".
Collections and Danations.
Marylebone, London (subscriptions),
per Mr. L. Groves HOME MISSION COLLECTION
Mr. James Alexander £5 0 0
2 0 0 Ancroft Moor, per Mr. R. Darling
5 Mr. D. Maclanrin
0 0 £1 0 10 Norham, per Rer. William Haig. 1 5
Mr. R. Mackenzie
2 0 0
Sir John Shaw, Bart. Crewe, per Mr. John Wilson
0 1 0
191 0 St. George's, Liverpool, per Mr. David Milne.
10 1 1
ROBERT LOCKHART, Alnwick, per Mr. William Bell
25 0 Trinity. Newcastle-on-Tyne, per Mr. J.
15 0 0 1, Rumford Place, Liverpool. Chelsea, per Nr. W. Huime :
10 10 Falstone, per Mr. W. Elliott
1 13 3
SYNOD SCHOOL FUND.
3 0 0 Trinity Church, Manchester (collection). £90 Stepney, Loudon, per Mr. R. Peter 3 6 0 Bavington (collection)
1 10 6 Canning Street, Liverpool, per Mr.
1 0 Wm. Good all 38 1 8 Long Framlington (collection)
0 11 6 Bavington and Ryall, per Mr. William St. Andrew's, Birkenhead (collection), 8 10 0 Turnbull
2 12 4 Trinity Church, Hampstead, per Associa. Trinity, Manchester, per Nr. T. c.
40 13 0 Morton 27 10 o A Friend, St. Andrew's, Southampton
1 0 0 Dudley, per Rev. Geo. Lewis
3 10 0 Laygate, South Shields St. Mark's, Greenwich, per J. Thomson 25 4 & Trinity Church, De Beauvoir Town, Morpeth, Mr. Geo. Flint 95 0 London, per Association
1 12 0 Workington, per Rev. D. c. McLeod: 2 14 6 Canning Street, Liverpool, per AssociaNewbiggio, per Mr. W. Brown
4 19 6 Regent Square, London, Association, per Mr. John Laing
12 15 6 Dr. Henderson, Aberdeen (don.), per
67, New Bond Street, W.
Treasurer.) Rev. George Johnstone
THE PROCEEDINGS OF SYNOD. The Thirtieth Synod of the English Presbytery of Berwick-on-Tweed.--The Presbyterian Church met on the evening Rev. Thomas Robinson resigned his charge of Monday April 16th, in Regent Square at Etal on May 17th, 1865, and the Rev. Church, London, and continued its sittings George M'Guffie was ordained in said till the following Thursday evening. The charge on January 10th, 1866. retiring Moderator, the Rev. R. H. Lundie, Presbytery of Birmingham.—The Rev. M.A., preached the opening sermon from Robert Lewers resigned his charge at New Galatians v. 13. “By love serve one an- John Street, Birmingham, which charge other." At the close of the sermon the has since been vacant. Synod was constituted by prayer, after Presbytery of Cumberland.--The conwhich the roll of members was called. gregation of Whitehaven has become vacant
The Rev. R. H. Lundie after thanking by the resignation of the Rev. Joseph the Synod for the kindness shown to him Burns; and Carlisle, by the translation of as Moderator, and remarking on the pro- the Rev. William MʻIndoe to Free Martyrs’ gress of the Church during the past year, Church, Paisley. proposed the Rev. T. Alexander, M.A., as Presbytery of Lancashire.-The Rev his successor in the chair, which was James Feths has been inducted in Douglas unanimously agreed to. Mr. Alexander The Rev. Robert Mitchell ordained in then delivered an address of considerable Bolton; the Rev. R. H. Lundie translated power on topics of present interest in the from Birkenhead to Fairfield, Liverpool. religious world. This address we give in Chester has become vacant by the resignafull at another page.
tion of the Rev. William Hunter, and The Rev. W. Keedy proposed a cordial Birkenhead by the translation of the Rev. vote of thanks to the retiring Moderator, R. H. Lundie. which was warmly agreed to by the Synod Presbytery of London. The Rev. and guitably
conveyed by the new William Charteris was inducted in Alderney Moderator.
on the 11th of July, 1865. The Rev. The junior clerk read the following James M'Gill was inducted in Bournestateme it of the ministerial changes that mouth on the 30th of May, 1865. The have taken ; lace during the past year :
Rev. Alex•nder Stewart, LL.D., was in
1 1 2 2
ducted in Guernsey on the 13th February, and their suggestions be reported to a 1866. The Rev. William Jeffrey resigned Committee of this Synod by the end of his charge 'in Guernsey. The Rev. W. October, who will be authorized to introCusin translated from Greenwich to Edin- duce any improvements they may think burgh on Sept. 26th, 1865. The Rev. advisable, that the book may be brought John Kelly resigned his charge at Tiverton up for approval at next Synod, the Comon November 28th, 1866, which charge mittee to be named afterwards.” After has since become extinct. The Rev. some discussion the first motion was carried Hector M‘Millan, formerly minister at by a large majority. Bournemouth, deceased in February, 1866. While the foregoing business was pro
Presbytery of Newcastle-on-Tyne.—The ceeding, a telegram was received, and anRev. Patrick L. Miller has retired from the nounced by the Moderator, intimating the pastorate of John Knox Church, New- tidings that the Rev. P. I. Miller, of Newcastle, and the Rev. Dr. Paterson from the castle, had been taken ill there on Saturday, active duties of St. George's, Sunderland. and had expired on Monday evening at Dr. Paterson still retains his seat in the eight o'clock, p.m. On the motion of Dr. Presbytery and Synod. The Rev. W. A. Munro, the Synod, deeply solemnized by P. Johaman ordained in Darlington. this mournful intelligence, and lamenting
Presbytery of Northumberland.—The the loss of a brother so much beloved and Rev. R. H. Davidson was ordained at respected, recorded their sense of the piety, Glanton on the 31st August, 1865. devotion, 'and earnest labour which distin
guished their brother during the whole Tabulated Statement.
of his ministry, and their
deep sympathy with the bereaved widow Presbytery of
and children, whom they desired to com
mend to the grace and compassion of our Berwick-on-Tweed
God and Saviour. The Moderator, on the Birmingham
request of the Synod, offered up a solemnCumberland Lancashire...
prayer. The clerks were instructed to London
send an extract of this minute to the Newcastle-on-Tyne
bereaved family. Northumberland
Mr. J. Watson having read the Report It was agreed, on the motion of Mr. of Finance Committee, it was moved by Chalmers, that the above statement should Dr. Leone Levi, seconded by Mr. T. D. be engrossed on the Synod's records. Thompson, as follows :-"Adopt the Re
On the motion of Rev. W. Ballantyne, port, re-appoint the Committee, Mr. Watseconded by Rev. W. Chalmers, the Synod son, Convener, and in the event of this resolved to petition Parliament against the Committee desiring a return of the amount Bill now introduced into the House of raised for the support of the ministry, and Commons to legalize marriage with a for congregational purposes, Sessions are deceased wife's sister, and appointed a instructed to furnish that information.” committee to draw up a petition and report
The Synod then called for the Synod to a future diet.
Fund Report, which was given in by Mr. TUESDAY.
Watson, on whose motion, seconded by
Mr. Lundie, it was agreed “That the The Synod spent the first hour, from Report be received and adopted, and that eleven to twelve o'clock, in devotional a Committee, consisting of the clerks of the exercises, which were led by Dr. Hamilton, House, and the treasurers of the Schemes, Mr. J. Mathieson, Rev. J. Black, and Rev. be appointed to consider the subject of the D. Blelloch.
treasurership of the Church, and to report An overture was read from the Presby- to a future diet. Dr. Duncan, Convener.” tery of London on the improvement of the Mr. James Watson gave in the report of collection of hymns and paraphrases now Finance Committee. It referred to the used in the congregations of the Church, financial condition of the various schemes. which was supported by the Rev. W. of the Church, and especially drew attenChalmers, who laid on the table a new tion to the unsatisfactory state of the collection of psalms and hymns, and moved Foreign Mission. Accompanying the Fi. as follows, seconded by Rev. A. M. Halkett: nance Committee's report is a tabulated “ That the Synod adopt the overture, and statement of the receipts of the committees appoint a Committee in terms thereof, to of the schemes, eo as to give a comparative examine said collection during the sittings view of the congregational contributions to of the Synod, and report before its rising." these schemes during the past four years.
Mr. Alexander Gillespie moved, and Mr. The committee state that the aggregate of W. K. Coubrough seconded, “That the the receipts of all the Synod schemes, from hymn-book be sent down to Presbyteries ; l all sources, during the year has been