In Defence of Judaism, Abraham Ibn Daud: Sources and Structures of Ha-Emunah Ha-Ramah
This study presents a thematic investigation of Ibn Daud's philosophical treatise ha-Emunah ha-Ramah [The Exalted Faith]. It examines the question whether current interpretation is correct in assuming that the thesis is primarily concerned with working out a synthesis between philosophy and religion, or whether, as Ibn Daud indicates at te beginning of the book, it is basically concerned with the problem of free will. In order to answer this question the author examines the structure of Ibn Daud's philosophical work by analysing its topics and their interrelation, and by paying attention to Ibn Daud's use of Biblical verses. Furthermore the study focuses on the Jewish and Islamic sources on which Ibn Daud drew, as well as the way in which he incorporated the philosophy of the Islamic Aristotelians al-Farabi and Ibn Sina into his own thought.
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Ibn Dauds motivation
Chapter3 Matter and form
Motion and infinity
God and his attributes
The heavenly spheres and the intelligences
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accident according active intellect actually al-Farabi al-Ghazali already angels anima animal appears argument Aristotelian Aristotle attributes becomes Biblical body called cause chapter clear commandments concerned conclusion Daud’s described direct discussion divine elements emanation essence evil example exegesis existence explains expressed fact faculty follows freedom gives God’s God’s knowledge Halevi human Ibn Daud Ibn Sina Ibn Sina’s idea important influence intellect intelligences interpretation Islamic Jewish knowledge later Maimonides matter means Moses motion moved mover namely nature necessary object observed origin particular passage perfection philosophers position possible potentiality principle problem proof prophecy prophet prove providence question rational reason refers regards relation relationship religion Saadya says seen sense Shifā similarity soul spheres substance theory things Torah tradition translation true unity various verses whereas writings