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to the Israelites themselves, it does not at all appear, any age, or country, upon the face of the earth: and from what is said of the directions given to them to such, that the Israelites thenceforth detaining the borrow, that it was ever told them by Moses, that spoil, could no more stand in need of any apology, or they should spoil the Egyptians; or that they should vindication, than the confiscation of the property of by any means do such a thing, till the very event had traitors, or than the modern practice of making reirrevocably, and contrary to any foresight of theirs, prisals at sea. tuken place.

If the Israelites, after this, had been in a situation It does not at all appear, that they marched out of where they could have returned with armed force, to Egypt with any other intention, than that of going invade the land of Egypt, and to carry away the whole three days journey into the wilderness, and of then spoil thereof, by what law of nations would they have returning; or at least, with any other intention than been condemned ? that of making some short abode there, to perform their But in the wilderness, where the Israelites were soreligious rites, and of then returning.

journing, the same sea which they had so miraculously And therefore, when, after a long denial of this re crossed over, was an utter bar to all further interquest to go and sacrifice unto the Lord their God, course with Egypt for any purpose, or on any account they were at last thrust out; yet even then, this was whatsoever. And even suppose a restitution to have their utmost plan. And in fair construction of the remained, the bar placed by their miraculous passage, whole history, we cannot but conceive, that when which they never could have had, originally, any exthey borrowed the jewels, to enable them, in a more pectation of accomplishing, would effectually put it splendid manner, to perform their religioup celebra out of their power to carry such disposition into effect: tions, they honestly and fully intended, and expected whilst indeed, at the same time, the greater part of to return them; and actually would have done so, if the very Egyptians most interested, had in all likeliPharaoh had not pursued them, and, by the whole hood perished, together with Pharaoh himself.” King's event, made them so hateful to the Egyptians, that Morsels. it was not in their opportunity, or, by any means then We observe, however, that God directs the Israelexisting, in their power, to have any further commu ites to demand ; so 480 SHAL, ought to be rendered, nication with the land of Egypt, or with any of the and not borrow; of the Egyptians jewels of gold, &c. persons from whom they had borrowed these spoils; and at the 36th verse, instead of they lent unto them, and to whom they certainly intended originally to have it may as well be translated they let them have, or they delivered them again.

granted them such things as they asked. It was propThe multitude that went out, being a mixed multi er they should have some reward for their servitude. tude, even with a great number of Egyptians in their The following is Leigh's note on the word : company, Exod. xii. 38. plainly shows, that they “Though this word sometimes import the demandthought of returning; and it was Pharaoh's hardness ing of a thing which is a point of justice or equity to of heart, in pursuing them, contrary to any previous give, as Gen. xliv. 19. yet it is usually applied to note imagination of the Egyptians themselves, that alone the seeking of some thing by humble prayers and enchanged the Israelites' course, frustrated all their treaties : so as it is not seldom put for prayer itself, honest purpose, and accomplished the divine proph- 2 Chron. xx. 4. and sometimes for an earnest and humесу.

ble inquiry after something we know not, Numb. xxvii. But further, the ferocious attempt of the Egyptians 21; Deut. xiii. 14. that we may be directed aright, to destroy the Israelites, after they had consented that and pursue the direction with effect; so, Jer. I. 5. they should go in peace; and contrary to all their We read it, Exod. xi. 35. borrowed; but the word solemn engagements to them; or at least to drag them signifies also to ask or require ; Junius renders it peinto the most bitter bondage ; was surely a more than tierunt, they asked: Montanus, postulaverunt, they sufficient cause for avowed hostility, and reprisal, in demanded.

END OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.

INDEX

OF TEXTS, ILLUSTRATED, OR REFERRED TO, IN THIS VOLUME.

203 ix

498 xii

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356 xiii

203 xiv
13

XV

Page.
224
103
222
150
128
535

35
223
424
226
259
483

26
332
287
231
135
226
195
320

13
389
409
231
ibid
320

xvi

XXX

XXX

13

520

Chap Ver.

GENESIS
i

1 Arrangement of Natural History
i

21 Vide Lam. iv 3

8 Map

18 Thorns
vi

Form of Noah's Ark
vii viji

Deluge
X

9 Isai. xi
X

23 Acts xxviii, Map
xi

Early Writing
xii 1 Acts xxviii, Map
xiv 17 History of Melchisedec

12 Gen, ii 21
18 Acts xxviii, Map

12 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
xviii 2 Gen. xix 25
xix 24 Gen. vi 14

28 Dan. iii, Fiery Furnace
xxiv Acts xxviii, Map

22 Isaiah isi 18, Eastern Dresses
55 Gen. i 15

64 Gen. xxxi 34, Camel's Furniture
xxviii

10 Acts xxviii, Map

18 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
xxix

4 Acts xxviii, Map

36 Acts xxviii, Map
xxxi Judges iii 19, Gilgal

30 Teraphim Lares
30 Isai. xxi 7, Chariots in the East

34 Camel's Furniture
xxxiii 5 Gen. xxxi 34, Camel's Furniture

7 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
16 Gen. xxxi 34, Camel's Furniture

20 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
xxxvii 25 Jer, viïi 22

Also, Balsams

Also, Behen
xxxyiïi 14 Levit. xi 19, Bat
xl. 2 1 Kings, iv 22
xli

2 1 Kings, iv 22

Job vii 12

43 1 Sam. vi 7, Eastern Chariots
xlv 19-27 i Sam, vi 7, Eastern Chariots
xlix 3 i Sam. v, Dagon

Il Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
17 Cerastes

Also, Serpents
21 Naphtali

EXODUS,
ii 2, 3 Reed
iii 2 I Chron. xxi 26

Exod. xxiv, Sinai

Also, Bramble
iv

Psalm cv

Slaves in the East
vi

3 Names of Deity
9 Exod is 3

Page. Chap. Ver.

viii 3 Exod. xii 34, Kneading Trough
380

14 2 Kings, vi 25
324

16 Gnat

32 Isai. xxviii 25
386

1 & 15 Psalm cv 36
194
xi 2, 3 Of Borrowing

12 Exod. x 21
146

34 Kneading Trough

17 Passage of the Israelites
198. xiii-xix Map from Suez to mount Sinai
356
xiv 25 i Sam vi 7, Eastern Chariots,

21 Dividing the Waters
XV

8 Gen. xix 25
356

хуі 13 Joel ii, Locust
278

33 Prov. xvi 33, Lots
26

xix 12 Exod. xxiv, Sinai
17

xxi 6 Eccles. i7
330

xxiv Exod. xii-xix, Map
356
XXV

14 Gen. vi
304

xxvi 4 Isai. xlvi 7, Ancient Statues
7

xxviii 20 Gen. ii 12
216

23 Cane
356

34 Scented Shell
250

xxxiii 22 Exod. xxiv, Sinai
356
xxxiv
Exod. xxiv,

Sinai
ibid

xxxviii 7 Isai. xliv 7, Ancient Statues
250

xxxix 6 Gen. ii 12
211

xl 38 Pillar of Cloud and Fire
318
216

LEVITICUS.
ibidi 4 Exod. viii 2
250

14 Matth. xxiv 41, Mill or Quern
216 viji 12 Behen
250 | ix 24 1 Chron. xxi 26

1 Rev. xv 8, Ancient Censers
400

I Chron. xxi 26
401 / xi 4-1 Unclean Animals
743 13–18 Unclean Birds
89

19 Bat
ibid

13 Job xxvüi 6
115

Also, Psalm ciii 5
259

17 Psalm cii 7
ibid

Also, Isaiah xxxiy 11
254

20 Joel ii, Locust
278

22 Bruchus
375

29 Prov. XXX 26, Coney
371) xii 29 Mole
218 xiii 2 Kings, v 14

xix 28 Joshua xviji 9

xxiji 14 Matth. xxiv 41, Mill or Quern
392

Mount Sinai
xxiv
105

XXY 29 Gen. i. 29
231
394
xxvi

1 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
127

NUMBERS.
220

Ezek. xlv 12
481 iv 4 I Sam. vi 7, Eastern Chariots
32

13 Caut. jji 10

XXXV

155

33
344
401
105
377
105
236
237
943
118
127
126
151
332
407
290
246
102

71
344
226

10
250

159
259
140

si 30-

Page.
278
324
488
324
308

75
211
371
218

XV

V

254

278

x

Chap. Ver.
vii 3 1 Sam. yi 7, Eastern Chariots

1 1 Chron. xxi 26
4 Exod. xvi 4
5 Levit. xi 9

Also, Onions
7 Gen. ü 12
31 Joel ii, Locust
14 Levit. xiii 28

16 Exod. xiii-xix, Map
Xyi

Exod. xxiv, Sinai
6 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers

Exod. xxiv, Sinai
19 Exod. xii-xix, Map
22 2 Kings, iii 16

6 Isaiah xiv 13

18 2 Kings, üi 16
xxiv Ezek. Xxxi 3

Also, Psalm xlv 9

Also, Psalm civ 16

4 Lign Aloes
XXV 3, 6 Amos v 26, Baal and Moloch
xxxüi 4 Exod. x 21

DEUTERONOMY.
ii

11 2 Kings, i 2, Beelzebub
iv 16 1 Kings, iv 23
iv 17 Psalm lxxxiv
viii 15 Rev. ix 3, Scorpion
xiv 5 Job xxxix 1, Ibex
18 Levit. xi 19,

Bat
xvi 21 Psalm xcii 12
xvii 11 Familiar Spirits
xviii 11 i Sam. xxviii

Also, Psalm lyiü 5
xxi

4 Prov. xxx 17

17 i Sam. v, Dagon
xxiii 2 Emasculating

3 Exod. v, Slaves in the East
xxviii 5,17 Exod. xii 34, Kneading Troughs

22 Charchar, &c.
27 1 Sam. v 6

38 Joel i 4
xxix 23 Gen. six 25
xxxii 11 Exod. xix 4

14 2 Sam. xvii 28
17 Baboon
32 2 Kings, iv 39

Also, Solanum

33 Poisonous Reptiles
xxxiii 3 2 Sam. xxiij 10

Also, Exod. xiii-xix, Map

Also, Exod. xxiv, Sinai
17 Job xxxix, Reem
28 Gen. xlix 21, Naphtali

JOSHUA.
iv 5 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
vii 26 Judges iïi 19, Gilgal

29 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
xiii 5 Acts xxviii, Map
xxiv

2 Acts xxviii, Map
26 Judges iïi 19, Gilgal

JUDGES.
ii 1 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
iii

19 Gilgal

23 Cant. v 4, Locks of Doors
iv 17 Sisera

Page., Chap. Ver.
259

10 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
105

11 Lam. iv 3, Tannim
38 xi 30-40 Jepthah's Vow
47

40 Lam. iv 3, Tannim
398 xiv 12-19 Isaiah 18, Eastern Dresses
13

5 Matches
332 | xvii 5 Gen. xxxi 30

54 9, 10 Gen. xlix 17, Cerastes
226 xviii 7 Gen. xlix 2., Naphtali
231

I. SAMUEL.
377

2 Dagon
231

vi Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
226
vi

4 Prov. xxx 26, Coney
100

7 Eastern Cnariots
148

18 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
100

vii 16 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
158

8 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
122

xi 15 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
127

xiii 7 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
389

xiy 25 Deut. xxxii 13
336

27 Bee
35

32 Bat
xv 3—18 Exod. xii-xix, Map
266

19 Levit. xi. 19, Bat
89

xvi 6 2 Kings, iii 15
125

20 2 Kings, vi 25
376 xvii 18 2 Sam. xviii 8
274 | xix 13 Gen. xxxi 30, Teraphim
243 xxiv 1 Job xxxix, Ibex
126

XXV 18 2 Kings, vi 25
494 xxvi 11 Cruse

81 xxviii 7-25 Witch of Endor
122

II. SAMUEL.
132

i 10 Isaiah ii 18, Dresses
254

6 Gen. xiv 17, Melchisedec
421

6-8 i Chron). xi 5, 6
220

23 Mulbcrry-Tree
224

vi 3 1 Sam. vi 7, Eastern Chariots
421

5 Hosea xiv 7
77

Also, Fir-Tree
164

vii 18 Gen. xv 9
26

Also, 2 Sam. viii 17, Attitudes
43

viii 4 1 Sam. vi 7, Chariots
85

17 Eastern Attitudes of Worship
415

5 Beards
10.

xii 31 i Chron. xx 3
39.

1 1 Sam. yi 7, Eastern Chariots
248
xvii

28 1 Sam. xxv 18
88

xviii 17 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
226
XIX

15 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
231

35 Isaiah iii 18, Eastern Dresses
282
218

I. KINGS.
iv 23 Gazelles

25 Fig
250

33 Also, Hyssop
ibid
vii

19 Lily
ibid

50 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers
256

ix 26 Exod. xiii-xix, Map
ibid

18 Elephant
250

xü || Exod. v, Slaves
250 xiv 3 1 Sam. xxvi 11, Cruse
ibidi xvii 4 Food by Ravens
299

12 i Sam. xxvi 11, Cruse
519

38 1 Chron. xxi 26

290
259
250
ibid
ibid
ibid
ibid

69
408
243
226
243
100
103

87
211
274
103
263
484

XXV

308
203
515
403
259
163
402

25
264
259
264
514
487
259
80

х

XV

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viji

х

28 i sam. vi 7, Eastern Chariots

416
401
390
391
377
226
265
259
220
263
483
263
105

xviii

Page.

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105
278
226
122
399
119
147
278

35
226
146
397
366
118
416

98
138
395
397
390

79
274
278
285
237
414
265

xxix
XXX

344
259
497
308

105 | xxxi

Chap Ver
xix 4 Broom

8 Exod. xxiv, Sinai
XX

23 Gen. xxx
xxii 35 Isaiah xxi 7, Chariots

Also, 1 Sam. vi 7, Chariots

II. KINGS.
i

2 Beelzebub

Also, Eccles. x 1, Fly
8 Matth. jii 4
10 i Chron. xxi

1 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
11, 12 i Sam. vi 7, Chariots
20 1 Sam. xxvi 11, Cruse

Also, Prov. six 24, Dish
ui

15 1 Sam. xvi 23
iv 42 Matth. xxiy 41, Mill or Quern

9 1 Sam. vi 7, Chariots
18, 19 Rimmon

23 Isaiah iii 18, Dresses
vi 17 i Chron. xxi 26

25 1 Sam. xvi 20

Also, Ants
vii 13 i Sam. vi 7, Chariots
ix 15 Isaiah xxi 7, Chariots

30 Cant. visi 10, Kiosk
xiv 28 Acts xxviii, Map
xvii 14 2 Kings, iv 2
xix

Exod. x 21
7 Blast

14. Nehem. vi 1, Letters
xxi

13 Prov. xix 24, Dish
xxiii 24 Gen. xxxi. 30, Teraphim
XXV
21 Acts xxviii, Map

I. CHRONICLES.
26 Acts xxviii, Map

5,6 2 Sam. v 6-8
xii 15, 55 Josh. ïïj 4
xiy 15 2 Sam. v 23
xix 5 2 Sam. x 5, Beards

3 2 Sam. xii 31
xxvii 30 Job xxxix 1, Wild Ass
xxix 2 Rev. xiv 19

II. CHRONICLES.
ii

7 Cant. iii 10
iv

22 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers
viii 17 Exod. xiii-xix, Map

11-14 Exod. v, Slaves in the East
xi 24 Exod. v, Slaves in the East
xxvi 19 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers

14 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers
15 Prov. xix 24, Bowl
20 Acts xxviii, Map
24 i Sam. vi 7, Chariots

EZRA.
ii

2 Acts xxviii, Map
viii | Acts xxviii, Map
27 Ezek. i 4

NEHEMIAH.
üi

3 Cant. v 4, Locks of Doors
vi

1 Letters
ix 21 Deut. viii 4

ESTHER.
i

6 Courts of Eastern Houses

Vide also Cant. ii 10
vili 15 Cant. jji 10

Ver:

JOB.
16 i Chron. xxi 26

5 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
15 Exod. xiii-xix, Map
5 Psalm xxxix 11

Also, Sensitive Plant
20 Job xxx 30
11 Isaiah xii 21
12 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
13 Exod. x 21
23 Exod. xiii-xix
14 Isaiah xi
33 Eupatorium
13 Rev. xii 3, Dragon
18 Ramoth, idem Gabish
6 Beeve
4 1 Kings, xix 4

Also, Cant. i 5

Also, Broom
36 Dianthera
40 Cockle
I I Sam. xxiv 7
1 Ibex, or Rock Goat
5 Wild Ass
9 Reem, or Rhinoceros
27 Levit. xi 13, Unclean Birds
30 Eagle
1 Kings, x 18, Elephant

PSALMS.
22 Job xxxix 9, Reem

5 Behen
6 Rhinoceros
9 i Sam. vi 7, Chariots

Eccles. vii 6
Also, Eccles. x 11

Bætæn
10 Jackall

4 Job vi 4
26 Matth. xxv 6, Wedding Processions
30 Psalm 1xxx 13

8 1 Sam, y 6
16 Holcus Dura
13 Lam. iv 3, Tannim
14 Isaiah xüü 21

Also, Echeneis
6 1 Sam. vi 7, Chariots
13 Exod. xii-xix, Map
13 Psalm lxviii 30
6 Exod. v, Slaves
4 Psalm cii
46 Joel i 4

1 Sam. xxiv S
15 Behen
18 Job xxxix 1, Ibex
27 Jer. li 14
40 Exod. xvi 13
37 Baboon
23 Locust

Melchiscdec, Gen. xiy
4 1 Kings, xix 4

Broom

Also
17 Rhinoceros

4 Rom. iii 13
5,9 Behen

V

78
404

xxxix
259
318
300
356
101

35
494
268 xxii
289 Xxiii
211

XXIX
356 xlvi

iviii
356
515
70 xiii
84 (xiv
514

xvii
487 xviii
278
187 xxii

.xxiv
140
377
226

xxvi
220 .xxviii
ibi.

XXX
377

8xxi
ibid ixxxiv
289
356 civ
259

xi

XX

ixx

х

120
401
285
259
136
ibid
411
286
115
346
125

77
390
324
147
410
259
226
125
220
] 26
164

79
401
274
156

41
415
408
203

98
395
386
285
184
401

XXX

XXXV

256 сү
ibid
157 1cvi

cix
299 CX
268 CXX

64

271cxxxii
140 cxl
ibid I cxli

Page. Chap

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356
397
316
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318
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245
259
410
115
220
389
393
177
391

66

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Chap . Ver.

PROVERBS.
5 Sepia
19 1 Sam. xxiv 3

Also, Job xxxix 1, Ibex

22 Isaiah iïi 18, Dresses
xii 27 Levit. xi 6
xiv

30 Hosea v 12
XV 17 i Kings, iv 22
xvi

33 Lots
33 Jonah i 7

Also, Prov. xix 24, Dish
xvii

8 Precious Stones

12 2 Sam. xvii 8
ix 24 Dish
XX

26 Levit. xi 4, Unclean Animals
xxiii 32 Isaiah xi 14, Cockatrice
XXV 12 Isaiah iïi 18, Dresses
Xxx 17 Levit. xi 13, Unclean Birds

25 Prov, vi 6
26 Coney, Shaphan, Mouse
28 Fly
28 Mal. i 3

33 2 Sam. xvii 8
xxxi 22 Cant. iii 10
24 Isaiah iii 18, Dresses

ECCLESIASTES.
vii 6 Briers, Broom
ix 18 2 Sam. xvii 28

I Prov. xxx 28, Fly

Also, Mal. i 3
хіі

4 Matth. xxv 26, Wedding Processions
5 Joel ü, Locust

SOLOMON'S SONG.
i

6 Exod. xii-xix, Map
14 Al-Henna

17 Cedars
ii

1 Matth. vi 28
5 Gourd
13 Fig

15 Psalm Ixiii 10, Jackall
iv 11 Deut. viii 4

13 Spikenard
2 1 Kings, x 10
4 Locks of Doors
5 Balsam

14 Levit. xi 19, Bat
vii 7 Keura
vili 10 Towers, or Kiosks

ISAIAH.
3 Gen. xiv 17, Melchisedec
13 Rev. xv 7, Ancient Censers
20 Levit. xii 29, Mole
18 Eastern Dresses

1 Judges iii 19, Gilgal
4 Deut. xxxii 32

11 Gen. xlix 3
vii

4 Matches
20 Beards
18 Mal. i 3
19 Deut. xvïi 11

Beeve
No. 14 Isaiah xxxiv 13

8 Bætæn
xiii 10 Job ix 9
xiv 23 Isaiah xxxiv 13

23 Porcupine

xli

Ver.
30 Exod. x 21
7 Beards

Acts xxviii, Map

Also, Gourd
10 Isaiah xiv 23, Porcuping
7 i Sam. vi 7, Chariots

Also, Chariots
6 Isaiah xxi. 7, Chariots
17 Levit. xi 19, Bat
18 1 Sam. vi 7, Chariots
i Zygena
1 Job vii 12
7 Exod. v, Slaves in the East
25 Barley

Also, Sesamum
27 Matth. xxiii 23
28 Millet

4. Deut. xviii 11
1! Nehem. vi 1, Letters

6 Isaiah xiv 13
28 Exod. v, Slaves
14 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
4 Deut. xiv 13

Also, Fig
7 Job xxxix 9, Reem
11 Isaiah xiv 23, Porcupine

Also, Nettle
13 Thorns
7 Reed

Esther i 6, Courts of Houses

Also, Lam. iv 8, Tannim
2 Gen. xi 2
19 Exod. xxv I

7 Method of proportioning Statues
14 Ash

| Amos v 26, Baal
11 Gen xi 2

1 Matth. xxiv 41, Mill or Quern
21 Deut. viïi 4
9 Matth. vi 19
8 Job iv 19

Also, Matth. vi 19
8 His generation
17 Prov. xxx 26, Mouse
20 Gen. xxxi 34, Camel's Furniture

JEREMIAH.
21 Gen. xlix 3
24 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
32 Isaiah iïi 18, Dresses
23 Matth. ü 18, Mourning Women
20 Reed

7 Cant. ü il
17 Rev. xii 3, Dragon
15 Deut. xxix 18
2 Deut. xvij 11
9 i Kings, x 18
9 Hyæna
6 Job xxxix 5, Wild Ass
6 Lam. iv 3, Tannim
11 1 Sam. xxvi 20
15 Deut. xxix 18
15 Matth. ii 18, Mourning Women

2 Nehem. vi 1, Letters
21 Balsam

5 Matth. ii 18, Mourning Women
25 Rhinoceros

268
148
220
278

66
401
282
316
391
386
392
269
324
24
43
320
400
336

24
344

64
175

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294

liii
92

Ixvi
299
400
243
403 | i;
300

175
497
290
216

29
278
304
342
392
139
366
68
66

V

203 | iii
377 | vi
246 viii
304
250 ix
69 х
29
420 xii
514 | xiv
169

66 xvii
416 xxiii
151 | xxxi
411 xxxvi
115 xlvi
151

xlviii
316

viii

323
278
324
80
68

xi

268

349

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