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hovah God of Israel: In Auver-he-naher your fathers Map, as to supersede the necessity of it. But, in an dwelt anciently, Terah and Abraham," &c. This is inverse order, observe the journey of Eliezer, Abrano doubt the Maher-ul-nere of major Rennell, and ham's servant, to fetch Rebekah, Gen. xxiv. The this certainly agrees with the principle, that Abraham same of Jacob, who went from Beersheba toward Hacame from Bactriana, i.e. Kedem. Nor is this prin- ran, Gen. xxviii. 10. which he reached, chap. xxix. ciple weakened by the geographical note inserted 4. and which, observe, is called “the land of the Gen. x. 23, 30. Aram bad a son named Mesh, who people of the East,” verse 1. probably because the might probably give name to“ Mesha, as thou goest family of Terah, &c. migrated from the East, had unto Sephar, a mount of Kedem,” the East, Bactri here established their residence. ana. Mesha has very probably its representative in Observe, how, taking Haran for the central point, the present city Meshed, which is situated east of it arranges the story of Jacob's flight from Laban. the Caspian sea, toward Bactriana, in the province of Laban set three days journey between himself and Chorasan. It was to this city Hanway was travelling, Jacob, chap. xxx. 36. say to the East of Haran, towhen his caravan was plundered, vol. i. p. 129. It ward Nesibin : Jacob residing west of Haran. When was designed to have been the emporium of the Cas. Laban went to shear his sheep, i.e. to his flock, east pian trade.
of Haran, Jacob took the opportunity to commence The city Balk is the ancient Bactra, which gave his journey for Canaan, westward, by the regular name to the province of Bactriana, or, in the lan- track," and he rose up, and passed over the river," guage of Persia, “the East,” in Hebrew, Kedem. the Euphrates, at el Bir ;
the Euphrates, at el Bir; “and came to mount GilAs this country is far east of our Map, we do not fur- ead;" the first station, probably, where a large flock ther pursue this argument; but suggest it, merely, of sheep could be pastured for a length of time: this as an apology for introducing Abraham at once, in was now in a different government from that where Hamedan, the ancient Ecbatana, in the way from Ke- Laban lived, and beyond the Chaldean dominion. dem to Nineveh. We have, however, drawn a line, The journey of Jacob down into Egypt, and the which serves to hint his journey from the East,” return of his tribes from thence, need no illustration and, instead of placing him in Mosul, the present Nin- here. eveh, we direct it to Eski Mosul, ancient Nineveh, To apply the directions given the prophet Jonah, whose name we also observe is Bel-ad: i.e. “ Baal
to visit Nineveh, to this passage northward from the Lord.” A3 Baal is the sun, whose representative Syria, is so obvious, that it also might have been on earth is fire, I conceive that this is the same as omitted; were it not proper to remark, how very conUr, or Aur, i.e. "fire of the Chaldees ;” and, as it trary was the course he intended to steer, when he still retains the name of “Lord Fire,” Bel-ad, there took ship at Joppa, Jaffa, on the Mediterranean, and can be little doubt that here was the seat of the ancient what a terrible long way the whale travelled with him national worship of that deity. Some say, tbat Ur, or in his belly, if he did, as the Jewish Rabbins say, Ura, in Mesopotamia, two days journey from Mosul discharge him ashore on the banks of the Tigris at toward Nesibin, was the Ur of the Chaldees ; I rath- Nineveh, Mosul. To say nothing of the passage er think this confirms our notion, than confutes it, as round Africa, trace only the natural impediments, too Bel-ad is up the Tigris, about that probable distance strong for sailing boats, from the Persian Gulf to Bagfrom Mosul, toward Nesibin ; and all Eastern tradi- dad, and so up to Nineveh, many hundreds of miles ! tions agree, that Abraham lived where the royal The extent of the kingdom of the Hebrews was, court of the king was established, i.e. apparently, in from the river of Egypt, south, to the river Euphraold Nineveh, Eski Mosul. From Bel-ad the road tes, northeast. This “river of Egypt” would occuleads to Nesibin, and from Nesibin to Roha, but py us too much, should we attempt to investigate it : Abraham designing to settle for a time, or perhaps al I can hardly think it was the Nile; but rather some together, took a lower course, to Haran, where Terah stream nearer to Judea ; in which
country, the most his father died, Gen. xi. 31.
southern town, I suppose, was la Rish, or el Arissa, From Haran trace this patriarch's journey to Ha- though Solomon probably included Catieh, or Catziinah, or Hamath; which is very properly described as eb, in his dominions, Cant. iv. 2. Northward, the “the entering in,” Josh. xiii. 5. et. al. for so indeed it Hebrew provinces extended not only along the west. was : 1st, as being the regular course of travel from ern banks of the river Euphrates, but, occasionally, Chaldea ; 2dly, as being the first town on the Syrian over towns on the other side, as Kerkisia, or Carcheside of the river ; so that here travellers entered in mish, 2 Chron. xxxv. 20. and on the north they into that province ; i.e. the land of promise. Accord cluded Hamath, for we are expressly told, 2 Kings, ingly we find, verse 6. Abraham passed through, or xiv. 28, that Jeroboam recovered Damascus and Ha. over, the land, to Sichem and Moreh.
math: from whence it appears, demonstrably, that We shall not trace this patriarch's movements in the promise made to Abraham, Gen. xv. 18. was ful. Canaan; or his journey to Egypt; the relative situ filled to his posterity ; who actually did govern this ations of these countries appear so distinctly on our country, at times, not constantly, from “ the entering
in of Hamath," and from the river Euphrates to Egypt of the carrying into captivity the people of the Jews. itself.
That history must be divided into distinct periods ; As a reverse to this extent of the Hebrew kingdom, and considered as comprising distinct events. The observe the distance from Jerusalem west, to Baby- first is, the captivity of the two tribes and half, who lon east, to which the chief of the Jewish nation were were settled east of the Jordan; and this seems a very carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar, 2 Kings, xxv. natural order of occurrences, when we consider that Observe also, on this article, the precision of the the captivating power was the king of Nineveh, Tiglathprophecy, Amos v. 27.“ I will carry you captive be- pileser, who, coming from the north, and entering in yond Damascus ;” which some commentators have at Hamath, the regular course, would first overrun misunderstood, supposing, that the Hebrews were to Damascus, then Howran, then the east of the Jordan, be carried into a more distant captivity than the citi down to Moab, or el Raba; this being, probably, a zens of Damascus were; whereas, we read, 2 Kings, more easy progress than over mount Lebanon, and along xxv. 21. that Riblah, the Hems of our Map, to which the seacoast, westward. We place this 740 before A.D. city Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, carried the The second captivity included the remainder of the people of the land, to meet king Nebuchadnezzar, and ten tribes, i.e. those west of the Jordan, who were carwhere that kingsmote them, and slew them," was, ried away by Shalmaneser, about twenty years after " in the land of Hamath;" and Hamath, we see by the former. These people would naturally be placed our Map, was double the distance of Damascus from in cities, and districts, subject to the king of NineJerusalem; and being in the same customary road of veh: i.e. the northern part of our Map: for Ezekiel passage, was therefore far beyond it: this, at least, was certainly in these parts; and was by no means a may be taken as one sense of the prophecy.
solitary resident there. Perhaps even in this sense Moreover, it should appear, by their going so far part of the Jews might be carried captive further north, that the army of Nebuchadnezzar, with the from their native land than the citizens of Damascus Jews their captives, returned to Nineveh, by the very were. same route as that by which Abraham, the father of Moreover we remark, that Tiglath-pileser carried this nation, had entered this country: so that the Is the eastern tribes captive into, 1st, Halah, and 2dly, raelites had this additional mortification of beholding Habor, and 3dly, Hara, and to the district around in the character of prisoners, the land of their fathers, the river, 4thly, Gozan: 1 Chron. v. 26; 2 Kings, and of their relatives, as the descendants of Laban, xvii. 6. Where are these cities? We conceive the &c. We see too, that Nineveh, the Mosul of our river, 4thly, Gozan, which is expressly said to be in Plate, was a probable station for part of these captives Media, may be the Ozan, or Kisil-ozan, red-Ozan, to be left at, as Tobit, &c. was, while others were which runs into the Caspian sea on the southwest, on taken, either along Mesopotamia, or down the Tigris, a branch of which we have the town of, 2dly, Abhar, to Babylon : which is a long distance south.
marked Abar, in Hanway's map, and placed in lat. It is likely, moreover, that some considerable 36. this is probably the Habor of the sacred test. division of captives was sent north, from Mosul ; for may be the town marked, 3dly, ChoARA, near we find Ezekiel, chap. i. among the captives by the Rages, in major Rennell's map, though the major river of Chebar, in the land of the Chaldeans : and himself guesses it may be the district Tarom; and his immense distance from Judea, with which prob- Halah, or Chalah, may be Kalar, on the south of the ably he had no intercourse whatever, and from Bab- Caspian.
Caspian. This agrees with the residence of Tobit's ylon, amply accounts for the interval of time, six friend Gabael, at Rages in Media, the modern Rey: months, which passed between the arrival at Babylon and we learn from the history that many Jews were of the news of the destruction of Jerusalem, and its settled hereabout, by the number of husbands offered reaching the residence of this prophet, Ezek. xxxiii. to Sarah ; and by the numerous friends who wished 21. It is seen in FRAGMENT, No. 106, that we hinted the family joy, on occasion of her nuptials with Toat some circunstances which place this prophet in a bias. country answering to the character of Arzeroum; but, This second captivity of Israel was hy Shalmathough that might be, yet being unable to prove it, neser, 721 ante A.D. and I incline to think, that we shall rather place Ezekiel between Arzeroum some of these captives were placed north of the and the Caspian, or on the Caspian, if it be insisted others, on the western shore of ihe Caspian: where on; say Derbend, or any where else ; it must be, 1st, the sons of Cush were settled, which is so marked in where wood was extremely scarce; 2dly, at a great our “ Map of the settlements of mankind." It is likedistance from Babylon. This northern situation of ly, in fact, these are the very Cushites that occupied the prophet Ezekiel accounts too, for his prophecies the land of Israel, instead of the Israelites, and I against Gog and Magog, which were people, as appears would not be sure that they are not the “Caspians" by our “Map of the settlement of nations,” north, of major Rennell's map. So that the king of Ninebut not very far north, from this station of the prophet. vel placed not only a great tract of country between
This is a proper place to illustrate some particulars the return of these people to their native lands, but
his capital Nineveh, also, whereby he was enabled to difficulties made among the Jews about receiving the counteract their motions, had they attempted any. prophecies of Ezekiel and Daniel into the canon This agrees also with the prophecy, Amos i. 5. of Scripture: as 1st, they were delivered out of the “Syria shall go into captivity to Kir,” which no holy land ; 2dly, the distance of those who delivered doubt is the province adjoining to the river Kir, or them, from where they could be authentically acKyrus, Cyrus; further, that this was a northern knowledged and authoritatively admitted, as 'must province appears from Isai. xxii
. 6. “ Elam, Persia, have been, at this time, in Babylon, where, no doubt, i.e. the south, bare the quiver ; Kir, i.e. the north, un the main body of the Hebrew people continued. covered the shield;" they were, therefore, under the We advert now to the return of the captives from orders of the same monarch, and each extreme, per- Babylon under Ezra ; wherein we remark, that probhaps, of his dominions. This placing of these people ably the major part, by far, of the Israelites who reas neighbours, in their new situations, is extremely turned into their own land, was from Babylon, Ezra characteristic of Eastern management. We have ac ii. 2; viii. 1. but possibly this caravan did not take counts that these Cushites when placed in Samaria, the northern route, but crossed the desert, south of claimed kindred with the Hebrews; to the great mor- Tadmor. tification of the Jews, who repelled the very idea, After this specimen of the utility of our Map, quit. with inexpressible contempt. But, as we are not fet- ting the journies recorded in the Old Testament, let tered by Jewish prejudices, we may inquire on what us consider some of those recorded in the New Tescould this relation be founded ? To be sure, not on tament. We say nothing of those of our Lord; be. their immediate removal from the Cush near the Cas cause the size of our Map does not allow sufficient pian; but, there certainly was another Cush, hitherto detail ; but as the most distant traveller among the unknown, and unsuspected, by commentators; that apostles, whose route is described to us, was St. which according to Moses, was encompassed by the Paul, we shall particularly, so far our Map includes, second river of Paradise, the Jihoon : now, as we have accompany his progresses. The first is, that memofixed the Jihoon to be that river on which the city rable journey of the Jewish Saul, from Jerusalem to of Balk stands, which river, till A.D. 1640, made a Damascus, Acts ix. this, we presume, was performed great bend, from north running westward, so as to along the ordinary road from Jerusalem; and tradiencompass the province of Bactriana, before its dis tion has marked by the name Kocab, Star, the charge into the Caspian, it follows, that this was the place where the supercelestial light was manifested Cush of Moses, in this place of Genesis. Moreover,
Moreover, to him: for we do not reckon his being sent to Tarthe Cushites of the west of the Caspian, having come sus, chap. ix. 30. from whence he was fetched by originally from this situation, as Abraham, the father Barnabas, xi. 25. The second is, Acts xiii. from of the Jewish nation, also had done, the consequence Antakia, Antioch, to Seleucia, [meaning, no doubt, is, that they were at least countrymen by origin, and Seleucia on the coast near Antioch: our Map shows might claim a kindred and relation to the Jews, which, more than one Seleucia] to Cyprus, from whence they had they not been considered as invaders, and surrep- went to Salamis; and through the isle, to Baffo, Patitious possessors of Israelitish property, might possi- phos, thence to Perga in Pamphylia; to Antioch in bly have been admitted; notwithstanding they brought Pisidia; to Konia, Iconium, to Lystra, to Derbe. with them idols, perhaps not very unlike those which These cities being situated in the province of LycaTerah, if not Abraham, had served in Ober-e-nahr, on onia, the inhabitants spake in the Lycaonian dialect, " the other side the river," Jihoon. But this eastern or “ speech of Lycaonia." From Derbe they returndistrict is beyond our present Map.
ed to Lystra, to Konia, Iconium, to Antioch, to PerLet us now turn to the, eastern, southern extent of ga, Attalia, Antalie, and ended at Antioch, from our Map, where we find the prophet Daniel residing whence they had set out. at Shushan-Royal, at or near to Jundi Sapor, in our The reader will observe in this history two AntiMap, and receiving visions by the side of the river ochs, one in Syria, the other in Pisidia, which, in Ulai: one of the rivers on the side of Jundi Sapor. verse 21. is not distinguished by any addition. It is likely, that he was in attendance at Shushan, by The next chapter contains the mission of Paul and virtue of his public office ; and, perhaps, no great Barnabas from Antioch in Syria, to Jerusalem. They number of Jews were settled in company with him: passed through Phenicia and Samaria; no doubt, as the kings of Persia resided part of the year at Ec- pretty much along the coast, and as direct as they batana, Hamedan, and other part at Shushan. Taking well could ; which the reader will recollect is expressthis then for the southern limits of the settlements of ed by the words “passed through." the Jewish captives, see to what extent from Arze At the close of this chapter Barnabas sails to roum, or Derbend north, to Shushan south, were dis- Cyprus: Paul goes by land, north, from Antakia persed, the families of that nation which had occu through Syria and Cilicia; he is said to go through pied the little tract of Judea, in the west. [The Syria; though part of Syria was south of Antioch: third captivity. This has its aspect too, on the he came to Lystra ; passed throughout Phrygia, not
meaning into every town of the province, but gen if we take the Asia of this verse in the Acts, and the erally. The same, I suppose, of the limits, con Asia of Peter, to mean a country adjoining to Pontus, fines, or boundaries of Galatia ; for, that he did Galatia, Cappadocia, and Bithynia, we see the intennot go through the province of Galatia, as he did tion of Paul very clearly; and the reason why " the the province of Phrygia, appears, by the insertion Spirit suffered him not to execute it: i.e. the aposof the word rendered “region;" had he gone over tle Peter was engaged in the same important work, in both countries equally, and fully, it would have those provinces, at this very time ; so that, as St. been said “he went throughout Phrygia and Gala Paul made it his principle to break up fresh ground, tia.”
2 Cor. x. 16. and as St. Peter was competent to the This is the first idea that strikes the mind, on con service, the labours of Paul were better employed sidering this phraseology: another is, whether the elsewhere. This answers the long controverted quesword choran Galatiken may not have somewhat of a tion, what became of Peter after the council at Jerudiminutive sense here, and signify “lesser Galatia ?” salem? We answer; he first went to Antioch, where not the whole province ; in which case, the word ren Paul withstood him, for his preponderation in favour dered region, will signify the champaign parts, field of Jewish observances; and leaving that city, before literally, of the province. In short, as we have in an Paul, I suppose, he preached in the provinces above cient geography, two Cilicias, Cilicia Trachea, and recited. This gives an entirely new tone to the episCilicia CAMPESTRIS, “the field," so I suppose we tle of Paul to the Galatian churches.
We are sure, have Galatia Campestris, xwpav.
These remarks that Peter held the same opinion as Paul, that the are introductory to the notice of a difficulty in the Gentiles should not come under the Mosaic yoke, following words: “They were forbidden of the Holy Acts xv. 10. but, Paul carried his ideas much furGhost to preach the word in Asia:" where was this ther, even that the Jews also might dispense with the ASIA? We know that the word Asia signifies, 1st, observances of their nation, Acts xxi. 21. that is, that the continent: 2dly, the peninsula, in our Map marked those observances were indifferent ; accordingly, he Anatolia : generally, 3dly, Proconsular Asia, the west sometimes observed them, sometimes not. On this ern coast of the peninsula: 4thly, a small part on the question, James seems to have been against him, river Cayster, is so called by Homer; to which, I Acts xxi. 24, &c. Gal. ii. and no doubt Peter too; in think, we must add, 5thly, a district east of Phrygia: fact, this opinion of the ad libitum state of Jewish perhaps the eastern part of that usually marked Gala converts, seems to have been what he communicated tia. For, observe 1st, Paul had held an eastern course in confidence to the pillars of the church, Gal. ij. 2. from Phrygia to Galatia Campestris, but had his de and to which Paul adhered; for he circumcised Timsign now been to have visited western Asia, this was othy who was of Jewish descent, Acts xvi. 3. but did absolutely contradictory. 2dly, He visited western not circumcise Titus, who was of Grecian descent; Asia, Ephesus, Miletus, &c. repeatedly; we can, in this adapting his practice relating to things in his therefore, assign no reason, why the Spirit forbad him own judgment indifferent, to existing circumstances, so to do at this time. 3dly, After he had held a north “ or becoming all things to all men.'
" Peter seems ern course toward Mysia, “he assayed to go, east not to have been quite so free in his notions as Paul; ward, again, to Bithynia ;” but this eastern direction and this, at least, may be said on bis behalf, that the the Spirit suffered him not to take. It should seem, observance of Jewish national commemoration sertherefore, that his first intention was, to go eastward, vices did no more prevent a Jew's believing in Christ into Asia, which he resumed when in the latitude of for personal salvation, than an Englishman's comBithynia: but was prevented in both instances. memorating gunpowder treason, or the fire of London:
If we turn now to the apostle Peter's address of and that, in respect to circumcision, it was long prachis first epistle, we find it inscribed to the resi- tised by the national church of the Jews, the Nazadents “in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and rene Christians; who yet were believers in Christ; Bithynia :" by consulting the Map, we see that these and it may be still, for aught I know, by some of the provinces were east of the course of Paul : they are sects of Christians in the East. Possibly Paul's free all marked in the Map, except Asia; and it seems, sentiments are hinted at by Peter, 2 Pet. iii. 16. where on reflection, incredible, that Peter can mean to as he speaks of things “hard to be understood" in the sociate with provinces whose limits touched each other, writings of Paul. But it often happens that secondaand which, in fact, may be considered as forming but ries, in their zeal for opinions, exceed the intentions one district, a distant province on the western coast of their principal; and, if we retain this idea, we may of the peninsula ; wherein was Ephesus, and, the perceive the true meaning of certain expressions in seven churches, &c. in no part of which is any inter the epistle to the Galatians. This is not the place ference of Peter mentioned: moreover, he must have to enlarge on the subject; yet a thought or two may crossed Phrygia, &c. to visit this Asia; yet he in explain our meaning, “ I marvel ye are so soon reserts no saluting address to that province: whereas, moved to another Gospel," as under the appearances
you give it, it seems to be, " yet which is not anoth- the sense of going by, i.e. through it, they did not ; er” in reality, for Peter and I agree in Gospel prin- but kept aloof from that city. ciples : but, if Peter himself, or an angel from heaven, Our Map resumes this journey of the apostle Paul, preached another Gospel, let him be accursed: for do at his return from Corinth and Cenchrea, to Ephesus, I seek to please men, (apostles ? Peter?) or God? in western Asia; from whence he sailed to Cesarea, &c. I went to see Peter, and abode with hin a fort- Keisarieh, “and went up, and saluted the church ;" night ... during my residence false brethren were not the church at Cesarea, but that at Jerusalem, brought in, to whom on that occasion we gave no place, “the church,” by eminence ; and from thence he but James, Peter, and John, who were pillars ; see went down to Antakia, Antioch, from whence he ing that the Gospel of the uncircumcision was com had begun his journey. “And after he had spent mitted to me, in which Gospel I instructed you, as some time there, he departed and went over in an or. the Gospel of the circumcision was to Peter, which is derly manner the plain, or, champaign Galatia, and not “ another Gospel” but the same,, they approved Phrygia; taking Galatia first, not endeavouring to my principles. Yet when Peter was come to Anti visit eastern Asia now, but going along the upper och, I withstood him, for inducing Gentiles to live as coasts, i.e. along Mysia by Troas, Pergamos, Smyrna, do the Jews; and Peter so far acquiesced in my rea &c. came to Ephesus, and dwelt there two years, sonings as to leave the Gentiles at liberty; now, if I verse 10. so that all who dwelt in proconsular, or build again the things which I then destroyed, as western Asia, heard the word. From Ephesus he Peter would do, supposing he re-established those dis went into Greece, from which he went north, into tinctions wbich he formerly gave up, I make myself Macedonia ; and from Macedonia he came again into a transgressor; for, I was either wrong in giving them Asia, the peninsula, from Philippi to Troas; from up, or am now wrong in re-establishing them. Such Troas to Assos, part of the company by sea, part by seem to be the sentiments of the apostle.
land, from Assos by Chios, Samos, Trogyllium, to These allusions to Peter, agree well with the no Miletus, sailing by, i.e. not stopping at, Ephesus, at tion, that some who derived authority from him had Miletus be sent for the elders of Ephesus.
Ephesus. On the been incautious and busy in Galatia ; they boasted subject of Miletus, I may here observe, that besides that they had received their Gospel from some great, this Miletus, there was another in Crete; and a third. apostolic, man, which Paul had not, chap. i. 11. that in Attica, wbich commentators have taken no notice Paul was no apostle, chap. i. 1. which indeed he was of, being ignorant of it: and yet, it deserves consideranot, in the sense they meant; i.e. not one of the tion, whether this was not the Miletus at which Trotwelve, as Peter was, &c., Many other hints might phimus was left sick. For that was not Miletus near be added. But, let us note the date of this epistle; Ephesus ; this is agreed by all who think on the subon which our remarks have great influence. After ject; and that it should be Miletus in Crete is athaving examined what has been said on this subject, tended with great_difficulties.] The small distance by Lardner, Doddridge, Mill, &c. I incline with Micha from Miletus to Ephesus, will be noticed by the elis, to place this as the very first of St. Paul's writ- reader. From Miletus they sailed by Coos, Rhodes, ings; and suppose that after the council at Jerusa- Patara ; leaving Cyprus on the left hand to Sour, Jem, Peter visited Antioch, during Paul's residence Tyre, from Sour to Chau Pelerin, Ptolemais, and there, which after a while he quitted, to go into Pon- Keisarieh, from Keisarieh to Jerusalem, Acts xxi. tus, &c. Afterward, Paul also quitted Antioch, to 17. go into Phrygia, and Galatia Campestris, and contin The last voyage of St. Paul is to Rome ; part of ned his journey over into Macedonia ; while on this which is shown in our Map, Acts xxvii. From Keijourney, be hears of the opinion propagated by those sarieh to Seide, to Cyprus, the sea of Cilicia, Pamwho exceeded Peter's instructions; and therefore phylia, Myra in Lycia, Cnidus, Crete. writes against those excesses to his Galatian converts, Our Map concludes before we accompany the and appeals to recent occurrences in proof of the con- apostle so far: and here too we conclude our illustrastancy of his own sentiments.
tions of the voyages of Scripture. The reader will This supposition might be corroborated by many judge from this specimen, of the accuracy with which other arguments ; but these are sufficient to show St. Luke's journal of bis Gospel travels was kept ; and that the Asia of this passage, and the Asia of Peter, since we find the utmost regularity wherever we i. 1. was east of the course of Paul's journey ; which trace him, we may safely consider him as a writer is our geographical object.
of unexceptionable correctness, in his history of Verse 3. And they passing by Mysia, rather cross events, wherein we have no such means of examining ing Mysia, came down to Troas, from whence they his narration. This idea is independent of, but not passed over to Macedonia, in which passage our Map inconsistent with, the principle of inspiration commuquits them; but, I cannot help observing on the word nicated to our sacred historian. passing by, that it looks as if they went on one side I shall, however, mark the situations of the seven of Mysia; which they vid not; for the same word is churches of, western, Asia, of which we read in the used chap. xx. 16. of sailing by Ephesus, which, in Revelations : tracing them according to the order of