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978 Advantages of Russia in the present Contest with France. author. He has introduced into the present edition, some account of the protomartyr Stephen, and the apostle Paul, which form suitable links in the catena of religious biography, between holy men of the Old Testament and those of the Christian Church. We think it possible that he might also have adopted our hint respecting Peter and John, if a mistake of the press
had not made nonsense of that part of the article. It was their perseverance" under persecution, not their preservation, that was designed to be suggested as a striking instance of the “ power of religion on the mind.”
Beside the addition above mentioned, we observe, that the renerable Dede, and Bernard Gilpin, have leen newly inserted in the author's cafalogue of Christian worthies; and that his sketches of Lord Bacon, Judge Haie, and some others, have been enlarged. An alphabetical Index to all the characters described, is also very priperly supplied. Art. XXVI. Reading Exercises for the Use of Schools ; being a Sequel to
Mavor's Spelling Book, and an Introduction to the Class Book, Speaker, Render, and Pleasing Instructor. By the Rev. David Blair.
12mo. pp 211. Price 28. 6d. bound. Phillips. 1806. MANY of the lessons in this book may be profitably read by children ;
and we do not perceive any that can be deemed of injurious tendency. The plan of prefixing to each lesson a list of difficult words, properly divided, after the manner of Brown's Testament, appears to us judicious. Of the original poetry, if avowed plagiaries can be so called, we need only say that it is harmless. The lessons on Natural History are illustrated with wood cuts, some of which are well executed. The volume is closed with a short dialogue on the Festivals and Saints' Days of the English Church, extracted from the well-known works of Robert Nelson. Art. XXVII. A Letter to Samuel Whitbread, Esq. M.P. Containing some
Remarks on the Poor Laws, leading to a Description of the peculiar poor Situation of the Hamlet of Mile-End New-Town, Stepney. By
the Rev. John Cottingham, 8vo. pp. 30. 1807. WE heartily
wish Mr. Whitbread may have humanity enough to read these pages without disgust, and sagacity enough to understand them. The only service they appear capable of performing, is that of hinting to him that the hamlet in question is in great distress, and exciting him to make inquiries concerning it; for the amount of information is extremely.inconsiderable, and, little as it is, must be laboriously distilled from some of the crudest and most ungrammatical sentences that we ever happened to meet with.
We have great pleasure in observing, that Mr. Whitbread is preparing to bring the whole system of the Poor Laws before Parliament, and that the education of the young forms a prominent feature in his proposed reform.
Art. XXVIII. Advantages of Russia in the present Contest with France,
with a short Description of the Cozacks. 8vo. pp. 65. Price 2s. Jordan
and Maxwell. 1807. WE understand this small pamphlet to be the production of a Russian
gentleman resident in this country; its execution bespeaks consi. derable proficiency in our language ; but we wish it had contained a little
more information, and a little less rhetoric. Having celebrated the praises and victories of Suwarow in rapturous strains, charged the Austrian Cabinet with treachery toward that Great Destroyer in Switzerland, blamed the Emperor for his folly and panic in signing an armistice on the field of Austerlitz, and vindicated the honour of the Russian standard, he states that the Commander of that army is absolute, and the soldiers are loyal, incorruptible, physically superior to the French, and from religious principles of duty, incapable of yielding ; ergo, they will beat the French. His speculations are cheering enough, and just at this crisis will probably find readers.
GERMAN LITERATURE. Art. XXIX. Sketch of Literature in Germany. Translated from the
Letter of a learned Professor. "LASSICAL literature apparently continues to be cultivated here in
Germany, with the same ardour as formerly. Every Leipzic fair still produces at least twenty editions of ancient Greek and Roman writers, some containing all the works, others only select pieces of the respective authors. Whether these are destined merely to answer the pur
of fashionable furniture for our book-shelves, or whether they are actually read in the original languages, by those who purchase thern, (since the practice which formerly prevailed of printing the Latin version at the side of the Greek text, is now entirely out of fashion among us) I am not able to decide. But this, however, is certain ;- that no country in Europe possesses so many schools in which the ancient languages are taught ; that no country contains such a multitude of head-masters, undermasters, and ushers of academies, as Germany. This alone may serve, in some degree, to account for the sale of so great a number of editions of ancient classics, as appear at every fair. But, besides, I will
presume to believe, that this species of literature is actually diffused among us, more widely than tie mere supply of scholastic demands would suppose. Our principal Gymnasium has generally near a hundred pupils, of whom at least two thirds have learnt Greek, and all of them Latin ; even in these higher classes, they continue to prosecute the study of both these languages by reading the ancient authors. All the scholars who are designed to study divinity, law, or physic, persevere in their Greek and Latin studies at the university ; many also who are intended for the mercantile professions, have begun of late to pursue both languages beyond the mere acquisition of their elementary principles.
Voss, the poet, still proceeds in his translation of the Ancient Poets into German ; or, to speak more correctly, into his own language ; for the idiom which he uses is scarcely to be called German, in the inflections, which he forces upon it, however classical in its individual words, His Horace is execrable ; so entirely has he defaced the characteristic urbanity and sweetness of the Roman poet, by his uncouth phraseology. The harmony of the German versification, as Voss manages it, is unique. His translation of Hesiod has the appearance of a burlesque ---the unassuming simplicity of that ancient poet is metamorphosed into such a bombasti composition of Old-German and Un-German phrases, intertwisted into those distortions of language, in which Voss so. greatly delights.
Two translations of Tacitus into the German have been offered to the public. One of them is by Mr. Wolkmann ; but to judge from the specimens which he has exhibited, he certainly does not understand the Latinity of Tacitus; and he has even incurred the suspicion of not understanding Latin at all. The specimen of the second translation affords room-to hope for something better. It expresses the sense of the original more accurately, and in a much purer style, than that of Mr. Wolkmann, who does not hesitate to use such violence with the language, that a German will scarcely recognize it for his own. Art. XXX. Phadri Fabularum Æsopiarum Libri Quinque. Varias Lec
tiones & Commentarium perpetuum adjecit J. G. S. Schwabe. Accedunt
Romuli fabularum Æsopiarun libri quatuor. 2 vols. 4to. Brunsviga. 1806. THIS publication properly answers the purpose of a complete Bibliotheque
for the literary history of Phædrus, which is still so much involved in uncertainty; it also determines accurately what is still capable of elucidation with respect to this history, and what certainly must remain undecided, at least till other authorities, at present entirely unknown to us, shall be discovered. The same author published, several years ago, an edition of Phædrus; and since that time, he has, with great diligence and critical acumen, collected, arranged, and appreciated, every thing relating to Phædrus, which came to his knowledge in the intermediate period. This work, the result of his labours, cannot fail to be an acceptable addition to the classical library. Art. XXXI. Homeri Hymni et Epigrammata : Edidit Godofredus Her
mannus, royal 8vo. Lipsiæ. 1806. THIS is a work of much learning and ingenuity. Some years ago,
Messrs. Ilgen and Matthæi employed themselves in the verbal, and, in some measures also in the rhetorical criticism of these poems; the former having published a bulky edition of the text, with notes; the latter, a considerable volume of critical and philological annotations on the Hymns. But the want of connection in the greater Hymns, the frequently abrupt transition from one mythus of the divinity celebrated in the poem, to another mythus of the same divinity (apparently even discordant, on some occasions, with the main design and plan of the whole poen) have in generad been either passed over unnoticed, or at least have been very unsatisfactorily explained by these authors. Now Professor Hermann considers these greater Hymus according to a new hypothesis, which, we believe, is entirely his own. He supposes each of the greater Hymns to be an aggregate of a number of different smaller ones, written by separate authors in praise of one and the same divinity; and that the poet, or rhapsodist, of each smaller Hymn, prefixed to his own Ode, celebrating only one particular mythus, that Exordium which he found ready composed and prefixed to some other Hymns. These numerous detached Hymns having each the same initial verses, the copyists were induced to write out this Exordium only once, and then to insert under it all the Hymns, to which, in their detached state, it had been distinctly prefixed, just in the order . in which they had happened to occur. This hypothesis is certainly ingenious, and, in the application which Mr. H. has made of it to the differept examples, appears very satisfactory.
Art. XXXII. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic Review, by sending information (post paid) of the subject, exfent, and probable price of such works; which they may depend on being communicated to the public, if consistent with its plun.
Islands, is in the press; it will be illustratORD Valentia, the eldest sop of the Earl ed by engravings of the scenery and na
wof since to India, with a view to contribute Fuego, from drawings made on the several to the extension of Science, and to gratify spots by A. W. Devis. bis own curiosity. After his arrival in Mr. Semple, author of Walks and Calcutta, he repaired overland to Lyck- Sketches at the Cape of Good Hope, has now, and having accepted an invitation in the press, (to be published early in next from Mr. Paull, an eminent merchant month,)“ A Journey from Lisbon, through there, he resided at his house during se- Spain and Italy to Naples, and thence to veral months, when the rainy season Smyrna, and Constantinople,” comprising commenced: he was accompanied by a description of the principal places in that that gentleman down the stream of the route, and observations on the present Ganges; and they had an opportunity of Natural and Political state of those counbecoming acquainted with whatever re. tries. lated to a river so famous in the annals Dr. Bardsley, Physician to the Manand religious rites of the eastern world. chester Infirmary, has been some time In the course of several years residence preparing for the Press, and will speedily abroad, Lord Valentia has visited and ex- publish, a Selection of Medical Reports of amined a large portion of Asia, and has Cases, Observations, and Experiments, seen parts of Africa. Being of a curious chiefly derived from hospital practice; inand inquisitive turn, he has made a very cluding, among others, clinical histories. valuable collection of whatever is rare or of Diabetes, Chronic Rheumatism, and worthy of notice: and we are informed Hydrophobia. that the public will be speedily gratified' Dr. P. A. Wilson, of Worcester, has with an account of his extensive travels, nearly ready for publication, an Essay on printed at the expense of his lordship; the the Nature of Fever, exact size and extent of the work are not Speedily will be published the Modern precisely ascertained, but it is supposed Practise of Physic, which points out the that it will consist of two or three volumes Characters, Causes, Symptoms, Prognos. in quarto, with a folio volume of engrav. tics, Morbid Appearances, and improved ing: these travels, and those of Dr. Bu- method of treating the diseases of all clichanan (announced some time ago) willmates, by Robert Thomas, M. D. the sea bring us better acquainted with the vast cond edition, revised, altered, and enpossessions of Britain in Asia.
larged. Sir John Carr will speedily gratify the Mr. Lawrence, of St. Bartholomew's public with an account of his recent excur- Hospital, has in the press, a translation sion into Holland, and up the Rhine' as from the German of Blumenbach's Com. far as Mentz. These countries have long parative Anatomy, with numerous addibeen objects of considerable curiosity on tional notes. account of the great political changes new work is nearly ready, by Dr. which they have undergone, and the events Barclay, of Edinburgh, on Muscular Moof which they have been the scene, since tion, they were last visited by Dr. Cogan, and A new edition of Dr. Lind on the DisMrs. Radcliffe. This volume, like the eases of Hot Cliinates is in the press, other popular travels of Sir Johın Carr, will and will be published in the course of the be decorated with numerous views of the spring. places which he visited.
Mr. Parkinson will shortly publish a Some Account of a Voyage round the new and enlarged edition of his Experienced World, in the Antelope packet, Captain Farmer. Wilson, which was wrecked at the Pelew The London Booksellers are engaged in Vou. IIL
bringing out a translation of Cicero's works, Poetry, in continuation of Mr. Ellis's which will be sold separately, as well as col- much admired works, will appear this lectively.
month. The Rev. Mr. Crutwell, of Bath, has, A new translation of the Epistles of for several years past, devoted his whole Ovid, is in the press, from the pen of the time to preparing a new edition of his Ge- late Rev. Mr. Fitzthomas. neral Gazetteer, which is now in the press. Partonepex de Blois, a poem in three
The Rev. Dr. Mant, is printing a-small books, with notes from the French of M. le Volume of Lectures on the occurrences of Grand, by William Stewart Rose, Esq. will the Passion Week.
appear very soon from the press of BallanThe Rev. G. S. Faber, author of a tyne of Edinburgh. This work will be enDissertation on the Prophecies, is prepar- riched with fine engravings from paintings ing for the press a work on the Restora- by Smiske, Esq. Jun. in which the costume tion of Israel and the Destriction of Anti of the time has been an object of uncoinchrist.
mon attention, In the press, and in a few days will be Mr. Nathaniel Howard, of Plymouth, published, a Collection of Debates in Par- has completed a translation, in blank liament, on the Act of Navigation, on the verse, of the Inferno of Dante, with Trade between Great Britain and the Unit- notes. ed States of America, and the Intercourse A new edition of Warton's valuable between the latter and the British West- History of English Poetry is preparing India Islands, on the Tortola Free Port for the press; it will be continued to the Bill, &c. from 1733 to 1807, both inclu- time of Pope by an editor of celebrity. sive; with notes and an appendix, contain- Dr. Percy, of St. John's College, nephew ing a variety of important documents illus- to the Bishop of Dromore, is preparing, trative of these interesting subjects. with his approbation, a fourth volume of
Mr. Beloe is arranging materials for two the Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. more volunies of his Anecdotes of Litera- Wm. Wordsworth, Esq. author of Lyriture.
cal Ballads, has nearly ready for publicaMr. Gifford's edition of Ben Jonson is tion the Orchard Pathway, a collection of ready for the press; he has been assisted Poems. greatly by some manuscripts of the late Mr. Northmore has been for a considera. Mr. Whalley,
ble time engaged in writing an Epic Poem, G. Dyer begs leave, through the medium to be completed in ten books, entitled of the Eclectic Review, to apprize his friends Washington, or Liberty Restored : the and the public, that he is proceeding with basis of the work, exclusive of the imagery,
Inquiry into the State of the Public will rest solely upon historic truth. Libraries of this kingdom,” which was In the press, a Translat.on of Witsius's announced by lim some time ago. He Conciliatory Animadversions, by the late Rev. has had free access to various public li- Thomas Bell of Glasgow, accompanied braries in different parts of England, and with his notes, and recommended by the has visited every one of those in Scotland: Revd. Johu Dick, A. M. Author of the and he proposes, in proportion to his en- Essay on the Insp'ration of the Seriptures, vouragement and opportunities, to pursue and by other Evangelical Ministers. his researches, till he has completed his Dr. Toulmin, of Birmingham, is prepardesign. The Inquiry will make three vo- ing for the press a new edition of a scarce himes, and is intended to comprehend a and valuable tract, entitled the Student and short account of erery public library, of Pastor, by the Rev. Juhn Mason, A. M. a particular description, in the Island, the author of the celebrated treatise on together with such biographical skriches, Seif Knowledge; to tòis edition it is inand literary observations, as will be na- tended to add the author's Letter to a turally connected with such a work. Young Minister, with some notes and en
Mr. Banks has a little volume in the largements, particularly an Essay on Capress, entitled a Manual of Nobility. techising, by the Ed tor.
A fourth volume of the Lounger's Com- Mr. Kidd has co lected all the scattered monplace Book, is in preparation.
remains of ihat eminent critic Ruhnkenius, .. New and enlarged editions of the Rev. and is about to publish them under the title Mr. Daniel's Rural Sports, are in great of Opuscula Ruhnkeniana. forwardness.
The Musical Essays by Dr. Callcott, are Mr. Bryant's celebrated work on Hea- in great forwardness, and will be published then Mytiwlosy is reprinting.
in the course of the year. Mr. Southey's Specimens of English Mr. Edward Orine will publish by sube