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a work of no inconsiderable utility, but certainly very difficult, and, if strict accuracy be required, totally impracticable. The unmanageable quantity of the Greek words in the list of primitives, is enough to render this evident. It must be necessary, therefore, in some cases, to begin the line with a Trochee, a Molossus, a Tribrach, &c. On other occasions, where the words are short in length or quantity, the author must fill up his line with synonymous or expletive words; hence Mr. R. admits such lines as the following:

Xs, heri, yesterday, jeri, hier (on traduira)

Danos, splendidus (est), clear and bright, chiaro, brillant, clair.

Another liberty which Mr. R. seems not to scruple, is expressing or sinking the final e in the French words, as convenience dictates. He may fairly claim our candour, in using such necessary licences, and our praise, if he uses none that are not absolutely necessary.

In many cases, perhaps in half the number, Mr. R. has been able to avoid any such blemishes; we should be highly pleased with his catalogue if it contained no lines inferior to these.

Agila, dilaniare, to tear, stracciare, dechirer.
Aboca, canum rabies, madness, la rábbia, la rage.
Kauaw, dormire, to sleep, dormire, s'en dormir.
Ayyepw, simul esse, to crowd, radunarsi, s' assembler.
Kayxaopos, jocus, a loud laugh, cachinno, ris d' eclat.

The last line will show that the synonymes are not invariably perfect. There are some lines, however, which, with every allowance, we have scarcely been able to scan in any manner. We select only the following. Lilupos, susurrus, whisper, bisbiglio, chuchottement.

Jun,, anima (est), the soul, l'anima, l'ame exprimera.

In many lines, we think, improvements might be suggested, and Mr. R. will probably revise his work if the public should demand a new edition. How far it will be found useful in schools, we cannot predict, but it certainly deserves a fair and liberal trial, and Dr. Vincent's acceptance of the author's dedication, may be considered as confirming that opinion. The chief obstacle will be the frequent irregularities in the first foot of the verse, and the uncouth pronunciation of the English and French words. The principal derivatives are properly subjoined at the foot of the page.

Mr. Roullier, we understand, is known in the metropolis as a teacher of the French and Italian languages; the present work, whether it succeed or fail, is creditable to his abilities.

Art. XVII. The Rise, Fall, and Future Restoration of the Jews. To which are annexed, Six Sermons addressed to the Seed of Abraham, by several evangelical Ministers; concluding with [the last of which is] an elaborate Discourse by the late Dr. Hunter, entitled, "The Fullness of the Gentiles coeval with the Restoration of the Jews." 8vo. PP. about 280, price 5s. Button, 1806.

THE historical part of this volume is highly interesting and affecting, though the style might have been more correct and perspicuous. It consists of six chapters, in which are concisely narrated, the general history of the Jews-their state at the birth of Christ-the sufferings they have met with in England-their present condition in France and Germany ➡the sentiments and sects of modern Jews-and the views of eminent di

vines respecting their restoration. The author has taken very commendable pains in compiling this part of the work, and it presents us with a deplorable account of the vices and subsequent calamities of the Jewish people. "At present their number is computed to be 3,000,000, one of which resides in the Turkish empire; 300,000 in Persia, China, India, or Tartary; and 1,700,000 in the rest of Europe, Africa, and America." Who can read the facts here adduced without astonishment, without pity, accompanied with an ardent desire for their predicted restoration to the blessings resulting from faith in the Messiah !

It might be expected, that while extraordinary exertions were made by respectable societies, for the diffusion of gospel truth, some efforts would be undertaken toward the conversion of the Jews. Accordingly, several minis ters established a lecture in London, which was designed principally for their benefit. It was supported till the Jews discontinued their attendance. The six sermons annexed to this history, were preached on those occasions, by Drs. Haweis and Hunter, and Messrs. Love, Nicol, and Greatheed. They possess various kind of merit, but all of them are appropriate and useful. The first and fifth, by Dr. Haweis, contain just sentiments, expressed in an easy, flowing style. The second, by Mr. Love, is the most eloquent, though not uniformly striking. The third, by Mr. Nicol, is plain and scriptural. The fourth, by Mr. Greatheed, is very argumentative and forcible. The sixth, by Dr. Hunter, is not such an elaborate discourse as the title-page announces: the leading thoughts are borrowed, and it is certainly inferior to many productions of that elegant writer. We were concerned to find, toward the conclusion, such a confused attempt at damping christian zeal, mingled with desires for its success. This forms a striking contrast to the excellent conclusion of the fifth sermon.

We regret that some one of the preachers did not more distinctly aim to impress the Jews with a sense of their predominant vices. There are many parts of the Old Testament which directly oppose the indevotion, the worldly-mindedness, and dishonesty, which are so notoriously observable in their general character. This mode of address might have furnished many powerful appeals to the conscience, while it exposed some of the latent causes of their rejection of Christianity.

We could wish that this useful volume might be generally perused among Christians, and if sonic benevolent persons were to adopt measures for promoting its circulation among the unhappy descendants of Abraham, it might be instrumental in removing their awful prejudices, and exciting them to receive the great and glorious truths of the gospel.

Art. XVIII. The Botanists' Guide through England and Wales. By Dawson Turner, F. R.S. &c and Lewis Weston Dillwyn, F.R.S. &c. 2 vols. 8 vo. pp. xvi, 804. Price 14s. boards. Phillips and Fardon.


THIS laborious, and on the whole judicious, publication, will be found

generally useful and interesting to the lovers of botanical science. The object of it is to furnish a list of such plants as are of comparatively rare occurrence, with the places, in the several counties, where they are found, and a reference to the writers on whose authority they are inserted. The mistakes, as might be expected, are most numerous in the cryptogamous class, although the Fungi are entirely omitted. The counties are arranged alphabetically.

How far this serviceable task has been accurately executed, the experience of botanists in general, who use the work, can alone satisfactorily decide. There are many points on which the plan itself is open to exception; though Messrs. Turner and Dillwyn's choice of difficulties appears to us to have been for the most part well founded. The omission of the General Index, notwithstanding its length, would certainly have been an unpardonable defect; and we are almost surprized that it ever entered into. the contemplation of the compilers.

Art. XIX. A Letter to Lord Porchester, on the present degraded State of the English Clergy. pp. 24. Price 1s. Bell, Hatchard. 1806.

the clerical office be nothing more than any other reputable mode of getting a living-if talents and education be a sufficient, as well as essential qualification-if receiving a benefice incurs no special duties, and requires no sacrifices-in short, if the Clergy have all lied unto the Holy Ghost when they entered into holy orders-they may well reecho the complaints of Eugenius; they may naturally bewail their degraded state, and lament that they are excluded from the House of Commons, and compelled to reside in the parishes by which they are fed. Now this is not the case; and therefore the English Clergy, with the exception of a certain number of secular and irreligious individuals, will disclaim our letter-writer as an advocate, and will think that while he has discovered some literary talent in this performance, he has also betrayed a remarkable deficiency of Christian principle.


The grievance of which he complains, as befalling younger brothers who are brought up to the church, and afterward succeeding to a fortune which places them above the trade to which they served an apprenticeship, are still excluded from a seat in the House by the "indelibility" of the clerical character, appears to us to admit of this easy answer. sincere and devout Christian, who has entered conscientiously upon the functions of the sacred office, will not find himself embarrassed by the accidental acquisition of wealth. He has before employed his time to the noblest of all purposes; he will now employ to the same purposes, both his time and his money, and will leave to others, without a sigh, parliamentary duties and toils, the title of M. P. and the privilege of franking. But as for the base and depraved hireling, who has assumed the holy garb with perjury, let him keep it with vexation; he has taken charge of the flock, not to feed, but to shear it; let him regard it as the least of his due punishments, to languish in vain for a more splendid occupation.

Art. XX. The Young Christian's Guide; or, Suitable Directions, Cautions, and Encouragement, to the Believer, on his first Entrance into the Divine Life. By Charles Buck. 8vo. pp. 190. Price 38. Williams and Co., Baynes. 1807.

THEY who never feel any doubts, or perplexities, or apprehensions,

have reason to feel many; if in this respect they differ from real Christians, perhaps they also differ in their ground of hope, and will also differ in their final destiny. Such persons would deem it an insult, to offer them this useful and sensible book; the language of their feelings is, "They that are whole need not a physician, but they that are sick." Just in this manner has the genuine Gospel been always rejected: and it is an

honour to any publication to be rejected on the same terms. But the Christian indeed,' in all stages of his pilgrimage, will read it with plea sure and benefit; at the outset especially, he will find it a collection of instructions, which the experience of others has furnished, highly valuable for his direction, encouragement, and caution, according to the nature of his case and condition. From a work of this nature, in which too we see scarcely any thing to disapprove, it is difficult, and perhaps unnecessary, to select any specimen; every page contains admonitions, which must be appropriate and beneficial to different readers. Very few cases, indeed, ordinarily occur, to which it will not afford some applicable lesson. The following extract, however, may be regarded as an example of Mr. B.'s manner.

'Beware of a narrow bigoted spirit. Young disciples are liable to fall a victim to this. Not that you are to make no distinctions; to imagine that the opinions of men are of no consequence as long as they are charitable and moral. There is a counterfeit candour which admits error with the same unconcern as if it were of no consequence: but where is the excellency of that kind of charity that insults the understanding, smiles at sin, trifles with truth, covers every failing with a gloss, and suffers our fellow-creatures to go on in the most awful state of rebellion against God? Such a spurious candour you must reject, whatever reproach and insult it may expose you to. There is, however, a narrowness of mind which becomes exceedingly injurious, of which you will do well to beware. Bigotry is a severe judge sitting upon the throne of ignorance, and passing the sentence of condemnation upon all who differ in the least from the opinions of its subjects. Persecution and cruelty are her servants, carrying her sanguinary commands into execution. Now who would wish to harbour such a detestable monster? a monster that would put out every one's eyes but its own; that would proscribe every sentiment except that which she admires ; that wishes every understanding to be swallowed up in one; that would destroy every mode of worship but that which she adopts; in fine, that would depopulate the church, and reserve heaven only for a few solitary individuals. Cherish, therefore, a liberal expansive spirit, that shall disdain the fetters of bigotry, rise superior to party zeal, pity a foe, smile upon dissenting but conscientious brother, and wish well to all mankind.'

The gender of Bigotry, in this paragraph, by some oversight, has not been accurately preserved.

The statements and directions are throughout illustrated and enforced by anecdotes of eminent Christians, and extracts from approved writers; in fact, the works* on which Mr. Buck has before engaged, were no bad preparation for a task like the present.

Art. XXI. WERNERIA, (Part the Second), or Short Characters of Earths and Minerals; according to Klaproth, Kirwan, Vauquelin and Hauy. By Terræ Filius Agricola. pp. 100. Price 4s. 6d. Baldwin. 1806.

THE first part of this little work was published in 1805; it contains short characters of the earths, thrown into verse, with the design of

* Anecdotes, &c. religious, moral, and entertaining, (Ecl. Rev. VoL I. 679.) Treatise on Religious Experience, (Ecl. Rev. Vol. I, 787.)

fixing them on the memory. If this had been done in rhymes, there would have been some chance of success; but of what description of poetry are the following lines, from the work before us, on Metals?

"Metallic substances possess the
The fire electric to conduct, with, or
Without metallic brilliance, as certain
Bits of silver red, and the brown oxyd
Of crystal tin."

On Mercury, Terræ Filius writes,

Unaltered it remains to simple heat
Or air expos'd, but by agitation
It will a black, and then an oxyd red
Become with aid of fire, from whence you may
By force of caloric the ruby calx

To its metallic state again recall.

With different acids when to an oxyd

Brought, it readily combines, if set free

From these, whate'er's thrown down with sulphur mix'd,

Will by the aid of gradual heat explode.

This metal once by chymists long ador'd

Besides its antisyphilitic use,

Works the gold ores, makes mirrors, gilds, and paints.”
"Cobalt less than bismuth weighs, ready is

To break, &c."

Never was the use of the fingers more incontestably established, in the measuring off crude prose into miserable verse; it would be well to correct this operation always by a slight reference to the pronouncing Dictionary.

With the exception of this part of the plan, to which the author attaches the chief merit, we willingly recommend his book. The metals are scientifically classified and described in the notes, which contain a variety of matter that is highly interesting to the student in chemistry and mineralogy. The information, however, is not always complete; as in the instance of mercury, where the temperature at which mercury congeals, is not noticed. Part of this volume consists of a supplement to the First Part, or Short Characters of Earths, in which moroxit, allochroit, &c. are described.

It is terminated by Tables of minerals arranged according to their genera, species, varieties, specific gravities, primitive crystals, and component parts; and an Index of minerals and metals with their places.

The punctuation is very incorrect, and frequently obscures the meaning. Art. XXII. Letters from the Dead to the Living; or Thoughts on the separate State of departed Spirits. With the Conflicts of Passion, and. Triumphs of Faith, an Ode. By J. L. Abington, author of "The Consummation, a Poem." pp. 76. price 1s. Button.

IN imitation of the pious Mrs. Rowe, Mr. Abington has essayed to affect the living with the supposed correspondence of the dead-of souls immured in the bottomless pit, and of spirits before the throne of God. And it becomes us to acknowledge, that though the author's fancy has far outstripped his judgement, he is ever aiming to do good, by comforting the disconsolate, or warning the guilty.


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