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the fame, it is “godliness, which plainly open“ eth the way to heaven, if we will seek to 6 attain thereunto i "'--that if, as the Homily afferts, “ the only mean and instrument re

quired of our parts is faith, that is to fay, a

fure truft and confidence in the mercies of « Godk," so also “ it is to be taken for a most " true lesson, taught by Christ's own mouth, " that the works of the moral commandments se of God be the very true works of faith, " which lead to the blessed life to come;" and “ being wrought in faith, are ordained by “ God to be the right trade and pathway

unto heaven *:"_that, in one word, as Edward's Catechism again expresses it, the sum «s of Christian religion standethin TWO POINTS; fe in true FAITH IN God, and assured persua« fion conceived of all those things, which are “ contained in the holy Scripture ; and in

CHARITY, which belongeth both to God and to our neighbour "."

When therefore we hear the Methodist confidently maintaining, that “there is no happi$6 nefs till we can feel an union of the foul “ with God, and that that and that only is « true and undefiled religion";" we feel little

Enchiridion Theologicum, vol. i. p. 66.
Homilies, Oxford edit. p. 362.

1 Ibid. p. 41. m Ibid. p. 49.

* Enchir. Theol, i, 9. • Whitefield's Works, vol. i. p. 339.

66 I

disposed to accede to his position, and rather incline to embrace the more evangelical doctrine of a learned writer of earlier times. “ must confefs," faid the ever-memorable Hales, " that I have not yet made that profi

ciency in the schools of our age, as that I e could see, why the second table and the acts " of it are not as properly the parts of religion “ and Christianity, as the acts and observa“ tions of the first. If I mistake, then it is St. 6 James that hath abused me ; for he, describ

• ing religion by its proper acts, tells us, that “ true religion and undefiled before. God and “ the Father is this, to visit the fatherless and " the widow in their affliction, and to keep “ bimself unspotted of the world. So that the

thing, which, in an especial refine dialect of “ the new Christian language, fignifies nothing “ but morality and civility, that, in the lan

guage of the Holy Ghost, imports true reli

gion P."

Let it not be understood for a moment, that in asserting the necessity of good works, in conjunction and equally with faith, to our final acceptance with the Almighty, I attribute to such works the figlitest shadow of merit. God forbid that I should presume to derogate from the value of the Redeemer's fa

i Hales's Golden Remains, p. 49.

crifice; to “rob Christ of his majesty 9;" or admit any offering from his “ unprofitable fer

vants to participate with him, in making atonement and satisfaction for our sins! In this sense, indeed, it is always and universally true, that “ we be justified by faith in Chrift only •;" or, as

or, as our Church goes on to expound the doctrine according to the meaning of the old ancient authors, “we put our “ faith in Christ, that we be justified by him

only; that we be justified by God's free mercy,

and the merits of our Saviour Christ only, and by no virtue or good works of s our own that is in us, or that we can be " able to have, or to do, for to deserve " the fame ; Christ himself only being the cause 66 meritorious thereof." “ We therefore plead " the meritorious righteousness of Christ,” (as the pious Burkitt fays,) “ to answer the de“ mands of the law; but contend for a person “ nal righteousness of our own, to answer “ the commands of the Gospel." Whilit with the judicious Hooker “we acknowledge “ a dutiful neceflity of doing well;" with him also “the meritorious dignity of doing well less the profession of the Gospel than of the law : it is the voice of the fame holy Spirit, always at harmony with himself; it is the testimony not of the Prophets only, but of the Apostles, and of their master Chrift d.


9 Latimer's Sermons, vol. 1. p. 435.

Luke xvii. 10. • Third Part of the Sermon of Salvation, p. 23. • Commentary on Rom. x. 3.

For what saith St. Peter? The Father, without respect of persons, judgeth according to every man's work;" and, “God is

no respecter of persons ; but in every na« tion he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him." What faith St. John ? “The books were opened, and « the dead were judged out of the things write ten in the books, according to their works." What faith St. Jude? “ Behold, the Lord com6 eth with ten thousand of his faints, to exe“ cute judgment upon all, and to convince all “ that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly “ committed h." What faith St. James ;

ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, “ deceiving your own felves i.' 66 You fee

66 Be

See Whitefield's Works, vol. 4. p. 28. and vol. i. p. 75.

. Quod loquitur (D. Jacobus fcil.) vox est Spiritus Sancti, ubique idem perfonantis. Idem testantur Prophetæ, idem Apoftoli, idem Chriftus ipse. Bulli Harm. Apoft. lib. i. cap. ü. sect. 2. c i Pet. i, 17.

f Aets x. 34, 35. * Rev. xx. 12,

Ver. 14, 15. ! James 1.29


" then that a man is justified by works, and “ not by faith onlyk. What faith St. Paul, the great champion, as he is fondly represented, of justification by faith alone ? “ We must s all

appear before the judgment-seat of Chrift, " that every one may receive the things done “ in his body, according to that he hath done, 66 whether it be good or bad'.And again, “ Thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them “ which do such things, and doest the same, that “ thou shalt escape the judgment of God! “ Or despiseft thou the riches of his goodness, “ and forbearance, and long-suffering; not

knowing, that the goodness of God leadeth “ thee to repentance? But after thy hardness “ and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thy“ self wrath against the day of wrath and re“ velation of the righteous judgment of God; who will render to every man according to his deeds : to them who by patient conti

nuance in well-doing seek for glory and ho

nour and immortality, eternal life: but unto “ them that are contentious, and do not obey “ the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indige “ nation and wrath, tribulation and anguish,

upon every foul of man that doth evil, “ of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile ; but

glory, honour, and peace, to every man that

James ï. 24.

1 2 Cor, v. 10,

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