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and perjured apostates from the truth? “ Cer“ tainly,” remarked a late very learned Prelate", “ the greatest fault of the Calvinists has been « their want of charity for those who differ 6 from them :" a fault, I cannot but add, little consistent with that “meekness," which Whitefield professed to discover in Calvin , and which he proposed as a pattern for his own imitation. For my own 'part, to fuch“ railing “ accusations” as those which have just been noticed, I reply in the language of a friend of Arminius, on whom fimilar appellations were profusely lavished by his opponents, “ I
am no Arian, no Papist, no Calvinist, no “ Lutheran, no Pelagian, but a Christian, “ ordained to proclaim the perfections of Him,
who has called us out of darkness into his " marvellous light k." But at the same time, when I thus survey the conduct of those, who haye been most vehement in the propagation of these peculiar tenets ;-when I reflect how aliene is religious intolerance from “ the royal “ law" of Christian charity ;-and when I likewise call to mind the promise of our blessed Lord, that “ if any man will do his Fa6 ther's will, he shall know of the do&rine,
Bishop Horsley's primary Charge at St. Afaph. i Whitefield's Works, vol. i. p. 439.
* Speech of Vitenbogart before the States of Holland. See Brandt's Hift. vol.ü. p. 56.
“ whether it be of God":"-when I recollect moreover the tendency, that Calvinism has already been represented to bear, with respect to the moral conduct, and the peace of heart, of its professors :- I cannot but look upon it with a very suspicious eye; and feel disposed to ace knowledge, with humble and hearty thanks to Almighty God, that a doctrine, teeming with fuch dark presages on the one hand, and with such profligacy on both; and fo prone withal, if not to promotę, at least not to discourage, an acrimonious fpirit in its profesfors, is not the doctrine which we preach. If therefore, as was before remarked, when it is objected to us that we do not preach the Gof. pel, thefe doctrines are intended as the doctrines of the Gospel, we are not disposed to shrink from the charge. The words, which we preach, are the words of
peace and confola, tion, not those of horror and despair : the fruits, which we attempt to rear, are the fruits of holiness, from a meek and lowly heart ; not those of a presumptuous temper, and an unclean life: fearful of “making the heart of “ the righteous fad, whom God has not made “ fad, and of strengthening the hands of the 6 wicked, that he should not return from his “ wicked way, by promiling bim life"," the
John vii. 37.
Ezek. xii. 22.
Gospel which we preach, we believe to be the Gospel of the Holy Spirit; as for those doctrines, which are sometimes preached for the Gospel, we know not what fpirit they are of.
Let me here pause to remark on the case of those among our brethren of the Establishment, who, unwilling, as it appears, to “ lgunch out ço into that unfordable abyss of horror and gs astonishment, the decree of eternal reprobą. “ tign P," veil their opinions upon the fube ject of predestination under the fpecious title of
a milder and moderate Calvinism.” " thing,” remarks their Apologist, “ is further ” from my purpofe, than to infer from what has ! been advanced in this section, that the ” precise theological system of John Calvin in
all its parts and to its full extent was in ļ tended to be eftablished in the thirty-nine " Articles to the exclusion of every milder fens "timento." “ When therefore," he continues, after some intermediate observations, “ certain " writers have formed a frightful fystem of nothing but absolute decrees, absolute
repro" bation, and other extravagancies, which we € absolutely difavow, they may attack it as “ vehemently as they please; but it deserves “ of their own, and that in respect to us
their confideration, that it is a creature
* Examination of Tilenus, p. 292.
at least the most pointed of their weapons “ falls, Telum imbelle fine ictu P. Whether the extravagant and frightful system, which the writers here alluded to attack, be in point of fact a creature of their own; and whether to allege that it is so, be creditable to the ingenuousness of him who affirms it; are questions not destitute of importance, but they must be passed over as foreign to my more immediate purpose, to which I accordingly hasten,
Now we should rejoice in giving to all the followers of Christ, and especially to these brethren and minifters of our own communion, “ the right hand of fellowship.” I admire their zeal, and I honour their exertions. When therefore I hear them apparently excepling against “ several doctrines, which are 6 contained in Calvin's Institutions 9" when I hear them denying, as it should seem,
" that 6 the fall of Adam was the effect of a divine “ decree ;" admitting that the efficacy of “ Christ's redemption extends” to all mankind; and disavowing and condemning altogether the doctrine of absolute reprobation, as being “unfcriptural or liable to abuse';" when
P Overton, p. 96.
See Overton, p. 93. ' Remarks on Dr. Kipling's Pamphlet by Academicus,
they express themselves as wishing unequi
vocally to teach, that man's falvation is
wholly of grace, but that his perdition is 66 of himself; and neither to make God the “ author of fin, nor man a mere machine and “ unfit to be treated as a moral agent';" “ the “ cause of God's rejection of any man being “ his fin and rejection of the Gospel :” when they moreover unreservedly contend, as the unquestionable doctrine of Scripture, that • shall be judged, rewarded, and receive
according to our works; that the wicked “ shall be punished with different degrees of
punishment proportioned to their demerits ; " and that God will give to his faithful people
higher degrees of glory in reward for higher
degrees of boliness and good works :". when some of these conceflions and declations I hear, and others I think I hear, from the moderate Calvinists, I am inclined to cherish a feeling of regret, that their attachment to an obnoxious, or, to employ the epithet of their Advocate, “an odious name," should serve to keep open a breach, not required by an effential difference of doctrine.
But when on the other hand I hear them maintain, too plainly to be mistaken, but in
• Overton, p. 89.
Ibid. p. 291, 292.