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10, 80

Abases Removed and Enemies Defied, 615
Atodement, Moral Theory of the

Bible Reading and Covenanting in Jeru-

Christian Ministry and the Church's Daty
to secure an Increase of Candidates,
Christianity before the Reformation, 88, 318, 399
Discipline of the Reformation, 525, 603, 762, 807
Doctrines of Grace Perverted by Romanism, 577
Dreadful Prayer Meeting,
Duty and Reward of Honouring God, ::

Ecclesiastical Intelligence, 123, 188, 302, 368,

431, 498, 560, 627, 739, 794, 859
Ezra's Commission to Judea,


Free Church Assembly,

Henderson, Alexander, and Leuchars, 327
Importance of Attention to the Young, 708
Inficences of the Life of Grace, 34, 350, 407

543, 775
Inspiration of Scripture,

369, 433, 536
Irish Secession Synod, Meetings of

362, 791

Is Redemption Essential to Salvation ?

Letters to the Editor,

119, 122, 429


Priesthood in the Light of the New

Testament. The Congregational

Union Lecture for 1876.

By E.

Meilor, D.D.,

The Life of Faith, as illustrated by the

example of the Apostle Paul ; with a

brief notice of one of the Grounds of

Faith. By John Thomson, D.D.,


The Shadow on the Cross : The Present

Crisis of the Turkish Question. By

Elward Jenkins, M.P.,


A Voice from the Pew. Being a reply

to Dr. Kennedy's Letter to the Mem.

bers of the Free Church in the High-

lands. By a Highlandman,


Professor Smith's Obligations to Dr.

Kuenen indicated. By Rev. George



Turkey : its Mission and Doom. Ä

Prophetical Instruction.

By the

Author of "The Government of the

Kingdom of Christ," &c.,

A Course of Addresses on the Word and

Works of God. Delivered to an

Evangelical Association of Young

Men, by Maurice Lothian,


Memorial Discourses. By Rev. George



The Prophet Jonah : his character and

mission to Nineveh. By Hugh Mar-

tin, D.D.,


The Atonement : in its Relations to the

Covenant, the Priesthood, the Inter-

cession of our Lord. By Hugh Mar.

tin, D.D.,


M'Cimb's Presbyterian Almanac and

Christian Remembrancer for 1877,


Judicial Procedure in Presbyterial

Courts. By Hugh Barclay, LL.D., 108

Observations on Professor W. R.

Smith's article “ Bible," in the Ency-

clopædia Britannica. By James

Kennedy, B.D.,

“The Fruit of our Lips ;" or Instru.

mental Music an unscriptural addi-

tion to the Service of Praise. By the

Rev. James Kerr, Greenock,


Works, Doctrinal and Practical, of the

Rev. Thomas Houston, D.D., Knock.



“In the Days of thy Youth :” Sermons

on Practical Subjects, preached at

Marlborough College, from 1871_to

1876. By F. W. Farrar, D.D.,

F.R.S., Canon of Westminster, and

late Master of Marlborough College, 180

Glimpses of the Inner Life of our Lord.

By W. G. Blaikie, D.D.,


Talking to the Children."' By Alexan-

der Macleod, D.D.,


Rowland Hill,'his Lile, Anecdotes, and

Pulpit Sayings. By Vernon J. Charles-

worth, with an Introduction by Rev.

C. H. Spurgeon,


From Jerusalem to Antiöch : Sketches

of the Primitive Church. By J.

Oswald Dykes, M.A., D.D.,


The Vision of God, and other Sermons.

By Henry Allon, D.D.,


Memorial Sermons. By the late Rev.

Matthew Murray, D.D., Professor of

Theology, United Original Secession

Church ; with Memoir of the Author, 187

Pamphlets-(1) The Proclamation of

Banns in Scotland : its origin, history,

and present position. By Rev. Wm.

Ewen, B.D., minister of Kinning

Park Church, Glasgow. (2) The Bible

in the Furnace. A Review of Pro-

fessor W. R. Smith's Article “ Bible"

in the Encyclopædia Britannica. By

the Rev. C. J. Whitmore, London.

(3) The Gospels Prior in Point of Time

to the Epistles, and therefore not the

Products of a Post-Apostolic Period.

By the Rev. Robert Williamson,

Ascog, Rothesay,

The Books of the old and New Testa.

ments proved to be Canonical, and

their Verbal Inspiration maintained

and established,


The Martyr Graves of Scotland: being

the Travels of a Country Minister in

his own country,


The Christian Treasury: A Famiy Mlis.


Notes on the Psalm Book, especially on

the Scotch Metrical Version,


The Gospel of St. John, its Authorship

and Authenticity,

The Life and Letters of James Henley


Splendid Book on Baptism,

Annals of the Disruption, Parts I. & II.,

Historical Sketch of the Reformed

Presbyterian Church of Scotland, to

its Union with the Free Church in

1876. By the Rev. Robert Naismith,


The Confessions of an Unfermented

Wine Coinmunicant: A plea for the



2 3 X












Union of Truth and Temperance. By

Helen Grey: or Come and See." By J.

W. M., author of “ Alice Lowther,"
"Mary M'Neill," &c.

Light in Darkness, or the Miner's Tale.

A True History. Edited by James
Bridges, W.S.
The British Messenger; The Gospel

Trumpet ; Good News,
The Christian Treasury ! a Family Mis-

cellany. September-December, 1877, 486
St. Christopher, with Psalm ard Song.

By Maurice Baxter,
The Inspiration of the Scriptures. By Rev.

Professor Given, Magee's College, 487
Nine Lectures on Preaching. By Rev.
R. W. Dale, Birmingham,

Christian Sunsets; or, the Last Hours
of Believers. By James Fleming,

M'Comb's Presbyterian Almanack and

Christian Remembrancer for 1878,
History of the Westminster Assembly

of Divines. By W. M. Hetherington,

The Word and Works of Grd: A Course

of Addresses to Young Men. By
Maurice Lothian, F.R.S.E.,

The True Psalmody; or the Bible Psalms

the Church's only Manual of Praise.
With Prefaces by the Rev. Henry
Cooke, D.D., LL.D.; Rev. John
Edgar, D.D., LL.D., and Rev. Robert

Houston, D.D.,
The Papal Hierarchy for Scotland.

Cyclopædia of Biblical," Theological,

19, 160

Professor Smith and his Apologists.

By a Minister of the Free Church of

The Establishment Principle and the

Disestablishment Movement. By
Dr. Kennedy, Ding wall,
The Christian Treasury : A Family

Miscellany. January-October, 1878,

Edited by Rev. Dr. H. Bonar.
Martyr Graves of Magus Moor,
Memoir of the late Rev. Matthew Murray,

Memoir of the late Rev. John M'Beath,

Moderator of Synod's Opening Address, 197, 631
Notes on Public Events, 56, 113, 424, 488, 556

624, 855
Nothing to Give,


Orilination Address,

Ordination Aduress to Elders,

Our Foreign Mission, 45, 110, 412, 550, 787,854
Personal Religion and its Evidences,

The World's Prospects,

Mary Sitting at the feet of Jesus, 192
Our Fathers : Where are They?

A World of Change,

Principles, Position, and Prospects of the

Secession Church in Ireland,
Provoking to Love and Good Works, 337
Reasons for Fasting and Humiliation, 842
Recent Synods and Assemblies,

289, 720
Religious Tendencies of the Age, I, 142, 456
Reminiscences of the Early Times of the

Secession, Historical, Biographical, and

169, 387
Report of Home Mission Committee, 224; 655
Report of Foreign Mission Committee, 235, 667
Report of Hall Committee,

280, 699
Report of Committee on Temperance, 283, 703
Report on Public Questions,
Revolution Period, and some of its

501, 565
Scotch Broad-Churchism,

Social Meetings and Presentations, 127, 563
Synod of United Original Seceders, Meet-

42, 193, 203, 629, 635
Synod of United Original Seceders Treas-

urer's Accounts,
Synod Sermons,

337, 744
Supreme Loreto Truth Essential to its
Faithful Maintenance,

The Bible,

The Golden Sceptre,

and Ecclesiastical Literature. Pre-
pared by Rev. John M'Clintock, D.D.,
and James Strong, S.T.D.,

Peter the Apostle.' By the Rev. W.
M. Taylor, D.D.,

Daniel the Beloved. By William
M. Taylor, D.D.,

The Lord's Supper: its nature, ends,
and obligation and mode of adminis-

tration. "By Thomas Houston, D.D., 792
Inspired Psalmody: a Plea for the
exclusive use of the Psalter in Chris.
tian Worship: A Sermon preached
in St. Andrew's Scottish Church, Lon-
don, by the Rev. H. C. Bazely,
B.C.L., Brasenose College, Oxford,
with a Preface by the Rev. David

Johnston, B.A., minister of Harray, 793
Lay's and Lectures for Working Men

and Women. By Rev. C. Marshall,

The Battle of 'Unbelief." By the Rev.

Gavin Carlyle, M.A., author of "The
Light of All Ages, " &c.

The Heavenly Bridegroom and His

Bride. By H. K. Wood (“ Glas.
gow merchant), author of “ Heavenly
Love and Earthly Echoes,” &c., &c. 850
The Authorship and Date of t'ie Books

of Moses. By the Rev. Wm. Paul,
D.D., Minister of Banchory Devenick, 852

The General Presbyterian Council,

The Missionary Box,

The Walls o Jerusalem Rebuilt,

The Wicked Overthrown,

Thoughts for the Close of the Year,

Why am I a Seceder?

511, 590



246, 682

ings of

269, 709




JANUARY, 1877.

THE RELIGIOUS TENDENCIES OF THE AGE. “Hold fast the form of sound words which thou hast heard of me in faith and love which is in Christ Jesus," was the earnest exhortation of the great Apostle of the Gentiles to Timothy, his son in the Gospel, and an ambassador for Christ. It was an exhortation peculiarly seasonable at the time when it was addressed. The Church seemed to be in a transition state, and what was more alarming, apparently in the downward direction. Rationalism on the one hand, and the doctrine which is according to godliness on the other, presented and urged rival claims. The exponents of the former, with subtle and persevering energy, put forth every effort in their power to make proselytes of the adherents of the latter. Substituting philosophy, falsely so-called, for Scripture teaching, and the would-be enlightened and advanced opinions of men wise in their own eyes, for the authority of God speaking in His Word, these self-constituted teachers succeeded in overthrowing the faith of some, and in shaking that of others. Even the teachers of the Christian faith did not escape scathless from their inimical assaults. What a striking resemblance the state of the Church then bears to the state of the Church in our own day! It requires no microscopic eye to see this, but is apparent to the most cursory observer of the signs of the times. There was a time in the history of the Church when it would have been regarded almost as superfluous, to have announced with the design of proving, that sound doctrine lies at the basis of all right practice. And even in our own day, with many whose regard for the Word of God, as the supreme and only infallible rule of faith and manners, is not yet diminished, it requires only to be stated to command assent. Were the several branches of what is called the Evangelical Church




composed of men of this stamp, it would be unnecessary to call special attention to this truth; but sad to relate, this is very far from being the case, as appears abundantly manifest from the current religious literature of our time. A dangerous leaven is permeating the Church, which unless checked by power Divine, will ultimately dash her against the cliffs of infidelity.

One of the most common tendencies of the present age, and that to which we purpose confining our attention in the present paper is, that which would dissociate Christian life from Religious Doctrine—which would put asunder what God has joined togetherwhich would represent as standing in perpetual conflict, what God has linked together in perpetual harmony. Who that with any degree of care notes the spirit of the age, is not familiar with such expressions as these, “Why insist so much on mere dogma, barren doctrine?" “Let there only be a consistent life.” “Let a man be sober, chaste, benevolent and upright in all his dealings, and it matters little what principles he holds.” “We are tired of theory." "Give us practice." With all their declamation, however, against dogma and doctrine, they are in themselves, and in their conduct, the most complete specimens of the dogmatism they condemn. The only difference between them and those who both practically and theoretically base right action upon right principle is, that while the one insist upon their line of thought and conduct without a fixed law to guide them, the other do so in accordance with a clearly defined standard of truth and duty. The one may be represented by the ship traversing the trackless ocean, without a chart to guide, or rudder to steer, having no definite port in prospect, but allowed to drift hither and thither at the mercy of wind and tide; the other by the ship whose whole nautical arrangements are complete and in good condition, and sailing steadily and surely to the destined haven.

Among the many exponents of this dangerous species of empiricism, the names of the late F. W. Robertson of Brighton, Brooke, and, what is more fitted to create alarm, several ministers in connection with the Church of Scotland, may be mentioned. Quotations might be given from the writings of all of them, but we select specimens from the writings of two, which have exercised an extensive but baneful influence upon religious thought, especially among the youth of our land. F. W. Robertson says, “ Christianity is a spirit and a life. To make it anything but the worship of a spirit, God in spirit and in truth, is to go back to Judaism. Truth is felt, not reasoned out; and if there be any truths which are only appreciable by the acute understanding, we may be sure at once, that these do not constitute the soul's life, nor error in these the soul's death. For instance, the


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metaphysics of God's being, the 'plan,' as they call it, of salvation,' the exact distinction between the divine and human of Christ's

person. On all these subjects you may read and read, till the brain is dizzy, and the heart's action is stopped ; so that, of course, the mind is bewildered.” (Life, vol. i., p. 162, and vol. ii., p. 42.)

Dr. Caird says in his sermon on “What is religion ?”—“A kind, tolerant, compassionate man, or a man of unsullied and blameless life, is not necessarily one of whom we conclude, that he is a man of deep religious convictions. If religion be a thing of doctrinal belief, then notoriously charity and purity may exist independently of correct religious notions or ideas, under a thousand diversities of creed and dogmas. The gentle virtues are not plants that bloom only on the soil of orthodoxy. They flourish with a wonderful disdain of ecclesiastical restrictions, on the unhallowed domain of heresy; nay, sometimes are found blossoming into a strange luxuriance on the outlying wastes of heathendom. There is an apprehension of God and of divine things that is independent of that which comes to us in the form of propositions and doctrines, and which may be possessed in fullest measure by the man who could not define or prove a single article of a theological creed. The investigation of the evidences, the analysis and systematic development of the doctrines of religion, may indeed furnish fit occupation for the highest intellects; but it is by no such process that the essence of religion wins its way into the soul. It comes upon the spirit, not as a proposition which it has proved, but as a living reality which it immediately and intuitively perceives—as a heavenly melody falling on the ear, as the splendour of an infinite loveliness breaking on the eye

of faith.” Truly these expressions of modern thought are crude, obscure, and vague in the extreme. What are such men's ideas of what really constitutes Christian doctrine, or of its relation, if any relation it has, to a religious life we are at a loss to comprehend. They do not even attempt a positive and clear definition. It thus remains a matter of uncertain conjecture. If they regard Christian doctrine in no other light than as a cold, naked, barren abstraction, having no connection whatever with the outward life (and verily their language seems to point in this direction), then these inflated exhibitions of modern thought are nothing more than meaningless declamation—nay more, they give expression to what is positively untrue ; for there does not exist in connection with the whole creed and practice of evangelical Christendom, such an abstraction passing current for religious doctrine. It may be, however, that by doctrine is intended the principles of Christian truth which form the foundation of Christian living, embracing the teachings of the Bible, the objects of belief, as distin

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