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in operation. In his last communication he says, “I am thankful to be able to inform you that my health continues to improve, though I am as yet by no means strong. I have to beware of study and exposure to the sun, as both have a tendency to injure my head. I have not yet resumed preaching, but I hope to be able to do so ere long. I think it safer to wait till we get the rains before doing

This year they are later than usual. This has been an unusually severe hot season; a number of the natives having died in this district from sunstroke. All the Europeans seem quite exhausted, and, as they often describe themselves, are panting for the rains. We have to be in-doors by 5.30 A. m., and cannot go out again till about 6.30. P.M. You can easily judge how wearisome the day is, when we are shut up in this way, and particularly for the children. By night we keep almost all our doors and windows open, with only bamboo wicker work close enough to keep out cats, and have heavy punkahs (fans) swinging over our beds all night; but notwithstanding all this it has been so hot for some time past that we can scarcely sleep. We consider that I am stronger now than I was before I had the relapse, of which you will have heard ; and we cling more than ever to the hope that the rains and cold weather may do me so much good, as to render it unnecessary for us to go home for at least another year."

We regret to be under the necessity of reporting that, on account of improper conduct, Imdad Masih has been dismissed from the Mission. After his dismissal he negotiated with some of the leading Mahommetans with a view of returning to their religious community, but he left Seoni before finally taking such a step. How deplorable to think that a man who had been taught the doctrines and duties of our religion, and made a credible profession of his faith in Christ, and was judged competent to instruct others, should, when chargeable with sinful conduct, return to the superstitious practices which he professed to have relinquished for ever, instead of humbling himself before God and seeking that repentance which needeth not to be repented of. The services of Imdad Masih's wife have also been dispensed with. She assisted Mrs. Anderson in zenana work; but the following quotation from a recent letter of Mrs. Anderson's will show that she was not a very efficient worker :-“Though I was sorry to lose his wife's help in teaching my girls' class (which I still have regularly in the bungalow), I was not very sorry to lose her help as a zenana worker. Though she had the ability for it, I have found for some time past, indeed since I have been prevented from taking the lead in everything myself, that she was very dilatory and superficial in her work. The women as a rule did not value her visits when she went alone."

of 200 rupees.

David Gajadbar has been transferred to the Mission School until a new teacher is obtained. The attendance of boys is as high as formerly, notwithstanding repeated attempts to draw them away. Some of the property adjoining the School has been secured at a cost

Two houses, or rather huts, bave been pulled down for the sake of air and light, and the third, which would do for a teacher's house, is at present let at 18 rupees per annuni. Another tbree houses may be procured soon, and when once these are purchased and cleared away there will be plenty of light and air for the School, and room for enlarging it when necessary.

No additional children have been got for the Orphanage, but our Missionary is constantly on the outlook for them, and may find some neglected children soon. Mr. Anderson indicates that the expenditure of the Orphanage will probably be considerably higher this year than heretofore, as the price of grain continues to be from two to three times its normal price, and other things are high in proportion. At the date of last letter the building of the new Church was well advanced, and may be ready for occupancy by this time. Two kind friends, who worship in Edinburgh congregation, have presented the Mission with a handsome set of communion plate, consisting of silver salver, cups and flagon, and also with a baptismal bason. This generous act of theirs has been gratefully acknowledged by the Committee.

It is understood that Mr. Anderson will require to come home on furlough about the beginning of next summer, and will be absent from Seoni for more than a year.

In view of this the Committee contemplate having Mr. Bose ordained as a minister of the Gospel, so that Mission work may be efficiently carried on during the absence of our Missionary. An additional labourer in Seoni is urgently required, and it is earnestly hoped that some young man will offer his services for the foreign field, and have his studies specially directed with a view to work in India. Meanwhile we ask the prayers of our people on behalf of the inhabitants of Seoni, and for a blessing to attend all the agencies employed for their spiritual benefit.


Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Prepared by Rev.

John M'Clintock, D.D., and James Strong, S.T.D. Vol. vii. Royal 8vo.,

pp. 1005. Harper & Brothers, New York. 1877. The preparation of this magnificent Biblical and Theological Cyclopædia was commenced nearly a quarter of a century ago, the first volume being issued by the enterprising publishers in 1869. Its


professed design was to supply a full book of reference on all subjects of Doctrinal, Historical, and Fractical Theology. It embraces, therefore, a much wider plan than that of any Cyclopædia of like kind extant, either in the English tongue or in any other modern language. The work was undertaken, and the three first volumes were issued under the joint editorship of Drs. M'Clintock and Strony, who were known in America as distinguished literary men, and who occupied leading positions in different sections of the American Church. The death of Dr. M'Clintock, the senior editor, occurred in March 1870, after the publication of the third volume ; and since then the work has been carried forward by Dr. Strong and Professors Worman and Schem, giving satisfactory evidence of conscientious painstaking in furnishing full information on all topics discussed, with much accuracy and clearness in the details.

The Editors declare that their aim was to combine the excellencies of such known works as Kitto's Cyclopædia of Biblical Literature and Smithi's Dictionary of the Bible, and to avoid their faults. Besides these, in the preparation of the work, they have made use of all other encyclopædias and dictionaries of importance, both general and special. Every article has either been written de noro thoroughly revised, with reference to the most recent literature on each topic. As far as Church doctrines and literature are concerned, the work is not denominational, but eminently catholic in its scope and execution. The Editors state that, while not seeking to conceal their personal opinions in any respect, they have not obtruded their own ecclesiastical relations or dogmatic views. The articles on the several Christian denominations bave either been prepared by ministers belonging to them, or have been submitted to such ministers for examination or correction. The list of contributors given in some of the volumes embraces a large number of distinguished ministers, authors, editors, and professors in Colleges and Theological Seminaries in America and elsewhere ; and the references to the literature of the several articles supply lists of the most important works, ancient and modern, particularly of those which are most accessible to ordinary students, and are most valuable.

In noticing so large and comprehensive a Dictionary of Theology and of Biblical and Ecclesiastical Literature as this, it is difficult to select articles which are of special interest, when all are written with such care and with such fulness of statement, and clearness of illustration. We may instance—of articles contained in this seventh volume--the biographies, ancient and recent, and the topographical accounts of various countries, that of Palestine being singularly full and satisfactory. The articles on the New Testament, the Pentateuch, the Passover, Pelagianism, Pantheism, the Apostle Paul and his writings, and Persecutions of Christians, earlier and later, cannot fail to impart to the careful student pleasure and profit in their perusal. It must have cost the contributors and editors immense labour, to select and arrange such articles from their diligent research and multifarious reading. Treating on such a vast number and variety of subjects, Biblical, Theological, Critical, Historical, and Biographical, it cannot be expected that on every point, the views advanced shall afford entire satisfaction to those who hold the doctrinal sentiments of our Westminster Standards; but the divergences are in very few cases marked, while a spirit of candour and reverential regard to Scriptural truth uniformly pervades the work. The supply of articles on denominational profession and order, by persons connected with the different ecclesiastical bodies, has the evident advantage of informing one of the exact sentiments of others, however we may feel constrained at times to disagree with them. We cannot withhold from this superior Cyclopædia our warmest commendation, and we feel constrained to express our earnest wish that the law of copyright were so modified that the work would be readily accessible to ininisters and theological students in Britain, as it is in America. The Publishers certainly merit all encouragement in their arduous and expensive undertaking. We may state, in conclusion, that it was at first proposed to issue the work in six volumes; the great increase, however, that has of late

years taken place in matters of Biblical criticism, and the new light that has been thrown on subjects of scientific, historical, and topographical research, has necessarily caused the enlargement of the work. It is not likely to be completed till the issue of a ninth volume.

Peter the Apostle. By the Rev. W. M. Taylor. D.D. Crown 8vo., pp. 371.

Harper & Bros. New York. 1877. The Author of this neat and useful volume is already favourably known in New York as an able and eloquent evangelical preacher, and both in America and in these countries by several valuable popular writings. In 1876, he delivered to the theological students of Yale College, the series of the “ Lyman Beecher Lectures,” selections of which were afterwards delivered to the members of Union, Princeton, and Oberlin seminaries. These have been reprinted in Britain ; and for Scriptural views of the Christian ministry, weighty practical counsels, vivid illustration, and lucidity of style, they are entitled to a high rank among the various excellent works on Homiletics and Pastoral theology which have been issued in late years. In this work on the life, work, and character of the Apostle Peter, Dr. Taylor, with singular clearness of thought, warmth of spiritual affection, and felicity of expression, and with not a little graphic power, delineates the marked features of the Apostle's mind, the excellencies exhibited in his ardent impulsive spirit in relation to the Saviour and bis fellow-apostles, with his blunders and weakness, and the incalculable service rendered by him to the church and the world. The different chapters-some twenty-three in number-are judiciously arranged, and whether read separately or together, one cannot rise from their perusal without experiencing peculiar gratification. The practical lessons educed from the various incidents of Peter's and character are of high importance, alike to the ministers and members of the Church. The account given of the Apostle's letters, and the sketch of his last days, are vivid and affecting. The author confesses that it was “a joy to him to find that he had to keep close company with the Master, in order to do justice to the disciple." This peculiar trait is conspicuous throughout the treatise, constituting, indeed, its chief excellence, which cannot fail to commend it to all who desire to see the mind of Christ reflected in the spirit and life of His servants.

Daniel the Beloved. By William M. Taylor. D.D. Crown 8vo., pp. 245. New

York. Harper & Bros. 1878. DR. Taylor, the author of this treatise, has already rendered important service to the cause of Scriptural exposition and of practical godliness, by the publication of similar volumes to the present on “David, King of Israel," and "Elijah, the Tishbite.”

" , In them he has vividly pourtrayed the mental and spiritual features of character of these Old Testament worthies, exhibited their special place in the history of redemption, and the particular works assigned them for the advancement of the Kingdom of Christ in the earth. This treatise on the life, work, and character of Daniel is, on many accounts, deserving of a careful perusal and extensive circulation. While it imparts instructions, the most weighty and valuable, to the youth of the Church, the author states that he has aimed to emphasize the lessons which the book of Daniel teaches to all who are engaged in business or in public life. This object he has, to a considerable extent, satisfactorily accomplished; and the faithful, heroic, and devoted spirit and conduct of the “man greatly beloved," are held forth in an impressive and attractive light to men in public stations, and to witnesses for truth, as an example worthy of constant study and imitation. The author, without any parade of learning, shows that he is well acquainted with the history of the times of Daniel, and with the literature of the exposition of the book. Although it did not enter into his design to give an exposition of the prophetic portions of the book, his views of the visions and special prophecies, as they refer to the Christian economy, and the future fortunes of the Kingdom of Christ, are lucid, and in general, highly satisfactory. The interpretation and application of the visions named in the concluding chapters of the book, cannot be perused without excitivg a deep and heartfelt interest. The twelfth chapter of the work, entitled The Epilogue of the Vision,” is a fine specimen of clear forcible delineation, and earnest exhortation, and elevated conception of the future glory of the saints; and the portrait of Daniel's character, in the concluding chapter, is felicitous, and admirably fitted to enforce the most important practical lessons on persons of all classes in the community.

The Lord's Supper : Its nature, ends, and obligation, and mode of administration.

By Thomas Houston, D.D. Edinburgh : James Gemmel. 1878. We rejoice that Dr. Houston has been enabled to make this substantial and important addition to his recently published works. The series would have been incomplete without it, and we heartily con

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