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own party. Therefore it comes to
Ver. 458. O fortunatos nimium ! horse: aequus uterque labor and aeNimium is greatly. It has in this que juvenent exquirunt relate to what place the sense of plurimum or maxi went immediately before, which is me, as Claudian, O nimium di- breaking horses for the chariot op
riding. Ver. 508. Hic stupet attonitus Ver. 162. Caetera pafcuntur vie rostris. I believe he means those rides armenta per herbas. He may who set up for politicians, who re- properly mean cows kept for the ceived the news of the Senate from pail, which require a different ma: the rostra. See Middleton's life of nagement from the rest. et Cicero. It does not relate to those Ver. 395. 'I must beg leave to who studied the Law, or were con- differ from your opinion on this line, cerned in Law-suitş; for that was for though the aries was candidus mentioned before, ver. 501. ipfe, yet the blackness of his tongue,
Ver. 519. I am of Mr Bw's which the Moon did not examine, mind, that hyems does not fignify was a reason against choosing him. winter. If winter was the middle Candidus ipse is the principal parts time of gathering, there certainly of him, as aureus ipse, Georg. IV, was a previous one. The subsequent ver. 274. lines put this out of doubt, Varios Ver. 409. Timidos agitabis onaponit foetus. Autumnus.
gros. Tumidas is a good reading, ac
cording to the accounts we have of Georg. III. ver. 100, 101.
100, 101. I the wild ass's being more than a take this to mean his own qualifica. match for the tyger in fighting. tions, and those of his brothers and fisters, et quis cuique dolor victo, quae Georg. IV. ver. 85. In the com gloria palmde, or it may be the off. mon translations, it is left uncer spring of his father or grandfather, tain, which' fide the conqueror will in which sense the Civilians are used oblige to yield. But surely he would to consider parentes. * Our country- hardly endeavour to demolish his men" value stallions at this rate. It may be too late to choose a horse this sense, dum aut has aut hos, that for a stallion, by observing the ex is of the other party, victor subegit cellencies of his colt :, it may be dare terga, obnixi tamen funt non better abdere dono; as ver. 95.
cedere. Ver. 118. Acque juvenemque ma Ver. 203. Sir Daniel Molyneux's gilri exquirunt. f uverem rather sig observation I think is quite right: rifies a young man, than a young
The following REMARKS were sent me by the Reverend and Learned Dr WILLIAM GREENWOOD, dated from Warwick, May 14, 1748.
EORGICK I. ver. 32. tion Suetonius seems to-relate what
Anne novum. This passage various authors had reported: but-in receives great light and beauty from $. 5. where he plainly speaks in his the Farnele globe, and fome gems, own person, he expressly declares, that &c. representing the Zodiack. The Auguftus was born on the ninth of the Ancients were at a loss how to have Calends of October, which is certainthe balance supported, and therefore ly under Libra; Natus eft Auguftus, it was originally held up by Scorpius ; M. Tullio Cicerone, et Antonio
who extended his claws for thạt Coss, IX. Cal. Octobr. paullo anG purpose out of his own proper do te solis exortum. This is-confirmed
minions, and thus took up the space by S, 100. where we are told that of two figns in the Zodiack, But Auguftus died on the fourteenth of the under Auguftus, or a little after his Calends of September, in the seventydeath, they made Scorpius contract fixth year of his age, wanting five his claws, and introduced a new and thirty days; . Obiit in cubiculo personage to hold the balance. On eodem quo pater Octavius : duobus the Farnese globe it is supported by Sextis, Pompeio et Appuleio Coss. Scorpius; and in several gems and XIV. Cal. Septembris, hora diei medals of later date, it is held by a nona, feptuagesimo et fexto aetatis man probably intended for Au- anno, diebus quinque et triginta guftús himself. Vide Spence's Po- minus. lymetis, p. 170. pl. 24. and pl. 25. Ver. 42. Ingredere I should ra
ther think with Catrou, that Virgil How does your remark in the inserted this passage, when he renotes, that Augustus was born un vised his Georgicks; and not when der Libra, agree with Suetonius, he first composed or published them. who says he was born under Capri Ver. 152. Aspera sylva- In your corn? In Aug. §. 94.
translation you fay, A prickly wood Suetonius, in the seation referred of burrs and caltrops whereas I to, does indeed speak of the birth of take them all to be of the NominaAugustus being in December; Au- tive case, as they certainly are in guftum natum mense decimo, et ob Georg. iii. ver. 384. where the very hoc Apollinis filium existimatum; fame words are used : and therefore and at the latter end that he was born they should likewise be construed under Capricorn; Nummumque ar thus, prickly brambles, and burrs, genteum nota fideris Capricorni, quo 'and caltrops. natus eft, percusserit . In that Jet
I did not take lappaeque tribulique Ver. 255. Deducere claffes -I to be the genitive cafe, as appears, I think we thould understand deducere think by the comma after fylva. It classes, to bring back the feets : and might indeed have been transated more thus the fame oppofition will be conliterally thus ; A prickly wood arises, tinued that was in a preceding verse. both burrs and caltrops.
Hence we learn when to fowi, and Grandior Catrou when to reap: when to venture out to places the full stop at the end of the fea, and evben 10. retiret into part #ext verse, and makes the fenfe run again. thus"; that the legumes may be larger, Ver. 268. Quippe etiam-I oband boil better with a very little fires serve the Commentators give réa* Ver. 211. Sub extremum_Virgil fons why some of these works inay cannot possibly mean the last by ex be done upon a holiday ;' but do not tremum, because it would contradict take any manner of notice of the his epithet, intrattabilis; which im- reft. Now fince they are only to plies that this season is unfit for bu- be justified by charity or necesity
, finefs. But as there are two ex- all the foilowing passages must be treams, and extremus is sometimes considered in that light. So that used to signify the first, as well as husbandmen are allowed, ridos de the last; if it can be allowed to ducere, to let out the flashes of wahave that construction in this place, 'ter which are brought upon the fields the sense will be very clear and con- by sudden showers and land foods : fiftent: that the time of sowing bar- they may, segeti praetendere fepem, ley is from the autumnal Equinox to secure the fences of their corn, when the firft heavy rains of the winter Sol- by the cmiffion it would be exposed Nice, when the inclemency of the wea to immediate damage from trefther will put a stop to all works of passing cattle: they may, infidias this kind..
avibus moliri, guard against the feaVer. 227. Faselum--- I won't pre- thered robbers, who make no diftend to say what the Fafelus was: tinction of days, but are always pilbut by these directions I think it can't fering the feeds whenever they can be the very fame as our Kidney- come at them; and they may, gre bean. For this is one of the ten- gem fluvio merfare falubri, bathe the dereft plants we have in the natu-' Hock in the river, if it is required ral ground; and the least able to for the health of the sheep. But why bear the severe cold, either when they should then burn the thorns
, it is young or old. It is therefore which may be conveniently done at fown the latest in the spring of all any times or carry oil and fruits to leguntes: and as the feed will be town, for which there were probamelted in the ground, if much rain bly other market days; though so falts before it is come up; so the correct a writer as Virgil had una plant itself will be cut off by the doubtedly his reasons for it, yet ! farft sharp froft in April or May, muft own myself at a loss to distho'it is ever so flourishing, or in Oc- cover. Unless for the latter there tober, when it is at it's full growth. might be the same neceffity, as there
is to cry milk and mackrel in Lon- expreffion, than these two lines. don upon a Sunday: and if this But in my opinion the beauty of it could be proved, we may easily sup- is greatly tarnished by suppofing that pose they might be permitted to re- aeftas means nothing more than turn with some other loading for heat. The ancient and natural dia back-carriage. And if the former vision of the year was into fummer appeared to be any thing like our and winter and to which many auburning of charcoal, this would be thors allude both in profe and verse. a work that might be continued, But fince between the extremities of though not begun, upon a day that heat and cold in these feafons, there was esteemed sacred.
were intermediate spaces of mode
rate weather, the two others of Georg. II. ver. 97. Amminea was spring and autumn were : added" ; near to Falernus, and Pliny fays, which at their beginning and end Principatus datur Ammineis propter generally partake of the qualities of firmitatem, 1. 14. 2. Expresions the preceding and following seafon, very like these of Virgil. So that So that Virgil points out in the most these three lines may be thus ren- poetical manner the very particular dered; There are also Amminean time in autumn that is most proper vines, which yield the best bodied for this work. For, says he, one of wines: to which the Tmolian, and the best times for planting vineyards Phanaean, and smaller Argitis must is, upon the coming in of the first give the preference ; though the two cool weather in autumn, before you horft are reckoned prime wines, and touch upon winter, and when the the last none can rival, &c. Or sup- summer is quite gone. pose the 98th verse to be in a paren Ver. 389, 392. Oscilla-caputthesis, which would be more poeti- Mr Spence in his Polymetis, p. 129. cal, and then the construction will hath cleared up these passages by a run thus; There are also Amminean gem in the great Duke's Collection vines, which yield the best bodied at Florence, pl. 20. fig. 2. which wines(to which the Tmolian and represents a tree with several little Phandean, though reckoned prime heads of Bacchus hanging upon it, vines mujt give the preference) and that turn every way. here is the finaller Argitis, which zone, &c.
Georg. III. ver, 10. Before I had Ver. 206. Tardis--I think the read Catrou I was of opinion, and pithet tardis alludes to the largeness am very glad to be supported by f the loads, which occafioned the him in it, that all this following parullocks to move more flowly. So fage to the 40th verfe is a moft mahat' the whole verse gives one afterly allegory, whereby the Poet Erong idea of the quantity of corn promises to perfect and publish the oth in number and weight of loads, Eneide after his return from Greece. hat is produced upon such land. ... And if we take it in this light, it
Ver: 321. Prima don't know will greatly heighten the many beauay paffage more crowded with fine ties that are to be found in tbefe
lines. The Eneide was the tem Ver: 400. Quod furgente--I think ple: Augustus was the divinity, for Virgil, in his short manner of hintwhom it was formed, and to whom ing a direction, plainly points out it was dedicated: his ancestors, as to us which milk is best for cheese, they are the principal actors in the and which for butter. What you one, fo are they represented as the milk in the morning and the day capital statues to adorn the other : time, is to be pressed into cheese at and his victories, like balso relievos, night: and what you milk in the were to embellish the work. î,' evening and the night, is to be made
Ver. 37. Invidia---] cannot for- into butter; and either carried, fub bear observing Virgil's genteel man- , lucem, very early in the morning to ner of reflecting upon the factious market in baskets, before the sun and discontented, that were ene- will have power to melt it, or feamies of Augustus ;' by representing soned with a little salt and laid up them under - the figure of envy, for use in the winter. This coritrembling for fear of the severest struction will render the passage very tortures, that the Poets have allotted clear and expressive, and remove to the most enormous offenders. the difficulties, which have so much
Ver. 81.- honefti. I think ho- puzzled the Commentators in exnefti relates only to the outward ap- plaining the meaning of the word, pearance, and that those colours are Calathis, moft graceful and pleasing to the Ver. -478. Hic quondam-It-apeye: for otherwise it is true as the pears plain to me that the Poet is English proverb says; A good horse speaking only of a pestilential disis never of a bad colour.
temper that many years ago invaded Ver. 81, 86. Luxuriat toris pec- the Alpine countries: but in what tus-- Denfa Juba. It must be re- period of time cannot fairly be col membered that Virgil describes the lected, neither is it material
, notfine horse for the menage to be train withstanding the names of Chiron ed either for war, or the chariot : and Melampus are mentioned; for for an English jockey will never a thefe I take to be used in general for gree with him, that a brawny chest the most eminent physicians. And and a thick main are beauties in a as all raging plagues are attended horfe.
with many like circumstances, it is 5* Ver. 132. Cursu-As Virgil, ac no wonder that his relation should cording to your observation, seems to very much agree with those, which intend these precepts for both fpe- Thucydides and Lucretius have cies, I think curfu quatiunt refers to - given us of the plague åt Athens : the exercise proper for the mares, though probably he might take feand fole fatigant, &c. for the cows. veral hints from them to heighten
Ver. 299. Türpesque podagras, the description. Many farmers, particularly in War Ver. 500. Incertus fudor_That wickshire, call this distemper, the incertus means it was doubtful wheFouls: which, confidering the párt afather a fweat was a good or bad fected, is a literal translation of Virgil. fymptom, and that at fift- they