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Eclogue .. thepherd for

creatly in

intermin in Virgil

lascivious his contid even in The first

Ibe.fhepherd Corydon bultered DORMOSUM pastor Corydon ardebat for obe beautiful Alexis, i en Alexim...? 3:

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TEAM Formofum paftor, &c.] In this partial reader will be soon con: Eclogue the Poet describes the paft vinced, that many of the expressions fion of a fhepherd for a beautiful are too warm to admit of any such boy, with whom he is greatly in interpretation. This however may love. The inclinations to this unna be said in Virgil's commendation, tural vice were long before Virgil's that he keeps up to his character of time: spread over great part of the modesty, by not giving way to any world, and may be looked upon as lascivious or indecent words, which one of the greatest abominations of few of his contemporaries could the Heathen, there being several know how to avoid even in treating instances of the wrath of God being of less criminal subjects. The fort peculiarly inflicted on such as were five lines are a narration of Corya addicted to it. However, it would don's passion in which the Poet be as unjust tổ cenfure Virgil par- plainly imitates the beginning of the ticularly for having 'mentioned this 'Epaolos. of. Theocritus ; 9 ) crime without a mark of detefta.

"Ini 1.. tion, as fo condemn him for his 'Avýp 15 wonúpulpos darnvéos npati Idolatry, than which nothing is more. Obw it is about it abominable in the fight of Gods: It

Tev popoavaja tão Tô de TPÓT ON ?OUX would be very easy to excuse our

.: TS Emocio n 's 32., Poet, by Thewing the'sfrequent men- og tion of this iyice by many of the Mirek Tov piatoulay ng OVDE EV a popor most efteémed Greekeand Roman 19:13 ${XE.. Bizimitting writers, - whose very deities were fuppofed to be guilty of its but I do « An amorous shepherd' lov'd & not chafe to ftain thefe papers with a charming boy, the repetition of such horrid impu- “ As fair as thought could frame, rities, and could rather with it was ." or wish enjoy; ::. poffible to bury them in oblivion. « Unlike his soul, ill-natur'd and Some indeed :have ventured to af to unkind, c189. in firm, that this whole Eclogue is no- “. An angel's body, with a fury's thing but a warm description of'a rury mind." $102. CREECH. :

e friendihip; but I fear an imorn ico n OI

this whole Ecloguienes of a

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Delicias domini: nec, quid fperaret, habebat. Tebe delight of his lord; and bad

no room for bope. . .!


Corydon.] The Commentators It is allowed by the Criticks to be the are unanimous almost, in fuppofing strongest word that can be used, to extható Virgib means himself under the pressthe most extreme paffion. Therefeigned name of Corydon. They fore it does not seem to suit with the seem persuaded, that he was always purity of a disinterested friendship. thinking of himself; and continually Alexim.] The Commentators are describing his own business, and his not so well agreed about the person own follies in these Bucolicks. In of Alexis, as they are about that of fort, they make a meer Proteus of Corydon. Servius seems to think it him, varying his shape in almost was Augustus, “ Caefar Alexis in every Eclogue. In the first he was 66 perfona inducitur.”. Surely noTityrus, old, poor, and a servant; thing can be more absurd, than to but here, under the name of Cory- imagine that Virgil, who in the first don, he is young, handsome, and Eclogue had erected altars to Au. rich." There he cultivated only a gustus, should now degrade him to a few barren acres, half covered with thepherd's boy; delicias Domini, and ftones and rushes, on the banks of afterwards formose puer. Would Mincius : here he is pofseffed of fine the Poet have dared to call Auguftus paftures, and has a thousand lambs a boy, the very term of reproach feeding on the mountains of Sicily. used by his enemies, which Servius These are such inconsistencies, that himself tells us was forbidden by a I wonder any one can imagine, that decree of the Senate, as we have Virgil is both Tityrus and Corydon. seen already in the note on ver.43. For my own part, I believe he is of the first Eclogue? Not much neither; at least, not Corydon, less ridiculous is the imagination of there being some room to imagine, Joannes Lodovicus Vives, that Alexis that he might mean himself under is Gallus, whom at the same time the name of Tityrus, a fhepherd he allows to have been appointed by near Mantua, and an adorer of Aue Auguftus, to command over armies guftus. " It seems most probable, and provinces. Virgil would not that the person of Corydon is as have treated for great a person with hctitious as the name. 1, such familiarity. In the tenth Ec· Ardebat.] This verbis used also logue indeed, where he celebrates by Horace in an active fenfe; an amour of Gallus, he represents I t is visa ::him under the character of a fhép

Non fola comptos arft adulteri' i herd; but not without making an Crines, et aurum veftibus illitum apology for that liberty.. kendisini Mirata, regálefque cultus, .

Et comites, Helene Laa "Nec te poeniteat pecoris divine * caena.”... nov.


:" poeta;
poeta; ebedi

66 Et

2014 Et com



He only came frequently among Tantum inter denfas, umbrosa cacumina, fagos; the thick beecbes wirb pady Anne veniebat. ibi har tops; and there in folitude ut.

dom Affidue veniebat: ibi haec'incondita solus tered these incoherent words in Montibus, et sylvis studio jactabat inani. " wain to the mountains and woods.

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$ Et formosus oves ad Aumina pa- .Accipe divitias, et vatum maxi, - “ vït Adonis.” I is į " mus esto;" Servius mentions several other opi- .

“ Tu licet et noftrum, dịxit,

16 ' “. Alexin amės, nei nions concerning the real person of it

"Adltabat domini menfis pulcherAlexis. He mentions one Alex

; rimus ille, ander, a servant of Pollio. 'It is

..“ Marmorea fundens nigra fam pretended, that Virgil, being in

6 lerna manu ;;; vited to dine with his master, took á

“ Et libata dabat roseis carchesia fotice of his extraordinary beauty, *

i " labrisit is and fell in love with him ; upon


! which Pollio made a prefent of him

:56 Quae poterant ipsum sollicitare

we; " Jovem. to the Poet. Others think he was Caesar's, boy, and that his master

Excidit attonito pinguis Galatea delighted in hearing him praised. ?

4 poetae,..

“Theftylis et rubras meffibus Servius mentions another opinion,

. that the name of Pollio's boy, who

." ufta genas : ...

s6 Protinus Italiam concepit, et army was given to Virgil, was Corydon.

« virumque He concludes with faying, that'

" Qui modo vix culicem Heverat Alexis was a proud boy, but greatly

{ "sore rudi.” , ne i in favour with Pollio, to whom Virgit made his court by praising his And in another epigram, we find Beloved slave. Apuleius also affirms that Alexis was a feigned name för a boy belonging to Pollio; but Mar

6. Et Maecenati Maro cum canta:

ret Alexim, ... for a

in the tiat seems to have taken him

Nota tamen Marsi: fufca Mefavourite of Mecaenas;

s iswi laenis erat."'. in Sint Maecenates, non deerunt, E" Flacce, Marones, . From all these different opinions,

Virgiliumque tibi vel tua rurai and more perhaps, that might be 3 . dabunt. - recited, if it was worth the while & Jugera perdiderat miserae; vicinai to inquire after them, the best con. C ." Cremonae, ;;i; i n clufion we can make.. seems to be .6 Flebat et abductas Tityrus that Alexis was no real person at all, iniis aeger oves... w! buti al mere creature of the posts Risit Tuscus equèspaupertatem, fangyon! ! ! que malignam

"2. Delicias.] It is a, *: Reppulit, et celeri juffit abire monly used for a perfon or thing or fuga. which any one is very fond ; thus


O crudelis Alexi, nihil mea carmina curas ?' O cruel Alexis, have you no Nil noftri miserere ? mori me denique coges?,

regard for my fong bave you.

no companion for me ? quill you* Nunc etiam pecudes umbras et frigora captant: at lengtb compel me to die? Nunc virides etiam occultant spineta lacertoş :

Even now the sheep enjoy the

cool fade : even now the bubes Thestylis et rapido feffis mefforibus aeftu 10 conceal the green lizards and

Theftylis pounds garlick and wild byme, . ??NO È si " "ID 111 Cicero, * Quid amores, ac-deli- climates, the shepherds are obliged. “ciae tuae' Roscius ?" and Ca- to shelter their flocks from the hear mus

in the middle of the day, under rocks '"...or foreading trees. This is conse " Paffer deliciae meae puellae ;" *" quently the most convenient time

for them to refresh themselves with and Martial, i .


food and rest. See the note on ver.

331. of the third Georgick. . " Reddita Roma fibi eft ; et sunt, 3 :.“ te praeside, Caesar

9. Virides .... lacertos.] The ini

ne green lizard is very common in Deliciae populi, quae fuerant

Italy, and is said to be found also in, :" domini." . .. "

Ireland. It is larger than our com

man eft or swift. This animal is And again, . .


mentioned by Theocritus, in his " Stellae delicium mei columba.” Θαλύσια, as marking the time of

noon by sleeping in the hedges; 6. O crudelis Alexi, &c.] Cory| ton expatiates on the cruelty of -Πα δη το μεσημέριον σόδας έλκείς Alexis, and represents the violence 'Avíxa din mi caūpos foi äiuaoraici

mis own Damon, by telling him, xaigudsi. that even in the heat of the day,

, when all animals 'seek to repose « - Where now at burning noon? themselves, and the weary reapers " What urgent bufiness makes thee retire under the shade to eat their " leave the town, dinners, he alone neglects his ease;" Whilst bleating Aocks in Thades pursuing the steps of his beloved. . "avoid the heats,

7. Coges.] La Cerda reads cogis cö And ev'ry lizard to his hole rein the present tense, which he thinks .." treats ??".. CREECH.,,, more expressive than the future: '. but the best authority seems to bę 10. Theftylis.) Servius tells, us, for coges, as Pierius found it in the that Thestylis was a country ferRoman" manuscript. The fame .vant, and seems to think her name reading is admitted also by Heinsius, was rather Teftilis, because the.

... dressed their dinner for the reapers. 8. Nunc etiam pecudes umbras et He seems therefore to derive her, frigora captant.]* In the warmer name from tefta, which fignifies an


reading is ad mothers.umbras et Hame from teftam.


Javoury berbs for the reapets Allia serpyllumque herbas contundit olentes..:
wearied with the rapid beat.
But while purjee your
But wbilf I pursue your flets At mecum raucis, tua dum veftigia lustro, avr.
under the burning fun, I join Şole lub arge

soe fub ardenti refonant arbusta cicadis. som witb the boarse cicadae in mako. Nonne fuit fatius tristes Amaryllidis irasos ing the trees resound.

Was it not better to endure the bitter anger of Amaryllis, dan zitet obiast to in 19,-.... 'NO TE S. earthen pan. This Ruaeus thinks I hall not pursue this argument any to be very insipid, and not without farther, feeing the learned Critick reason. But Catrou seems fond of himself, upon second thoughts, says this interpretation, and indulges, it may seem more probable - that himself in an imagination, that. Teftilis does not come from the LaTheftylis or rather Testylis was Vir- tin word testa, but that it is rathergil's mother. It seems that old Ti- Theftilis, a Greek name, taken tyrus, the Poel's father, of whom from a "Thepherdess of Theocritus, we heard so much in the first Ec-' and that she was the cook:maid at logue, was a potter by trade, and Virgil's farm. Milton has a passage fo his wife is here represented under in his L' Allegro, not very unlike this the name of Testylis. This old wo-. before us ;. . : man, it seems,' was a good house in ...


| wife, and dressed the dinner for the “ Where Corydon and Thyrsismet, reapers with her own hands. " La " Are at their favoury dinner fet? « Mere de Virgile - ne seroit-elle: “ Of herbs, and other country « point représentée icy, sous le nom 2.66.mefles, . :." IngLiit

. de Testilis? On sçait que le Peré " Which the neat handed Phyllis" " de Virgile étoit un Potier de terre « dresses." '. . ' “ de son métier. D'ailleurs il est "-naturel que la mere de Virgile, en II. Allia serpyllumque, &c.] ". bonne ménagere, fe soit chargé These herbs seem to have been used “ dans sa famille d'apprêter le dîner by the Roman farmers to recruit the « des moissonneurs.” By this me-. exhausted spirits of those who have thod of criticising, we need not de-. laboured in the heat. Pliny informs Spair of finding out, not only the fa- us, that Garlick was much used in ther and mother of Virgil, but even, the country as a medicine; "Al. all his relations and friends. To " lium ad multa ruris praecipue me it appears yery absurd, that the “ medicamenta prodeffe creditur.". mother of this wealthy Corydon, For serpyllum, see the note on ver. who had a thousand lambs feeding 30. of the fourth Georgick. . on the mouotains of Sicily, should 13. Scle sub ardenti, &c.] The have occasion to busy herself in cicadag ute to fing moft: in hot weadressing dinner for the reapers. Be-' ther, and in the middle of the day.: sides Tlietylis is mentioned after- See the note on ver. 328. of the. wards as a sort of rival of Alexis, third Georgick. having begged two kids of Corydon, .,14. Nonne fuit fatius, &c.]. Cowhich he designed for Alexis. But, rydoi declares, that the cruelty.of

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