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subject of it, in general, is a de- tles and disciples, and introductail of the dispute which the ed a motley absurd system of apostle Peter had with Simon theology. Simon Magus was Magus, in an interview referred one of these pretended disciples to in the eighth chapter of Acts: of John, and affected to possess and the object of the book is to extraordinary powerfrom heaven. refute the system which that im. His doctrine of supernatural bepostor set up in opposition to the ings was very absurd, and his gospel. The recognitions and morals very corrupt. He was homilies are written with great supported in his claims by many elegance, and with a purity of Jews as well as heathens. sentiment (a few passages ex that the gnostic theory was a cepted) which might justly claim heterogeneous compound of Júapostolic authority. In these daism and heathenism. If the performances, we learn the im. first part of St. John's gospel is portant fact, that the first found- read with attention in reference ers of gnosticism were disciples to these suggestions, it will apof John the Baptist. And the pear just and pertinent, where natural conclusion is, that St. now, perhaps, it is obscure to John wrote his gospel to refute some. We observe also, that the errors of the gnostics, and of possibly Lardner is not fully the disciples of John the Baptist.” supported by ancient authorities,

To this extract, permit me in rejecting the Clementine reto sabjoin a few remarks. We cognitions and homilies as spuri. are not to imagine, that John the He was a great critic in Baptist himself formed a sect in biblical literature; and has opposition to Christ; or that all taught us in many instances to his disciples were gnosties; or distinguish between genuine and that he taught opinions and doc- reputed apostolic writings. By trines such as were afterwards some learned men, however, he held by the gnostic heretics. is thought to have condemned But it is important to the bibli- without sufficient reason and aueal student to learn, that some thority. And I suggest, whethof John Baptist's disciples did the ecclesiastical inquirer not believe in Jesus of Nazareth, would not find himself richly as the Messiah; that from world compensated by a careful examly views, they rejected Christ, ination of the recognitions of and kept separate from his apos- Clement.

A. B.

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THE BENEVOLENT EFFORTS OF THE QUAKERS

FOR CIVILIZING THE INDIANS.

T'hree young

Continued from page 170. The Seneca Indians, obsery was accepted. ing what good the quakers had friends with two of the commitdone at Oneida, invited them to tee went to the Indian towns, on their country. This invitation the Alleghany river, and were

Corn- ready."

well received. The committee From Indians at Catarogus to the explained to the Indians the ob Quakers-1799. ject of their visit; and before

66The instructions that you they left them, held a conference gave, pleases us very much in with the Indians and endeavour

general; you may rely upon it ed to persuade them to adopt that we are going to follow your the habits of the white people. directions; we have fully deterThe young men continued with mined to leave offdrinking whisthis tribe, to instruct them, and key, and if there comes traders to set an example of husbandry; on, we have determined to order Four of the committee visited them off the ground.” the settlement the next year. “Friends, Quakers, we hope They delivered a speech to the you will keep your minds strong Indians on that occasion, in which

as you was at first, and we re. they expressed their satisfaction turn you great many thanks for on account of the improvements the kindness you have done alwhich had been made. planter, the chief, in behalf of the nation, replied, that “When Remark of the committee, 1801. the young friends' first settled 66 The Indians were become among them, many of his chiefs very sober, generally refraining were averse to it; they had from the use of strong drink, this summer several councils both at home, and when abroad among themselves, respecting among the white people. One the young men, and all the of them observed to our commitchiefs

seeing their good conduct tee, “no more bark cabin. but and readiness to assist Indians, good houses; no more get drunk were now well satisfied.”

here now this two years." From this place the friends went to the settlement on the Speech of a chief warrior to the Catarogus river. Wherever

Quakers. they went, they endeavoured to “We shall often think of you reform the habits of the Indians whilst on your journey, and dein respect to the use of ardent sire you to inform your chiefs at spirits, to instruct them in hus- home, that we are thankful for bandry, in blacksmith business, the saw-mill irons, axes, hoes, and the use of mills. To in- ox-chains, &c. which they have structions in these important given us. branches of business, they added “Brothers, we hope we shall those of reading and writing, &c. give more attention to farming The following extracts of speech- than we have hitherto done; we es, letters, &c. from the report thank you for your advice about of the committee, will give some the saw-mill, and for your idea of the benefits the Indians friend's consenting to remain received from the benevolent with us awhile, to teach some of efforts of the quakers.

our people to work the mill."

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Letter from one of the Friends to on business of the nation, and

one of the committee. found many white, people kept “Several families have got to blacks in slavery, and used them the number of six and seven head

not better than horses." of cattle with other useful animals, who had not any when this From letters of the friends with settlement was first made, owing,

the Indians, to the committee. as they now tell us, to their great

“Neither of the mills are comexcesses in the use of whiskey, pletely finished, owing to the which at present seems much de- coldness of the season, yet both clined; not any is knowingly suf

so as to do business. The Infered to be brought into the set

dians have had considerable tlements on this river."

grinding done, and appear high

ly pleased to see the grain reducCornplanter's speech. ed to meal so much quicker than “Brothers, your young men pounding it in their wooden mor. and us have now lived together tars; a pretty ingenious Indian several years as brothers; when man, after having a grist of your young men came, the In- wheat of his own raising ground dians were very ignorant, but and bolted, said with animation,

we are just beginning to "I think this will make the Inlearn; your young nen do not dians see day light.' talk much to us, but when they 6It is pleasing to find a dispodo, they speak tvhat is good, and sition for improvement continues have been very helpful in keep- to prevail amongst the younger ing us from using spiritous liq. class of Indians; divers have now uors; as has also

my

brother. considerable corn to sell; they “Brothers, we are all well sat- often express the satisfaction they isfied with your conduct towards feel in seeing the fruits of their us; you have always done what own industry, and frequently obyou promised."

serve, that when they followed From the reports,

drinking, whiskey they could

hardly clothe themselves, but by “In the evening when the industry they now find that their friends were sitting, with the substance begins to increase. chief warrior, he said he wished "The continued resolution of to ask them a question, but was the Indians against the use of almost afraid; they desired him spirituous liquors, conduces much to speak, and they would give to the introduction and inerease him such information as they of civilized habits and it is obwere able; it was, do the qua- vious, that it has an improving kers keep any slaves? he was effect on the other settlements of told they did not. He said he the Sepeta nation.” was very glad to hear it, for if Whether the object of the they had kept any, he could not quakers extended io christianthink so well of them as he now izing as well as civilizing the did. That he had been at the Indians, we are not informed. city of Washington last winter This however is probable, and

that civilization was only a pre- recommended themselves to their paratory step. It is a question confidence, to take occasion of of importance, whether much inculcating, especially on the success can be expected in at- children intrusted to their care, tempts to christianize the In- their religious principles. The dians, or any savage tribes, un method of the apostles was much less they are preceded, or at shorter; they did not find the least accompanied, with friendly least necessity for such artifiefforts for civilization and the cial management.” introduction of useful arts. Dr. The Doctor does not mention Campbell, in a sermon preached this contrast by way of reproach before the society in Scotland to the missionaries, but as evifor propagating christian knowl. dence that the success of the edge, undertakes to show, that apostles is to be ascribed to such

the success of the first publish- supernatural divine agency, as ers of the gospel, is a proof of amounts to proof of the truth of its truth." Among other con the gospel. Accordingly, in the siderations in support of this improvement of his discourse idea, he exhibits a contrast be, he observes—“Let it not be imtween the means used by the agined, that what was said in apostles, and those which have regard to the use made of arts become necessary since miracles and sciences by the popish mishave ceased in the church. He sionaries, was with a view to remarks on the efforts and suc condeinn or discredit such expecesss of Roman Catholic Mis- dients. It was only with an intensionaries. As one of the most tion to show that there were many successful efforts he mentions causes to which the success of the mission to Paraguay in South those missionaries, comparativeAmerica. In stating the me ly little, might be attributed thods of proceeding he says—“It without recurring to miracles; was more by insinuation and in- whereas there was nothing that directly, than by open and pro- could account for the astonishing fessed teaching, that the knowl success of the apostles in whom edge of christianity was intro- all those advantages were wantduced by them. Their direct ing, but miracles alone. It was and only object long appeared not to depreciate the wisdom of to be, to teach those savages ag- man, but to show that the fool. riculture, the most necessary ishness of God is wiser.” So far manufactures, the art of build. from condemning the Roman ing, and the other arts most con

Catholics in this, I approve, I ducive to civilization; and when applaud their zeal, their solici.. in this way they had sufficiently tude, their perseverance.”

ON THE PHRASE "THE SPIRIT OF GOD."
Continued from

page

180 SECTION II.

God endues men with supernatThe five books of Moses are ural gifts or powers, and preabout a fourth part of the Old pares them as instruments for Testament. As he was the first some work which he had assignand the principle writer of that ed them. They were inspired part of the bible, if we can as- according to the work they were certain the meaning of the appointed to perform, and this phrase “the spirit of God," as inspiration was called being “fiil. used by him, this will go far to- ed with the spirit of God.” wards establishing its meaning In the preliminary observathroughout the scriptures; un- tions, it was stated, that the less decided evidence shall ap- words spirit, wind, and breath, pear, that it is used in a differ. are the same in the original. ent sense by some other writer. Gen. i. 2, might have been corWe shall therefore place before rectly and forcibly translated the reader the principal, if not “The breath of God moved upon the only passages, in which this, the face of the waters." This or some equivalent phrase, oc- would have expressed the enercurs in the writings of Moses. gy and the ease with which God

Gen i. 2. “The spirit of God produces effects. In Ps. xxxiii. moved upon the face of the wa 6, the word breath is given in the

Chap. xli. 38, concern- translation instead of spirit. ing Joseph, Pharaoh asks, "Can "By the word of the Lord, the we find such an one as this, a heavens were made, and all the man in whom the spirit of God host of them by the breath of his is?" Exod. xxxi. 3. “And I have mouth. In Job xxxvi. 13, we filled him with the spirit of God have the spirit and the hand of in wisdom, and in all manner of the Lord used as synonymous: workmanship.” This is said of By his spirit he hath garnished Bezaleel. Again ch. xxxv. 30- the heavens; his hand hath form35, the account is given to the ed the crooked serpent.” Ву people. Moses says of God, comparing these several pas. 56 And he hath filled him with the sages,

it
may

that no inspirit of God,” &c.-In the fol- jury is done in translating Gen. lowing verses, others are repre i. 2, "The breath of God.” And sented as being endued in the as God breathed into Adam the same manner for building the breath of life, so he has breathtabernacle. Numb. xxiv. 2. Of ed into others supernatural gifts, Balaam it is said—The spirit according to his own pleasure. of God came upon him."

'There are other phrases in the Such is the manner in which writings of Moses, equivalent to Moses used the phrase "the spir- “the spirit of God.” Such are it of God.” In every instance the following: Gen vi. 3. “My except the first, it is evidently spirit shall not always strive used to denote that by which with man, for that he also is

ters."

be seen,

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