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In a sermon on submission to ous divines have conjectured, divine providence in the death of they may constitute a considerachildren,” the pious Dr. Dod- ble part of the elect, and as, in dridge says, "Pious parents have Adanı they all died, they may in reason to hope it is well with Christ all be made alive. At those dear creatures who are tak- least, methinks, from the cove. en away in their early days. I nant which God made with A. see not that the word of God braham and his seed, the bles. hath
any where passed a damna. sings of which are come on the tory sentence on any infants; and believing gentiles, there is reaif it has not, I am sure we have son to hope well concerning the no authority to do it; especially infant offspring of God's people, considering with now much com- early devoted, and often recompassion the divine Being speaks mended to him, that their souls of them in the instance of the will be bound in the bundle of Ninevites, and on some other oc- life, and be loved for the parents' easions. Perhaps, as some pi- sake.”
WELL-TIMED REPROOFS. The celebrated Mr. John which he · referred. After conHowe, being at dinner with some siderable importunity, Mr. Howe persons of high rank, one gen- replied, "It is this, that he was tleman of the company said ma never heard to swear in his comny things in praise of king mon conversation.” The genCharles the first, and made some tleman kindly accepted the reindecent reflections on other per- proof, and promised to forbear sons; nor had he the good man- swearing in future. ners to refrain from intermixing At another time the same Mr. horrid oaths with his discourse. Howe, as he was walking abroad, Mr. Howe observed, “In my heard two persons of rank damn humble opinion, you have omitted each other in a shocking manone very great excellency, which He pulled off his hat, and is generally acknowledged to be- saluted them with great civility; long to the prince you have so then said, “I pray God save you much extolled.” The gentleman both.” This reproof made such seemed pleased that Mr. Howe an impression, that the gentleshould unite with him in ap- men united in returning him plauding the prince, and pressed thanks for his kindness and fihim to name the excellence to delity.
ON THE WORD Brao@mus, [BLASPHEMY] BY DR. CAMPBELL. “I PROPOSED, in the second I am far from affirming, that in place, to offer a few thoughts on the present use of the English the import of the Greek word, word, there is such a departure frequently translated blasphemy. from the import of the original,
as in that remarked in the pre- be said of believe, honor, fear, &c. ceding article.
As therefore the sense of the “But it deserves our notice, term is the same, though differ. that when the Greek word refers ently applied, what is essential to to reproachful speeches against constitute the crime of detraction God, and so comes nearer our in the one case, is essential also word blasphemy; stiil the prim- in the other. But it is essential itive notion of this crime has un. to this crime, as commonly, undergone a considerable change derstood, when committed by one in our way of receiving it. The man against another, that there causes, it would not perhaps be be in the injurious person, the difficult to investigate, but the will or disposition to detract from effect is undeniable. In theolog- the person abused. Mere mis. ical disputes, nothing is more take in regard to character, escommon, to the great scandal of pecially when the mistake is not the christian name, than the im- conceived by him, who entertains putation of blasphemy, thrown it, to lessen the character, nay, by each side on the other. The is supposed, however erroneously, injustice of the charge, on both to exalt it, is never construed, by sides, will be manifest on a little any into the crime of defama. reflection, which it is the more tion. Now, as blasphemy is in necessary to bestow, as the com essense the same crime, but im. monness of the accusation, and mensely aggravated, by being the latent, but contagious motives committed against an object in. of employing it, have gradually finitely superior to man, what is perverted our conceptions of the fundamental to the existence of thing.
the crime, will be found in this, 66'The Greek word compre, as in every other species, which hends all sorts of verbal abuse, comes under the general name. imprecation, reviling, and calum. There can be no blasphemy, ny. Now let it be observed, therefore, where there is not an that when such abuse is men- impious purpose to derogate from tioned, as uttered against God, the divine majesty, and to alienthere is properly no change made ate the minds of others from the in the signification of the word; love and reverence of God. the change is only in the appli “Hence, we must be sensible eation, that is, in the reference of the injustice of so frequently to a different object. The idea using the odious epithet blaspheconveyed in the explanation, now mous in our controversial writgiven, is always included, a- ings; an evil, imputable solely to gainst whomsoever the crime be the malignity of temper, which committed. In this manner, eve a habit of such disputation rarery term is understood, that is ly fails to produce. Hence it is, applicable to both God and man. that the arminian and the cal. Thus the meaning of the word vinist, the arian and the athana. disobey is the same, whether we sian, the protestant and the paspeak of disobeying God, or of pist, the jesuit and the jansen. disobeying man. The same may ist, throw and retort
other the unchristian reproach. that the sense, not only of the inYet it is no more than justice to justice of this measure, but of its say, that each of the disputants inefficacy for producing convie* is so far from intending to di- tion in the mind of a reasonable minish, in the opinion of others, antagonist, and of the bad im . the honor of the Almighty, that pressions it tends to make on the he is, on the contrary, fully con- impartial and judicious, in revinced, that his own principles gard, both to the arguers and are better adapted to raise it, the argument, will at length inthan those of his antagonists, and, duce men to more candid methods for that very reason he is so of managing their disputes; and strenuous in maintaining them. even when provoked by calum . But to blacken, as much as pos- nious and angry epithets of an sible, the designs of an adversary, opposer, not to think of retaliatin order the more effectually tó ing; but to remember, that they tender his opinions hateful, is will derive more honor from imione of the many common, but de- tating the conduct of him, who, testible resources of theological when he was reviled, reviled not controvertists. It is to be hoped, again.”
REMARKS ON THE EXTRAOT FROM DR. CAMPBELL.
THE observations of Dr. equally unfounded and injurious, Campbell on the improper con in which controversial writers duct of controversial writers, in have iudulged themselves one accusing each other of blasphe- against another. Nor are such my, are worthy of the author, writers the only persons who and deserve the most serious con have been guilty of this antisideration. We sincerely hope, christian conduct. Too frequentthat the evil, of which he com Jy things of a similar nature have plained, is falling into disrepute. been heard from the pulpit. Nothing short of the prevalence This is not all, as we might nat. of the christian temper will so urally expect from such exameffectually restrain men from this ples, private professors have ünreasonable practice, as a un
learned the infamous dialect. iform expression of public senti. Alas! how often have some of ment against it, as dishonorable them been heard to utter the and infamous. It behoves every language of defamation against friend to religion to do all in his fellow christians, in a manner power to put an end to a custom which might shock the feelings which has so long disgraced the of men, who have had their edu- . name of christians.
cation in military camps, or ships Bui the unfounded accusations of war. of blasphemy are not the only The temper, the language, and things, against which the Doce the lives of professors, should tor's remarks may be made to afford a daily comment on the bear. There are other charges precepts and examples of their
Lord and Master. Nor will they Jesus shall become universal, be properly distinguished from and have a more perfect govern. the world, until the temper of ing influence in the hearts of Jesus so far prevails in their men; and should the writings, hearts, as to bridle their tongues, which contain such' horrid accuand lead them to treat one ano sations of one sect against another with more decency, respect, ther, be handed down to that and tenderness.
time, it may then be a matter of If it be, as Dr. Campbell sup- astonishment, that such writers posed, that the practice under ever so niuch as dreamed that consideration is “an evil, impu- they possessed the spirit of the table solely to the malignity of Lord Jesus, or that, in such wri. temper," what a shocking sole- tings, they were influenced by love cism is implied_malignant chris- to bim. How shocking is it now tians! malignant followers of the to us, to read in ancient history, BENEVOLENT PRINCE OF PEACE! that christian bishops excited What words can be brought to war and bloodshed, or supported gether to form more palpable their respective opinions by the self-contradictions It surely point of the sword! This howbehoves such professors to change ever is probably not more shockeither their names or their man- ing to our minds, than the prac
tice, which Dr. Campbell has What possible inducement can censured, will be to the minds of any believer in divine revelation those who shall live in the mil. have to propagate a sentiment, lenial state of the church. If, which, in his own view of it, is then, living writers or preachblasphemous or reproachful to ers, who are chargeable with God? What private interest is such abuse, wish to have their to be advanced, by conduct so names regarded as belonging to preposterous and abominable. the christian catalogue, when Or, may we imagine that such that time of love shall have ar. men would act a part so wicked rived, does it not behove them to without cven the motive of pri. wipe away the reproach, by a vate advantage? What then humble confession of their faults, can be more reasonable than the and by faithful exertions to councandid suppositions of the Doc teract the contaminating and de. tor, that each writer of the dif- leterious tendency of their past ferent sects believes his own examples? opinions more honorary to God, In proportion as people shall than those of his opponents? And obtain more correct views of the that each one supports his senti- christian religion, such conduct ments under the influence of will become more and such a belief? Shall such con- shocking, and detestable.
In scientious conduct be branded that wished for period of the with the name of blasphemy, in church, it may be as difficult for fidelity, or damnable heresy christians to reconcile such a
Should the expected milleni. custom with the meek and be. ym arrive, when the religion of nevolent spirit of the gospel, as
it now is to us, to reconcile with ly convinced that the practice is the same spirit the bloody or the an evil, uuder the weight of fuery arguments of the ancient
which christianity groans, an bishops of Rome. It may re evil which obstructs the progress quire more of the spirit of delu- of light and truth, an evil which sion and the arts of sophistry, ought to be corrected, and which than will fall to the share of must be corrected before chrisgood people in the millenial state, tianity will appear to advantage; to show how the spirit of Jesus we were willing to second the ef. could ever lead his ministers to forts of Dr. Campbell, to put an thiuk of supporting their respec- end to practices which afford ur. tive opinions, and reforming their believers such deadly weapons opponents, either by the edge of against the christian clergy. As the sword, or by the edge of the wecan account for the lamentable not less carnal weapons of ana. practice on no other ground, thematizing denunciations and than that of the delusive, becalumny.
wildering influence of prejudicc, It is truly painful to remark we hope that he who prayed for on such inconsistencies in the his murderers, “Father forgive conduct of those who have been them, for they know not what ministers of the christian reli. they do,” will, on the same pringion; and more especially so, as ciple, show more compassion to the remarks must bear on some, his ministers, than they have exwho, in other respects, have been ercised one towards auoiker. worthy of esteem. But being ful
A REMARKABLE PARAGRAPH FROM A CENTURY SERMON,
BY DR. KENDAL.
“The bill of mortality I shall ninety arrived at the 70th year exhibit is for thirty years, begin- of their age and upwards, makning Jan. 1, 1783, and ending ing more than one in four and an Jan. 1, 1813. I have no docu- half that arrived to what is call. ment to enable me to extend it ed the common age farther back. There stand on Out of the ninety who lived to my records 416 deaths; from this age, fifty two attained to which number deduct 20 that do their eightieth year, and upnot properly come into the ac- wards, giving more that one in court, being only visitors, or eight that arrived to four score such as had come into the town
years. Of the fifty two that arin the last stages of disease, hop- rived to this age, twenty seven ing to find relief from the sala- lived to eighty five, and upwards, brity of the air. After this de- giving one in fourteen and two duction the number is 396, mak- thirds, that attained to these ading the annual average number vanced years. Twelve lived to thirteen and one fifth, or sixty- ninety, and upwards, making one six in five years. of the 396, in thirty of this very great age,