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DEMONSTRATION That the Relations in Capt.GULLIVER'S
Voyages are no Fictions, Being an Answer to some Objections
made by a Student at OXFORD.
Pererignantis est, ut ne quid veri dicere audeat, ne quid falli non audeat.
By J. WAGSTAFFE, Esq; M. D.
The Second Edition, revis'd and enlarg'd
T may be expected that I should speak fomething concerning this new Edition of Mr. Gulliver's Vindication. I had no sooner pub
lifh'd my Demonftration of his veracity, than it was taught to speak almost all the Languages of the European World, which I am far from imputing to any Excellence in my Performance, but to the universal Reputation which Mr Gulliver had obtain'd in foreign Countries : my Enemies may, perhaps, fay that I have wisely chosen to join my Name to so celebrted an Author, and that I had no other chance to be transmitted to Pofterity. I thall give no answer to such Objectors ; let the many learned Men, who have favour'd me with their Teltimonies, be my only Advocates.
No Man living has a stronger averfion to Flattery than myself, yet I am not insensible, when I am prais’d by the Worthy: Tully, who was never suspected of Vanity, confesses quod ea laus vera es que a laudata proficiscitur viro; such Praise is an Incense that wise Men may offer, and modeit Men receive, with Decency; but be the Consequence as it may, and let me be accounted vain, yet Í rather chule to be so accounted, than fuppress the excellent Compositions of so many Persons of eminent Veracity and equal Learning, who have honour'd me with their Approbation : My Friends will find a lofter name than Vain-glory for my Conduct, and perhaps, may stile it Gratitude, and an act of Justice : At the World,
Malice itself must confess that I lay an Obligation on the World, tho' at my own Expence, by publishing such excellent Poetry.
The first Testimonial comes from the learned Hand of Mr Quldensberg Professor of the Greek Tongue in the University of Frankfort : I return him Thanks for his pious Pray'r. ' Ουαίζαμφιο, μεγάλη Βρετάννιδος Θάυμαι, ευχαιρει.
πασαν αληθιαν Σητώς υψε: Βρεταννών,
Νύν Σιβαρώς κυδω τελινερίο μένα: :
Γράμμασι, και θνήσκων αμβeloν δε φάος. Aunti
Ib tandt deiners Herenz gnads die
Gelt radiz vitzen baltzortzen Stadt.
Excellent Man! tby Lines more sweet appear
And mayft thou deign acceptance, learned Friend!
O! beav'nly Writer ! such tby Lines appear,
Beneath the sølvan Shade, refresbing Res, &c.
A cette heure un te peut louer fans flatterie,
Confacre les encens, que nous te presentons, &c.
To the Right Honourable the Lord DERMAT MACAHOONI of Garra
Jedagh in Irelana,
S I know the great Value you have long set upor Mr Gulliver's ale
curate Voyages, and chiefly for their Veracity, I am assured no Prefent
can be more acceptable to your Lordsbip, than this Defence of thew : I plead the Cause of Truth against Prejudice and Calumny. And it is with the utmost Satisfaétion, and Repose of Mind, that I have vindicated tha Character of an innocent Gentleman, and delivered it down unspotted tą the latest Posterity.
I have often lamented the hard Fate of all Travellers; they waste their Ddys in Hardships by Sea and Land, in Storms and Deserts, and when they Teturn and publish their Observations to the World, they are generally charg’d with Impofture: And who are the Persons moft liberal in bestowing these Favours ? Truly a parcel of idle, sedentary People, who wero fiarte ever out of the Sight of the Smoke of their own Chimnies! Competent Judges indeed! Wbo contract a narrow Way of thinking by living, as it were, imprison'd in their own Closets : And imagine, like the Clown in Virgil, that their own Country Village is comparable to Rome! Is not this the Way to discourage all noble Adventures, when we see an exact and laborious Traveller, after all bis Toils and Re-searches, rewarded with Ingratitude ? 1 mself have been no Small Traveller, and have gone thro' as many Dangers and Difficulties as most Men living, and, if I may believe many Gentlemen of excellent Judgment in both Universities, some of them Profesors, to whom I have communicated my Observations, they would be a great Ornament and Advantage to my native Country, and no small Hopour to their
. Author. But the Spirit of Ingratitude and Defamation, which is now abroad, deters me from thinking of an immediate Publication. I have been in (1) Regions where the Sun fets at Mid-day,and rises at Mid-night. I bnave seen Men walking with their Heads downwards like Flies under a Cieling : I havė (3) eat Oysters growing on Trees ; seen (4) Hogs with Navels on their Backs; (5) been in the Regions of Thunder, and washed my Hands in the Clouds of Heaven. I have seen (6) the Devil's Arse, and a frightful one it is; and a (7) mighty Ditch thrown up by him and his inPrnal Agents: I bave frequently canght bim peeping over a certain learned (9) Society, and could easily, like St Dunftan, have taken him by the Nose zvith a pair of Pincers: or like St Dominick, have burnt bis Claws quitó a Flambeau : I have seen many (8) Edifices of bis Erection, all built in the. Gothic Tafte. He is but a clumsy Architect, bis Ruins, or Points of View are most remarkable, and I am apt to believe þat most of our lnte Connoisseurs in that Way build after bis Plans, at kal, tbey greatly resemble bis Stile. I have failed in (b) Vessels that in obe Cornpajs of one rear have left the Sun bebind, the Space of a whole D.ay; and in othezs, that notrvithstanding his incredible Speed, were dia.
rences is like to be buried in Oblivion, unless the Importunity of Friends
fanced but a fingle Day But she Account of all these wonderful Occur: i
to whom I can deny notbing, extorts it from me, and prevents such an irre. parable lofs to the curious and learned World.
I have made it my bufanefs to inquire into the Character of Mr. Gulliver, from his Neighbours, Friends and Relations, and all in general allow bim to have been a plain, derunright, lancere moral Man, and one that als ways abbord à Lye : And indeed be jeems to be such by bis Writings; his faitbfulness appears tbrol the whole Work, which is but a Transcript of his Life, and a pidure of the fimplicity of Manners, for which he was so remarkable.
1 bave nothing more, my Lord, to add, but to request the Student in Oxford, wboje Prejudices Ibere combat, and wboje Name 1 Juppress, out of sbo great regard I pay his family, that if be, or any other Person of that bearned Society, mall think fit to reply, they do it with Candour and Soo briety, and then they fall not want an Answer. Railing is ever a sign of a bad Cause and worje Heart, and has been the Averfion of,
My Lord, &c.
Jonathan Wagstaffe, M D.
(1,2) Antipodes. (3) In the West-Indies, Oysters in plenty stick upon Trees which have been cover'd' by the Sea. (4) Pecaries in Ainerica.
(5) Peak of Teneriff, where the Clouds Ay below the cop of it. (6) Peak in Derbyshire. (7) Devil's Dike by Newmarket. (8) Lincoln College in Oxford. (9) Stonehenge, Bec, said to be built by the Devil. (10) This happens in sạiling round the World by the East or Welt-Indies, in which Voy. ages a Day is loft or gain d.
TRUTH Afferted, &c.
think myself obligd to defend it against all Invasions, esteeming it a shame that Ignorance Tould find Arguments that Wisdom cannot an. lwer : I expect the Thanks of all the Learned in England, I might say of all Europe, into whose Languages this Defence will soon be tranflated, for filencing certain Objections against a plain matter of fact, establish'd by the almost universal Consent of the present Age. I was lately in Com. pany with many Ladies of the firk Rank and Beauty, one of whom had brought with her a young Oxonian her Brother, who was pleas'd to entertain the Company by affirming that Mr. Gulliver was a meer Ideal Author, his Voyages ingenious Fictions, the amusements of an idle Hour ; and that the whole University of Oxford was of the fame Opinion. I confefs I was mov'd to hear that learned Body thus injur'd; had he fuppress'd this last Circumstance, he might have enjoy'd his Errors in tranquility : I had never before heard the least doubt of the reality of Mr.Gulliver's Voyages, and I could not persw: de myself that he should receive his first Wound from that famous seat of Learning; of which I acknowledge myself an unworthy Member. I told him, it might seem Ingratitude to aim thus at once at his Integrity and Existence, and that it was, as far as in him lay, to annihilate a Person who had so highly delighted and improv'd the Age; and I earnestly requested him to acquaint me with the Reasons which had deceiv'd him into this unaccountable Incredulity, He was pleasd to offer only four objections, viz.
Firf, That the diminitive Size of the Lilliputians, and, · Secondly, That the excesive Statuře of the Brobdingnagians outraged all Probability:
Thirdly, That Mr. Gulliver's Deliverance from that Nation by the alliftance of Eagles, tranfgre s'd all bounds of Credibility.
And, Laftly, That the Story of Clavileno, the wooden flying Horse, in the Romance of Don Quixote, was as credible as the account of the Houybnbnms.
I told him I was before satisfied, that no objection of any weight could be brought against the Truths related in those exact Voyages, but was now fully convinc'd of it, since so bright an Ornament of our learned Academy was able to make no stronger Opposition ; I intreated him to hear my Answer without Interruption, and submitted my Defence to the Judgment of that agreeable Assembly.
I shall not, Ladies, trouble you with a learned or philosophical Differtation about the diminutive Size of the Lilliputians: I might observe that the hand of Nature is as admirable in the structuse of a Fly, as of an Elephant, and with many famous Philosophers, both antient and modern, solve the Ohjection by calling the Lilliputians a Lusus Nature, or a sport of Nature, a Solution that has always been highly reverenc'd in the Academies of all Ages, and unty'd the most knotty Intricacies : But as one Proof is better than a thousand Conjectures, and as Matters of Fact are undeniable, to these I appeal, and let Persons of the greatest Genius that ever livid in the World decide the Dispute : I begin with Homer; this ancient and venerable Author, a Person of uncontested Reputation, speaks of Nations or People almost of the same Size with the Lilliputians, chey had their Policies, Arts, Sciences and Wars, as well as the Lilliputians; and I am strongly perswaded, that the present Inhabitants of Lilliput are a branch of those people, transplanted into that newly-discover'd Country. The Stature of the two Nations Thews them to be nearly related, and a few Inches will make but a small Inequality. Thus, Iliad the Third in our excellent English Homer:
So when inclement Winters vex ihe Main
And all the War descends upor the Wing. Methinks I see Mr. Gulliver's Lilliputians in the Personages of this an'tient Nation of Pyomies ! with equal Iinportance they reason, they bulle they love, they fight. A mighty Nation drawn in miniature :
Gens cubito, pede vel non altior uno.
Very few Fragments of the Pygmean History have come down to our Age, a Loss greatly to be lamented! but those few inform us, that they were a People in the extremity of India, and liv'd like the Troglodytes in Caves of the Earth. Pliny in his Natural History, li5 7. cap. 2. gives us the dinnenfions of this famous People, the moit gigantick amongit them