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is to behold such a catastrophe of human power and glory, as is scarcely to be equall'd again upon earth; except Nor is it a little surprizing, that, by perpetuating the principal circumstances of this aftonishing revolution, the poffeffors of those countries I have mentioned have been enabled to take their turns in appropriating her imperial dignity, and thereby to maintain a fucceffion of Roman emperors amongst themselves for lo many ages after ; this being apparently effected by her continuing to be, both the dupe of the greatest princes in Europe, and also an inmate with a foreign people, whose subjection to those princes was all along necessary to make their most accumulated glory redound unto them. Neither was this formidable renovation of the Roman empire deftitute of such a people, after the deadly wound was given to the Goths by the sword of Narses; he introducing in their stead his mercenaries the Lombards, who also gave name to the best part of Italy, as having been acknowledged the puissant inhabitants of that country ever since. Theodorick king of the Goths therefore being the prince, who, as he projected the scheme of this wonderful constitution, did himself also make way for its acceptance and establishment in the world, it is something strange, Mr Urban! that none of your correspondents has attempted to embellish his story, if it were only on account of the city's declaring for him ; because if this should prove to have been in the eye of the great author of revealed religion, when he fixed upon the epocha of the period I have hinted at, it is scarcely posible to tell what miraculous changes may be expected amongst men in the ten years next ensuing. Tho' I am no Methodist, I am fully persuaded of the wisdom and truth of almighty god; and for this reason apprehend, that in less than ten years those extraordinary predictions in Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Zachariab and the Revelations, which have only been accomplished in a figurative sense, shall be most of them accomplished in a literal sense allo: and I am so fanguine and positive in this my declaration, that, if it might be done, I would chearfully make over all my estate, which is not very inconsiderable, to be disposed of by the Jews as their own in the latter end of the year 1749, or to be devoted by a curse, if that would be rather chosen, provided only their nation would promise to receive me and mine at that time to dwell in Israel, as Rabab did, if then the dangerous and painful part of their long expected glorious restoration shall be visibly over,
N. B.' If we take the 2300 in Daniel 8, 14. for a period of years, comprehending the whole time in which the Jewish church should be in any degree of desolation, as we are directed to do by many obvious and very material intimations in the prophecy itself, * and beginning at
che 1. The question in Dan. 8. 13. seems general. g. d. If the worship of God tha!! be in:errupted again after the return from the captivity of Babylon, how long hall it be before there be an end of such things?
2. Neither the answer nur interpretation seem to fix it to the prince who was before Spaken of, but the interpretation at l-aft rather cireAly ocherwise.
3. Daniel migte calily know, from what had b'en revealed to him before, that optii the antient of d-ys thould come, and the sain:s begin their everlafing kingdom, difturbances and interrupsions in their publick worship mut needs be very common; and therefore it is not likely that such a question as this thould now be anlwered before him in any other manrep iban as I understand it. 4. The peculiar manner of mentioning esese days in the original, as so many morsings
the eleventh of Zedekiah, when the daily facrifice was firft taken away by foreign enemies (Jer. 29. 2. 10.) shall add to the remaining 59 years of the captivity of Babylon 460 out of Daniel's 70 weeks, which will bring us to the beginning of the christian Æra (Dan. 9. 24) commonly called the year of our lord, and then make up the 2300 out of that Æra, we shall find that in the year 1781 the grandeur of the Jewish worship will be restored on a glorious and lasting foundation (Eze. 43. 4. 7); and if we take out of this 1781 the 30 which are added in Daniel 12. 11. to the time, tiñnes and an half, or 1 260, he mentions in the seventh verse of that chapter ; which 30 years may well be spent in dividing the land, and other necessary preparations; we shall then understand, that in 1751 they shall be so far delivered from their enemies as to begin the free er. ercise of their religion : and therefore, according to the accounts we have in other prophets of the manner of their deliverance, these predictions of Daniel thus compared together assure us, that the dangerous and painful part of their restoration will be manifestly over in the latter end of the year 1749; which may well remind the world borh of the words of Joséph in Gen. 41. 32. that the prophecy is doubled because the thing is eltablished by God; and also of the words of the Angel in Rev. 14. 7. Fear God, &c.
To the Rev. Mr WARBURTON.
brious treatment of Dr Richard Grey, whom without any ceremony you call an impotent writer, and rank him with a Zang to a Mountebank. May a private man, who is not the author of 4 or 5 volumes, presume to oppose his judgment to the decrees of Mr W.? If that liberty be in. dulg'd; then I declare, I think Dr Grey is a very judicious and elegant writer, and one of the best-bred scholars of this age ; and I Aatter myself this notion is not lingular. And I am the more amaz’d at this inhuman
and evenings, seems plainly to intimate that they were not common but prophetical days ; and if so, no other period than this could possibly be intended.
s. Tho' they offered their facrifices many years whild the second temple was ftanding, yet this part of their publick worship was all that while under two yery material disadvan. tage caused by the former desolation ; namely, they wanted the visible presence of the object of their worship opon the mercy leat, and the sacred fire which came down from heaven to consome their sacrifices.
6. The event in the days of Antiocbus, fupposed by many to be here foretold, did not answer thio prediction; or however, not so plainly, a much to edify the church of god, either then or fince that time by its accomplishment.
7. The direction to shut up this prophecy in Dan. 8. 27, as comprehending time at a very great distance ; (a caution not given along with the 70 weeks, which extended far beyond the reign of Antiocbus, but is much the same with what we have in Dan. 12. 9.) jo both a proof, that this, and the three years and an half montioned in the seventh verle of that i2th chapter, relate to the latt end of the church's troubles, when God's people Thall, as it were, be raised from the dead (Dan. 12. 2. Exe. 37. 6. Rev. 20. 6.) and allo thews us that fain's would rather be prejudiced than otherwise by this predi&tion, if they
offered to apply it to any of those early times; unless perkaps they would regard it as direating them to types of longer and deeper difliclles which were to follow.
scurrility on a gentleman who no ways interfer'd with your grand argud ment, but only differ'd with you in his opinion of the book of Job, when he was publishing a fine edition of that poem, particularly as he was so candid, before he publith'd his preface, to fhew you the paragraph relating to your bypothefs, and enter'd into a free conversation with you on this subject. By way of gratitude for this genteel behaviour, in your book of Remarks you dress’d this gentleman in one of your fool's coats, with which your wardrobe is well stock’d, and abused him with the most contemptuous raillery. This extorted from him an Answer to you (printed for 9. Stagg, 1744) in which there is as much Attic wit and fpirit
, in the opinion of many good judges, as in any piece Mr W. has writ; and to make his answer really useful, there was added an admirable explica. cation of the design of the book which occasioned the controversy. And I appeal to any scholar (Mr W. excepted) whether that performance favours of an impotent writer; an expression too fcurrilous to be apply'd to the lowest Grubstreet feribler. But indeed 'tis a very Laconic way of confuting arguments. For what ftranger to this controversy would not think from your book, that Dr Grey was one of the meanest pretenders to learning, that ever appear’d. in print? Your contumely on that amiable man could not be calculated for any other purpose than to deceive those, who
opportunity to enquire into that gentleman's real character; with the learned and discerning his reputation will not depend on Mr W's bold affertion. My esteem for that good-natur'd man has excited me to make this appeal to you, whether in your conscience you have not highly injur'd a gen. tleman, whose learning is only exceeded by his humanity, and who deserv'd far other usage from Mr W. When therefore you are calm, I beg you would make a public recantation of this groffest affront, that was ever offer'd to a gentleman, scholar, and clergyman. You must be sensible, that no one layman of education could use such language to another in public, I think not even at the bar, where great freedoms are taken ; and furely the Rev. Mr W. will not in so polite an age plead an exemption from all the rules of good breeding, meerly because he dos'nt wear a sword or cane.
I am, Sir, &c.
Mr URBAN, I received the inclosed from Ireland, but will not affirm
ibat it concerns that island more than this. I entirely agree with your ingenious correspondent in the Gent. Mag. Vil. XIV. p. 442. tbat furgeons and physicians mould pass a striat examination, before ibey praĉtise. Tbe following observations may contribute to prevent the evil, or the increase of it. T has been a remark of an antient date, that no nation in the world IH has so many good laws as the Englib, but that by a negligent execution
of them, our lives and properties are made as precarious as in any other kingdom.
Highway robbers, burglarers, and even sheep-sealers, are punished with death amongst us, whilft those more inhuman robbers, the stock. jobbers, pawn-brokers, and the private trading companies are suffered to go on in their destructive practices with impunity: The stock-jobber has indeed been lately taken notice of by the legislature ; but to what effect, any man may, by viewing Change-alley, be soon convinced.
Murder, in all the civilized nations of the world, has ever been ranged in the firft class of capital crimes; but there is one species of it commited daily amongst us, without any fear of punishment at all, the murder of those multitudes, who are robbed of their lives by the ignorance and boldness of the many pretenders to the knowledge of physick and surgery.
That we have laws against male practice, the unhappy Groenvett affords a proof, which will not easily be forgotten. Had the college put the laws in force against that swarm of quacks with which this city has always been infested, it would have contributed much more to their hopour, than the imprisonment and ruin of a learned gentleman, who will always be esteemed for that practice which was so severely punished.
Tha' not only male practice, but even neglect of bufiness is punishable by our laws, appears from a late trial in Westminster-ball, in which an eminent surgeon was cast in 500 l. damages for neglecting his patient in the midst of a salivation, by which he lost both his eyes : surely then there must be as great reason to enforce the laws against those wretches, that, without either learning or education to recommend them, are so dangerously bold with the lives and constitutions of those miserable people, who unfortunately fall under their care.
Happy would it be for thousands, was this metropolis only overrun by them; but there is scarcely a town or village throughout the kingdom where they are not to be found, and where they generally assume the name of regular physicians and furgeons ; yet all or most of the latter were apothecaries prentices, who, after having drudged at the mortar four or five years, fock up to our hospitals for one year, or perhaps take a trip to Paris for a few months, at the expiration of which they arrogantly assume the title of surgeons, or man-midwives, and foolishly imagine them selves to be upon the same footing with those, by whom neither time nor education has been spared to perfect them in those noble arts : These are the fellows, who, by the assistance of a few technical terms, impose upon the vulgar to their deftru&tion ; who gain themselves a name, by exposing that which a wise and honest man would rather hide, the multitude of limbs which they have amputated, without ever reflecting, that more real honour is gained by saving of one limb, than by cutting off twenty : and who by suffering the common people to be present at their operations, however unnecessary in itself
, or however unartfully performed, are certain to gain applause, and admiration, and, by consequence, an increase of business.
One of these rural Esculapians, perhaps one of the greatest which the country ever produced, deserves to be described. He was brought up an apothecary, and at the expiration of his apprenticeship, by some charitable assistance, went to Paris, where he itaid ALMOST six months ; in which time he made himself (as he boasts) a compleat master of the
of midwifry, went through a course of anatomy and bandages, learned the language, and in short gained every qualification necessary to make a compleat surgeon: Thus equipp'd, he recurned to England, set up in partnership with a worthy man, who in a little time, alhamed of appearing the confederate of his blunders, tesign'd the business wholly to him.
To give the publick a particular account of his miscarriages, I should be cbliged to mention almost every operation which he has performed. In midwifry, twelve out of fifieen perished under his hands : In lithotomy only one recover'd out of all whom he cut, and he entirely lost the power of retaining his urine by the ignorance of the operator, whose management was such as produced a fistula.
But of all operations, caftration feem'd to be his favourite, which he frequently perform'd, without ever reflecting upon the fable of the boys pelting the frogs—That although it might be mirth on one side, it was certain death on the other—for not one of these patients ever recovered nor was his common practice in surgery, or in phylick, attended with better success.
A gentlewoman a few years fince complain'd to him of a violent pain which she felt in her right hypocondrium-Upon mature confideration, and having examined the part affected, he told her that her disorder proçceded from a large collection of matter there ; and that unless it was foon discharg'd, it would infallibly kill her, and immedia:ely appointed the next day for the operation, which, if I remember sight, was intended to be performed by cauftic: The poor gentlewoman, frightend at the sentence, in the mean while applyed herself to a surgeon of a different character, who foon rid her of her fears, by telling her that her disorder was nothing but wind, and so it proved; for by taking a little Dafley's Elixir, and Tinktura Sacra, the facus was expell’d, and she was well in a few hours.
Anciler gentlewoman was more dexterously dispatched, by only taking one of his composing pills a month after her delivery. Thus
Some fell by laudanum, and some by feel,
And death in ambujh lay in every pill. (Garth) 1: appears incredible at first view, that it was possible for him after such a continued series of blunders to preserve a reputarion sufficient to gain bread ; but by the help of some female encomiaft , which he kept in confiane pay, he succeeded so far as to force this expression from the mouth of 2n eminent physician in the place, that if our hero killd one half of the town, the other would employ him-Amongst the country people he kept up his cbaracter by frequently advertising in the news-papers, in the fol. powing, or such like terms. Such a day A. B. was cut for the stone by C. D. of
and is in a fair way of recovery - altho' it come:innes unfortunately happen'd the operator was too quick for the printer, and the pai jent was dead before the journal came out.
Such are the methods by which these bold spirits gain themselves reputation among the yulgar, which enable them to laugh at any opposi. tion made against them, by merit and by truth, and by which they are still entitled to blunder on with impunity.
I fhould not have been to explicit in this character, which is (I fear) ?o be met with in every county, were it not to sew how easily the