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fication and mystification began Persia to be examined. I felt, anow. At twenty yards ob- however, that the importance jeots were already three to of the discovery of this wonfour times their proper size, derful deep-water anchorage, and at one hundred yards they far inland, entirely protected were ten times enlarged. Í from attack from Beaward, can only leave it at that, and having an abundant freshhambly supposing the effeot to water supply, easily available be due to some peculiarity of by pipe - line

pipe - line or otherwise, refraction, through the dry fülly warranted the expendiand uniformly heated air. The ture of time I had given it. same thing occurred farther It was, I felt convinced, the up the khor; for the wild-pig only harbour in Persia enwe saw on the bank seemed dowed with so many possibilifrom the boat to be 89 large ties; and the good luck in as bullocks-oreatures of night- hitting on it could soarcely mare, with snouts like oroco- be repeated throughout the diles', and with a mane of much better-known coast-line bristles on their shoulders, that stretched for over four shaggy and great, almost, as hundred miles southward bea bison's. Probably they would fore me. have diminished into ordinary The gilt was off the gingerlean little pigs had we been bread at the first mouthful, able to get near them. Dis- yet the rest of the cake retanoe, on this occasion, cor- mained to be eaten, and accordtainly lent enchantment to ingly we set forth in the little the view!

Sphinx next morning, skirting The exploration of Khor the wide sandy shoals that Bukhader ended, we felt we preolude all approach by ships ought to be moving on. We to the north-eastern part of had already spent & whole the head of the Gulf, and so fortnight over this one har- came to Bushire, where we had honr; the weather was getting to make a short stay, in order hotter every day, and there to get mails, coals, stores, and was still the whole coast of provisions.

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On the afternoon of May the of them as they passed the 1st I was writing some letters clubs—which, no doubt, were in the drawing-room of my olub, associated in their mind with when my attention was diverted aristooratio indolence and from my work by the sound luxury beyond the dreams of of drums without, as is said opulence – shook their red in Shakespeare's plays. The banners menacingly, and glardrumming was so loud that, ing up at the grey-haired but for its want of skill, it thin - faoed members on the might have suggested that the balcony, called out, “Are we massed bands of the Household Bolshevios ? We are." Not Brigade were marching past anfrequently the acoent rethe olub-house. I went on the minded me of Whitechapel. baloony to see what all the From time to time the pronoise was about. A long pro- cession came to a dead stop, so session of men, women, and frequently indeed as to suggest children, interspersed with that neither the marchers nor bodies of vigorous if not very the organisers of the march musioal musicians, was slowly had seen muoh servioe in the winding its way along Pall late war. It was during one Mall towards Hyde Park. I of these stops that an incident was told, what I should have occurred which surprised some known, that it represented of us : & detachment of this London's contribution to the procession of Englishmen began May Day International Festi. in the middle of Waterloo val of Labour,

Place to sing an anti-English With some other members of song,


Have Ireland." the olab I remained a little Moreover, it was received by time on the balcony watching the English processionists with the procession drag its slow applause: the English speolength along. All the men, tators of the procession mainwomen, and children who tained a silenoo which could be walked or rode in it wore red heard, rosettes, and many of them This enti - English demoncarried red banners; without stration in the centre of the exception they

well ospital of England was apdressed and well fed, and few planded by the Englieh procesof them appeared to belong to sionists. I wonder what would the olags of manual labourers; happen to men who, in an and many of them had features Irish procession, made an antiand

& complexion which re- Irish demonstration in the called not so much an English centre of the oapital of Ireland?

an Eastern olime. Some Well, perhaps it is not neces


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sary to wonder: only a few Feiners, does, that every enemy weeks ago a party of the King's of England is a friend of theire. soldiers was stoned in Dublin Whatever mishap or dispute for singing “God save the ooours in any part of

the King."

world, the villain of the piece This incident put me on in- is, in their eyes, always either quiry, as the lawyers say. I

I an Englishman or an ally of was already fairly familiar England. The unpunished with the views of the revolu- murders of policemen in Iretionaries in Ireland, and a land, and the abandonment short investigation soon en- of Ulstermen to the tender lightened me as to the views meroies of the murderers, are of the revolutionaries in Eng- regarded by them with inland. In some respects they difference, because both policeare as opposite as the poles, men and Ulstermen are loyal In Ireland the revolutionary to their country; but when a party is nationalist and com- suspected Sinn Feiner is exemanist; in England

outed by suspicious Sein munist and anti-nationalist. Feiners, they eagerly accept This I cannot but think is a the lie of the disloyalists that comforting faot, for it engures he was murdered by the police; in the end the defeat of both and when a disloyalist susparties. In my opinion the peoted, or even convicted of association of anti-nationalism outrage or crime, threatens to with revolutionary commun- commit suicide by self-starism in England must sooner vation in prison, they shed or later result in the repudi. enough tears over English ation of communism, as the brutality to float a ship. And bulk of Englishmen loathe it is the same wherever there anti - nationalism ; and the exists disloyalty or disturbance association of communism in the Empire: it is a crime on with revolutionary national- the part of an Englishman to ism in Ireland must sooner or proteot himself, or to preserve later result in the repadiation the peace. A louder lamenof nationalism, as the bulk of tation has been raised Irishmen loathe communism. by them over the riots at Each movement thus carries Amritsar than they within itself the poison which raised over the desolation of will ultimately cause its dis- Louvain. The one point which, solution,

strange to say, I have found You have only to read one none of them drawing any of his papers, or listen to attention to in that connecone of his orators, to discover tion, is that of the five men on that the English revolutionary whom the Indian nationalists is soaroely go muoh Bolshevist are calling down vengeance, as anti - British. Indeed, his at least three are Irishmenleaders, if they were candid, General Dyer, the principal might proolaim, as Mr de villain, Sir Michael O'Dwyer, Valers, the leader of the Sinn and Colonel O'Brien,


Now the difficult thing to ing must be found in the explain is how this anti- influence which, since the time English feeling arose: there of Fergus O'Connor, the Irish aeems no necessary antipathy Celt has wielded over all adbetween love of one's own vanoed movements in Great oountry and the cherishing Britain, of advanoed opinions 88 to Though onlike the Jew in the mode in which it should the fact that the Celtic Irishbe governed, or in whioh its man has a country of his own, property should be owned. the nationalism of the Irish The French Revolutionists of workman and peasant is still

, the eighteenth century held like that of the lower-class as advanoed views on these Jew, tribal in its character: points as do our British it consists not of loyalty to Bolshevios, but they were the land in which he lives, above all and everything but in loyalty to the race devoted to La France. I oan from which he springs. That understand the international. race, like the Jewish, is now ism of the Bolshevios abroad, goattered over a large part of for they are to a large extent the world, and it so happens under the leadership of Jews that the part of the world and the influence of Jewish over which it is soattered is thought.

ohiefly inhabited by a people So far as the lower-olags alien in blood and religion Jew, at any rate, is conoerned, from it. In the eighteenth his nationality is not terri- century it

otherwise. torial, but tribal: not loyalty Then such emigration as there to the State in which he was from Celtio Ireland was to lives, but loyalty to & race Latin and Catholio countries, which lives in many States, France, Spain, and South When, then, he ceases to re. America, and in these congard himself as one of the genial communities the Irish chosen people, he is apt to emigrant was soon absorbed regard himself as & citizen in the general population. of the world, It is only The famous Irish Brigade in natural, then, that a move- the service of France, though ment largely directed by de- repeatedly reinforced by "wild nationalised lower.olass Jews geese from the shores should be international in its Clare and Kerry, bad by the oharaoter.

time of the French RevoluThe sympathy then between tion practically not a man the English and Continental in it who oalled himself Irish, Communists might account save a few of the officers, who for

à leaning among the remembered their confisoated former towards internation- lands in Ireland, and hoped alism; but it cannot acoount vaguely some day to refor their leaning towards anti- gain them. In the nineteenth nationalism. I myself think century the tremendous emithat the cause of that lean- gration from Celtio Ireland


was on the other hand almost dren, even to the third and exclusively to Anglo-Saxon fourth generations, continue and Protestant countries— Celtio Irishmen, entertaining Great Britain, North America, the same memories of an evil and Australia. In these coun- past, and the same hatreds tries the Irish emigrant has which those

those memories ennot been absorbed in the gender, and constantly ingeneral population. He lives triguing to gratify those in his own distriots, does not hatreds rather than thinking intermarry with his neigh- of the interests of their new bourg, and continues to cherish home. It is this which led them the religion, traditions, and in an English procession having prejudioea of his race, One of nothing to do with Ireland to his traditions is that his race sing an anti-Evglish sovg, and was robbed and oppressed by it is this which leads them at the upper classes, and this present to endeavour to eminolines him to join all move. bitter the relations between ments directed against aristo- England and her eldest oraoy and wealth; and one of daughter, the United States his prejudices is a hereditary of Amerioa. The Anglo-Saxon, hatred of England and every- whether living at home or in thing English, and this inclines America, is, as Lord Morris him to use all his influence said, a long-suffering race; over every movement wbich but there is a limit even to its he joins to give it an anti- endurance. When the Irish British bias, whether that contingent on May Day sapg movement is in a foreign State that anti-English sovg, the or a British colony or in Great English speotators, as I have Britain herself.

said, heard it in silence; but It is this which makes the when anti-English demonstraCeltio Irishman a bad oitizen tions before Wormwood Scrubbs wherever he goes. An Eng- Prison became nightly cerelishman, Sootsman, or monies, they grew tired and Ulsterman, all of whom are quiekly put an end to them, primarily what I may call And I have a doubt whether territorial nationalists, when the Americans will tolerate he leaves his old home and their practices in the United settles in a new one, though he States much longer. It is not still retains an unforgettable such a long time since severe affection for the land of his measures- sometimes perhaps birth, recognises that his first over

taken in duty is to the land of bis that country against what adoption. He identifies him- were called hyphenated Ameri

. self with it, and often he him- oan citizens. These were the self and always his descend- oitizens of German origin who, ants booome indistinguishable in the interest of Germany, in opinions and feelings from tried to

to keep America at their neighbours. But the peace. Is the citizen of Irish

. Celtio Irishman and his obil- origin less objeotionably hy


severe were

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