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the gateway, and Dr Kapp its counterpart, the Red bogey vanished from the stage. of Bolshevism. The General

That was the end of the Strike, called in self-defence Junkers' coup-d'état, but it was by the very Government which by no means the end of the the German Bolehevists retrouble thoy had stirred up. garded as thoroughly bourThe troops which had sap- geois, had provided the Sparported the militarist rising taoists with ideal conditions were still in possession of for direot action. In the inBerlin, thougb Lüttwitz had dustrial quarters of Berlin the ordered them to withdraw Communist party had accordunder the direotion of General ingly begun at onoe to organise von Seeokt, Maokensen's for its followers into “Red Guards," mer Chief of Staff, who had which they equipped either with stood aside from the misguided weapons seized from overenterprise that had ensnared powered patrols of polioe and so many of his colleagues, and soldiers, or from the georet W88 now appointed Com- stores of arms they had been mander-in-Chief by Sohiffer collecting ever since the reon behalf

of the regular volution of November 1918 for Government.

just such an occasion. Would the Junker troops go And now that their sworn quietly? That was the ques- enemies the Baltio troops were tion that agitated Berlin for so evidently on the losing side, the next twenty-four hours, the most bloodthirsty threats And what agitated the Junker were issued by the Reds of troops themselves was the ques- Berlin as to the fate of any of tion, “Will the Spartaoists let them who should fall into their us go quietly ?”

hands. In isolated instanoes For the evil spirit of reso. these threats were terribly tionary militarism had evoked fulfilled.

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On the afternoon of the day the capital. Once again the following the flight of Kapp Adlon played a part in the and Lüttwitz, the Baltio troops disturbance. and the Marine Brigade I watohed the assembly marched out again through of part of the column of the same Brandenburg Gate Baltio troops in the garden by whioh they had entered behind what was formerly the Berlin in triumph five days palace of Prince Friedrich before. They were defiant and Leopold in the Wilhelmstrasse, aggressive to the last, and their which now serves as part of exit was marked by one of the the German Foreign Officeoharacteristio bursts of shoot. & sallen - looking colleotion of ing which had already cost young men, their faces loomhuman life in other parts of ing sinister in the shadow of their deep-brimmed steel hel- Adlon Hotel. Who she was mets. The officers, who moved did not transpire; but she with an indefinable freebooter- was foolishly carrying on like swagger, were gathered to counter - demonstration of her gether in a group, talking vig- own by waving her handkerorously, and from their manner chief to the Baltio troops as it was easy to guess that they they passed. With one of were exchanging indignant ori- thogo wild impulses that seize tioism of the order of with- upon exoited mobs, a rush was drawal whioh they had received. made for the entrance of the Before the column moved off, hotel, which was closed, as it the senior officer made a short had been all the week, by a speech. The Baltio troops and light iron grille. This went the Marine Brigade, he told down with a crash. The two his mon, had been ordered stalwart hall-porters behind it to return to Döberitz. There were swept on one side, and had been somo talk of their already thirty or forty pantbeing disarmed when they ing dishevelled people had got there, but they and their forced their way, or been comrades would know how pushed by the pressure beto defend themselves against hind them, through the swingany such attempt if it were ing doors into the hall of the made.

hotel. What would have hapThen, with the black-and- pened next romains problemwhite Kaiser flag flying at atioal; but at that moment their head, and their band the last company of Baltie playing a Prussian maroh, the troops that had passed sudJunker soldiers marohod out denly tarned and fired & into the Wilhelmstrasse, and splutter of rifle-shots into the wheeled through the barbed- crowd. They probably thought wire barrier on to Unter den the riot going on behind them Linden.

was preliminary to an attack Here orowd, thousands apon themselves. The result strong, was waiting to see in any case was to olear the them go, and as the head of Linden in marvellously fow the column appeared & con

seoonds. People fell flat on stantly swelling chorus of their faces in the mud, er jeers and groans broke loose, flang themselves against the The Junker troops replied with looked doors

doors of the shops threatening gestures. The with such terror-strioken viogreater part of them had lence as to break them open, passed the Brandenburg Gate, Here and there lay motionless however, without the demon figures among the sorambling stration beooming more seri- orowd. The bolder and cooler ous than this, when the temper of the onlookers went to their of the crowd was suddenly help, waving handkorohiefs in roused to aotion by the ges- sign of trace, though the ture of a woman standing on Baltio troops had now passed one of the baloonies of the on through the Gate, and the 000asional splutter of their water-supply ordinary cleanlirifle-shots whioh was still to ness and elementary sanitation be heard oame from the Tier- became anpleasantly difficult garten beyond. A first-aid to maintain. The hardy ones station was hurriedly impro- made roconnaissances to look vised at the baok entrance of for food outside. Oooasionally the Adlon. With German humble little eating - houses thoroughness the hotel-porter were to be found, run by their ohalked up & notioe, “Red proprietor and his family perCross Bandaging Post-here!” sonally, where meals were still and hung it on the door, Four served in defiance of the strike. dead bodies of the twelve that To these places people would were found were carried in make their way stealthily, with from the road way and laid as muob precaution as if secret down in the Adlon hall, be- lunohing were a vioe. tween the newspapor-stand and At night, though, it was the reception-desk,-shapeless really unpleasant to be obliged huddled forms, men all of them, to go out of doors. The streets one with his whole face one were pitoh dark, for there was olot of blood. The cosmo

no moon, and all the lighting politans living in the hotel was out off by the strike. peered at them in horror- Constantly one would stumble stricken ouriosity, but the idea up against some unexpeoted of death by violence has be- barrier of barbed wire, set up oome

commonplace enough after dark by the troops, who during the last five years, then moved out to pioket the and almost as

as the main streets. "Wer da?” a bedies had been taken away startled voice would suddenly in an ambulance-waggon the call ont of the blaok shadows, tragedy of their fate was for- and a half-excited, half-soared gotten, and the General-Strike- young “Baltikum" would come starved hotel guests turned to threateningly forward with the ever-recurring spesulation levelled rifle, to examine one's as to whether there was a papers by the light of an small restaurant open any- eleotrio pooket - lamp. Their where that would serve them officers bad filled their minds with a hot meal. For daring with the belief that they were that week of General Strike, in constant danger of unexdwellers in hotels were rapidly peoted attack from a Red Army reduoed to most primitive oon- of German Bolsbevists, and ditions. With beds unmade, they were ready to let fly on floors unswept, boots un the least suspicion. From the oleaned, they lived on obeer- east and north quarters of the less meals of potted meat and city, where trouble had already bisouit, most of them never cooarred with the orowds of venturing out of doors. From workpeople, Very flares were sunget onwards candles were continually being fired into the the only light they had, and air to light up dark corners, with the stoppage of the and searohlights quivered from


every radiating street junotion, of Green Pelioe, who had now flooding eaoh dark avenue in resumed their duty in the serturn with a blinding stream of vice of the constitutional Gov. brilliant glare. Oooasionally ernment, appeared to act as two or three distant rifle-shots escort. Against suoh numbers would rap out in the silence as were waiting for the offioers, of the stagnant oity, or a however, the police lieutenant splutter of shooting told of was powerless, and he could Bome new “inoident” that only make a speech to part of would add its little toll of dead the crowd and obtain a proand wounded to the week's list mise that the twenty-five men of futile casualties,

inside should be allowed safe But rookless as the Junker passage on condition they left mercenaries were in thus firing their arms behind. The first on the crowd, one instance of motor - lorry, containing ten the revenge the latter took was officers, then appeared through more ghastly still. It ooourred the gates of the Town Hall and in the good - olass residential slowly made its way through suburb of Scheeneberg, on the the dense-paoked jeering mob. night of Friday, the 19th, as But before it had gone very far the last of the troops sapport- tho orowd stopped its farther ing the rovolution were being progress. No sooner was the withdrawn. During the week lorry at a standstill than two twenty-five officers of the or three men olam bered up its Janker garrison had had their sides, seized one of the officers, quarters in the old Schoeneberg and thrust him over the edge Town Hall, and on Friday into the hands of the exoited evening three motor - lorries people. Then a rush was made were sent to take then, their for the waggon from every side, servants, and their kit away. and all the ten men, struggling Word had got round among desperately but hopelessly, were the people of Sohoeneborg that flang down on to the pavement. the offioers were leaving, and The mob set on them like a a dense orowd gathered in front pack of hounds breaking up a of the Town Hall to give thom fox. With feet, fists, stioks, a hostile demonstration as they the officers were pounded and drove away.

Seared by the battered, till horror at their threatening appearance of the own savagery made the crowd mob, the officers inside the recoil. Four of their viotims building telephoned for police had been trampled to death, protection, and a small squad four more were badly injured.


In such meaningless scenes an unhealthy fover of exciteof violence, with the life of the ment, this oriminal and foolish nation at a standstill, and the militarist coup - d'état passed spirit of the people inflamed to into history. There is not a

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name associated with it that loss hear of Junkerism as is not permanently disoredited. disturbing element in Germany It had precisely the opposite again. As a politioal party effoot to what its organisers the militarists have been badly aimed at, and though it was defeated but not orushed. The baulked of its own malign ends, same Baltio troops that supit left the state of Germany ported them still lie at Döberitz far worse than it had been Camp, and have openly defied before.

the Government to disarm The Junkers are direotly re. them. The leaders of the last sponsible for the harm done to attempt have found refuge betheir oountry by the Spartacist yond the German frontiers, and risings that followed upon it; are planning another coup. It for though the Spartaoist move. is not likely that they will over ment would very probably be so ambitious as to try afresh have broken out in any case to seize the capital, but they later on, Germany would then may make a bid for power in have been stronger from an some more favourable looality, internal point of view to like the Junker province of grapple with it if the Junkers E4gt Prussia, or perhaps in had not ripped open the heal- conjunction with the Separing soars of civil disorder. atist tendencies of the Catholio

One manifest result of the South, Junker failure has been to German officers are intensely oripple the sforoes of reaction ignorant of everything outside in Germany to such an extent their own profession, but they that, though still in the field, are determined, they are selfthey may be regarded for the confident, and they are fighting time being as impotent. For to keep their own livelihood their luokless venture had the and their

prestige. effect of uniting the two an. With modern weapons, a small tagonistio wings of the Social- military force oan dominate a ist party, the moderates and large district easily; so that, the extremists, in common

oommon while this present generation cause against & restoration of of out-of-work officers remains militarist tyranny, and it gave unsettled, Germany will always an opportunity for demon. be liable to local freebooting strating the orushing power outbreaks of Junker anareby. of the General Strike when One thing, however, the all grades of workers unite in Hundred Hours has provedit whole-heartedly, and it is that in the national sonse, used for national and not olags militarism and Junkerdom in aims.

Germany are oauses lost beyond None the less, we shall doubt. all hope of resurrection.


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