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are complimented away to no real fear of injustice or those who work for the de- oppression. The example of struction of the Empire and the Ulster Parliament may the expulsion of the loyal have an influence on the people from Ireland. There Southern Parliament beyond is only one thing to be done, expectation. One thing only and that is, to die in our is wanting- & great leader. boots, resisting to the last." If Southern Ireland could pro

The Great War oame, and duoe another Carson, with the they assert that in its course same courage and liberality, their attitude was fully justi- the problem of centuries would fied. The rebel party treacher- be within sight of solution. ously struok at England when Is there any hope of his comshe was fighting for her life ing: None for the present. against Germany in 1916, The dread pestilence must prowhile Ulster with desperate oeed some way further on its valour fought for the Empire course before his ooming would from the beginning to the be effeetaal. end.

Moreover, it is difficult to They were not unmindful conceive how in the near of those from Southern and future he could secure & hear. Western Ireland who fought ing at all, if he did not begin by their side for the liberty (more Hibernico) by perverting of the world, the glorious all the facts in his country's rivalry of Messines will not history, and by misrepresentlightly be forgotten,- they in- ing all that the Imperial deed played a noble part—all Parliament has done for Irethe more noble because they land in recent years. were likely to suffer for it on The polioy of organised their return to the country murder now holds the field. they had helped to preserve. It no longer needs to assume Most


agree any disguises; it does not that the Ulster leader is pre- trouble to cover up its traoks; eminently the one intrepid it speaks in broad daylight in statesman of our time, but the publio streets, in the publio everybody does not know that conveyances. The mind of the he is one of the most tolerant people is benumbed; it has of men, and absolutely free almost ceased to be shooked. from any taint of religions The great Church that was and racial bigotry. He is a once all · powerful looks on man who entered on public stricken with a kind of parlife with a profound distrust alysis. of politics, and has been driven There is no powerful united into the hated arena only by movement such the foroe of oiroumstances. forward when conscription The minority in Ulster, not- threatened, Its efforts are withstanding


ories of half-hearted, feeble, and sporecclesiastical alarmists, have adio. The coolesiastioal thun,



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ders that were so destruotive tions. This was no light task, to the georet societies in the There were many Republican Fenian days are never heard idealists who had no sympathy now, Notwithstanding all with plots for the destruction that was going on in Belgium of oivilised society, and yet it never denounced pro-Ger. he had a strange compelling manism. Some bishops and power, by which he almost suomost of the younger clergy beeded in brigading together openly favour the Republican these discordant elements immovement. But the older and mediately before the Easter wiser clergy are well aware rebellion. Although his doothat they are threatened by a trine was nothing short of portent more terrible than extreme Bolshevism, he had Cromwellian methods or penal not divested himself of religious laws, The coming of James belief at the time of his death. Connolly was event of But whatever his own personal momentous importance in views may have been, the mamodern Ireland. Gifted with chine he oonstructed will turn & mind of great power, he had out a produot that may underimbibed from his youth the mine the great fabrio of the dootrines of Marxian Socialism Catholio Churob in Ireland. in their most extreme form, This would not be an He was trained in the very mixed evil in the eyes same school as Lenin. His who look on the power of the unhappy experiences in Eng. priests as the cause of all land and Sootland filled his Ireland's misfortunes. They heart with bitterness and know that the systematio inhatred. His writings and onloation of hatred to England speeches are not marked by has an evil effeot on the the mendacity 28 to facts country. They oannot underwhich usually characterises the stand the conduot of many of propaganda of the popular the clergy in dealing lightly party in Ireland; but they are with orimes that will lower the remarkable for persistent per- moral tone of the country for versity of reasoning, and ex. generations. ploded economio fallacies run They read with amazement through them all. He had no the somewhat mild denunciarespeot whatever for the his- tion of murder in the pastorals, torio objects of Irish veneration; accompanied by comments on he soorned Sarsfield, Grattan, woman's dress, and ending in Flood, O'Connell, and Batt; he fieroo denunciation of military palled down the politioal saints rule. from their niobes and smashed Some of the clergy seem to their aureoles - he had no endorse the oft-repeated false

- patience th the mere rhetori- hood that the overoive measures oians. His great aim was to are the real cause of orime, anite the rebel Irish element and The very contrary is demonthe Socialistio labour organisa- strable. Under the Birrell

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régime everything in the strain of latent ferooity that,
nature of coercion was swept if unbridled, might soon make
away. Deadly weapons were the name of Ireland a horror
allowed into the country with in the mouth of civilised man-
out restraint; the Deteotive kind.

weakened Every effeotive influence for and almost digarmed; the good must be encouraged abd Seoret Service Fund was prao- developed so far as possible. tically abolished; armed men But the damage is not to be were allowed to drill, and ignored. Nothing is so conactually to rehearse attacks on tagious as the leprosy of Bol. the seat of Government; dur- shevism. Men wondered when ing and at the time of the they beheld the great German rebellion unarmed policemen High Seas Fleet on its way to were cruelly murdered in the a disgraceful surrender. This public streets. Coercive mea- was not brought about by any

were only adopted a8 want of courage on the part of necessity required, and so far the men, or by any failure on have failed to keep up with the part of the Government to the advance of barbarous maintain it with material and orime. But when all is said, supplies. no wise man oan contemplate We now know that the beaten without dismay the authority Russian, working in conjuncof the Catholic Churoh fall. tion with the Socialistio defeat. ing into deorepitude and con- ists, managed to inject the tempt. Many of the elergy Teutonio viotor with the loathfearlessly denounce orime; all some malady from which he of them inouloate Christian suffers himself. To Germany dootrines.

it was the end of all things : It was noteworthy that a the end of her pride and the oonstable who was recently extinction of all hope of remortally wounded by a treach-covery in the near future. erous shot in the baok, when The older clergy are well aware returning from Mass, prayed that the unclean thing exists to the end for the forgiveness among the people, and that of his murderers. A faith that there are some among them produces an example of this who are secretly trying to kind is not to be disparaged, foster its growth. even if the conduot of its Meanwhile the so-called war ministers is disappointing, and goes on, and it is hard to see in some respects deplorable. how it can be checked while If the restraints imposed by the people are held down by the Church become weak and terror. But the end is coming, obsolete, nothing remains for and with certainty. The desIreland but red revolution and tiny of all murderous secret anarchy. Underlying the many societies is self-destruction: good and attraotive qualities they begin to murder one in Irish nature, there is & another.

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Things will sometimes go oreate a new heaven and a wrong, suspicions will mani. now earth; they now see that fest themselves, the suspected they have created a new hell man will be done away with in a country that for the time for the sake of the general being has become a lake of safety.

cruelty and demoralisation, Those who are so lost to all It is impossible to think that sense of right as to murder this state of things oan go on innocent people are prepared much longer. There is already on the slightest suspicion to a passionate desire for peace, murder & oomrade. The doom & disgust at the continual of saoh societies in Sicily, in shedding of blood, and a longFranoe, in America, or else. ing to see the end of the where has always been the tyranny that oan effeot nothgame. So will it be in Ireland. ing but the permanent disMany of those who started honour and degradation of an the mad rebellion of 1916 were anoient race. wild idealists. They hoped to



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from an upper spread before me, is unlike window of my house over the anything they imagine. Invalley. Below me lie ordered deod, it is not really Abyssinis terraces. Dark-green planta- at all, but an ancient Arab tions of coffee and orohards of oity now ruled by the Abys"kath” break the monotony sinians. Domesticity is the of the ripening barley. Thick keynote of the landscape-& hedges of oaetus show where landscape which would rejoice narrow lanes wind in and out the heart of the advooate of among the cultivation. Away "three aores and a cow." The to the left runs the higbroad, day is glorious, so I take my with its constant stream of stick and, faithful to home white-olad passers-by, its con- traditions, sally forth for my voys of coffee-laden donkoys, Sunday afternoon's walk. Just and now and again a string beyond my garden wall runs of slow - moving supercilious & stream. As it passes my oamels. In the centre of the gate it is an insignificant picture lies the city, tightly trickle down a gutter by the packed within its russet walls. roadside. Fifty yards lower Three of its gates are visible it has played a surprising trick from my window, each teeming in carving out for itself a deep with life as the water-oarriers oleft in the middle of the road. oome and go, or a ohief with This sudden antio has been his retinue passes. Here and too


poor there & modern white build- donkey, whose half - picked ing stands out with startling bones lie at the bottom, wbile prominenoe, and a totally fio- the stream, as it drops over titious appearance of size lent the edge, chuckles maliciously to it by its pigmy neighbours. at the success of its practical Splashes of colour are given joke. by the huge flag which flaps Leaving the stream on my lazily above the Italian Con- left, I enter narrow lane salate, and the Abyssinian hedged by tall Euphorbia trioolor dominating the town caotus and flowering briers. from the roof of the Palace. Luokily I know my way, for For it is at an Abyssinian every few yards is a turning landscape that I am looking, leading to a oul-de-&o in the and the day is Sunday, when front yard of a native house. we fly our flags to the glory of From these eome sbrill sounds God and the magnification of of domestio argument or the our respective governments. indolent thrumming of a one

People at home have vague stringed lute, where a conimpressions of what Abyssinia tented Abyssinian, mellowed is like, and certainly Harar by his Sabbath flagon of Tej, with its valley, which lies sung himself in his porch. To


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