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On the fourth day of the month we set sail, and got to Newcastle about the eleventh hour; it being meeting day, we went to meeting, where our great Lord was pleased in some good measure to own us with his living ‘presence, and comfort us with his love ; blessed be his holy name! In the morning we sailed to Reedy-Island, where we stayed for the tide, and in the night our cable parted, which we knew not of till the morning, and then we had gone from the place where we anchored; about a league: but though the vessel drove about the river, yet she did not go on ground. We dropped our other anchor, and sent the boat to seek for that which was parted from us, but could not find it until the next tide, and then could not get it up, and were unwilling to go to sea without it; which occasioned us to stay several tides before we could get it up; at last with much difficulty we weighed it, our men's clothes being much frozen; for it was very cold, and froze extremely hard. After this we went down to Bombay-hook, where was also another vessel going out to sea. Next day the wind was against us, and it snowed much, and froze hard; and that night the river and bay was filled with ice as far as we could see, and it drove very hard against our vessel, so that we wished for day: for we thought sometimes it would have torn her bows into pieces; but our anchor and cable held us, we thought, to a miracle, for which we were thankful to the great keeper of all those who put their trust in him. When the tide turned for us we got up the anchor, and so let her drive with the ice down the bay: the other vessel did the same.
It was now dangerous moving, go which way we would. The vessel in company with us attempted to go back again, but seeing that we did not, as we supposed, came to anchor again, and we both went down the bay together; and the wind springing up fair, we got clear of the ice in a few hours time; but by this hindrance we could not get to sea that day, but were obliged to come to anchor near the middle of the great bay of Delaware, and the night being fair and calm, we rode it. : out safely, which if it had been windy weather, would
have been dangerous. Early in the morning, of the 9th day of the month, we got to sea, and soon left sight of the land. Next day the wind was high, and the weather proved stormy for several days, insomuch that our main. deck was under water most of the time, so that we were forced to go before it for several days together. We also shut up our cabin windows, and were tossed exceedingly, and I was very sea-sick: and we began in this storm to fear falling on the rocks of Bermuda, which we were near, as we imagined, and the wind set right. on the island.
But when we had passed the latitude of Bermuda, we met with fair weather and winds, (all the remaining part of our passage being pleasant and com. fortable): by which I was led to consider the vicissitudes which mortals may expect while on this unstable terra. queous globe, which is full of changes; and I strongly desired to be rightly prepared for that world which is eternal, and its joy and felicity permanent; at which blessed port, I hope in God's time, through his grace, safely to arrive. Thus through storms, tempests, ice, and snow, we left those frozen climes, and crossed the tropic of Cancer, between which, and that of Capricorn, there is neither frost nor snow at sea, at any time of the year, and the wind always within a small matter one way, viz. easterly, except in hurricanes and violent storms, which sometimes they have in those parts of the world. We arrived at Bridgetown, in Barbadoes, in twenty-one days, which was the quickest passage that I ever had, this being the fourth time of my coming hither, where I was always kindly received by my friends.
About this time war was declared against Spain by the king of Great Britain, by proclamation, in Bridgetown, which put such a damp on trade, that there was little business, and the markets low and dull, which made my stay longer than I would have chosen ; but my friends, among whom I had many opportunities, seemed rather pleased then otherwise ; telling me, “ That they did not care if I was to stay there always if it were my place :" and when I left Barbadoes, friends gave me better credentials than I thought I deserved. A friend of mine
giving me intelligence that the market was better at An. tigua than at Barbadoes, I dispatched my affairs, and took part of our cargo there, and was kindly received by our friends.
We were about three days on our passage, and had fine weather therein. At Antigua I had divers meetings, my business at no time hindered me in my more weighty service'; for I always, through divine help made that give way to my religious duty, in which I ever found peace and inward satisfaction. In about five weeks I finished my business in this island, having no small satisfaction in coming to it; and our vessel being now loaded, we took our solemn leave, and, with the good wishes of many, departed for England.
Our friends there signified to their brethren, that they were glad of my company, and that I was serviceable to them, though I came upon business. My hand, when need required, was to my business, but my heart was, and I hope is, and ever shall be, freely given up to serve the Lord, in that work whereunto I believe he has called me. We have liberty from God, and his dear Son, lawfully, and for accommodation's sake, to work or seek for food or raiment ; though that ought to be a work of indifferency, compared to the great work of salvation. Our Saviour saith, Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth for ever, or to eternal life : by which we do not understand, that christians must neglect their necessary occasions, and their outward trades and callings; but that their chief labour, and greatest concern, ought to be for their future well-being in his glorious kingdom; else why did oup Lord say to his disciples, Children, have you any meat ? they answered, no ; and he bid them cast their nets into the sea, and they drew to land a net full of great fishes; and fishing being their trade, no doubt but they sold them, for it was not likely that they could eat them all themselves. Also the apostle of Christ says, He that doth not take care of his family, is worse than an infidel: and the apostle Paul, (the great apostle of the gentiles) wrought with his hands, even while he was in his travels, and in the work of the gospel; and others tasted of the
benefit of his labour naturally, as well as spiritually. It is also written, That he that will not work, shall not eat. By this, and much more, which might be noted, it appears that we not only have liberty to labour in modera. tion, but we are given to understand, that it is our duty so to do. The farmer, the tradesman, and the merchant, do not understand by our Lord's doctrine, that they must neglect their calling, or grow idle in their business, but must certainly work, and be industrious in their callings. We all ought to understand, that our hearts and minds ought to be out of the world, or above the na. ture and spirit of it. It is good and profitable for both soul and body, rightly to distinguish between earthly and heavenly things, and to be careful how to mix the one with the other; for it is an eternal truth, that God and mammon cannot dwell together, or join together in the heart. If our love is more to God, than the creature, or to heaven than earth, then will he dwell in us, and with us: but if our love is more to the creature than to Christ, or to earth than heaven, then will he not dwell with us, but will leave us to ourselves ; for the Lord Omnipotent will not admit of any rival.
On the 11th of the fourth month, 1719, we left Antigua, stood close to the wind till we again crossed the tropic, and got into those latitudes where the winds are variable. Sailing in the great deep, we saw the wonders of the Lord, particularly in divers kinds of fish, they living upon one another in the sea, the great fishes on the small ones; and mankind too much resembles them in that respect. About the latitude of 33 north, our master, Warner Holt, seeing a school of porpoises about the ship, though he was not very well, and had not been for most of the voyage, he took his harping-iron, and struck one of them, and we took him into the vessel, out of which we got eleven quart bottles of oil ; and we most of us cat heartily of this fish, which agreed with our people very well. They fried his liver for our mess, of which I eat a large meal, which was well tasted, and eat more like fresh beef than fish. I make this memorandum of it, that if any should take them when their provisions are
scarce, they may eat freely without danger, according to our experience. When we had been at sea about three weeks, being near the latitude of 40 north, and about the longitude of 42, though it was in the midst of summer, we saw an island of ice, at which we all marvelled, and judged that there had been a severe cold winter in those latitudes on the land of America. When we saw this island of ice we judged ourselves not far from the banks of Newfoundland. Hitherto we had easy gales of wind, and many calms, which made our passage seem long to
We saw two sail of ships about those latitudes, but spoke with neither, being willing to shun them, as it was war time.
We had, in this voyage, weekly meetings for worshipping the Almighty, in which the great Lord both of sea and land, was pleased greatly to manifest his name and truth amongst us, for which my soul often secretly and openly blessed and praised his divine and glorious name and truth; for he bore up my drooping spirit, so that I could truly say with the royal psalmist, not because he spoke it only, but also being an experimental witness thereof. “ The floods have lifted up, Oh! Lord, the floods have lifted up their voice : the foods lift up their waves. The Lord on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea.” Psal. xciï. 3, 4. This the king wrote of his own experience in a spiritual sense; but I may say, without boasting, I have witnessed the rage and noise of mighty waves and waters, both natural and spiritual ; the one, as though it would swallow up my reputation among men, and the other, as though it would swallow up my person, in this watry peregrination; but blessed be the name of him that is holy and eternal, who indecd is stronger than the noise of many waters, or than the mighty waves of the sea, either inwardly or outwardly, I will through his strength,, magnify his name, because he is worthy: and may I do it for ever! About the 11th of the fifth month, we saw great
flocks of birds, which we judged came from the Azores, or Western Islands, near which we reckoned ourselves to be.