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with the natives, and, through his prudent management therein, hath been instrumental to plant in peace, one of the most flourishing provinces in the world.
4th. Who would run the risque of the lives of their wives and children, for the sparing a little cost and pains? I am concerned to lay those things before you, under an uncommon exercise of mind, that your new and flourish. ing little settlement might not be laid waste, and, if the providence of the Almighty doth not intervene, some of the blood of yourselves, wives or children, be shed and spilt on the ground.
5th. Consider you are in the province of Virginia, holding what rights you have under that government; and fe the Virginians have made an agreement with the natives, to go as far as the mountains, but no farther; and you are over and beyond the mountains, therefore out of that agreement; by which you lie open to the insults and incursions of the southern Indians, who have destroyed many of the inhabitants of Carolina and Virginia, and even now have destroyed more on the like occasion. The English, going beyond the bounds of their agree. ment, eleven of them were killed by the Indians while we were travelling in Virginia.
6th. If you believe yourselves to be within the bounds of William Penn's patent from King Charles II. which will be hard for you to prove, you being far to the southward of his line; yet, if done, that is of no consideration with the Indians, without a purchase of them; except you will go about to convince them by fire and sword, contrary to our principles; and, if that were done, they would ever be implacable enemies, and the land could never be enjoyed in peace.
7th. Please to note, that in Pennsylvania, no new settlements are made, without an agreement with the natives; as witness, Lancaster county, lately settled; though that is far within the grant of William Penn's pat ent from King Charles II. wherefore you lie open to insurrections of the northern as well as southern Indians.
And, lastly, thus having shewn my good will to you, and to your new little settlement, that you might sit every
one under your own shady tree, where none might make you afraid, and that you might prosper naturally and spiritually, you and your children; and having a little eased my mind of that weight and concern, in some measure, that lay upon me, I, at present, desist, and subscribe, in the love of our holy Lord Jesus Christ,
Your real Friend,
After my return from this journey, I stayed much at home that winter, travelling now being hard for me, so that I could not perform long journies as formerly, being more broken in the long and hard travelling in this journey, than in divers years before.
In the year 1739, I took several short or lesser journies, and had many meetings in divers places, as in Salem and Burlington counties, in West-Jersey, and Philadelphia, Chester and Bucks counties, in Pennsylvania, having many large and comfortable meetings, and some satisfactory service in divers of them.
This year the war broke out between Great-Britain and Spain; the Spaniards giving great occasion of offence to the British nation; notwithstanding which, King George II. sought to accommodate matters peaceably; but the crown of Spain not complying with the terms agreed on for an accommodation, therefore war was proclaimed; which occasioned much disturbance and distraction in our little peaceable province and government; war being destructive to life, health, and trade, the peace and prosperity of the people, and absolutely against the doctrine and practice of the Prince of life and peace, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; a great concern came on my mind to promote his doctrine; in order to which I was largely concerned to treat thereof in or at the general spring meeting at Philadelphia; with which service divers wise and pious people were well satisfied, though some were offended.
When the meeting was over, I having a desire and concern once more to visit friends in the lower counties, Newcastle, Kent, and Sussex, among whom I had not travelled for near twenty years, and being now a little better in health than I had been, I set out from my home, and went to Chester, and from thence to Wil mington, and had a meeting there; and then to Newcastle, where we had another; William Hammond being with me, he and I went from Newcastle to George's creek, had a meeting there; and then went to Duck. creek after having two meetings at Duck-creek, I went to Little-creek meeting, and so proceeded to the Mother. kills, where I had a large, open time, in preaching the gospel to the people, which divers of them received with gladness; and there were many, not of our society, who were very sober and attentive, a door being open among them; yet, notwithstanding there may be much openness both in speakers and hearers, I have observed, with th sorrow, that there are but few who retain the truth so ass to be really converted; many are convinced, but few converted and come to be regenerated or born again, as our Saviour taught.
From Mother-kills I went back to Little-creek, to Timothy Hanson's, he accompanying me; and from Timothy's I went to Duck-creek, and from thence to Ap poquinamy to the burial of a friend's son, who died of the small-pox; on which occasion we had a solid meet. ing, the mournful relations being thankful for our company. From Appoquinamy I went to John M'Cool's, and from thence to Newcastle; whe we had a large, open meeting, to the satisfaction of divers; though I was very weakly and poorly, as to my health, so that it was hard for me to stoop to take any thing from the ground, and with difficulty I walked from the friend's house to the meeting; but being helped by grace, and carried through the service of the meeting beyond my expecta tion, was, with divers others, truly thankful to God the father, and Christ, my Lord and Saviour.
From Newcastle I went to Wilmington, had a meeting there, and from thence to Newark, to the marriage of
Alexander Seaton. The meeting was uncommonly large, and to general satisfaction.
From Newark I went back to Wilmington, and from thence to the Center monthly meeting, and so on to Kennet, where was a very large meeting. Here divers, who had professed among us, refrained coming to the public meetings for divine worship; with whom, next day, we had a meeting, wherein the evil consequence of forsaking the assembling ourselves together was spoke to, and that it would be a great hurt to the young and rising generation, and themselves also; being a bad example to them, and contrary to the advice and counsel of the holy apostle, "Not to forsake the assembling ourselves together, as the manner of some is."
From Kennet I went to Concord, to the burial of Benjamin Mendenhall, where we had a large and solid meeting, several lively testimonies being borne therein. This friend was a worthy elder, and a serviceable man in our society, and one of the first or early settlers in Pennsylvania; a man given to hospitality, and a good example to his family, and hath left divers hopeful children surviving him.
The night before this meeting I lodged at the widow Gilpin's, whose husband, Joseph Gilpin, was lately de@eased. There was true christian love and friendship between us for above fifty years. When first I saw Joseph in Pennsylvania, he lived in a cave in the earth, where we enjoyed each other's company in the love and fear of God. This friend had fifteen children, whom he lived to see brought up to the states of men and women, and all but two married well, and to his mind.
From Concord I went to Wilmington, and from thence, after meeting, to Newcastle, where I, with George Hogg, went over the river Delaware into Penn'sneck, and had a meeting at James Wilson's. From Penn's-neck we went to Salem, and thence to Cohansey, where I had several meetings at Greenwich, and at the head of Alloway's-creek; also at David Davis's, where the people kindly lent us the benches of their
meeting-house, and many of them came themselves, and were very attentive; after which I went to Pile'sGrove, and had a meeting there, and from thence to Woodberry-creek, and so to Gloucester, where I ferried over the Delaware, to Philadelphia, and from thence home, having travelled about five hundred miles in this journey, after which I stayed at and about home for
I was at the yearly meeting at Burlington in the seventh month; going to this meeting, my horse started, and threw me, which hurt my shoulder and hip badly, of which hurt I did not recover for above half a year.
This meeting was very large, and though I was outwardly in misery and pain, yet, in the sense of the love and goodness of God, and grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, I was, with many others, much comforted in spirit.
From Burlington I travelled to Shrewsbury, having several meetings by the way; as, at Bordenton, Crosswicks, Trenton, &c. This journey I rode in much pain; but the satisfaction I had in meetings through the spirit and power of the Most High, made amends for all the labor and pain I underwent, I bless the sacred name of God, and may I do it forever! I made what haste I could home, being in pain with my fall, and tarried at home most of the winter, which was one of the longest and hardest known in these parts by some of the oldest livers here; divers people being frozen to death in several places, and many sheep and cattle perishing, and much of the winter grain killed with the frost, so that there was some apprehension of a want of bread: all which I took to be warnings of the just and righteous judgments of God for the ingratitude, pride, and other sins and iniquities of the people, the which I was divers times, and at divers places, concerned to put them in mind of. How well would it be if the people would lay the judgments of the Most High to heart; and when his judgments are abroad in the earth, that the inhabitants would learn righteousness!
After this winter, I was at a general-meeting at Germantown, and at meetings at North-Wales, Horsham,