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A. D. 31.

MATT. V. 48.- VI. 1.

A. D. 31.

thiness of the flesh and spirit, per-| known him, 1 John iii. 6. Whosoever fecting holiness in the fear of God, is born of God doth not commit sin ; 2 Cor. vii. 1. And this also we wish, for his seed remaineth in him and even your perfection, xiii. 9. Finally, he cannot sin, because he is born of brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of God, 9. Herein is our love made good comfort, be of one mind, live in perfect, that we may have boldness peace; and the God of love and peace in the day of judgment: because asshall be with you, 11. According as he is, so are we in this world, iv. 17. he hath chosen us in him before the We know that whosoever is born of foundation of the world, that we should God sinneth not; but he that is bebe holy and without blame before gotten of God keepeth himself, and him in love, Eph. i. 4. Brethren, I that wicked one toucheth him not, count notmyself to have apprehended: v. 18. but this one thing I do, forgetting those b See parallels on third clause ver. things which are behind, and reach- 16. ing forth unto those things which are See parallels on last clause ver. 16. before, I press toward the mark for

CHAP. VI.–VER. 1. the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. Let us therefore, as

Προσεχετε την ελεημοσύνην υμών μη many as be perfect, be thus minded, | Θεαθήναι αυτοίς· ει δε μήγε, μισθόν ουκ

ποιεϊν έμπροσθεν των ανθρώπων, προς το Phil. iii. 13–15. Whom we preach, #xsrf map maTại buấy ky ToTs ouwaring every man, and teaching gavos. every man in all wisdom; that we

Take heed that ye do not a your *alms may present every man perfect in before men, to be seen of them : botherChrist Jesus, Col. i. 28. are complete in him, which is the ther & which is in heaven.

wise ye have no reward tof cyour Fahead of all principality and power, ii. 10. Epaphras, who is one of you,

* Or, righteousness. a servant of Christ, saluteth you, al

+ Or, with, &c. ways labouring fervently for you in a Let your light so shine before men, prayers, that ye may stand perfect that they may see your good works, and complete in all the will of God, and glorify your Father which is in iv. 12. For by one offering he hath heaven, Matt. v. 16. And when thou perfected for ever them that are sanc. prayest, thou shalt not be as the hytified, Heb. x. 14. Now the God of pocrites are: for they love to pray peace, that brought again from the standing in the synagogues and in dead our Lord Jesus, that great the corners of the streets, that they shepherd of the sheep, through the may be seen of men. Verily I say blood of the everlasting covenant,

unto you, They have their reward. make you perfect in every good work Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the to do his will, working in you that hypocrites, of a sad countenance : which is well pleasing in his sight, for they disfigure their faces, that through Jesus Christ; to whom be they may appear unto men to fast. glory for ever and ever. Amen. Verily I say unto you, They have their xiii. 20, 21. Let patience have her reward, vi. 5. 16. But all their works perfect work, that ye may be per- they do for to be seen of men : They fect and entire, wanting nothing, make broad their phylacteries, and enJam. i. 4.

But as he which hath large the borders of their garments, called you is holy, so be ye holy in xxiii. 5. Woe unto you, Scribes and all manner of conversation; Because Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye

devour it is written, Be ye holy; for I am

widows' houses, and for a pretence holy, 1 Pet. i. 15, 16. But the God make long prayer: therefore ye shall of all grace, who hath called us unto receive the greater damnation, 14. his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, Even so ye outwardly appear righteous after that ye have suffered awhile, unto men, but within ye are full of hymake you perfect, establish, strength- pocrisy and iniquity. Woe unto you, en, settle you, v. 10. Whosoever abid- Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! eth in him sinneth not: whosoever because ye build the tombs of the sinneth hath not seen him, neither prophets, and garnish the sepulchres

A. D. 81.

MATT. VI. 1, 2.

A. D. 31.

of the righteous, And say, If we had a righteous man in the name of a been in the days of our fathers, we righteous man shall receive a righteous would not have been partakers with man's reward. And whosoever shall them in the blood of the prophets, give to drink unto one of these little 28–30. And he said, Come with me, ones a cup of cold water only in the and see my zeal for the LORD. But name of a disciple, verily I say unto Jehu took no heed to walk in the law you, he shall in no wise lose his reof the LORD God of Israel with all his ward, X. 41, 42. For the Son of man heart : for he departed not from the shall come in the glory of his Father sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel with his angels ; and then he shall to sin, 2 Kings x. 16. 31. And they reward every man according to his come unto thee as the people cometh, works, xvi. 27. And the King shall and they sit before thee as my people, answer, and say unto them, Verily I and they hear thy words, but they will say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have not do them : for with their mouth they done it unto one of the least of these shew much love, but their heart goeth my brethren, ye have done it unto me. after their covetousness, Ezek. xxxiii. xxv.40. For if I do this thing willing31. Speak unto all the people of the ly, I have a reward : but if against my land, and to the priests, saying, When will, a dispensation of the Gospel is ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and committed unto me. What is my reseventh month, even those seventy ward then? Verily that, when I preach years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to the Gospel, I may make the Gospel me? And when ye did eat, and when of Christ without charge, that I abuse ye did drink, did not ye eat for your. not my power in the Gospel, 1 Cor. selves, and drink for yourselves? Žech. ix. 17, 18. For God is not unrighteous vii. 5; 6. And it shall come to pass in to forget your work and labour of love, that day, that the prophets shall be which ye have shewed toward his ashamed every one of his vision, when name, in that ye have ministered to he hath prophesied ; neither shall they the saints, and do minister, Heb. vi. wear a rough garment to deceive, xiii. 10. Esteeming the reproach of Christ 4. And he said unto them, Ye are greater riches than the treasures in they which justify yourselves before Egypt: for he had respect unto the remen ; but God knoweth your hearts : compense of the reward, xi. 26. Look for that which is highly esteemed to yourselves, that we lose not those among men is abomination in the things which we have wrought, but that sight of God, Luke xvi. 15. How can we receive a full reward, 2 John 8. ye believe, which receive honour one See parallels on third clause of of another, and seek not the honour ver. 16. ch. v. that cometh from God only? John v. d See parallels on last clause of ver. 44. For they loved the praise of men

16. ch. v. more than the praise of God, xii. 43.

VER. 2. As many as desire to make a fair

Οταν ούν ποιης ελεημοσύνην, μη σαλπίshew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should ποιούσιν εν ταϊς συναγωγαίς και εν ταϊς

σης έμπροσθέν σου, ώσσερ οι υποκριται suffer persecution for the cross of ρύμαις, όπως δοξασθώσιν υπό των ανθρώChrist. For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; bày airão.

πων. Αμήν λέγω υμίν, απέχουσι τον μιάbut desire to have you circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh,

Therefore when thou doèst thine a alms, Gal. vi. 12, 13.

* do not sound a trumpet before thee, b For if ye love them which love you, and in the streets, that they may have

as the b hypocrites do in the synagogues what reward have ye? do not even the Publicans the same? Matt. v. 46. dglory of men.

Verily I say unto you, That thine alms may be in secret:

They have their reward. and thy Father which seeth in secret,

* Or, cause not a trumpet to be sounded. himself shall reward thee openly, vi.4. a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 42. He that receiveth a prophet in the chap. v. name of a prophet shall receive a pro b And when thou prayest, thou shalt phet's reward; and he that receiveth ! not be as the hypocrites ure: for they

A. D. 31.
MATT. VI. 2, 3.

A. D. 31. love to pray standing in the syna- | Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of gogues and in the corners of the you on the sabbath loose his ox or his streets, that they may be seen of men. ass from the stall, and lead him away Verily I say unto you, They have to watering? xiii. 15. their reward, Matt. vi. 5. More c And love the uppermost rooms at over when ye fast, be not, as the feasts, and the chief seats in the synahypocrites, of a sad countenance : gogues, Matt. xxiii. 6. And the chief for they disfigure their faces, that they seats in the synagogues, and the upmay appear unto men to fast. Verily permost rooms at feasts, Mark xii. 39. I say unto you, They have their Wóe unto you, Pharisees!' for ye love reward, 16. Thou hypocrite, first the uppermost seats in the synagogues, cast out the beam out of thine own and greetings in the markets, Luke eye; and then shalt thou see clear-xi. 43. Beware of the Scribes, which ly to cast out the mote out of thy desire to walk in long robes, and love brother's eye, vii. 5. Ye hypocrites, greetings in the markets, and the well did Esaias prophesy of you, say- highest seats in the synagogues, and ing, xv. 7. And in the morning, It the chief rooms at feasts, xx. 46. will be foul weather to-day; for the dThen he said, I have sinned : yet sky is red and lowring. O ye hypo- honour me now, I pray thee, before crites, ye can discern the face of the the elders of my people, and before sky; but can ye not discern the signs Israel, and turn again with me, that I of the times ? xvi. 3. But Jesus per- may worship the LORD thy God, 1 ceived their wickedness, and said, Sam. XV. 30. I receive not honour Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites from men. How can ye believe, which xxi, 18. And shall cut him asunder, receive honour one of another, and seek and shall appoint him his portion with not the honour that cometh from God the hypocrites: there shall be weep- only, John v. 41. 44. He that speaking and gnashing of teeth, xxiv. 51. eth of himself seeketh his own glory: Therefore the LORD shall have no joy but he that seeketh his glory that sent in their young men, neither shall have him, the same is true, and no unrighmercy on their fatherless and widows: teousness is in him, vii. 18. Nor of for every one is an hypocrite and an men sought we glory, neither of you, evil-doer, and every mouth speaketh nor yet of others, when we might have folly. For all this his anger is not been burdensome, as the apostles of turned away, but his hand is stretched Christ, 1 Thes. ii. 6. out still, Isa. ix. 17. I will send him

VER. 3. against an hypocritical nation, and

Σου δε ποιoύντος ελεημοσύνην, μη γνώτω against the people of my wrath will ή αριστερά σου τι ποιεί ή δεξιά σου give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them

But when thou doest alms, a let not thy down like the mire of the streets, x.6. left hand know what thy right hand He answered and said unto them,

doeth: Well hath Esaias prophesied of you

a And Jesus saith unto him, See thou hypocrites, as it is written, This peo- tell no man; but go thy way, shew ple honoureth me with their lips, but thyself to the Priest, and offer the their heart is far from me, Mark vii. gift that Moses commanded, for a tes6. Either how canst thou say to thy timony unto them, Matt. viii. 4. And brother, brother, let me pull out the their eyes were opened ; and Jesus mote that is in thine eye, when thou straitly charged them, saying, See thyself beholdest not the beam that is that no man know it, ix. 30. He shall in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, not strive, nor cry; neither shall any cast out first the beam out of thine own man hear his voice in the streets, xii. eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to 19. And saith unto him, See thou pull out the mote that is in thy bro say nothing to any man: but go thy ther's eye, Luke vi. 42. Ye hypocrites, way, shew thyself to the Priest, and ye can discern the face of the sky and offer for thy cleansing those things of the earth; but how is it that ye do which Moses commanded, for a tesnot discern this time? xii. 56. The timony unto them, Mark i. 44. For Lord then answered him, and said, there is no man that doeth any thing

say unto

you, Inas

A. D. 31.
MATT. VI. 4, 5.

A. D. 31. in secret, and he himself seeketh to unto one of these little ones a cup be known openly. If thou do these of cold water only in the name of a things, shew thyself to the world, disciple, verily I say unto you, he John vii. 4.

shall in no wise lose his reward, Matt. VER. 4.

X. 42. Then shall the King say unto *Ows V cou , {nenporúum ly rõ ngun them on his right hand, Come, ye blessτωκαι ο πατήρ σου, και βλέπων εν τω κρυπ- ed of my Father, inherit the kingdom τω, αυτός αποδώσει σοι εν τω Φανερώ. prepared for you from the foundation That thine alms may be in secret :

of the world : for I was an hungred, and a thy Father, which b seeth in secret, and ye gave me meat : I was thirsty, himself shall Creward thee openly. and ye gave me drink :. I was a

a See parallels on third clause, ver. stranger, and ye took me in : Naked, 16. ch. v.

and
ye

clothed me: I was sick, and b But thou, when thou prayest, enter ye visited me: I was in prison, and into thy closet, and when thou hast ye came unto me. Then shall the shut thy door, pray to thy Father righteous answer him, saying, Lord, which is in secret; and thy Father when saw we thee an hungred, and which seeth in secret shall reward fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee thee openly, Matt. vi. 6. That thou drink? When saw we thee a stranger, appear not unto men to fast, but unto and took thee in, or naked, and clothed thy Father which is in secret : and thee? Or when saw we thee sick, or thy Father, which seeth in secret, in prison, and came unto thee? And shall reward thee openly, 18. Thou the King shall answer and say unto hast proved mine heart; thou hast them, Verily I visited me in the night; thou hast tried much as ye have done it unto one of me, and shalt find nothing ; I am pur- the least of these my brethren, ye posed that my mouth shall not trans- have done it unto me, xxv. 34—40. gress, Ps. xvii. 3. Shall not God Wherefore the LORD God of Israel search this out? for he knoweth the saith, I said indeed that thy house, secrets of the heart, xliv. 21. O LORD, and the house of thy Father, should thou hast searched me, and known walk before me for ever: but now the

Thou knowest my down-sitting LORD saith, Be it far from me; for and mine uprising; thou understand- | them that honour me I will honour, est my thought afar off. Thou com- and they that despise me shall be passest my path and my lying-down, lightly esteemed, 1 Sam. ii. 30. And and art acquainted with all my ways. thou shalt be blessed; for they canYea, the darkness hideth not from not recompense thee : for thou shalt thee ; but the night shineth as the be recompensed at the resurrection day: the darkness and the light are of the just, Luke xiv. 14. Therefore both alike to thee, cxxxix. 1—3. 12. judge nothing before the time, until I the Lord search the heart, I try the Lord come, who both will bring the reins, even to give every man ac to light the hidden things of darkness, cording to his ways, and according and will make manifest the counsels to the fruit of his doings, Jer. xvii. of the hearts: and then shall every 10. Can any hide himself in secret man have praise of God, 1 Cor. iv. 5. places that I shall not see him? saith Now unto him that is able to keep the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and you from falling, and to present you earth ? saith the LORD, xxiii. 24. faultless before the presence of his Neither is there any creature that is glory with exceeding joy, Jude 24. not manifest in his sight : but all

VER. 5. things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do,

Και όταν ωροσεύχη, ουκ έση ώσσερ οι Ηeb. iv. 13. And I will Kill here| υποκριται ότι φιλούσιν εν ταϊς συναγωγαίς dren with death; and all the churches και εν ταις γωνίαις των πλατειών εστιώτες shall know that I am he which search. προσεύχεσθαι, όπως αν φαγώσι τοϊς άνoth the reins and hearts: and I will parrocco 'Auño aéyo ipīv, örı å mixovor give unto every one of you according

τον μισθών αυτών. . to your works, Rev. ii. 23.

And a when thou prayest, bthou shalt ? And whosoever shall give to drink not be as the hypocrites are: Cfor they

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A. D. 31.
MATT. VI. 5, 6.

A. D. 31. love to pray standing in the synagogues may be full, John xvi. 24. Praying and in the corners of the streets, that always with all prayer and supplicathey may be seen of men. Verily I say tion in the Spirit, and watching thereunto you, They have their reward. unto with all perseverance and sup

plication for all saints, Eph. vi. 18. * Ask, and it shall be given you; Continue in prayer, and watch in the seek, and ye shall find; knock, and same with thanksgiving; withal prayit shall be opened unto you: Forevery ing also for us, that God would open one that asketh, receiveth ; and he unto us a door of utterance, to speak that seeketh findeth; and to him that the mystery of Christ, for which I am knocketh it shall be opened, Matt. vii. also in bonds, Col. iv. 2, 3. Pray 7,8. Pray ye therefore the Lord of without ceasing, 1 Thess. v. 17. And the harvest, that he will send forth the prayer of faith shall save the sick, labourers into his harvest, ix. 38.) and the Lord shall raise him up; and And all things, whatsoever ye shall if he have committed sins, they shall ask in prayer believing, ye shall re be forgiven him. Confess your faults ceive, xxi. 22. Hearken unto the voice one to another, and pray one for anof my cry, my King, and my God : other, that ye may be healed. The for unto thee will I pray, Ps. v. 2. effectual fervent prayer of a righteous Evening, and morning, and at noon, man availeth much, James v. 15, 16. will I pray, and cry aloud : and he b Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharishall hear my voice, lv, 17. O thou sees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' that hearest prayer, unto thee shall houses, and for a pretence make long all flesh come, Ps. Ixv. 2. O come, let prayer: therefore ye shall receive the us worship and bow down : let us greater damnation, Matt. xxiii. 14. kneel before the LORD our maker, For what is the hope of the hypocrite, xcv. 6. The sacrifice of the wicked though he hath gained, when God is an abomination to the Lord: but taketh away his soul? Will God'hear the prayer of the upright is his de- his cry when trouble cometh upon light, Prov. xv. 8. Seek ye the LORD him ? Will he delight himself in the while he may be found, call ye Almighty? Will he always call upon upon

him while he is near: Let the God? Job xxvii. 8–10. Two men wicked forsake his way, and the un- wentupinto the temple to pray; the one righteous man his thoughts : and let a Pharisee, and the other a Publican. him return unto the Lord, and he The Pharisee stood and prayed thus will have mercy upon him ; and to with himself, God, I thank tảee, that our God, for he will abundantly par- | I am not as other men are, extortiondon, Isa. lv. 6,7. Then shall ye callers, unjust, adulterers, or even as this upon me,

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ye

and pray Publican, Luke xviii. 10, 11. Which and I will hearken unto you, devour widows' houses, and for a shew Jer. xxix. 12. Now when Daniel make long prayers : the same shall knew that the writing was signed, he receive greater damnation, XX. 47. went into his house; and his win cAnd love the uppermost rooms at dows being open in his chamber to- feasts, and the chief seats in the syward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his nagogues, Matt. xxiii. 6. And he said knees three times a day, and prayed, unto them in his doctrine, Beware of and gave thanks before his God, as the Scribes, which love to go in long he did aforetime, Dan. vi. 10. And clothing, and love salutations in the I prayed unto the LORD my God, and market places, Mark xii. 38,

Woe made my confession, and said, OLORD, unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the the great and dreadful God, keeping uppermost seats in the synagogues, the covenant and mercy to them that and greetings in the markets, Luke love him, and to them that keep his xi. 43. commandments, ix. 4. And he spake

VER. 6. a parable unto them to this end, that Συ δε όταν προσεύχη, είσελθε εις το men ought always to pray, and not to ταμιείον σου, και κλείσας την θύραν σου, faint, Luke xviii. 1. Hitherto have προσευξαι τώ πατρί σου το εν τω κρυπτών ye asked nothing in my name : ask, και ο πατήρ σου και βλέπων εν τω κρυπτώ and ye shall receive, that your joy árodócei col év vão pavação

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