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A. D. 31.
MATT. V. 37–39.
A. D. 31.
not, neither by heaven, neither by the | An a eye for an eye, and a tooth for a earth, neither by any other oath : but tooth : let your yea be yea ; and your nay, a Thou shalt give life for life, eye nay; lest ye fall into condemnation, for eye, tooth for tooth; hand for hand, James v. 12. Woe unto you, ye blind foot for foot, burning for burning, guides, which say, Whosoever shall wound for wound, stripe for stripe, swear by the temple, it is nothing ; Exod. xxi. 23—25. If a man cause but whosoever shall swear by the
a blemish in his neighbour; as he gold of the temple, he is a debtor! hath done, so shall it be done to him; Ye fools and blind : for whether is Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth greater, the gold, or the temple that for tooth: as he hath caused a blesanctifieth the gold ? And, whosoever mish in a man, so shall it be done to shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; him again, Lev. xxiv. 19, 20. Then but whosoever sweareth by the gift shall ye do unto him, as he had that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools thought to have done unto his brother, and blind: for whether is greater, the Deut. xix. 19. gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the
VER. 39. gift? Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by
'Εγώ δε λέγω υμίν, μη αντιστήναι τώ all things thereon. And whoso shail Trorngo, åna' őOTIS os partidei étre the deswear by the temple, sweareth by it, ξιάν σου σιαγόνα, στέψον αυτό και την άλand by him that dwelleth therein. aque And he that shall swear by heaven, But a I say unto you, 6 That ye resist sweareth by the throne of God, and not evil : but whosoever shall c smite thee by him that sitteth thereon, Matt. on thy right cheek, turn to him the other xxiii. 16–22. The wicked, through also. the pride of his countenance, will not a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 22. seek after God: God is not in all his b Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear thoughts. His mouth is full of curs
any grudge against the children of ing and deceit and fraud: under bis thy people, but thou shalt love thy tongue is mischief and vanity, Psal. x. neighbour as thyself, Lev. xix. 18. 4,7. Out of the same mouth pro- Say not thou, I will recompense evil; ceedeth blessing and cursing. My buť wait on the Lord, and he shall brethren, these things ought not so to save thee, Prov. xx. 22. Say not, I be, James iii. 10.
will do so to him as he hath done to c But those things which proceed me : I will render to the man accordout of the mouth come forth from the ing to his work, xxiv. 29. Recomheart; and they defile the man. For pense to no man evil for evil. Dearly out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, beloved, avenge not yourselves, but murders, adulteries, fornications, rather give place unto wrath : for it thefts, false-witness, blasphemies : is written, Vengeance is mine ; I will these are the things which defile a repay, saith the Lord, Rom. xii
. 17. man, Matt, xv. 18—20. Ye are of 19. Now therefore there is utterly your father the devil, and the lusts of a fault among you, because ye go your father
will do, John viii. 44. to law one with another. Why do That ye put off concerning the for- ye not rather take wrong? Why do mer conversation the old which
ye not rather suffer yourselves to be is corrupt according to the deceitful defrauded ? 1 Cor. vi. 7. See that lusts, Eph. iv. 22. Wherein in time none renderevil for evil unto any man; past ye walked according to the course but ever follow that which is good, of this world, according to the prince both among yourselves, and to all men, of the power of the air, the spirit that 1 Thess. v. 15. Ye have condemned now worketh in the children of dis- and killed the just;, and he doth not obedience, ii. 2.
resist you, James v.6. Not rendering VER. 38.
evil for evil, or railing for railing: but "Ηκούσατε ότι ερρέθη: 'Οφθαλμόν αντί | contrariwise blessing ; knowing that οφθαλμού, και οδόντα αντι οδόντος. ye are thereunto called, that ye should
inherit a blessing, 1 Pet. iii. 9. Ye have heard that hath been said, b But Zedekiah the son of Chenaa
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MATT. V. 39-42.
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nah went near, and smote Micaiah on And whosoever shall compel thee to go the cheek, and said, Which way went u mile, go with him twain. the Spirit of the LORD from me to
VER. 42. speak unto thee? 1 Kings xxii. 24. They have gaped upon me with their | από σού δανείσασθαι μη αποστραφής.
Τα αιτούνται σε δίδου και τον θέλοντα mouth; they have smitten me upon
. the cheek reproachfully, Job xvi. 10.
a Give to him that asketh thee, and I gave my back to the smiters, and from him that would b borrow of thee my cheeks to them that plucked turn not thou away. off the hair: I hid not my face from
a Beware that there be not a thought shame and spitting, Isa. 1. 6. He giv- in thy wicked heart, saying, The seeth his cheek to him that smiteth venth year, the year of release, is at him : he is filled full with reproach, hand; and thine eye be evil against Lam. iii. 30. Now gather thyself in thy poor brother, and thou givest him troops, O daughter of troops : he hath nought; and he cry unto the Lord laid siege against us: they shall smite against thee, and it be sin unto thee. the judge of Israel with a rod upon Thou shalt surely give him, and thine the cheek, Mic. v. 1. And unto him heart shall not be grieved when thou that smiteth thee on the one cheek givestunto him : because that for this offer also the other, Luke vi. 29. And thing the LORD thy God shall bless when they had blindfolded him, they thee in all thy works, and in all that struck him on the face, and asked thou puttest thine hand unto, Deut. him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that xv. 9, 10. If I have withheld the smote thee?' xxii. 64. - For this is poor from their desire, or have caused thankworthy, if a man for conscience the eyes of the widow to fail; or have toward God endure grief, suffering eaten my morsel myself alone, and wrongfully. For what glory is it, if, the fatherless have not eaten thereof; when ye be buffetted for your faults, If I have seen any perish for want of ye shall take it patiently? but if, when clothing, or any poor without coverye do well, and suffer for it, ye take ing; If his loins have not blessed me, it patiently, this is acceptable with and if he were not warmed with the God. For even hereunto were ye call- fleece of my sheep;-Then let mine ed: because Christ also suffered for arm fall from my shoulder blade, and us, leaving us an example, that ye mine arm be broken from the bone, should follow his steps : who did no Job xxxi. 16-22. The righteous shewsin, neither was guile found in his eth mercy, and giveth, Ps. xxxvii. 21. mouth : Who, when he was reviled, He (the righteous) hath dispersed, he Téviled not again; when he suffered, hath given to the poor; his righteoushe threatened not; but committed ness endureth for ever, cxii. 9. Say himself to him who judgeth righteous- not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come ly, 1 Pet. ii. 19-23.
again, and to-morrow I will give; VER. 40.
when thou hast it by thee, Prov. ii. Kal to Díapuri cos xpueñvas, vai no xt increaseth ; and there is that withhold
28. There is that scattereth, and yet rāvé, co nabtīv, äpes abtq xal to fjárcov: eth more than is meet, but it tendeth
And a if uny man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him
to poverty. The liberal soul shall be have thy cloak also.
made fat: and he that watereth shall
be watered also himself, xi. 24, 25. a And unto him that smiteth thee on He that hath pity upon the poor lendthe one cheek offer also the other; eth unto the Lord; and that which and him that taketh away thy cloak he hath given will he pay him again, forbid not to take thy coat also, Luke xix. 17. Cast thy bread upon the vi. 29. If it be possible, as much as
waters: for thou shalt find it after lieth in you, live peaceably with all
many days. Give a portion to seven, men, Rom. xii. 18. Charity--endur- and also to eight; for thou knowest eth all things, 1 Cor. xiii. 7.
not what evil shall be upon the earth, VER. 41.
Eccles. xi. 1, 2. In the morning sow και όστις σε άγγάρεύσει μίλιον έν, ύπαγε | thy seed, and in the evening withμετ' αυτού δύο.
hold not thine hand : for thou know
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A. D. 31. est not whether shall prosper, either so let him give; not grudgingly, or of this or that, or whether they both shall necessity: for God loveth a cheerful be alike good, 6. Is not this the fast giver, 2 Cor. ix. 6,7. Let him that that I have chosen?-Is it not to deal stole steal no more: but rather let him thy bread to the hungry, and that labour, working with his hands the thou bring the poor that are cast out thing which is good, that he may have to thy house? When thou seest the to give to him that needeth, Eph. iv. naked, that thou cover him; and that | 28. Charge them that are rich in this thou hide not thyself from thine own world, that they be not high-minded, flesh? Isa. lviii. 6,7. Wherefore, 0 nor trust in uncertain riches, but in king, let my countenance be accept- the living God, who giveth us richly able unto thee, and break off thy sins all things to enjoy; That they do by righteousness, and thine iniquities good, that they be rich in good works, by shewing mercy to the poor; if it ready to distribute, willing to commumay be a lengthening of thy tran- nicate, 1 Tim. vi. 17, 18. For God quillity, Dan. iv. 27. Give to every is not unrighteous to forget your work man that asketh of thee; and of him and labour of love, which ye have that taketh away thy goods ask them shewed toward his name, in that ye not again. And as ye would that men have ministered to the saints, and do should do to you, do ye also to them minister, Heb. vi. 10. But to do good likewise. For if ye love them which and to communicate forget not: for love you, what thank have ye? for with such sacrifices God is well pleassinners also love those that love them. ed, xiii. 16. Pure religion and undeAnd if ye do good to them which do filed before God and the Father is. good to you, what thank have ye? this, To visit the fatherless and wifor sinners also do even the same. dows in their affliction, and to keep And if ye lend to them of whom ye himself unspotted from the world, hope to receive, what thank have ye? Jam. i. 27. "Whoso hath this world's for sinners also lend to sinners, to re- good, and seeth his brother have need, ceive as much again. But love ye and shutteth up his bowels of compasyour enemies, and do good, and lend, sion from him, how dwelleth the love hoping for nothing again ; and your of God in him? 1 John üi. 17. reward shall be great, and ye shall b Thou shalt not harden thine heart, be the children of the Highest: for he nor shut thine hand from thy poor is kind unto the unthankful and to brother: But thou shalt open thine the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as hand wide unto him, and shalt surely your Father also is merciful, Luke vi. lend him sufficient for his need, in 30—36. Give alms of such things as that which he wanteth, Deut. xv.7,8. ye have, xi. 41. When thou makest a Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy dinner or a supper, call not thyfriends, brother, xxiii. 19. He (the righteous) nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, is ever merciful, and lendeth; and nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also his seed is blessed, Psal. xxxvii. 26. bid thee again, and a recompense be A good man sheweth favour, and made thee. But when thou makest a lendeth, cxii. 5. But love ye your feast, call the poor, the maimed, the enemies, and do good, and lend, hope lame, the blind : And thou shalt be ing for nothing again; and your reblessed; for they cannot recompense ward shall be great, and ye shall be thee: for thou shalt be recompensed the children of the Highest: for he is at the resurrection of the just, xiv. kind unto the unthankful and to the 12-14. Therefore if thine enemy evil, Luke vi. 35. hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give
VER. 43. him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fre on his head, Rom. | πλησίον σου και μισήσεις τον εχθρόν σου.
"Ηκούσατε ότι ερρέθη: 'Aγαπήσεις τον xii. 20. But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparing
Ye have heard that it hath been said, ly; and he which soweth bountifully a thou shalt love thy neighbour, b and shall reap also bountifully. Every man hate thine enemy. according as he purposeth in his heart, a Thou shalt love thy neighbour as
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MATT. V. 43-45
thyself, Lev. xix. 18, and Matt. xix.
VER. 44. 19. But he, willing to justify him Εγώ δε λέγω υμών: 'Αγαπάτε τους self, said unto Jesus, And who is my | εχθρούς υμών, ευλογείτε τους καταρωμένους neighbour? And Jesus answering said, υμάς, καλώς ποιείτε τους μισούντας υμάς, A certain man went down from Je- και προσεύχεσθε υπέρ των επηρεαζόντων rusalem to Jericho, and fell among inãs, sai dowxórtas üpãce thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed,
But a I say unto you, b Love your leaving him half dead. And by chance enemies, bless them that curse you, dò there came down a certain Priest that good to them that hate you, and pray way: and when he saw him,
he passed for them which despitefully use you, and by on the other side. And likewise a
persecute you ; Levite, when he was at the place, a See parallels on clause 1. ver. 22. came and looked on him, and passed
b I have delivered him that without by on the other side. But a certain cause is mine enemy, Ps. vii. 4. They Samaritan, as he journeyed, came reward me evil for good to the where he was : and when he saw spoiling of my soul. But as for me, him, he had compassion on him, &c. when they were sick, my clothing -Which now of these three, thinkest was sackcloth : I humbled my soul thou, was neighbour unto him that fell with fasting; and my prayer returned among the thieves? And he said, He into mine own bosom. I behaved that shewed mercy on him. Then said myself as though he had been my Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou friend or brother: I bowed down likewise, Luke x. 29–37. For this, heavily, as one that mourneth for his Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou mother, xxxv. 12–14. If thine eneshalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, my be hungry, give him bread to eat; Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou and if he be thirsty, give him water shalt not covet; and if there be any to drink, Prov. xxy. 21, and Rom. other commandment, it is briefly com xii. 20. But I say unto you which prehended in this saying, namely, hear, Love your enemies, do good Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy- to them which hate you, bless them self, Rom. xiii. 9. By love serve one that curse you, and pray for them another. For all the law is fulfilled which despitefully use you, Luke vi. in one word, even in this, Thou shalt 27, 28. Then said Jesus, Father, love thy neighbour as thyself, Gal. v. forgive them; for they know not what 13, 14.
they do, xxiii. 34. And he (Stephen) b Thou shalt not seek their peace kneeled down, and cried with a loud nor their prosperity all thy days for voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their ever, Deut. xxiii. 6. Remember what charge! Acts vii. 60. Bless them Amalek did unto thee by the way, which persecute you : bless, and curse when ye_ were come forth out of not, Rom. xii, 14. Be not overcome Egypt. Therefore it shall be, When of evil, but overcome evil with good, the LORD thy God hath given thee 21. Being reviled, we bless; being Test from all thine enemies round persecuted, we suffer it: being deabout, in the land which the LORD famed, we entreat, 1 Cor. iv. 12, 13. thy God giveth thee for an inherit- Not rendering evil for evil, or railing ance to possess it, that thou shalt for railing : but contrariwise blessing; blot out the remembrance of Amalek knowing that ye are thereunto called, from under heaven; thou shalt not that ye should inherit a blessing, forget it, xxv. 17—19. But thou, O 1 Pet. iii. 9. LORD, be merciful unto me, and raise
VER. 45. me up, that I may requite them, Ps. xli. 10. Do not I hate them, O LORD; iv oupavoisi ori còr flacoy airóī åvariadas
“οσως γένησθε υιοί του πατρός υμών του that hate thee? and am not I grieved in worneous xal åya. Joùs, xai Egéxe émi with those that rise up against thee? I hate them with perfect hatred : I
δικαίους και αδίκους. count them mine enemies, cxxxix.
That ye may be a the children of your b Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on
MATT. V. 45-48.
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And if ye
the good, and sendeth rain on the just salute it, X. 12. And into whatsoever and on the unjust.
house ye enter, first say, Peace be to a. See parallels on last clause of this house, Luke x. 5.
VER. 48. b. See parallels on last clause of "Έσεσθε ούν υμείς τέλειοι, ώσπερ ο ωατήρ ver. 16.
υμών και εν τοϊς ουρανούς τέλειός έστι. © Upon whom doth not his light a Be ye therefore perfect, even as your arise? Job xxv. 3. The Lord is good to b Father c which is in heaven is perfect, all: and his tender mercies are over all his works, Ps. cxlv. 9. Nevertheless, and said unto him, I am the Almighty
a The LORD appeared to Abram, he left not himself without witness, God; walk before me, and be thou in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons,
perfect, Gen. xvii. 1. I am the LORD filling our hearts with food and glad
your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and
ye shall be holy; for ness, Acts xiv. 17.
I am holy, Lev. xi. 44. Speak unto VER. 46.
all the congregation of the children 'Edy gàg syannonte toùg åya Trãitas of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall υμάς, τίνα μισθόν έχετε; ουχί και οι τε be holy: for I the LORD your God λώναι το αυτό ποιούσι; ;
am holy, xix. 2. And ye shall be For a if ye love them which love you, holy unto me: for I the Lord am what reward have ye? do not even the holy, and have severed you from b Publicans the same?
other people, that ye should be mine, a For if ye love them which love you,
XX. 26. - There was a man in the what thank have ye? for sinners also land of Uz, whose name was Job; and love those that love them. And if ye that man was perfect aud upright, do good to them which do good to
and one that feared God, and eschewyou, what thank have ye? for sinners ed evil, Job i. 1. And the Lord said also do even the same.
unto Şatan, Hast thou considered my lend to them of whom ye hope to re
servant Job, that there is none like ceive, what thank have ye? for sin
him in the earth, a perfect and an ners also lend to sinners, to receive upright man, one that feareth God, as much again, Luke vi. 32–34.
and escheweth evil, ii. 3. Mark the b And, behold, there was a man perfect man, and behold the upright: named Zaccheus, which was the chief for the end of that man is peace, Ps. among the Publicans, and he was rich, xxxvii. 37. Blessed ure the undefiled Luke xix. 2. And if he shall neglect in the way, who walk in the law of to hear them, tell it unto the Church:
the LORD, cxix. 1. The righteousness but if he neglect to hear the Church, of the perfect shall direct his way, let him be unto thee as an heathen Prov. xi. 5. Jesus said unto him, If man and a Publican, Matt. xviii. 17. thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that Verily I say unto you, that the Pub- thou hast, and give to the poor, and licans and the hårlots go into the thou shalt have treasure in heaven; kingdom of God before you, xxi. 31. and come and follow me, Matt. xix. Then drew near unto him all the Pub- 21. Be ye therefore merciful, as your licans and sinners, for to hear him. Father also is merciful, Luke vi. 36. And the Pharisees and Scribes mur
For Herod feared John, knowing that mured, saying, This man receiveth he was a just man and an holy, Mark sinners, and eateth with them, Luke vi. 20. I beseech you therefore, brexv. 1, 2.
thren, by the mercies of God, that ye VER. 47.
present your bodies a living sacrifice, Kai làv år wéons de toùg ádea povs üpeão boly, acceptable unto God, which is μόνον, τι περισσόν ποιείτε; ουχί και οι τε
your reasonable service, Rom. xii. 1. λώναι ούτω ποιούσιν; ;
If any man defile the temple of God,
him shall God destroy; for the tema salute your brethren ple of God is holy, which temple only, what do ye more than others ? ye are, 1 Cor. iii. 17. Having theredo not even the Publicans so?
fore these promises, dearly beloved, a And when ye come into an house, let us cleanse ourselves from all fil
And if ye