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The city of Smyrna ruined by an earthquake

61

Polycarp's age

61

His martyrdom well attested

62

The constancy of the martyrs to be ascribed to a di-

vine assistance

63. 69. 90. 118. 146

The constancy of persons who were, or were called,

heretics

- 63, 64. 149, 150

Mark of Arethusa, his sufferings, and the remarks

of Tillemont upon
them

65

Martyrologies usually romantic

66. 143

Acts of Perpetua antient, but perhaps adulterated

67

The increase of Christianity in times of persecution

69

The alteration for the better which Christianity pro-

duced in those who received it

70

The obstacles which it overcame

71

Justin Martyr, his character and writings 40, 41. 68. 72-75

His account of the statue of Simon seems to be a

mistake

73

Obscure and worthless men deified by the Pagans

even in his time

73

Authority of the Fathers. It is better to defer too

little than too much to it

75

Justin's Dialogue genuine

75

Hegesippus, a writer of small credit

76

Encratites, their errors

76

Alcibiades, the martyr, reproved for an erroneous

notion

76

The story of the thundering legion improbable 77

Forged rescripts in favour of Christianity

77

Marcus Aurelius, no friend to the Christians

78

The martyrdom of Apollonius

78. 80

Roman Senate not favourable to Christianity

79

Reinarks on Lucian, Apuleius, Porphyry, and the

Platonic philosophers

80, 83

Lucian not an apostate

80

Augustin, his doubts concerning the transformation

of Apuleius

81

Mysteries of heretics and philosophers

81

Vigilantius ill-used by Jerom

82

Remarks on Jerom

39. 82. 99. 104. 106, 107. 131. 149

Porphyry, his concessions in favour of Christianity 82

His writings suppressed

82

Plotinus, his attempt to establish Plato's Republic

82, 83

Smyrna overthrown by an earthquake:

The generosity of Marcus Aurelius and of others

on that occasion

83

Bardesanes, his character and sentiments

70. 84

Melito. Whether a prophet

State of the Christians in the reign of Commodus 85

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The Montanists

85

Tertullian

• 38. 40. 85, 86. 90

Proculus is said to have cured Severus with oil.

Facts relating to that story

86. 90

Severus, his behaviour towards the Christians

88, 89

Rutilius the martyr. His prudent and pious be-

haviour

90

Theophilus. Remarks on his Treatise to Auto-

lycus

90-94

It is probable that there were no resurrections in

92

No examples of resurrections mentioned by Clemens

Romanus, Athenagoras, Tertullian, Tatian, Minu-

cius Felix, &c.

93

Pagan accounts of resurrections

93

A passage in Theophilus explained

93

Irenæus. Remarks on his account of miracles

94-101

No resurrections in his time to be collected from his

testimony

94

Nor that all Christians could work miracles

96

Dæmoniacs, and the gift of tongues

98-101. 109

The creed of Irenæus

101

Le Clerc's remarks upon it

- 101

Tertullian's creed

102

Pantænus, a preacher of the Gospel in India

103

Narcissus. Miracles related concerning him · 103

Fountains of oil

- 103

Natalis. The miraculous punishment inflicted upon

him for going over to heretics

103

Jerom whipped by angels

· 104

Lactantius, his poverty

- 104

The state of the Christians in the third century - 104

Of the Christian soldiers

- 104

Paul the hermit, his Life by Jerom

- 106

The Novatians

- 106

Origen. His character and sentiments

- 106-112

His testimony concerning miracles and visions

110

Synesius

· 109

The story of Basilides and Potamiana

- 110

The Platonic Trinity

- 111. 129

Gregory Thaumaturgus. His miracles ill attested 112-114
Said to have received a creed from the hands of

St. John

112

Stories of the like kind

113

An account of Manes, and of the Manichæan

heresy

114-132

Antient heresies from which it was borrowed

121

Corruptions of Christianity in the fourth and fifth

centuries

76--122

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The Valdenses and Albigenses accused of Mani-
chæism

J 23

Antient heretics misrepresented

1 23-124

Miracles pretended to have been wrought by the

monks

124

Eastern Christians great fasters

124, 125

Propagation of heresies no objection to the ar-

gument drawn from the propagation of Chris-

tianity

126

Strange notions of some old heretics

126

Eunomians not Manichæans; misrepresented by

some of the Fathers

126. 128

Athanasius rejected Arian baptism

1.28

A remark of Lord Shaftsbury

129

The Persian god Mithras

129

Zoroastrian oracles impostures

129, 130

Manichæism conformable in some points to the

Stoical doctrine

130

The destruction of Arimanius and Hades

130

Wine held in abomination by the Manichæans,

and by others before them

131

Milton makes Satan talk like a Manichæan

132

Weakness and inconsistency of the Manichæan hy-

pothesis

132

Bayle confuted by Le Clerc

132

Dionysius of Alexandria. His character

132, 133

An instance of a particular providence related by

him

133

The visions and revelations which he had

134

Cyprian. His character and sentiments

104. 134. 139

Improbable miracles related by Cyprian, Macarius,

and Sozomen

136, 137

A wonderful stone mentioned and described in

Thuanus

137-139

Felix of Nola. False reports concerning his mi-

racles

139

Piety and charity of the Christians in the third cen-

tury, and in times of distress

140

Goths converted to Christianity

140

Paul of Samosata deposed for heresies and immora-

lities

140

Arnobius. His conversion. A passage in him cor-

rected

141

Antony the monk. His romantic life by Athanasius 141-143

Melchior Canus and Ludovicus Vives, their re-

marks on the lives of the saints

141-145

Modern monks. Their character

145

Hypsistarii, or Cæliocolæ ; a sect of Deists

145

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Diocletian's persecution, and the constancy of the

martyrs

.. 146150

Depravation of manners amongst the Christians 146
Extraordinary events and miracles, which are said

to have attended the sufferings of the martyrs 147

Martyrdom of Romanus. False miracles relating to

it

144. 147

Eusebius not the forger of them

147, 148

Rufinus and Jerom unfaithful translators

149

Martyrdom of a Marcionite

149

Conversion of two pantomimes

. 150

The romance of the Thebean legion

150, 151

A divine judgment on the patriarch of Seleucia

151, 152

Milles, a Persian bishop and martyr

- 151, 152

State of the church after Constantine

152

Transactions during the reign of Constantine

159

Remarks on the

cross,

&c. which was seen by

Constantine, and which seems to have been a

solar halo

159-161

Licinius pretended to have been instructed and as-

sisted by an angel

161

Whether he were a Christian

161

His character

- 124

The causes, origin, and progress of the worship

of saints, martyrs, and reliques of monkery,

łying, wonders, austerities, vows of virginity,

pilgrimages, &c.

161-176

The Fathers were the encouragers of these super-

stitions

162

Eusebius not entirely excusable in this point

163. 165

The Consubstantialists ran much into these ex-

166

Christian saints supplied the place and the offices of

Pagan deities

- 163. 166

Monkish ignorance, austerities, and fanaticism 166. 170

The monks were not all of them saints

170

Athanasius. His account of them

- 170

Eusebius, Constantine, Jerom, Ambrose. Their

high notions of virginity and celibacy 171, 172. 176

Monks may have been sometimes misrepresented

and wronged

172

Miracles, for what purposes they were wrought in

those times

172

Whence the devil came to be painted black

167

Monks, imitators of Pagan philosophers

169

Chelsea College. What it was designed for by

James I.

- 171

Monkish miracles preserved by tradition

- 173

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Character of the Ægyptians and of their monks 173
Valens an enemy to.them

173
Made them serve public offices

- 173

How they came to be so numerous

174

Protected by the clergy, and disliked by others 174

Paula and Éustochium pious pilgrims

- 175

The schism of the Donatists

• 176

An account of the Arian controversy

- 177-204

Alexander excommunicates Arius and others

Sozomen and Theodoret give a good character to

some Arian prelates

178

Alexander uscs weak arguments against the

Arians

- 179

His notions very like those of the Semiarians · 179, 180

A supposed miracle in his favour

180

Jurieu. His notion that the articles of Chris-

tian faith were not understood in the three first

centuries

. 180

Philostorgius not favourable to Alexander

180

Constantine treats the Arian controversy as frivolous 181

Valesius mistranslates the emperor's Epistle

- 131

Nicene council. Quarrels of these Fathers

181

General councils not infallible

- 181-190

Character of the councils of Constantinople and

Ephesus

. 184

Eusebius against the ομοούσιος

- 185
Disputes about the meaning of that word

- 185-187
Eusebius, his sense of it

185

Council of Antioch, their strange interpretation

of it

- 186

Le Clerc's account of general councils

187

Symeon Stylites, his notion of them

· 190

Summary account of the Arian controversy for

forty years

- 190. 194

An Arian creed

• 191, 192

Divisions amongst the Arians

· 193

Apollinaris, his notion of the sóyos

· 194

Pagans deride these controversies

194

Alexandrians, their scoffing temper

195

Erasmus, his judgment concerning the dispute - 196

Semiarians

197

Co-eternity of the novos considered

197-200

Le Clerc, his notion concerning the controversy - 198

Consubstantiality, how understood by the Nicene

Fathers

200-202

Scholastic and cabbalistic notions concerning it

- 202, 203

Abbadie, his indiscretion on this subject

VOL. II.

b

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