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necessary uncertainty respecting the cent works, his “ Popular Lectures identity of certain physical objects, on Biblical Criticism,”. and his nor, if we could clear up every such “Guide to the practical Reading difficulty, would our faith receive of the Bible ;" both of them conany addition of strength. Still, how. taining much interesting and vaever, it is a rational and an interest- luable matter, adapted to the use ing object of critical inquiry, and has of those Christians who wish to accordingly engaged many learned gain an intelligent view of the and devout pens; and no man who science of biblical interpretation loves and values the Scriptures will without being able to study numethink little of the minutest eluci- rous volumes of scriptural philology dation which render them more and textual history, and many of striking or intelligible.
them in foreign languages. We reBefore we quit Mr. Carpenter's joice to witness the increased atinstructive and entertaining publi- tention paid to the critical as well cation, we must not forget, lest we as devotional study of the word of should not chance to have an op- God. May the seed thus sown portunity regularly to review them, produce an abundant harvest to his to thank him for two other more re- glory!
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Piety without Asceticism; or the Pro- The “ Christian's Appeal ;" or Rules testant Kempis, selected from Scougal, of Faith and Practice, selected from the How, and Cudworth. By the Bishop of Holy Scriptures. 2s.6d. Limerick. 12s.
The National Library, No. II. containThe Book of the Prophet Isaiah, trans- ing the History of the Bible. Vol. I. By lated from the Hebrew. By the Rev. A. the Rev. G. R. Gleig. Jenour. 2 vols. ll. 43.
Historical Atlas, containing Maps of The Succession of Sacred Literature. the World, at Twenty-one Different By the Rev. A. Clarke, D.D. and the Periods, with a View of Universal HisRev. J. B. Clarke. Vol. I. 12s.
tory. By E. Quin. 31. 10s. Sermons preached at the Temple A Defence of the Surinam Negro-EnChurch. By the Rev. A. Irvine. 8s. 6d. glish Testament. By W. Greenfield. 2s.
The Extent of Scriptural Inspiration. The Family Library, No. XVI. DeBy the Rev. C. H. Terrot.
monology and Witchcraft. By Sir W. The Duty of Prompt and Complete Scott. 5s. Abolition of Colonial Slavery ; a Sermon. The Edinburgh Cabinet Library, No. By the Rev. S. C. Wilks. Is.
I. By Professors Leslie, Jameson, and H. A Manual of Prayers for every Day in Murray.. 5s. the Week. By the Rev. J. Topham. Memoir of the Rev. E. Payson, D.D. 6s.
" Patience in Tribulation," a Short “ The Negro Slave;" a Tale. Memoir of E. E. 3s. 6d.
“ Short Narratives from real Life." A Letter to T. Erskine, on the West- 2s. 6d. Country Miracles. By the Rev. E. Craig. The Pleasures of Benevolence. 48. 6d.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
distinguishing the number resident in the There has been published an abstract of parish ; likewise the number of those who the number of curates in each diocese, are licensed, and the number of those returned by the archbishops and bishops who possess stipends, arranged in different to the privy council, for the year 1827; classes of 101. and under 201; 201. and
under 301.; 304. and under 401., &c.; England, in Dr. Lardner's Cyclopædia, also the gross value of livings where the gives the following interesting account incumbents are non-resident, from which of the nautical genius of the British we collect the following facts :- The cu- Islanders.-" The British islands are narates employed in the several dioceses are turally destined to be the seat of mari-in St. Asaph, 30; Bangor, 58; Bath time power. Their coasts are much more and Wells, 190; Bristol, 103; Canter- extensive, compared with their inland terbury, 135; Carlisle, 44; Chester, 158; ritory, than those of any other great and Chichester, 110; St. David's, 194; Dur. civilised nation. Their position on the ham, 78: Ely, 71 ; Exeter, 256; Glou- globe, reaching almost to the northern cester, 128 ; Hereford, 153; Landaff, 94; verge of that portion where the whole sea Lichfield and Coventry, 268; Lincoln, is open to navigation throughout the year, 550; London, 231; Norwich, 473; Ox- is better fitted than any other to render ford, 69; Peterborough, 116; Rochester, their numerous mariners hardy, daring, 47; Salisbury, 174; Winchester, 177; and skilful. Had it been more southerly, Worcester, 83; York, 261: Total, 4,254. these qualities would have been incom. Of this number, 1,393 reside in the glebe- pletely exercised; had it been farther house, and 805 in the parish. 3,600 are north, some part of the year, which now licensed curates. The following is a state- serves to train their seafaring inhabitants, ment of their stipends : Six curates re
would have been lost to that purpose. ceive under 201. ; 59 under 301. ; 173 un- Their soil and climate neither withdrew der 401. ; 441 under 501. ; 892 under 60l.; their pursuit from the resources of the 300 under 701. ; 415 under 801. ; 458 un. sea, nor refused the produce which might der 901.; 156 under 1001. ; 500 under be exchanged by navigation for the pro1102.; 69 under 1201 ; 207 under 1301.; duce of other countries. Their advanced 52 under 1401. ; 32 under 1502.; 162 un. position, as it was in front of Europe, der 1601. ; 26 under 1701.; 15 under 1801.; favoured that disposition towards adven. 5 under 1907. ; 3 under 2001. ; 17 under turous voyages and colonial establish2101. ; 2 under 2201. ; 2 under 2301. ; 2 ments, in which, after a fortunate excluunder 2401. ; 3 under 250l. ; 4 under 2601. ; sion from the neighbouring continent, I under 2901. ; 2 under 3101. ; 1 under the genius and ambition of the people 3201. ; and I under 3401. There are 43 were vented, with lasting, grand, and who receive the whole income of the be- happy consequences to mankind. Ponefices they serve. Two receive one half pular government gives dignity to comof the income, and one is paid two gui- merce : it promotes navigation, one of neas each Sunday. With respect to the the occupations of the lower and middle gross value of livings where the incum- classes, and it is disposed to encourage bents are non-resident, it is stated that the only species of military force which there are 2,496 under 3001, and 1,223 of cannot be made the instrument of its the value of 3001. and upwards.
overthrow.-It is not unreasonable to A manuscript of a version of the Old add, that the settlement of so many piand New Testament in the Georgian lan- rates in England, the natives of every guage, was discovered in the year 1817, country from the Elbe, perhaps from the in the Georgian monastery at MountAthos. Rhine, to the North Cape, between the It is alleged to be the autograph of Eu- sixth and tenth centuries, may have con. phemius, who lived in the eighth century; tributed to cultivate those nautical probut whether this can be proved or not it pensities, which form a part of the English may afford valuable matter for collation, character." and possibly readings of critical import- We quote from the same work the folance. Can any of our biblical correspond- lowing curious passage on the alleged mients inform us whether any efforts have racles of the middle ages ; though we been made to ascertain its peculiarities? think the learned author's remarks open Has Scholz examined it for his elaborate to considerable exception. He too much forthcoming work ?
palliates the lying miracles of the Church of Mr. Houlton, in lecturing before the Rome; and not fairly assumes that our own Medico-botanical Society, states church, for example, still claims the power proof of the tenacity of vegetable life, that of working miracles.—“ Augustine cured a a bulbous root concealed probably forblind man, but without the immediate re2000 years in an Egyptian mummy ger- moval of obstinate prejudice. Many such minated on exposure to the atmosphere, miracles, however, are related, to which and grew in the ground with vigour, happier consequences are ascribed ; nor
Sir James Mackintosh, in bis History of ought the veracity of the narrators to be un
distinguishingly asssailed, when a belief in ple statement of the imperfection and inmiraculous powers was universal. A man adequacy of the testimony produced in its of good understanding might easily ascribe support. No form of Christianity was to his own prayers, or still more to those likely not to have sanctioned a doctrine whom he valued more than himself, those so agreeable to the general feelings of a recoveries which immediately followed zealous and ignorant age as the continuance them. As the miraculous facts are sel- of miraculous powers. It does not scem dom related by professed eye-witnesses, to have any connexion with the properly the progress of insensible exaggeration theological dogmas of the Church of Rome. accounts for many of those narratives, Many Protestants were, some perhaps without either assenting to the miracle, still are, favourable to it. Probably no or disputing the honesty of the histo- Protestant establishment has expressly rian. A just conviction of the excel- renounced it. It was the peculiar mislence of the cause in which they were fortune of the Roman Catholic church, engaged, disposed them more readily to that, however disposed some of its most believe that Providence interposed in its distinguished members might have been to favour. One of the greatest men of the suffer such claims to slumber, and gradually eighteenth century has intimated his opi- to die out, their precise and rigid defininion, that such interposition might have tions of the infallibility of the church, actually occurred. Whoever ascribes the have placed the character of their religion order of nature to a Supreme Mind too much at the mercy of every ignorant, must indeed believe it to be possible credulous, or fraudulent Catholic, who for that Mind to suspend and alter the may persuade himself, or others, that he course of events. But there is probably possesses those powers, which the univerno miracle of the middle age which re. sal church cannot strongly condemn, withquires any other confutation than a sim- out assailing its own infallibility."
LONDON EPISCOPAL FLOATING rated from their communion, with a view CHURCH SOCIETY.
to procure for them full liberty of conWe regret to learn that the funds of this science and public worship. We trust valuable institution are inadequate to that this powerful fraternal address will allow of the committee's affording the not be without good effect. necessary support to the Chaplain to the Church-ship. The clergyman now ap- PARIS BIBLE SOCIETY. pointed, Mr. Davis, has however offered A new impulse bas been given to the himself for this work of Christian mercy French Bible Society. Two anonymous among our seamen ; and we trust that the friends some time since gave 2500 francs to liberality of the friends of Religion, will be employed in circulating the Scriptures not suffer so excellent a design to languish within one year gratuitously, or by cheap for want of due support. The Archbishop sale, among all the families in one departof Canterbury is the president, and the ment who were willing to receive them. Bishops of London, Winchester, and Mr. Daniel Wilson, who happened to be Lichfield and Coventry, are vice-presidents in Paris at the last anniversary, and Mr. of the Society, and give it their pecuniary Wilks of Paris, gave 500 francs to assist assistance.
a similar plan in two other departments.
It was hoped that the spirit would spread RELIGIOUS PERSECUTIONS IN till all the Protestant families in France SWITZERLAND.
are supplied. Mr. Wilson's address at the The pastors of the Cantons of Berne anniversary of the society is stated to and De Vaud have received from the Ge- have greatly animated and interested the neral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church meeting. He commenced in French, but in America, an earnest and affectionate re- soon impatient of the trammels of a fomonstrance on the religious persecutions reign tongue, he gave vent to the abundwhich have taken place in these cantons, ance of his feelings and sentiments in his entreating the pastors to intercede for own language ; M. Guizot translating his those conscientious men who have sepa- remarks with great elegance and correct
CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 346. 4 0
“ It was joyful,” say the Archives pelled from France by the revocation of du Christianisme, “ to see M. Guizot's the edict of Nantz. brilliant talents devoted to so good a “ Who think you,” said one of the cause, and employed in the service of him speakers at the last anniversary, “ hailed who bestowed them. The whole of this their disembarkation on the coast of Afrinovel and unpremeditated scene was re- ca? Pagans ? Strangers ? No: they found markably striking and affecting.”
themselves in the arms of their beloved We had written the above some months countrymen. Yes; at this very moment since, but wanted space to insert it. there exist in Africa the descendants of Since we penned it, a new order of those persecuted but faithful men, who, affairs has arisen in France which it is towards the close of the seventeenth cenhoped will give a still livelier impulse to tury, under the reign of a prince brilliant these auspicious openings for the circu- with glory, but not the glory of charity, lation of the word of God. Our Pro- were forced to abandon their country to testant friends are putting forth their escape the sword of their persecuting energies with zeal ; and great numbers of countrymen. For a century and a half persons who have hitherto professed the these venerable exiles had lost all commuRoman-Catholic faith, or no faith at all, nication with the mother country; even are crowding to the Protestant chapels their fellow-Protestants had well nigh to hear for themselves the doctrines of forgotten them : few voyagers took the the Bible, as professed by the Reformed trouble to make us acquainted with them; church. Popery is almost every where Kolbe is full of improbabilities, Sparunpopular; and upon the efforts which mann only botanized, and Le Vaillant shall now be made by the friends of Pro- studied nothing but the natural history of testantism to promote religious educa- animals. Travellers thus occupied could tion, scriptural preaching, and the know- not satisfy the demands which the heart of ledge and perusal of the word of God, a French Protestant would make respectmay probably depend, under Divine Pro. ing those our brethren. They drop only a vidence, whether France shall become a few words about them; but not enough nation of avowed infidels, or Protestant to satisfy those who wish to hear of their Christians.
life and their faith. It was reserved for
our missionaries, after a century and a FRENCH MISSIONS IN AFRICA. half, to renew those bonds of country and
The last Report of the Paris Society for of faith which time and absence could not Evangelical Missions states, that the so- break." ciety is augmenting its resources at home, The missionaries, after remaining a and enlarging its efforts abroad. The ac- short time in this interesting colony, procount of the society's missions in South ceeded to their destination among the Africa mentions the following interesting Hottentots and Caffres in the interior. circumstances respecting the arrival of the We shall be glad to learn and to commumissionaries at the Cape of Good Hope, nicate some particulars respecting the and their temporary sojourn among the history and circumstances of this prodescendants of a party of refugees ex- testant refugee settlement.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
We endeavoured in our last Number to reasonably expected. Those who looked for take a brief retrospective view of the state every passing day to exhibit scenes of wild of Continental Europe since the peace, in extravagance, and rash, ill-digested mea. order to shew the actual relations and sures, have been disappointed. Abroad, the tendencies of its somewhat discordant government have proceeded calmly in esparts. Our space not having allowed of tablishing their foreign relations with the our adding to this sketch our usual digest nations of Europe, none of which seem to of passing events, we shall now state a intend to dispute the validity of the late few of the leading notices of the last as changes; while at home, they have been well as the present month.
actively employed in arranging the internal The affairs of France have advanced as administration of the country; the diffihappily as any person who considers the culties of which have been very great, vast peculiar difficulties of the case could have numbers of publie agents baving been set aside as hostile to the new constitution, lence, to prepare the way for the return of and others appointed in their room.
the old system. Abroad, the independence of the States of Hitherto, then, we think the new go. South America is to be acknowledged; vernment may fairly claim the approbaand very important plans are under con- tion of their countrymen and of Europe. sideration for the benefit of the_Black Their condact has frustrated the wishes and Coloured population of the French of the ultras of all parties; they have slave-colonies. One of these measures steadily refused to fraternize with the our readers will find referred to in the insurgents of other countries ; while at Anti-slavery Reporter appended to our home they have opposed the anti-social present Number; and from the well. projects of misrule and democracy, silenced known sentiments of the leading members anarchical clubs, and checked the tumulof the cabinet, we cannot but hope the tuous proceedings of misguided bodies of case of the slave as well as the coloured workmen, who know so little even of their free people, will be satisfactorily adjusted. own interests as to wish for the suppres
A measure is also before the chambers, sion of machinery. They were pestered for extending trial by jury to offences of at first with a few congratulatory visits the press, which is to be followed by and addresses from some of the radicals various other bills for the internal im- of our own land; to whom, however, they provement of the country in all its de- gave polite and quiet answers, and there partments.
the matter ended. They have, in short, Arrangements are in progress for the done nothing that could give offence to trial of the ex-ministers; four of whom, any other country; and we trust they may Polignac, Peyronnet, Chantelauze, and succeed in quieting the fermenting eleG. de Ranville, were apprehended, and ments that disturb their own. For much are in prison. The charge against them remains to be done to cement the public is treason, in having annulled the elections, tranquillity, especially as the new'instichanged the institutions of the kingdom, tutions allow of the most free expression plotted against the external safety of the of opinion, of which the discontented of state, and excited civil war. The public all classes have not failed to take occasion feeling is strongly excited against them; to excite animosities. The chief alarm is and at least one victim, Polignac, is un- from republicans and anarchists, either relentingly asked for by the populace and real, or assuming that character to prothe democratical clubs, to satisfy them mote other objects. There have also been for the loss of lives which resulted from rumours of divisions in the cabinet ; the their illegal and insensate measures. The moderate counsels, it is said, of M. Molé, king, the ministry, and many of the leading Guizot, and the Duke de Broglie, not being members of the deputies, strongly oppose pleasing to the more democratical spirit this infliction of revengeful cruelty, which of some of their colleagues : but these, if spirit of moderation has gained them no they existed, have not been allowed to slight unpopularity; but we earnestly trust, separate them, and critical indeed would even yet, that, in case of these unhappy be a separation at the present juncture. statesmen being found guilty, means wilt Hitherto, we discern nothing of political be found to avert the penalty of death. danger, or even of popular disapprobation, To send them to the scaffold would be beyond what was naturally to be exan act of gratuitous barbarity, an act highly pected after the first enthusiasm of the impolitic, as regards the feelings of other revolution had subsided, and private and countries, and which might lead to future party interests began to come into play. scenes of terror and bloodshed. The Our most painful feeling for France, and great mass of the better disposed part of truly painful it is, arises from the melanthe nation cannot surely wish for more choly fact that true Christianity seems than confiscation and banishment; and it almost extinct throughout the land. This, is hoped that the postponement of the bowever, is not imputable to the new gotrials may afford time for passion to sub- vernment; for we presume there is quite side, and admit of the impartial exercise as much real belief in Christianity now as of justice tempered with mercy. We la- there was three months ago; and the prement, however, to say, that the proposi- sent unpopularity of the hollow hypocrition for the general abolition of the punish- tical mummery of Popery is to our minds ment of death is obliged to be deferred more favourable to the ultimate progress in consequence of the popular excitement of true religion than its late ascendency. upon this subject, notwithstanding the king Nor is it quite sober to select France, as himself, as well as his cabinet, and some some among us are doing, as the mark of those statesmen who are most in the for all the thunderbolts of Heaven, as if no confidence of the people, are in favour of other people in the world were irreligious it. It is stated, that some of the loud- and infidel; or as if the new king of the est clamourers for revenge, and some of French, and his ministers, had suddenly the noisiest declaimers for a new and re- transformed a nation of sincere Christians publican revolution, are disguised political into heathens. The evil, we grieve to incendiaries, whose object is, by causing say, lies deeper; and the lamentable abtumults, and stimulating the people to vio- sence of religion in the public proceed