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men; and the progress of education, the ties on whom it was imposed, especially to extension of knowledge, and the colossal Belgium. No two nations could be less powers of the press, are every where con- fitted to be wedded together : their insti. centrating them to a focus, and bringing tutions, their habits, their religion, their them to bear upon the great question of language, were and are complete antipacivil government. The ultimate result thies. The inhabitants of the Netherwe would trust will be beneficial; we lands, or Belgium, are somewhat Gallic in would hope that in the end it will open their temperament : the inhabitants of the the way to social happiness, public and United Provinces, or Holland, are the anprivate virtue, and, above all, the diffusion tipode-Dutch : the former are Catholic, of the Gospel of peace : but in the mean the latter Protestant; the former are a time the struggle may be fearful ; for con- manufacturing, the latter a commercial tending passions are afloat, and justice and people; the former are accustomed to mercy are not the characteristics of our foreign dominion, the latter have for ages fallen nature, either on the side of the be- been proud of their independence; the sieger or the besieged. Let us pray to former prefer France, the latter England: Him who is the author of peace and the and their very languages differ, so that the lover of concord, that our fears may be books, and laws, and proclamations, which frustrated, and that the political institu- are vernacular to the one, are unintelligible tions of Europe, and ultimately of the to the other. The only reason for uniting world, may be placed under the guidance them was not the wish of the parties, but of his Almighty Providence on the footing to maintain the conservative policy of best calculated to promote glory to God, Europe. In order, however, to conciliate and peace and good will to man.
both nations, it was determined by the The particular case of the kingdom of allies that the king should reside alter. the Netherlands, which at present excites nately at Brussels and the Hague; and peculiar attention, stands as follows:- that both should be represented in one Belgium and Holland were united, not at common legislative body. But no cordial the wish of the parties concerned, but by a union has ever existed; and the late events confederacy of foreigners, who paired these in France having removed from Belgium two states, to make one sufficiently power- somewhat of the extraneous pressure ful to interpose an obstacle to the hostile which secured her coherence with Holland, loco-motion of France; for which purpose, she has broken out into rebellion, and a strong line of fortresses was to be kept openly seeks, besides the redress of some up along the whole frontier. This forced alleged grievances, a dissolution of the political matrimony has not however proved alliance. altogether acceptable to either of the par.
Having laid down these preliminary statements, we had proceeded to narrate the events of the month at home and abroad; and were preparing to wind up the whole with some remarks on their bearing upon the state of continental affairs, and also upon our beloved country, when we found that, owing to the great length of several articles in this Number (which must be our apology for the postponement of Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, and other articles), our space was exhausted, and that it was too late in the month to add an extra quantity without risking the publication. We are forced, therefore, for the present to cụt short our remarks, and perhaps to leave some of them liable to misconstruction; but we purpose resuming the subject. We are obliged also to omit what we had penned in introducing the interesting documents appended to our Number; but our readers can supply this defect for themselves. Much does the aspect of affairs both at home and abroad quire their serious reflection and earnest prayers; yet, we would trust, not without a mixture of hopeful circum
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS,
J. B. H.; T. C.; C. E. I. ; D. T.; A CONSTANT Reader; P.; AN OLD
READER ; H. C. ; J. W.; M. F.; D. M. P.; SIMPLEX; N. ; and C. H. H. ; are under consideration.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
THE LAST DAY'S OF BISHOP HEBER. during the day. While we were at (Concluded from page 533.)
dinner the Bishop was informed that
the Rev. Mr. Winckler, a missionary WE
E left our beloved prelate from the Netherlands Society, re
delivering his farewell dis- sided in Sadras ; and, as it was then course at Madras, March 12, 1826: too late to invite him to our tents, we now, by the guidance of his he sent Mr. Doran and me in the chaplain, follow him on his last evening with a kind message to journey; not noticing every stage, him, expressive of his regret that but selecting a few passages. In he had not sooner known of his three weeks his labours were ended, being in the neighbourhood, that and he entered the joy of his Lord. he might have made his acquaint
March 13th.-We left Madras ance. He has two schools, and is this afternoon, after a fortnight of about to build a small chapel with great enjoyment as well as exertion subscriptions which he is collecting The novelty and variety of the ob- for that purpose. He has a small jects that have engaged the Bishop's Dutch and Portuguese congregation attention, the excellence of the pub- from the poor remains of the Nelic institutions, and the foundation therlands inbabitants, and their deof missionary labours in the vene- pendents, still lingering among the rable establishments at Vepery, have ruins of their former settlement. all conspired to excite the strongest The small fort near the sea shore is interest in favour of Madras; and now dismantled, and a few handno where has his own character some tombs (on which the Dutch been more justly appreciated. He seem always to have bestowed conhas been particularly gratified by siderable care and expense) is all observing the harmony that so that remains to remind us of their happily prevails among the clergy, greatness. Mr. Winckler's sphere and their disinterested kindness in of duty is of the most humble and assisting each other, and even seek- unpromising description, but yet is ing for opportunities of extending almost more than his nervous and their sphere of usefulness.
sickly frame can bear. He was March 13th.-A ride of a few miles very grateful to his lordship for the brought us to breakfast at our camp, kindness that suggested our liule a little beyond Sadras. With all the embassy. On our return to camp comforts even of this princely mode we found the Bishop and the rest of travelling, the heat is still intense, of the party drinking tea on the and it is almost impossible to at- shore, under the light of a lovely tempt any thing like employment moon, and, after our usual evening CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 346.
prayers, we were all glad to retire and he spent an hour in examining to bed early and prepare for our and conversing with them on the march to-morrow.
subject of religion. I was much March 17th. -We arrived at struck with the patience and carPondicherry after an intensely hot nestness of his manner in this inmarch, and found our tents pitched teresting service, and not only the on a burning sand, about a mile ease but the manifest delight with from the town. After dinner, while which he left the crowded party of the Bishop walked out with Mr. the governor, which was anxiously Cordier, the governor, I went with expecting his return, for this unthe rest of our party to visit the expected call of duty. The fatigue college and church of the Jesuits. of travelling, the excessive heat, The titular Bishop of Halicarnassus, and the constant engagements of who resides here as the chief of the the day, had all been extremely mission, sent his compliments to exhausting, and we have to march me, and invited me to visit him in at three to.morrow morning ; yet his cell. He was drest in the usual be did not shorten in any degree plain robe with a gold cross. I found what it was right to say. He exhim a gentlemanly well-informed pressed great pleasure in their anman, and very good-natured in swers and general appearance, and, giving me all the information about after confirming them, returned for the establishment which our short a short time to the government interview allowed me to ask. He house, and retired early to his tents complained much of the sufferings March 18th.--A long and sultry of the mission, almost from its first march brought us to Cuddalore. foundation, by the constant wars. This is the first English station we between the French and English, have visited since we left Madras : the suppression of the Jesuits, and it is one of those places to which the Revolution. They had once a pensioners and invalids, who prefer noble library ; but, after the first a residence in this country, are sent capture of Pondicherry by our army w end their days; with but little or in 1761, it was almost entirely dis- no restraint of military discipline, sipated, and (as he expressed it) the and with too great facilities for books have never yet found their the indulgence of their destructive way back again. I was in hopes of habits. There are here at present finding some Persian or Syriac ma- 180 soldiers, of whom 140 are Pronuscripts, but he assured me they testants. Most of them are married had nothing of the kind. There is to native Christian women; and at present a small seminary for Major Hicks, the commanding ofEuropean children, and another for ficer, has an excellent school for the native clergy. The government the education of their children, contribute towards the support of which is supported chiefly by the the former, and the latter is sup- subscriptions of the resident faported entirely by the mission. They milies. The Bishop has been much have at present thirteen native stu- interested in the account he has dents. I believe they supply from received of the labours of Mr. hence most of the churches in the Church, who was formerly chaplain. northern circars, and in the pro. here, and died some time ago at vinces of Mysore and Hyderabad. Madras. His simple and judicious
On my return to government instructions united with great kindhouse, I found the Bishop had been ness of manner, and, above all, the requested to confirm four young example of his own life, more elopersons, the children of an English quent than a thousand sermons, officer, deceased, by a French lady. effected a very considerable reform We went immediately to their house, among the poor pensioners, and his
name is remembered by all
classes which are built in a noble compound with affectionate respect. The Bi- and with a great degree of comfort. shop has been engaged in ascer. The mission is at present in its intaining from the Reverend Mr. fancy. Allen, the chaplain, the particulars March 24th. -We expected to of his own immediate charge, and have passed Good Friday alone in our giving him directions for his future tents, but were agreeably surprised conduct.
on arriving at Combaconum to find March 19th (Sunday). — The it the residence of a sub-collector ; Bishop preached in the morning an and, though the Bishop was expectadmirable sermon from Rom. vii.ed to pass through in the night, 24, 25. In the evening service, yet the necessary preparations were which the Bishop established to- soon made for Divine service, and day, he, confirmed thirteen candi- he had a congregation of twenty or dates ; and there was an excellent thirty persons, among whom were congregation of soldiers, whose at several Native Christians who untendance is altogether voluntary. derstood English. Mr. Mead, a There are two Tamil services for Dissenting minister in connexion the native Christians.
with the London Missionary Society, March 20th. The Bishop has very kindly sent the desk' from his passed a most fatiguing day in the own chapel for the Bishop's use, investigation of the mission property and attended the service himself. and devising some plan for its future He enclosed to his lordship a stateimprovement. He inspected the ment of his schools and other plans whole of the mission premises at of usefulness. day-break. On the whole, he has March 25th.We went to bed felt much interested in the future in our palanquins, which the bearers capabilities of this mission, rather took up at mid-night and brought than its actual state, and much may us to Tanjore (twenty-two miles) at be hoped from those plans which he day-break, where we met with the has already formed for its advance- kindest welcome from the Resident, ment.
Captain Fyfe, and his lady. The March 23d.-A ride of thirteen Reverend Messrs. Kohlhoff and miles through a richly cultivated Sperschneider, the missionaries of and very populous country brought the Society for promoting Christian us to Myaverum, where we expected Knowledge, waited on the Bishop to find nothing but a bungalow to in the morning, and received his shelter us during the heat of the directions for the service of today; but we had just separated after morrow.
The venerable appearbreakfast, when the Bishop, who ance of the former strongly recalled was sitting alone in the hall reading to our minds the expression of Bishop bis Greek Testament, was agreeably Middleton when he parted from him surprized by a visit from a German ten years before and received his clergyman. He supposed at first blessing, that the less was blessed he was a traveller, but found that of the greater. He has now comhe was a missionary in connexion pleted nearly half a century of with the Church Missionary Society, Christian labour in India; and the and stationed here in the centre of simplicity of bis manners and chaa circle of thirty schools, which he racter are exactly what you would has lately established. Strange to expect to see in a pupil and follower say, no one had mentioned to his of Swartz. lordship Mr. Barenbruck or his After dinner the Bishop walked mission. He spent the day with over the premises of the mission, us; and in the afternoon, before we visited Swartz's chapel, hallowed by began our evening march, the Bishop the grave of the Apostolic man, and visited the mission house and schools, copied the inscription on the stone
which covers it, interesting as being all the associations of the place in the composition of the Rajah him which we were assembled, built by self, and certainly the only speci, the venerable Swartz, whose monumen of English verse ever attempt- ment, erected by the affection of ed by a prince of India. He was the Rajah, adorns the western end particularly pleased with the natural of the church. The group in white simplicity of expression in the last marble, by Flaxman, represents the lines.
good man on his death-bed, Gerické Firm wast thou, humble and wise,
standing behind him, the Rajah at Honest, pure, free from disguise ;
his side, two native attendants, and Father of Orphans, the Widow's support, three children of his school around Comfort in sorrow of every sort;
his bed. To the benighted, dispenser of Light, Doing and pointing to that which is right; ed a Tamil service in the same
In the evening the Bishop attendBlessing to Princes, to People, to me : May I, my father, be worthy of thee ! church, which was literally crowded Wishes and prayeth thy Sarabojee. with the native Christians of Tan
The chapel is of the simplest jore and the surrounding villages, order, with a semicircular recess many of whom had come from a for the altar at the east end: the considerable distance to be present tomb of Swartz is just before the on this occasion. Mr. Barenbruck, reading desk in front of the altar. assisted by a native priest, read the Before the southern entrance are prayers, Dr. Cæmmerer from Tranthe trees under which the venerable quebar preached, and the Bishop father used to sit and receive the delivered the blessing in Tamil from reports of the catechists and ex. the altar. Mr. Kohlhoff assured me amine the children just before the that his pronunciation was remarkdaily evening service. Immediately ably correct and distinct, and the adjoining the chapel was Swartz's breathless silence of the congregacottage.
tion testified their delight and surMarch 26th, Easter day.--The prise at this affecting recognition of Bishop preached this morning in the their churches as a part of his pasMission Church in the Fort, all the toral charge. I desired one of the clergy present assisting in the ser- native priests to ascertain how many vice. His text was from Rev. i. 8:
were present, and I found they ex“ I am he that liveth and was dead, ceeded 1300; yet by the judicious and behold I am alive for evermore. arrangement of excluding the infants, Many of the Native Christians who whom their poor mothers are in understood English were there, and general obliged to bring, there was entreated his lordship after the ser- not the least disorder or confusion ; vice that he would allow them a and I have seen no congregation, copy of his sermon. He promised even in Europe, by whom the reto make some alterations in the sponses of the Liturgy are more style, so as to bring it nearer to generally and correctly made, or their comprehensions, and have it where the Psalmody is more devotranslated for them into Tamil. I tional and correct. The effect was assisted him in the administration more than electric: it was a deep of the sacrament to thirty commu- and thrilling interest, in which menicants of the English and fifty-seven mory, and hope, and joy mingled of the Native congregation; to each with the devotion of the hour, to of the latter we repeated the words hear so many voices, but lately in Tamil. The interest of this ser- rescued from the polluting services vice, in itself most interesting, was of the Pagoda, joining in the pure greatly heightened by the delight and heavenly music of the Easter and animation of the Bishop, the Hymn and the 100th Psalm, and presence of so many missionaries, uttering the loud Amen at the close whose labours were before us, and of every prayer. For the last ten