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vocate from that important city-where, received the Royal assent. It retains the however, we rejoice to add that the punishment of death for forgeries of negoincidental discussions which have arisen tiable securities, transfers of stock, and have powerfully strengthened the anti- cheques upon bankers; and its only imslavery cause. But the most striking fea- provement on the old law consists in its ture of the elections is the return of Mr. simplifying and consolidating it, and reBrougham for Yorkshire ; a return most pealing the capital penalty in all cases of unexpected, and achieved, in no slight forgery upon the Stamp-office. It is mormeasure, from those anti-slavery prin- tifying to us as Englishmen, to say nothing ciples which render him a fitting successor of higher considerations, to think that to Mr. Wilberforce in that most important both France and the United States, and country. Mr. Brougham's zeal for pro- some other countries, may very probably moting national education ; his efforts to precede us in abolishing the inhuman and improve the administration of law ; his unchristian practice of sending a fellowwish to see the blessings of freedom creature forcibly and unprepared into and constitutional government prevail eternity, for mere fiscal offences. The over the despotisms abroad, and still practice will not bear one moment's calm more over that worst of all despotisms, examination. the system of slavery in our own co- His Majesty and the Queen have conlonies ; are points in which every true
tinued to conduct themselves with great friend to Christianity and the happiness public affability and kindness, and have of mankind must heartily concur with justly secured a large share of honest popuhim: and we shall rejoice to see his larity. We think it, however, not unseaindefatigable energies and distinguished sonable to remind our readers of some of ability devoted to objects like these, the remarks in our last Number, and however much we may disapprove of especially of those on the necessity of some of the sentiments which he is accus. awakening the public attention to the duty tomed to express in enforcing his opinions. of promoting a better observance of the Some of the most popular pledges re- Lord's-day. We would most earnestly quired of candidates have been to oppose advise petitions from all parts of the counthe East-India Company's monopoly at try, not only to Parliainent, but to the the renewal of the charter ; to promote a Throne, on this important subject, particufree trade in corn; and to vote for the larly in regard to the enactment of more extinction of colonial slavery. The ques. efficient laws to prevent the enormities of tion of parliamentary reform, which once Sunday newspapers, stage-coaches, traffic, so powerfully agitated contested elections, and the like. We would invade no man's has scarcely been touched upon. The social liberties; but the religious part of late votes for or against the Catholic the public have, at the least, as full'a right question seem also to have been little to be protected as the irreligious; and a taken into the account, even in Ireland; tradesman or newspaper vender, a stagewhere, as in England, a few, but no large coach proprietor or driver, who obeys the number, of Roman Catholics have been laws of God and his country in refraining returned. In various places there has from following his occupation on the been a disposition to avoid hostile and Sunday, ought not to be allowed to be inexhausting collisions ; a singular instance jured by the unchristian and illegal acts of of which has been, that the O'Connel and his neighbours. The public owes him proBeresford parties in Waterford have tection; and is bound either to afford it, or coalesced, and chosen cach a candidate, to to say at once that we are not a nation of represent respectively the radical and Christians, and that the breach of the Sabaristocratical interests of that county: bath is no longer illegal. At present we
Dr. Philpotts is to be the new bishop; bave laws upon paper, while we make it he is to be appointed to Bristol ; Bishop men's supposed interest to break them, Gray succeeding Bishop Majendie at and do not prevent their so doing. As Bangor.
matters practically stand, we seriously We omitted, in our last Number, to ex- doubt whether any good end is answered press our deep regret that the House of by prosecutions against petty hucksters Lords had rejected the humane amend- and small tradesmen. There must be a ment which the House of Commons and the reform in public feeling; and to effect feelings of the country had forced into the this Christians should chiefly apply them. forgery bill, to abolish the punishment of selves; otherwise no sufficient laws will death in all cases, except for forging wills. be enacted, or, if enacted, will be efThe alterations made in the Lords were fective. adopted by the Commons, and the bill
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
J. ; A. R. C., ; J. C; A SEARCHER OF THE SCRIPTURES; F. C. ; QUINQUAGESISMA;
H. S. ; J. P.; W.; S. T. ; W. P. C. ; are under consideration. We meant no offence to SCRUTATOR, in saying, what we still think, that it is “ unjust
and uncharitable to maintain, without a shadow of proof, or an attempt at proof, that because a particular text does not happen to occur in the short selections for the Epistles, our venerable Reformers intentionally rejected it from an addiction to Popery. Yet for this Scrutator thinks it right to send an abusive anonymous letter, (he is too much displeased to pay the postage), calling us “ apparently petulant, trimming, time serving, self-interested, obsequious, and clandestine," " fostered by the buzzing of vampires;" with much more equally to the purpose; adding, that he has for fifty years been in the habit of cominunicating his opinions, political and theological, through the medium of the public press, and that, if “ we keep a sharp look out,” we shall discover that he has not flung away his pen,” but shall, where and when we least expect it, “ be spattered with a sort of ink which has long lain within his reach,” &c. And all this because we do not agree with him, that such men as Latimer and Cranmer did not believe the doctrine of St. Paul, that “ by grace ye are saved, through faith ;" and that they wilfully rejected Eph. ii. 8, 9, 10, with a view to keep this fundamental doctrine from the knowledge of the people. If our correspondent has attended the four or five days' Reformation discussion in the town named in the post-mark of his letter, he will have heard enough to shew how unfairly he estimates the character of our Reformers, who were anti-popish even to the flames of martyrdom. His charge against them is just as groundless (it cannot be more so) as the charge against ourselves, of being interested, obsequious, time-serving, and so forth. So far from it, we are constantly receiving intimations that we should render our pages much more acceptable to not a few of our most influential readers, and greatly extend their circulation, if we would yield up what are conscientiously our sentiments on various important questions. What says our correspondent to our remarks on the poor laws, the Catholic question, slavery, and international intercourse, not to mention many other topics, political, ecclesiastical, and theological ? It is easy to throw out charges, but Scrutator has not attempted to
prove them. We receive great numbers of letters requesting reviews of works, or reasons why they
are not reviewed. Our correspondenis will see that it would be not only burdensome but invidious to enter upon such explanations. Our plan is to select such papers for insertion, and such works for review, as appear to us best calculated to answer the objects of our miscellany, and we mean no disparagement to any other.
We do not profess to review a twentieth part of the books that are published. Replies to two or three correspondents are deferred for want of space.
SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. The Extracts relate various facts, detached, but all concurring to shew the wide demands for the Word of Life, and the blessings conferred upon the world by the supplies issued by this most important institution.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. The subjoined Anti-Slavery publications relate to such important matters, that we should only do injustice to them by attempting an analysis. Every page deserves perusal; and we should think ill of the heart or the head of any of our readers, who, in a cause like this, would not endeavour to make themselves masters of the details, were it only for the sake of being able to enlighten others, and to expose the misrepresentations which are current on the subject. We rejoice to say that the Anti-Slavery cause rapidly gains ground in the public intelligence and sympathies; as, indeed, it must, in proportion as it is canvassed, and its merits understood—especially among those who take the word of God for their rule of duty. The great length of these important documents obliges us to defer several other papers.
LAST DAYS OF BISHOP HEBER. size, with a handsome beard, and a (Continued from p. 460.) very pleasing expression of coun
tenance. In the black dress of his WITH
'ITH much pleasure we re- convent he is a striking figure. He
sume our notice of the last shewed us a handsome copy of the days of Bishop Heber, from Arch- four Gospels, five hundred years old, deacon Robinson's memoranda.
bound in solid silver, and ornamented Calcutta : November 1, 1825.–I with a cross of gold. He talks find, by the multiplicity of the modern Greek and writes it well. Bishop's engagements, there is no
November 10th.-- This was the chance of our getting away before morning fixed for the bishop of the beginning of February. This Jerusalem's visit to the college. will drive our journey through the He was very much interested in all south into the hot weather ; but he he saw, particularly the library, cannot break through earlier. The where he was delighted to find the delay, however, will enable me, I works of Chrysostom and Eusebius, trust, to accomplish the one great both of whom they hold in high object of my own journey, the
estimation. These instances of printing of my Persian Pentateuch. friendly intercourse with the differ
November 7th.—This morning ent branches of the Eastern church Archdeacon Corrie and I attended
may be of great benefit. the Bishop, to return the visit of
November 27th, Advent Sunday. Father Abraham, the Armenian
-This has been a great day for bishop * from Jerusalem. We were
Calcutta, on which was preached received in the vicarage-house at
the first Episcopal missionary sertached to the Armenian church, mon, strictly so called. The Bishop and attended by Mr. Jacob, an
pleaded the cause of the Incor. intelligent Armenian merchant, who acted as interpreter. Father Ábra. porated Society: the same sermon ham is rather below the middle make a great and good impression :
as in Bombay. It could not fail to
the collection seems to have been • It appeared afterwards that he was about 4000 sicca rupees. not a bishop, but a Vertapet, or doctor November 30th. —This morning in divinity, sent from his convent on has been rendered interesting by Mount Sion, by the Armenian Patriarch the ordination of Mr. Bowley, Mr. of Jerusalem, with the powers of episcopal commissary, to visit the churches Reichardt, and Abdool Messeeh: in India. The diocese of India is under the last a most venerable person, the Archbishop of Ispahan, in the patri, the first-fruits of the Christian archate of Jerusalem, and is superintended
They by the occasional visits of these itinerant priesthood in Hindostan commissaries.
had all some years ago received CHRIST, OBSERV, No. 345.
Presbyterian ordination in Calcutta. Hindostanee part of the service Bishop Heber has been anxious (as without difficulty. One of the most he is on all subjects) to ascertain interesting solemnities of our church what had been the feeling of his at all times, is the admission of new predecessor on a point of so much candidates to the sacred office, and delicacy; and he finds that Bishop the pledge so solemnly demanded Middleton, not having power at and willingly given, which separates that time to ordain them bimself, them for ever from the secularities expressed no objection to the mea- of the world to the stewardship of sure then resorted to, as a tempo. God's family. But the peculiar rary expedient, in consideration of circumstances of this country, the the exigencies of the church, and tried and well-known character of the difficulty of obtaining an ade- the men themselves, and the bright quate supply of regularly ordained prospects of futurity which opened clergymen. This is, indeed, the on the mind even from this early ground on which the venerable and partial dawn, all conspired to Society for promoting Christian make the scene before us one of Knowledge has acted in the missions deeper and more powerful interest. in the South of India, recognising It was an awful and touching mothe orders of a sister national church, ment when the Veni Creator was and thankfully employing as its sung by the congregation, the Bimissionaries those who had received shop reading the verses from the them, till our own episcopacy should altar, surrounded by twenty of his be established with full powers in clergy kneeling in their surplices. this diocese for the continuance of All seemed to feel the beautiful its own ministry. That time has devotion of this heavenly hymn, and now happily arrived; and it justly to join with one heart in the sublime appears to the Bishop a matter of invocation of the ever-blessed Spirit. no trifling importance, that all those who can doubt that such prayers employed by the societies in our were answered ? Father Abraham communion should derive their com- was present, with his vicar, during mission from the same source, and the whole service. He embraced be subject to the same paternal au- the Bishop at the door of the vestry, thority. All the clergy dined with and I attended him to his carriage, the Bishop this evening ; we were where he and Ter Joseph embraced nineteen at table, the largest number me, and expressed their pleasure at of clergy ever present at one time in thus joining with us, and their sense India.
of the honour with which they had December 21st.-How delight- been received. ful have been the interesting solem- All the clergy dined with the nities of to-day! Abdool Messeeh Bishop in the evening, where I had and the others, who were before the pleasure of having the venerable admitted deacons, were ordained Abdool Messeeh by my side. He priests. Archdeacon Corrie preached speaks Persian with perfect fluency, an excellent sermon, in which you and much greater purity than most will easily imagine his feelings almost of the learned Mussulmans in this overcamebis utterance; for they were country. He has great urbanity all in some sense his children. Mr. and courtesy of manners, beautifully Adlington, a young missionary whom and harmoniously blended with the he had educated almost entirely, was gravity which becomes his advanced ordained deacon at the sanie time. age, his fervent piety, and his sacred Poor Abdool Messeeh has been ill office. His conversation is varied some days, and was quite over and accomplished, and is not only powered by the service; he nearly marked by the knowledge of the fainted after the act of ordination. world which his former life and his The good Bishop went through the missionary labours have naturally
given him, but adorned with the at the extension of Christ's kingdom lighter elegancies of the Persian in India, so much greater than he classics, and enriched with the rare expected to find, and which he ataccompaniment of good taste and tributes greatly to the influence of judicious reflection. Its peculiar the zeal and exertions of their brocharm, however, is the happy adap- ther Reginald the English Bishop: tation of the exquisite expressions he warns him of the subtlety and of Saadi and Nizami, which are fa. wickedness of the Romish Church, miliar to him, to the purposes of and implores him to look well to his Christian feeling. This happy talent dock, seeing all were purchased by has made binı very acceptable to the blood of Christ. the more educated among his coun- January 28th.– The Government trymen, and he is a welcome visitor have secured accommodations for us at the court of Oude, where the in the Bussorah Merchant, which King has more than once engaged is moving slowly down the river. him in conversation on the subject The uncertainty as to the actual of Christianity, and in controversy time of sailing is harassing and on its evidences and doctrines with painful, both to the Bishop and his some of his learned Moollahıs. He family, and he has therefore deteroften meets with hard names and mined to join the ship at all events angry looks from the more bigoted on Monday morning, securing toamongst them; but his soft answer morrow a quiet Sunday at home. generally turns away their wrath, January 31st.-The Bishop has and, while they hate his religion, one of his travelling drawers filled they are still constrained to admire with a small selection of books for the man. He drank wine with me the journey; and it is an unusual at dinner, but it was only to avoid luxury to him, after his perpetual the rudeness of a refusal ; and he engagements of business, to have a explained to me afterwards, that he few quiet hours of uninterrupted very seldom touches it, and would reading. One of his books is Milrather abstain from what might ner's Church History, which he has lessen his influence among the Mo- brought with the intention of makhammedans. I fear he carries this ing some selections from it for the abstinence beyond his strength; Ceylon missionaries to translate into for the infirmities of age are fast Cingalese. I never knew any one read growing on him, and he requires a so rapidly : he has got through two more generous diet. He seemed volumes in the course of yesterday much pleased with the distinguished and to-day, besides several letters, kindness and respect the Bishop paid and a variety of other avocations. him, but it was the pleasure of a February 2d, Ship Bussorah man who valued the distinction for Merchant.-We joined the ship the sake of him who conferred it, this morning, I fear with the prospect and who loved the praise of God of a long voyage to Madras. Howmore than the praise of men. ever, nothing could be better than
December 29th.--I read over to the relaxation thus afforded the Father Abraham our Bishop's letter Bishop to recruit his strength before to the Syrian metropolitan in Ma- he plunges into the business of the labar. He was exceedingly delighted most important part of his diocese. with it. “ It is Apostolic," said he; I look forward myself with great “it is like one of St. Paul's.” pleasure to the time we are likely
January 20, 1826.–Father Abra- to spend at sea, not only for the ham has been reading to me a letter opportunity thus afforded me for he has just written himself to Mar gaining information on the great Athanasius. It expresses the plea: objects of the journey, but chiefly sure he has had in hearing of the for the happiness of unrestrained state of his churches, and his joy and constant intercourse with his