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in Greek, and therefore it is in that the Son of Man has come to the language that the true meaning earth, there is a work for him to do, ought to be sought; and the words expressed by the figure of a vintage, signifying “ the Latin sovereignty," not one particle of which is perdo contain exactly the letters which formed until after he has come. compose the number six hundred The essential difference between a and sixty-six. The Latinity of the harvest and a vintage is, that in the Romish Papal Church is its pecu- former there is a separation of the liar characteristic. If the Papists good from the bad ; whereas in the have a church in Ireland, in Russia, latter there is no separation, but in China, in Germany, in France, one continuous and total destrucin America, in Africa, the services tion. are all performed in the Latin lan- Ch. xv. xvi. open a new vision, guage ; an unknown tongue to the in which are seen them that had got respective inhabitants of all those the victory over the beast in xiii. countries. This is done by no 15—17. These seem to describe other sect in the world : therefore the same people as the sealed “the Latin sovereignty,” n datelyn nation, under a different set of emBao lela, does exactly express its blems. In ch. vii., they appeared true character. Hence we gather in the midst of a series of temporal that the church history, which is emblems; that is, of emblems recontained in these visions of the lating to the nations of the earth. temple, the woman, and the beasts, Inch. xiv., they appeared in a relates to the corruption of Chris. series of emblems relating to the tianity by the Papacy.

church; and here they are in a In opposition to these beasts, vision which represents the downhowever, we have, in ch. xiv., a fal of both nations and apostate vision of the Lamb standing on churches, and of all the present Mount Zion, with the sealed nation framework of human society. These of ch. vii. with the emblems of a seven vials, therefore, are the de. true church; undefiled with the tailed parts of the seventh seal; of Papal harlot, but following the the seventh trumpet, and of the Lamb, and having come out of the harvest and vintage of ch. xiv. false church ; and they continue The supremacy of the Papal imwith him till the judgment on posture terminated the French ReBabylon is completed. As the volution. It was at that time that sealed nation has been shewn to Popery, and indeed, under its name, represent England better than any visible Christianity also, was begun other nation, so is that interpre- to be destroyed ; and then also, for tation confirmed by the works enu- the first time in the history of the merated in this chapter, and which world, did a power, professing to have been going on for the last thirty make war against all regular governyears; in the Bible and Mission- ments, and all religion, appear on ary Societies sending out the ever- the stage of human affairs. This lasting Gospel; the remonstrance power shook every state, and rewhich has been made against the moved it out of its place, as is deadmission of Papists into places of scribed under the sixth seal; but rule in our Protestant land; the under the last vial here, every state testifying that Babylon is to fall, flies away, and no more place is and not to be converted; and call. found for it. ing upon God's people to come out “ The first six seals, and the first of her. This chapter ends with the six trumpets," says Whiston, " are coming of the Son of Man in the all over before the end of the 1260 clouds at the time of harvest, and years of Antichrist's reign; and the before the vintage. It is important seventh trumpet, or seven vials, conto remark this, as sliewing, that, after tained in it, follow immediately after that time, and are contem- ture to represent people (Isa. Ix. 5; porary with the first ages of our xvii. 12, 13; vii. 7). When put Saviour's kingdom, succeeding to in contrast with “ the earth," it sigit.” In this the best modern com- nifies people in a state of commomentators agree; and as the city of tion, and no longer under a settled Jericho fell after seven times sound- government. The remarkable exing a trumpet, which seventh time pression here, is “the blood of of sounding was made up of seven a corpse;" the blood of a corpse blasts, so does it appear that the is cold blood ; and the peculiar great oppressing city of these days feature of the French Revolution, is to fall at the sound of the seventh and which distinguishes it from trumpet, which is made up of the all other revolutions, is, that the seven blasts of the thunders or vials. larger number of those who lost Hence too, some reckon the seventh their lives were not killed by civil trumpet as sounding at the first war, but by the hand of the exevials, and some at the last; and cutioner : not when their blood was equally correctly, for it includes hot in battle, but cold in a dunboth.

geon. “ The first angel poured out his “ The third angel poured out his vial upon the earth :" the earth re- vial upon the rivers and fountains presents nations under fixed and of waters, and they became blood : orderly government of the heavens: and I heard the angel of the waters "and there fell a noisome and grie- say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, vous sore upon the men which had which art, and wast, and shalt be, the mark of the beast, even them because thou hast judged thus ; for which worshipped his image.” The they have shed the blood of saints, principal symbol to consider in this and prophets, and thou hast given verse is the “ sore.' A “ sore " is them blood to drink, for they are used by Isaiah (i. 6), as expressive worthy: and I beard another out of of the total moral corruption of the the altar say, Even so, Lord God whole mass of the Jewish nation; of hosts, true and righteous are and every one knows that a sore thy judgments.” Here it is certain upon the human body is a proof that rivers and fountains of waters that the whole blood is in an un- mean persons, because it is dehealthy state. This was truly the clared of them that “they have state of the French nation, nobles shed blood.” From Isa. lv. 1, and and clergy, for a long time previous Ezek. xlvii., we learn that “waters" to the breaking out of the Revo- signify the doctrines and ordinances lution. Here the “men which had of religion ; consequently the rivers the mark of the beast" are in con- and fountains of these must be the tradistinction to them which had clergy who dispense them. They been sealed of God, and follow the are said to

i become blood ;" Lamb, not being defiled with the and in fact the whole order of Papal harlot. Into one or other of priesthood was exterminated. This these two classes, whether consi- awful visitation came upon it bedered nationally or ecclesiastically, cause “ they had shed the blood every person is divided in the time of the saints and prophets :" the state to which this book relates; Popish clergy were the inventors that is, until the New Jerusalem and executors of all the atrocities comes down from heaven, and time of the inquisition; and of the is no more.

bloody tortures on Jews, Wal“ The second angel poured out denses, and Protestants. his vial upon the sea, and it be- “ And the fourth angel poured came as the blood of a corpse ; and out his vial upon the sun, and

power every living soul died in the sea.” was given him to scorch man with Sea is used in many parts of Scrip- fire. And men were scorched with

great heat, and blasphemed the been concluded, which renders name of God which had power over Turkey a tributary to the Russian these plagues, yet they repented empire. not, to give him glory." The This, then, is the date, in the duheavens are the whole system of ration of the world's life, at which government: the sun, consequently, we are arrived in this year 1830. is the temporal sovereign. The But there are some particulars in it power conferred here was not to too remarkable to be passed over. bless and fructify, but to “scorch No sooner had the holy alliance, with fire.” This aptly resembles as it is called, been formed, in order the power of the French armies to prevent the rising of any people under Napoleon, the greatest mili- against their rulers, than England, tary genius that has ever appeared, and France, and Russia encouraged who marched triumphant into the the Greeks to rise against their capital of every Popish state: but lawful government. Still they were though they smarted, they repented exceedingly averse to go to war; not; but acted like Israel of old, and the king of England called the Isa. ix. 9, 10.

grand sultan his ancient ally, and “ And the fifth angel poured out looked upon the preservation of his vial upon the throne of the Turkey from Russia as essential beast ; and his kingdom was full of to the balance of power in Europe. darkness: and they gnawed their Nevertheless, God sent the fleet of tongues for pain, and blasphemed England, the head of the Protestant the God of heaven, because of their nations, under the flag of St. pains, and their sores, yet repented George's cross ; and the fleet of not of their deeds." The beast is France, the elder son of the Roman the symbol used by Daniel for each church, under the flag of the Latin of the powers which have in succes. cross; and the fleet of Russia, the sion oppressed the church of Christ, head of the Greek church, under of which the Roman is the last. The the flag of the Greek cross : and head of it, as king of Rome, was the first time in the history of the Napoleon's son, an infant, and world that these three crosses were therefore, in fact, Napoleon himself: seen floating together, was, when bis throne was subverted, like that God made them sweep the crescent of the original “staff and rod of off the face of the deep. God's indignation," the Assyrian, “ And I saw three unclean spirits, as soon as his commission was ful- like frogs, out of the mouths of filled (Is. x. 12).

the dragon, and out of the mouth “ The sixth angel poured out his of the beast, and out of the mouth vial upon the great river Euphrates, of the false prophet; for they and the water thereof was dried up, are the spirits of devils working that the way of the kings of the miracles, which go forth unto the east might be prepared." The kings of the earth, and of the Euplirates having been already used whole world, to gather them to for the Turkish power under the the battle of the great day of God sixth trumpet, we are bound to Almighty." adopt the same meaning for the It is difficult to say, in what the symbol here. This exhaustion of similarity of these spirits to frogs the Turkish power we have just consists : their coming out of the seen a proof of, in the incapacity mouths, indicates that they are of the able and gallant sultan to principles which are everywhere resist the arms of Russia. The disseminated ; and it is a common green flag of Mohammed, which remark, that “the schoolmaster 4s obliges every true believer to flock abroad," and that there is upon all to it the moment it is unfurled, was subjects a great “march of mind." displayed in vain ; and a peace has The dragon, we know by Isa. xxvii.




The day

I, Rev. xx. 2, is the devil; the is he that watcheth," &c. Since great instigator of unsanctified it is at this time that the notice is knowledge and benevolence, and given, it is more reasonable to exindifference to creeds, which is the pect it to take place after the sixth, prevailing delusion among all classes and before the seventh vial, than at of men, religious and irreligious: any other period. There is not a contempt of the ordinance of God in single expression or figure employed temporal government, despising the to describe the second coming of idea that kings are the vicegerents the Lord which does not indicate of Christ; of ecclesiastical estab. the same period. The war which lishments; and looking for the in- immediately follows is called the troduction of millennial blessedness war of the GREAT DAY of God without the presence of Christ, by the Almighty. This day, known every extension of science, money, books, where throughout Scripture, as the and infidelity in every possible ra- DAY OF THE LORD; the DAY OF mification and form. The beast is

OF MAN, is the the persecuting Roman empire dis- when Christ receives his people to seminating its doctrines of ruling, himself (1 Cor. xv. 51, 52; 1 Thess. not for the happiness of the people, iv. 17). The only point which but for the advantage of the few; admits of a question is, Whether and either by the summary process Christ takes them at the commenceof brute force, or the more compli- ment, or at the close of this day? cated machinery of what are called The proofs that it is at the mornConstitutions, oppressing the poor ing, and not at the evening of that by taking from them the fruits of their day, are very numerous. labour to put into the pockets of comes suddenly when no one exthe rich. The false prophet will pects it (Luke xvii. 24); and when make an attempt to persuade men every one laughs at the expectation that Popery is Christianity, and en- (2 Pet. iii. 4, 10; Luke xii. 39, 40; deavour to counteract the evils 1 Thess. v. 3). The figure of coming which are seen to arise from the as a thief is, when the whole house other quarters. They all try to is at rest and quiet, not in a state work the miracle, or do the wonder, of war. The world shall be saying, as the original more clearly ex- “Peace, peace, when sudden depresses it, of saying to the troubled struction comes upon them, as upon sea of the nations, “ Be still.” In- a woman in travail.” The slumstead of which, their mutual strug- bering of the virgins denotes rest, gles produce “the war of the not discord. As to the time of the great day of God Almighty,” in day, it shall be as in the days of which every earthly sovereign is Lot; but Lot entered Zoar early in destroyed.

the morning. The promise of Christ Hence we see the propriety of is, to give his people the morning mentioning, under the preceding star ; but the morning star rises vial, the kings coming up from the very early, and at the commencerising of the sun, even the Jews, to ment of the day. They escape the take the sovereignty of the earth, things that come to pass, and stand when all other sovereigns are cut before the Son of Man (Luke xxi. off.

36). When He comes to the judgIt is at this period, during the menton Babylon, in

the next dissemination of these opposing chapter (Rev. xvii. 14), “the called, principles, and before that great chosen, and faithful,” are already war begins which is the subject of with him. It was “ in the morning the seventh vial, that we find the watch that the Lord looked unto notice of the coming of the Lord, the host " of his enemies to destroy “ Behold, I come as a thief: blessed them, and to save his people. The

If we

morning is that part of THE DAY Godhead, shall ever be his resiwhich is fixed for the resurrection, dence, and the scene of his eternal as Bishop Horsley has shewn, on glory, and of his people's neverPsa. xxx. 3, 5. Enoch prophesied ending felicity. “Even so, come, the same thing to the antediluvians; Lord Jesus."

H. D. for when he said, that the Lord should come with his saints to judgment, it follows, in necessary consequence, that he should have first FAMILY SERMONS.—No.CCLXV.* raised them before he can bring them. Yet there is an uncertainty Psalm xvii. 15.- As for me, I will about the hour, which, although the behold thy face in righteousness : Lord himself did not know when on I shall be satisfied, when I awake, earth (Mark xiii. 32), He now not with thy likeness. only knows, but is himself bringing to pass, and has revealed to us, if That God governs the world which we have but faith to believe what he has formed, is a truth which few he says, and on which account he will be found to deny.

6 bedesires to watch. The world says, lieve that he is,” we must believe It is so uncertain, it is useless to also that he is the “ rewarder of watch: the Lord says, “Watch them that diligently seek him." Yet Therefore," because it is uncer- the outward exhibition of bis ruling tain to you.

authority will not serve, in every case, In the next two chapters, xvii. to strengthen this conviction. For xviii., is shewn to the prophet the see we not often the godly man judgment of Babylon, the Papacy; deeply distressed, whilst the wicked to see which, he is taken into the are in prosperity ? See we not wilderness ;" v. 3, being the sixth health and fortune, honour and place to which he has changed his applause, the portion of the oneposition. This wilderness is the poverty and disgrace, afliction and wilderness of Shinar, in which Ba. disquietude, the allotment of the bylon was situated; and is the same other? Whence is this, it may be into which the church fled, in chap. asked, if there be, indeed, a watchxii. She is represented in the same ful Providence, and a just Governor wilderness, in Zech. v. 5-11, un- over the children of men ? der the figure of wickedness sitting This reflection, wbilst it has enin a bushel, and carried into Shinar couraged the infidel in his sceptito be “established on her own cism, has sometimes proved a stone base," not on the “base of the of stumbling and a rock of offence Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ even to the servants of God. The himself being the chief corner- Psalmist Asaph was, at one time, stone."

perplexed and confounded at the The remaining chapters describe thought. “My feet," says he, "were the triumph of Christ; his reign; almost gone; my steps had well nigh his union with his church ; and the slipped. For I was envious at the heaven prepared for her: which is foolish, when I saw the prosperity not in another planet, but in this ; of the wicked. For there are no for there is no mention of the Lord bands in their death : but their ever going away again after he re- strength is firm. They are not in turns, nor of any termination to his trouble as other men; neither are reign that he then enters upon. they plagued like other men. ThereNo! that globe, the matter of which fore pride compasseth them about he honoured by taking it into per- as a chain ; violence covereth them sonal subsistence with the adorable,

• See Sermons by the Rev. J. Jones, and otherwise incomprehensible reviewed in our present Number.

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