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the formation of schools, and in the good long since been renounced. Hitherto reception of the Holy Scriptures. I found there have been a sufficient number of the people kind and civil, ready to con- fugitive bishops to supply the vacant verse on religious subjects, without any dioceses. These have received their asa animosity or wrath. When I view the signments from the general government mation in general, anxious for information, by whose order their names are inserted in thirsting after knowledge, desirous for the public prayers, instead of that of the peace, eager to receive the word of God, Constantinopolitan Patriarch. A new ecerecting schools every where ; and, finally, clesiastical establishment will occupy the strictly adhering to those laws already earliest attention of the present governestablished, I cannot but entertain san
It is probable that, in imitation guine hopes for their future welfare.” of the Russian Greek Church, a board of
bishops will take the placeof the Patriarch. GREEK CHURCH IN GREECE. The Greek Patriarch was compelled by
No new bishops have been consecrated the Sultan to excommunicate all who had by the Greek Government, though all alle- engaged in the liberation of their country legiance to the see of Constantinople bas
Rev. J. M. MASON OF NEW YORK. occasion on which Dr. Mason's name has Os the last Sunday of last year expired, in appeared in our pages, is in our outline of his the sixtieth year of his age, the Rev.John original and forcible speech before the BriAJ. Mason, D.D. of New York; a divine not tish and Foreign Bible Society in 1817(C.O. only much beloved and venerated by his p. 470.) Dr. Mason held at that period own countrymen of all communions, but the truly honourable and important office well known also in Europe by his writings, of secretary to the American Bible Society. and to many in our own land by personal
The death of this celebrated man is fnendship, formed during his visit to this too recent to allow of the preparation of country in 1817. The piety, talents, and a regular memoir ; but we select the foleloquence, which Dr. Mason displayed on lowing particulars from the funeral serthe platform of some of our societies, mon preached at the Scotch Presbyterian especially the Bible Society, during that church in New York, the Sunday after visit, will not speedily be forgotten. Dr. his decease, by the Rev. J. M'Elroy, D.D. Mason was not a member of the episcopal “Dr. Mason,” says, Dr. M'Elroy, “was church ; but, as a foreign divine of truly born in this city on the 19th of March, 1770, catholic spirit and wide celebrity, a brief and inherited as his birth-right the blessing record of him is not inappropriate to our contained in the promise, I will be a pages: indeed, his memory has a claim God unto thee and to thy seed after thee;' upon us, as it was he who, in conjunction being the son of that venerable man who with President Dwight and one or two was during thirty years the pastor of this other American divines not of our own church. Great pains were taken with his communion, introduced the Christian Ob- early education, in disciplining his heart, server, with equal zeal and candour, to as well as his mind. He was the child of their countrymen, as a work in their many prayers and of faithful parental in. opinion-so they were pleased to state- struction; and it would seem that the labour more calculated to do good among them thus bestowed in faith and piety was richly than any other periodical publication on and speedily rewarded ; for when ten either side of the Atlantic. ` Dr. Mason's years of age he was the subject of deep liberality of mind in this instance was religious impressions. He has often rethe more remarkable, because we had marked incidentally, that at that period spoken with considerable censure of one he took Ralph Erskine's • Faith's Plea of his publications,-- bis Oration on the upon God's Word 'to the garret of his reDeath of General Hamilton,who was killed sidence, and read, and wept, and prayed ; in a duel with Colonel Burr (see Review and at the age of seventeen, on confession of the pamphlet, in our vol. for 1805, p. of his faith, he was received into the com230). We had, however, been more happy munion of this church. Two years after. in a former volume, shortly after the com- wards he graduated in Columbia college, mencement of our labours, in having oc- where he received the honours of his class, casion to speak highly, as they deserved, -the presages of his future greatness of his tracts published in 1803 (see Chris having even then begun to display them. tian Observer, p. 553.) The only other selves. And now, the time being come
when he must make choice of a profession, deeply serious and touchingly tender, though worldly wealth and fame and their whole souls were awed, and the starthonour all courted his pursuit, anxious for ing tear betrayed the pervading emotion! his Master's glory, and the best interests • How was this? Was it owing entirely of his fellow men, be determined to devote to his stupendous intellect? No. It was himself to the ministry of reconciliation; owing, in part, to the fact that he never and, after attending to the study of theo- spent his own strength or his people's logy for a year, under the direction of his time on subjects of comparatively little father, he repaired to Scotland to com- importance. He was for getting rid of plete his education. Here, his frank and the vices that are in the world, before he noble spirit, his talents of high and hopeful would trouble himself with its follies: and promise, his close attention to his studies, accordingly, .Jesus Christ and him cruci. and his extraordinary proficiency in them, fied' was the grand theme of all his mi. soon acquired for him the notice and ap- nistrations. And it was owing, further, to probation of his instructors, while they his thorough acquaintance with human secured the friendship and affection of his nature, with the various springs of human fellow-students.
action. Having studied man as well as “ Having been alisent a year and a half, his Bible, he knew every avenue to the upon the decease of his revered father he human heart; knew how to reach the sinwas invited to return, with the view of ner's conscience, and make him tremble ; being settled as his successor. He was and also, how to administer consolation to ordained as pastor of this church, where the wounded spirit. he laboured with great ability, acceptance,
“ He was a man, moreover, of great tenand success, for seventeen years. During derness of feeling, of exquisite sensibility. the early period of his ministry especially, It was owing greatly to this feature in the he was eminently successful in winning character of our departed friend, that he was souls to Christ. He was ardent in bis always so acceptable a visitant at the bed feelings, capable of much active service, of the sick and dying. It was owing greatly intense in his application to his studies, to this, that he was so capable of adminisso that he always came forth as a scribe tering comfort to the afflicted ; of binding well instructed unto the kingdom of God;' up the broken-hearted. It was owing to and the special tenderness of his ministra. this, also, that he felt so sensibly under tions at this period, a quality that never his own family afflictions. On the death forsook him, is still remembered. Seldom of a beloved daughter in 1822, his andid he preach without shedding tears. The guish was acute. Sitting in his room, blessing of God rested upon his labours, sometimes musing, sometimes giving vent and the result was, that multitudes were to his grief in a flood of tears, sometimes added to the church.'
reviewing the way in which the Lord had “Dr. Mason,", continues Dr. M'Elroy, led him, and again contemplating the fu. “ was formed to be great. Upon whatever ture; among other expressions, he uttered his mind exerted itself
, it left the impress the following: My morn was joyous, of gigantic might. Power was his attri- my noon was brilliant, but clouds and bute: power of intellect, power of feeling. shadows rest upon the evening of my day.' He was capable alike of the sublimest And when shortly afterwards he was called thought and of the deepest pathos. In to part with a most interesting soni, his the pulpit, most of you have witnessed sorrow was not less pungent. On that ocand feli the force of his impassioned elo- casion, when the companions of the youth quence. There was majesty in his very had lifted the bier on which rested his repersonal appearance. His figure, erect;
mains, to convey them to the tomb, all the bis countenance, beaming with intelligence sensibility within him was moved; and wisdom'-almost literally · making his under the impulse of insuppressible emoface to shine'-he moment he ascended tion, raising his hands, he exclaimed, the sacred desk, you felt that you were in • Tread lightly, young men, tread lightly ; the presence of no ordinary man. And you carry a temple of the Holy Ghost.' when he commenced-his mind thorough. And two months after that event he ly disciplined, a master of language, mas- writes to a highly esteemed friend, I reter of his theme, his whole soul melted call with anguish the mementos which into tenderness, illustrating and adorning my poor history furnishes: my personal all his positions with the most apt and misfortune, my sweet Catherine who left rich and glowing imagery-resistance was me for her place on high, my beloved vain, The finest feelings of the heart Jaines taken away in youth and vigour and were touched, and you were convinced, promise! Oh I heard his death-groan -I awed, subdued, almost entranced. Pro- saw him die- I saw him, and without his bably no man ever possessed the power reason to tell me before he went, that in so high a degree, of doing just what he through his Redeemer he was going home. pleased with his audience. How often The wound is very deep and very sore ; have I seen the smile, one moment, play my tears still flow, my heart still bleeds ; upon the faces of his whole congregation; oh pity me, I am very weak. The blossom, and the next, perhaps, by a transition the blossom of my hopes! gone! cut down
in its richest bloom; yet I hope, and I especially of religious habit, and the talent hope not without good reason, that it is of the men with whom he had to measure transplanted to a kindlier soil, to shed weapons in that controversy. fresher fragrance in the paradise of God.” “A like revolution was effected in the
"I can but glance at other features in same body, by his agency, in allowing achis character. Dr. Mason was generous ; cess to the table of the Lord to all who generous perhaps to a fault. To know love his name ; in making faith in Jesus that a fellow-being was in need, was Christ, and a corresponding walk and conenough with him to call forth his sym- versation, ard not the shibboleths of party, pathies, to call forth his aid.
the terms of admission to that sacred ordi" He was perfectly guileless, unsuspect- And here again the magnitude of ing, ingenuous. And with these qualities, the achievement is to be estimated by we are not to be surprised if in a world the tenacity of religious habit and the like ours he was sometimes exposed to strength of religious prejudice, and also by the machinations of spirits more selfish the mental and moral force of the antaand less noble than his own. But he has gonists he had to encounter. been known to say, that he would rather “ The theological seminary over which be imposed upon ten thousand times, be presided (and which may be regarded than submit to the excruciating torture of as the parent of every similar institution suspicion.
in our country, excepting perhaps that of • He possessed great intrepidity of cha- the Reformed Dutch Church), owed its racter. I know not that he feared ought very being, and all that it has ever acbut sin and his God : certainly the frown conplished for the church, under the of man he regarded not.
church's Head, to bis individual talent and “ He was catholic in all his views and enterprise and effort. In pursuing his hisfeelings. Though strongly attached to tory we find him, besides his ministerial that exhibition of Scriptural doctrine made labours, and those of the theological proin the Westminster Confession of Faith, fessorship, conducting for four years the and to the form of governinent in the Christian Magazine,' a paper so stamped church of which he was a member, and with the impress of his mind as to restrenuous and powerful in the defence deem it from the grave of ordinary periof them, yet wherever he recognised the odicals. In 1811 he was appointed proimage of his Master he loved it.
vost of Columbia college ; and then we “ His erudition was solid, various, ex- behold him, for nearly six years, dischargtensive, accurate ; and all his endowments ing with zeal and ability (notwithstanding and attainments were deeply baptized in his impaired health towards the close of the Spirit of Christ.
that period), the duties of that station, “ As a Biblical critic and an expounder and those of pastor of the Murray-street of the sacred volume, he stood, perhaps, church, together with those of professor unsurpassed. Equally distinguished was of theology; attending to three recitations he as an instructor of youth. His great of the senior class in the first, preaching and peculiar excellence in this depart- three times in the second, and lecturing ment, was the admirable faculty he pos- five times in the third, during each week. sessed of evolving the powers of the mind, " But the amount of labour connected and of bringing all its energies into with these several stations was too great well-directed activity. The grand object even for him. Under its pressure his at which he aimed (and no man was health gave way; and he was reduced to better qualified to accomplish it), was to the necessity of resigning them all, in rateach his pupils to think.
pid succession. In 1822 he removed to That I do not appreciate too Carlisle, Pennsylvania, to preside over the the powers of Dr. Mason, and the moral literary institution in that place ; but, his. influence of his character, I might appeal health still declining, be continued there to the reputation awarded him by his bre- only two years. Returning to New York, thren of the ministry, the churches, and he has resided in the bosom of his family, all men of learning in our land, and in until, on the 27th of December last, when other lands where he appeared and be- his spirit quitted its earthly tenement, and came known; and I do appeal to the re- ascended to the mansions of glory; there sults produced by his instrumentality. to behold the Saviour, and be like him, Look at a few of these results.
there to receive the joyful gratulations “Whilst yet comparatively in his youth, of those in whose conversion he had been by his writings and efforts the celebration instrumental, or whom he had directed of the Lord's Supper was stripped of and animated in their heavenly journey; those adventitious appendages of man's and there to hail with transport the arordaining, with which it had been encum. rival of one and another of you, his spibered for generations in the ecclesiastical ritual children, as from time to time depomination with which he stood con- these tabernacles are put off. nected; and restored to a form and fre- “I cannot close without adverting to quency much more primitive, much more the goodness of God towards his servant. Seriptural. No small achievement this, There was much mercy in his dealings' when you consider the power of habit, and with him ; step by step was he reduced ;
and thus he and his family and friends him all the country of Canaan stretching were tenderly prepared for their separa- before his eyes in beauty and verdure : so tion. Gradually was he unfitted for the we have reason to believe he met with occupations and enjoyments of life, until our departed friend, and gave bim proalmost every thing, but the direct commu- spects of the Canaan that is above ; for nications of the Saviour's grace and love, on the very day before his release he was gone; these, however, remained. As could affirm that his God and Saviour the Lord met with Moses on Pisgah be- was a sufficient resource, and that he then fore his departure, and talked with him as found him precious to his soul. Let this be a man talketh with his friend, and shewed the consolation of his family and friends."
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
PARLIAMENT opened on the 4th of Fe- ment to the Address, as both the landed bruary. The King's Speech stated the and the manufacturing interests coalesced continuance of friendly relations with fo- on this point in opposition to ministers. reign powers; his Majesty's satisfaction at The introduction of such a statement, the termination of the war between Russia whether true or false, into the speech, was and Turkey; the progress of measures certainly ill judged; were it only from for the pacification and final settlement of the apparent want of sympathy which it Greece; the desirableness of renewing might be alleged to exhibit towards the our diplomatic intercourse with Portugal; suffering classes of the community. Nor a reduction in the estimates of public is this the only topic on which a portion of expenditure ; a slight deficiency in last the Tory and the popular party, Whig or year's finances ; some proposed measures Radical, have coalesced against governfor facilitating the course of justice and a ment; for in the matter of parliamentary revision of the superior courts; the unex- reform a similar anomaly has occurred. pected announcement that the export of In consequence of the Catholic Bill of last British productions last year exceeded session, some Tory members of both that of any former year; bis Majesty's houses, amongst others Lord Blandford grief, nevertheless, that distress prevails in the Commons, pledged themselves to among the agricultural and manufacturing promote a thorough reform in parliament. classes in some parts of the kingdom ; His lordship has in consequence urged a the necessity of acting with extreme cau- motion on the subject, so wildly absurd tion in attempting to remove these diffi. and ultra radical, that no moderate Whig culties; the weight that is to be assigned could vote for it, till, at Mr. Brougham's to bad harvests, and other causes beyond suggestion, he substituted a general exlegislative controul, in producing them; pression of the necessity of reform, which and the importance of not allowing tem- united both parties against ministers. porary difficulties to induce Parliament to But, with these momentary and merely violate the public credit. The speech, forced and hollow coalitions, there has considering the number of topics, is very been no great difficulty on the part of concisely worded; so much so indeed, government in maintaining their ground, that the writer has not thought it ne- or securing large majorities. Many of the cessary to introduce, even for form's sake, landed interest wish to return to a depre, the customary allusions to Divine Provi- ciated currency, to enable them to realize dence, or the favour of Him who is the higher rents, and to lighten the weight of Arbiter of nations. It might be the speech taxes, and, we might add, of mortgages of an atheist king to an atheist legisla- any settlements : but the popular party ture. We cannot enough deplore this have strongly supported the government, unchristian apathy on the part of so in their determination, as alluded to in many of our public men, who seem utterly the speech, and expressed more fully in to have forgotten under whose govern- the ministerial declarations, to resist this ment it is that “nations and empires most injurious measure. The same rerise and fall, Aourish and decay.” This mark applies to the subject of commerce, sytematic exclusion of religious conside, which some mistaken persons would wish rutions froin the affairs of a nation, is no again to shackle, instead of opening it hopeful feature in public economy, or more fully. Some weighty objections omen of the Divine favour and protection. have been urged, in both houses, to the
The general substance of the speech conduct of ministers as respects Portugal, was favourably received by all parties in Mexico, and Greece; the substance of both houses of Parliament'; but with con- which is, that they have not afforded their siderable exceptions as to particular state- countenance so forcibly as they might ments. The restricted manner in which have done, and ought to have done, on the speech speaks of the public distresses the side of national liberty and liberal inhad well nigh led to a siringent amend. stitutions; but the necessary documents
and explanations are not yet before Par- to a gratifying report, that Lord Williament to form a conclusive opinion on liam Bentinck, the governor-general of the subject.
India, has, in one part at least of his The measures alluded to in the speech government, forbidden the burning of for legal reforms are planned in good faith, widows, the intelligence not having yet and are excellent so far as they extend; appeared in any authentic shape ; but we and we trust will lead to yet further know that his lordship is most favourable amendments. The reductions also in the es. to the object, and gave a pledge, before timate of public expenditure shew an honest going out, to do all he could to accomdesire in government to retrench the nation- plish it, and we trust he will be sucal disbursements. The intended reductions cessful. amount to 1,300,0001., a sum by no means Mr. Tierney has passed almost unnoinconsiderable, when it is remembered ticed off the stage of life, on which a few that large retrenchments have already taken years since he acted so conspicuous a part. place from year to year, and that the whole He was a man of powerful talent, and a sum to be operated upon, after deducting ready orator; one of the great men of a the national debt and fixed charges, is day which abounded with great men; but only about twelve millions. One item in he wanted that moral dignity, and that arthe retrenchments is peculiarly gratifying, dent devotion of his powers to some high namely, the diminished number of soldiers object, which would have secured him a necessary in Ireland, in consequence of the more than transient fame. healing effects of last year's measure; We have also to record the death of the the Roman Catholics themselves having Bishop of St. Asaph, Dr. Luxmore. The become conservators of the peace, and a Bishop of Exeter is to be translated to St. a safe constitutional channel having been Asaph; the Bishop of Gloucester to Exeopened for the expression of grievances in ter; and Dr. Monk, Dean of Peterborough, both houses of Parliament. A far larger is to be the new bishop. saving of naval and military expenditure,
UNITED STATES. and of human life, might easily be made We have alluded in another part of the in the West Indies, as our readers will present Number to the question between find convincingly proved in the Anti- Georgia, or rather between the United Slavery Reporter affixed to our present States, and the Indians. We are glad to Number. We trust that this subject will find the friends of religion and humanity be forcibly urged, both upon the govern- arousing themselves to efforts worthy of ment and legislature; and that the national the occasion. We are in particular gratipurse will not much longer be exbausted fied in perusing the proceedings at a pubto uphold the ruinous as well as cruel lic meeting held at Philadelphia on the system of colonial slavery.
subject, the venerable Bishop White in the A Committee is proceeding in investi- chair. That venerable prelate thought it gating the great questions relative to India, not beside his sacred office to preside at with reference to the question of the re- such an assembly; believing, he said, that newal of the East-India Company's char- “ should those helpless and unoffending ter. Various other bills and motions are people, in contrariety to justice, humanity, before Parliament, to which we shall ad. And the national faith, be withdrawn from vert in future: we may mention, among the possession of their rightful territory, others, Mr. Greene's plan for the limited such a national sin would bring down the periodical composition of tithes, a subject displeasure of God, and be the beginning of equal importance and difficulty. of a series of national sufferings, ending
The House of Commons has disfran- in the prostration of legitimate and free chised the corrupt borough of East Ret- government.” Another speaker said, that, ford. But to what place is the franchise warmly as he admired the constitution of transferred ? To Birmingham, or Leeds, his beloved country, “when he reflected or Manchester? No: to a site never heard upon her oppression of the Indians, and of before; the rural hundred of Bassetlaw; her domestic slave-trade, he trembled for in other words, to his Grace the Duke her safety:' The introduction of the of Newcastle. A decision like this does topic of slavery was not so irrelevant as more to make Radical reformers than all may at first sight appear to the case of the the writings of a hundred Cobbetts. How Indians, for the state of Georgia is as seMr. Peel, as an honest man, could stand vere to her Black and Coloured as to her up in Parliament to advocate it, and bring Red brethren. She has recently passed a the whole weight of the government to law to prevent any free person of colour aid the venal borough interest to carry it, disembarking on her shores, or any slave is to us astonishing. It was justly re- or free person of colour holding intermarked in the debate, that the poor bur- course with a vessel in which any such gesses of East Retford did not appear to person is on board ; -and making it penal be punished so much for bribery and cor- io teach any slave or free person of colour ruption, as for having managed their ve- to read or write ; and capital to circulate nality in so bungling a manner as to bring any pamphlet, of 'wbat is vaguely called bribery and corruption into disgrace. “evil tendency,” among the slaves. The
We forbore alluding in our last Number Bible would come prominently under this