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lest they should come to the same end. as naturalists used formerly to maintain, The house ordered that, in future, no per- that volcanos are probably “ laboratories son under a dean or doctor of divinity for concocting minerals into metals,” Sir should preach before them. Stephen, in H. Davy, and other modern philosophers, defiance of this censure, published his think it very probable, that they are just sermon.
the contrary-laboratories for concocting In looking over the enormous list of the metals into minerals; for instance, the works of Daniel de Foe, of which Mr. W. metals, calcium, sodium, and potassium, Wilson has specified more than two hun- converted by the rushing in of water with dred in his recent elaborate Life and Times a violent explosion, into the minerals, of that remarkable man, we observe, that lime, soda, and potass. in the year 1728, he published his “ Au. The Privy Council used formerly to gusta Triumphans; or the way to make issue passes for persons to travel abroad; London the most flourishing city in the and the Lord Treasurer Burleigh induced world ; first, by establishing a University them to make a regulation, that they where gentlemen may have academical edu. would not grant a pass to any person cation under the eye of their friends," &c. who had not first travelled at home, and It is a curious coincidence, that exactly a acquired a good idea of the memorabilia of century afterwards, such a university was our own island. opened and a second planned. De Foe One of the newspapers states, that also published in 1729, a plan for prevent- thirty-nine clergymen attended the last ing street robberies; as he had done the year staff-ball at Lincoln, and requests a list of before, one "to save our lower class of their names for publication. “ It should people from utter ruin, by preventing the be known,” adds the journalist, “in what immoderate use of Geneva.” The year manner so large a body of our sacred in1829, a century after, witnessed the plan structors read their vows to renounce the of the new police, which has effected the pomps and vanities of this wicked world.” former : and temperance societies have It is mournful to every true friend of the recently been instituted, to promote the church, that such charges can be urged, latter. It may be some comfort to those and cannot be repelled. Even if a clergywho devise schemes of public benefit, that man thought there is no evil in a public their plans may probably be in the end ball he shews more selfishness than public carried into effect, though they may not spirit or regard for the welfare of others, live to wi ess the event. Sharpe, and if he does not yield to those public feelClarkson, and Wilberforce, saw the slave ings of respect for the clerical office which trade abolished; a consummation which are outraged by an addiction to unprofes. appeared, at one time, as unlikely in any sional amusements. reasonable period, as to Mr. Pitt, and
FRANCE. Fox, and Burke, and Canning would have The works of the Baron de Stael have seemed that much litigated measure, been published at Paris, in three volumes, which their successors, in a few short with an interesting memoir of the author. weeks, saw voted by overwhelming le- An important society has been estagislative majorities. The more rapid blished, with the royal sanction, for encoumarch of public intelligence in the present raging elementary education among the day, may lead us to expect, in future, far Protestants of France. The society has less tardy results. We should be sorry to arisen out of the Bible and Tract Societies, think that any lengthened period will elapse which had brought to light the educational before our code and practice of jurispru- wants of the French Protestants. dence will be amended; pauperism by law The Baron Cuvier lately delivered an be abolished; our clergy specifically edu. oration at the French Academy, at the cated for their high office; all our parishes distribution of the Monthyon prizes, in supplied with resident incumbents ; colo- which he remarked with high encomium, nial slavery exterminated; our population that one had been adjudged to Louisa universally educated ; and churches pro- Schepler, the housekeeper of Oberlin, as vided adequate to their wants. Our chief the foundress of infant schools. To this fear is, that this new march of mind may moment, though far advanced in years, she not prove a march of scriptural piety and devotes herself to her beloved gratuiChristian principles. Let the friends of tous school of a hundred children from religion look well to the result, and labour three to seven years of age. We do not to direct it aright.
doubt, said M. Cuvier, that she will acIt is a curious illustration of the vicissi- cept our premium, because we all know tudes in scientific speculation, that where- to what use she will destine it,
UNITED STATES. The authorities of the Canton de Vaud The Life and Correspondence of Mr. have banished M. Hahn, of Studtgard, Jefferson, by his son, in four volumes, has resident at Lausanne, for having express. lately been published in America ; and as ed an opinion against the late persecutions. the work has been reprinted in London, The Cantons of Basle and Geneva have, we think it right to apprise our readers however, declared themselves favourable that this celebrated patriot and philoto religious liberty; and it is to be hoped sopher proves to have been a profane the majority of the cantons will copy their and ribald sneerer at religion, and that example rather than that of the bigots of passages occur in his correspondence Berne and Vaud. The council of the city which must shock and offend every Chrisof Neuchatel, some time since, laid their tian mind. interdict upon religious meetings, but the Dr. Murdoch of New Haven is pubcouncil of the state wisely set it aside. lishing a new translation of Mosheim's TURKEY.
Ecclesiastical History. It will be far more The Turks have a religious scruple in succinct than Maclaine's paraphrastic verkilling the buffalo, and never taste its flesh sion; and will be accompanied by notes but in one superstitious ceremony,in which equal in extent to the text. they boil the young animal in its mother's Our western friends grow refined ; for milk. The Mosaic code may have referred their journals tell us, with no little exulto such ceremonies, in its prohibition of tation, that letter-paper is manufactured seething the kid in its mother's milk. in the United States “ scented with rose
There are, or lately were, but two pub- and geranium, giving a perfume equal to lic clocks in all the Turkish dominions; the fragrance of the full-blown rose, and one at Shumla, and one given by Lord which will last for years !” Elgin to the city of Athens, after he had A law has been passed in Massachu. spoiled the Parthenon.
setts, that no person shall by bills, or in If our readers will turn to their map of any other manner, indicate where lottery the Holy Land, and trace the course of the tickets are to be sold, under a considerriver Jordan till it loses itself in the Dead able fine. Sea, from which there is no visible outlet, There are eight hundred newspapers in they will feel interested in a geographical the United States. These papers circufact discovered by the late enterprising late, on an average, about one thousand traveller, Burckhardt,- that from the copies each. southern coast of the Dead Sea, to the The Anglo-American Episcopalians are eastern horn of the Red Sea, near Ezion- generally as strongly opposed to the union Geber, there is one continuous valley in of church and state as the Congregationala line with the river Jordan. It would ists themselves. In the first New-York seem no violent conjecture that the river State Convention, which framed the conJordan may have once flowed to the Red stitution of the Anglo-American church, Sea through this valley, passing through a member urged a wish of this kind, but, the vale of Siddim (which was full of meeting with no concurrence, desired leave “slime pits,” or bitumen), now the site of absence; which was seconded by a disof the Dead Sea; and that the same awful tinguished clergyman of the body in these catastrophe which destroyed the devoted words : “ I hope the gentleman's request cities of this plain, or valley, stopped up will be granted, and granted unanimously; the outlet of the lake, as might have hap- and that when he gets home, he will have pened with a stream of brimstone or lava; leave to stay there, and never come back or else that by a slower process the chan- again." nel became choked with mud, leaving the An act to suppress duelling has recently waters of the rivers that fall into the passed the Legislative Council of Florida, Dead Sea to be carried off by evaporation. by which all persons concerned in duels There is a precisely similar entrance and are declared incapable of holding office in emergence of the river Jordan in the lake that territory of Tiberias. Burckhardt's valley was pro
The North-American Indians are far bably the route of the ancient traffic be. from being all of them such savages as tween Jerusalem and the Red Sea. some of their White neighbours pretend. SANDWICH ISLANDS.
The Cherokees are far advanced in menThe drinking of spirituous liquors has tal, political, and religious culture. The been prohibited in Owhyee, under the number of Choctaws in fellowship with penalty of five hogs.
what called the Methodist Episcopal church is one in ten of the whole popula- The adult Choctaws manifest a new desire tion, or one in five of the adults. About to learn to read their own language, espesixty hymns have been prepared in the cially those who have been recently con. Choctaw language, and are now in press. verted to Christianity.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Rev. H. Tattam. Sermons chiefly Practical. By a Cler- Essay on Superstition; being an Inquiry gyman. 4s.
into the Effects of Physical Influences on The Holy Bible of the established Ver. the Mind. By W. Newnham. sion, with the original Hebrew names in The Listener. By Caroline Fry. 2 vols. place of Lord and God; with Notes. 10s. 6d. Part I. 5s.
A Memoir of Jane Taylor. By T. A Sermon for the Carmarthen National Lewis. Schools. By the Rev. A. Ollivant. Practical Piety, exemplified in the Lives
Dr. Owen's Treatise on the Sabbath of Miss Beuzeville and Mrs. Byles. By (reprinted)... 4s.
their Sister, Esther Copley. 2s. 6d. The Soldier's Hospital Manual. By Correspondence between Lord Mountthe Rev. E. Hammon.
cashel and the Bishop of Ferns. 3s. 6d. An Attempt to elucidate the Prophe- The Christian Physiologist, or Tales of cies concerning Antichrist by S. R. Mait- the five Senses. los. 6d. land.
Remarks addressed to a Young Person Social Duties on Christian Principles. on becoming a Phrenologist. By H. 3s. 6d.
Thompson. Sacred History. Part I.
Heads for Parochial and rural local InQuestions on the Catechism. By the formation. Rev. C. Terrot.
Parallel Miracles on the Jews and the Counsels for a Newly-wedded Pair. By Gipseys. By S. Roberts. 36. 6d. J. Morison.
The World of Children. By S. Ra Knittel's New Criticisms on 1 John v. 7. berts. Translated from the German, with a Pre- A Christian View of Trade. Is. face. By the Rev. W. Evanson. 7s. 6d. Creation a Poem. By W. Ball. 10s. 6d.
A Memento for the Afflicted. By B. History of France. By C. Taylor. Quaife. 38. 6d.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE of Ægina is estimated at about 12,000 SOCIETY.
souls, who are mostly strangers, drawn Mr. B. Barker, the agent of the British thither by its being the seat of governand Foreign Bible Society at Smyrna, ment, and who will follow the president made a tour in Greece, last summer, with as soon as he goes to establish himself at a view to visit the schools, and to intro. Napoli di Romania, after the great Conduce into them the Holy Scriptures. ventional Assembly is terminated at Argos. These promising institutions had greatly The first thing I did, after my arrival, was fallen off, for want of funds to purchase to visit the schools, with the Rev. Mr. books. The Bible Society has printed his King: and my surprise and pleasure were journal, from which we extract a few par- great, to find Ægina full of institutions for ticulars as a specimen. The whole will instruction, mostly conducted on the Lan. greatly interest every friend to the diffu. casterian (mutual) system.
These are sion of the Scriptures among the hitherto called preparatory schools; that is, the ignorant aad oppressed Greeks.
children learn to read and write, and, * Early on the 26th of May I sailed from in some, grammar is also taught. All Smyrna, and reached Ægina on the night Mr. King had related to me of the of the 28th. The population of the island increase of schools in Greece, and the
desire of the children to learn, did not Greece, and a very small number only exceed the real state of the case. The belonging to Ægina ; so that, as soon as town of Ægina, being crowded, does not they return to their respective countries, afford proper room for schools, which are they will carry along with them the word carried on in miserable huts or sheds. of God. I made it a point to talk to the The schools are, if possible, still more children on the importance of not only miserable in regard to books :-in short, reading the Holy Scriptures at school, but what I witnessed is truly deplorable ; for I also at home, to their parents, and that could hardly find an entire book in schools daily. I was surprised at the ready anof forty and fifty children, excepting now swer of one of the boys : “ We know it is and then a tract printed at the Malta mis. our duty to do so; for the word of God sionary press. Some boys had only half a is as essential as bread, and ought to be book; others held a few leaves of one; read as often as we take that food, and and most of them had their lessons writ- oftener if we can.' ten out. Notwithstanding all these in- “A particular instance of humility I wit. conveniences, it is astonishing to see the nessed in a priest who came to beg of me progress which the children make, how a New Testament. He confessed him. readily they go to school, and how anx- self an ignorant and sinful man, unacjous they are to learn, and to excel each quainted with the New Testament, for other. About twenty of these schools he never saw one in Modern Greek ; and possess from fifteen to one hundred chil. he was anxious to know the contents of dren: others, less numbers. There are, it. I talked to him nearly an hour, inbesides, the Orphan Asylum, which is forming him what he must expect to find now composed of about five hundred boys; in the book. He was uncommonly and the school for Ancient Greek, of one thoughtful and serious all the time; and bundred and twenty.
as I was relating to him the consoling “ The Orphan Asylum, lately built by truths and promises to be found in the subscription, and aided by contributions Sacred Volume, he only interrupted me from the friends of Greece, is an extensive from time to time with this ejaculation, and fine edifice. The boys who have “Glory be to God!' After this, I took therein found a home, were previously courage, and spoke to three or four priests beggars in the streets in different parts of who came for New Testaments, and to Greece, having lost their parents in the several young persons, and, in short, to war. The Lancasterian system is adopted almost every one who came to visit me. in this school; and the boys are wonder- Far from being displeased, they heard me fully improved, considering they com- with patience, and not the least anger menced being instructed a short time ago. was manifested in any one's countenance. The Greek boys are naturally bright and They acknowledged the barbarous ignoclever, and little pains are necessary to rance of their nation in general, with reteach them any thing. There is no doubt spect to the knowledge of the Holy Scripthat instruction will henceforth be not tures; and the hope they entertained of only general, but far superior to that which a reform taking place amongst them, by has existed in Greece for centuries back, the introduction of the pure word of God provided the country enjoys tranquillity and the establishment of schools. and a good government: and if this take “ The introduction of the Holy Scripplace, Europe will be surprised at the tures into the Government School and the rapid progress of science that will be ma
Orphan Asylum was what I most aimed at, nifested in this small state ; and, if I may and, in the opinion of both the Rev. Mr. prognosticate, of true religion also, for the King and myself, it constituted the most Sacred Scriptures are readily received by essential object of my mission; for when the Greeks.”
once this was effected, we might consider “ Most interesting scenes ensued : the all opposition as ended, and we could promasters, with their poor boys, came to my ceed in the dissemination of the word of residence at the appointed hour; and, on God without restraint. Mr. King being examining them according to the instruc- acquainted with Count Viaro, the presition they possessed, a New Testament or dent's brother, and patron to the Orphan a Psalter was presented to each, noting Asylum, called on him, and acquainted down their names and country, and in- him with the purport of my visit at serting them in the books given them. Ægina, and of my offer, with his permis, I had the satisfaction of making many sion, to place the Sacred Scriptures in happy by this distribution. The boys the government school. The Count rewho received books are from all parts of ceived the application graciously: and CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 338.
referred to the priest Constantas, as to would be also some to sell cheap to those the number of volumes the school would boys who could afford to pay for them. require. Constantas told us, that it would He said, a greater act of charity could not be desirable that each boy should possess be done, for he did not know how to con. the New Testament, or a Psalter. I told tinue the school without books. I sent him that the English would be extremely also to this school one hundred and six pleased and gratified to bear that each of volumes. I had some interesting converthe poor orphans had the word of God to sations with the master of the house and peruse; and that, for the present, I would his family where I passed the night at place in the school two hundred and fifty Argos, and with several priests and others, volumes; and as the boys learned to read I on the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and would complete the number required. This on religious subjects: the result that has been done. On taking final leave of this they were anxious to possess New Testaschool, one of the directors addressed the boys, telling them who I was, and that I “ Having, by the grace of God, introhad presented them with two hundred and duced the sacred Scriptures into the fifty volumes of the sacred Scriptures ; and schools at Ægina, Napoli di Romania, and finished by admonishing them to attend Argos, I sailed for Syra; intending to to their studies, promising, that, as soon visit several islands where schools had as a boy knew how to read, he would im- been established. Dr. Korek received mediately have a New Testament. The me very kindly on my arrival at Syra ; and whole of the boys then rose, and shouted, gave me the pleasing intelligence, that my as loud as they could, · Long live the young man had just returned from Hydra, friends of Greece!'
where he had sold, in the course of a few “ The reception of the word of God at days, five hundred Greek New TestaÆgina was such as to create in me abund.
Dr. Korck took me to see his ance of joy, as well as gratitude and school, composed of two hundred and thankfulness to the Almighty; and I twenty boys, and one hundred and thirty reckon the few days I spent at this is and girls; and a most pleasing sight it was. amongst the happiest ones of my whole life. I here witnessed what could be done with
“ The Lord having permitted the sacred children by proper management. This Scriptures to be introduced into the Go- school was commenced by an American vernment school-a circumstance so much missionary, the Rev. Mr. Brewer; who, desired- until more books arrived from being obliged to quit Syra for America, Syra, 1 crossed over in a boat to Epi- made it over to the Rev. Dr. Korck, of daurus, and thence proceeded to visit the the Church Missionary Society. Applischools at Napoli di Romania and Argos. cations to admit more scholars are daily
“Napoli di Romania has a fine appearance made ; and Dr. Korck is now engaged in as you approach it, on account of its forti- persuading the inhabitants to build a sepafications, but the interior is most wretched.
rate school for the girls, and has every The Lancasterian school is composed hope of succeeding. I was astonished at of upwards of one hundred and fifty the improvement of these children, espeboys. The school-room is a Turkish cially that of some of the girls. This mosque, spacious and airy, with an elevated school is by far the best of the sort in dome. I found the boys without books, Greece. I visited other schools at Syra, and the master very willing to introduce where the New Testament was the printhe sacred Scriptures into the school; es- cipal book read. In short, Dr. Korck had pecially when I informed him that the Go-left nothing for me to do in Syra ; and vernment and other schools at Ægina had during my short stay there I had every already received the New Testament and day reason to rejoice and glorify God, as Psalter. I sent to this school, which be- I saw that His holy word was not only longs also to government, one hundred and acceptable to many, but found its way out two volumes; since which, my young man of the island, to spots where, through the sold in this city six hundred volumes, im- continuance of His grace, it will take root mediately on his arrival.
and produce fruit abundantly." • Not having any thing to keep me at After visiting many other parts of Napoli, I proceeded to Argos. The Lan- Greece, Mr. Barker adds :-"I returned casterian school at Argos has two hundred to Smyrna with a joyful heart, having exand fifty children. The master was ex- perienced much satisfaction and pleasure tremely pleased when I told him my inten- during the whole time of my excursion. tion to send him some New Testaments To the Lord alone is to be attributed the for the poorest of the boys, and that there change that has taken place in Greece, in