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that we may have a good will, and working with were laid) he hath constantly decreed, by his counus, when we have that good will.
sel, secret to us, to deliver from curse and damda
tion, those whom he hath chosen in Cbrist out of Art. XI. Of the Justification of Man. mankind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting the Merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by God, be called according
to God's purpose by bis We are accounted righteous before God, only for salvation, as vessels made to honour. Wherefore
they, which he endued with so excellent a benefit of Faith; and not for our own Works or Deservings. Spirit working in due season: they through grace Wherefore, that we are justified by Faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of comfort, made Sons of God by adoption : they be made like
obey the calling : they be justified freely : they be as more largely is expressed in the Homily of Jus- the image of his only begoulen Son Jesus Christ : tification.
they walk religiously in good works; and at length ART. XII. Of good Works.
by God's mercy they attain to everlasting felicity.
As the godly consideration of Predestination, and Albeit that good Works, which are the Fruits of our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and Faith, and follow after Justification, cannot put unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as away our sins, and endure the severity of God's feel in themselves the working of the Spirit of Christ, Judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to mortifying the works of the Mesh and their earthly God in Christ, and do spring out necessarily of a members, and drawing up their mind to high and true and lively Faith ; 'insomuch that by them a heavenly things, as well because it doth greatly eslively Faith may be as evidently known, as a tree tablish and confirm their faith of eternal salvation, discerned by the fruit.
to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fer
vently kindle their love towards God: so, for curious ART. XIII. OF Works before Justification.
and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to
have continually before their eyes the Sentence of Works done before the grace of Christ, and the God's Predestination, is a mosi dangerous downinspiration of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, fall, whereby the Devil doth thrust them either into forasmuch as they spring not of faith
in Jesus Christ, desperation, or into wretchlessness of most unclean nejther do they inake men meet to receive grace, or living, wo less perilous than desperation. (as the School-Authors say) deserve grace of con Furthermore, we must receive God's Promises in gruity: yea rather, for that they are not done as God such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy hath willed and commanded them to be done, we Scripture: And in our doings, that will of God is to doubt not but they have the nature of sin.
be followed, which we have expressly declared unlo
us in the Word of God. ART. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. Voluntary Works, besides over and above God's
ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal Salvation only Commandments, which they call Works of Super
by the Name of Christ. erogaion, camot be taught without arrogancy and They are also to be had accursed, that presume impiety. For by them men do declare, Thai they to say, that every man shall be saved by the Law do not only render unto God as much as they are or Sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent bound to do, but that they do more for his sake than to frame his life according to that Law, and the of bounden duty is required : Whereas Christ saith light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out plainly, When yé have done all that are commanded unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby to you, say, We are unprofitable servants.
men must be saved. ART. XV. Of Christ alone without sin,
ART. XIX. Of the Church. Christ in the truth of our nature, was made like The visible Church of Christ is a Congregation unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he of faithful men, in the which the pure Word of God was clearly void, both in his flesh, and in his spirit is preached, and the Sacraments be duly ministered He came in be a Lamb without spot, who by sacri- according to Christ's Ordinance, in all those things fice of himself once made, should iake away the sins that of necessity are requisite to the same. of the world; and sin (as St. John saith) was not in As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and him. But all we the rest (although bapuzed and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome born again in Christ) yet offend in many things; hath erred, not only in their living and manner of and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, Ceremonies, but also in matters of faith. and the truth is not in us.
Art. XX. Of the Authority of the Church. ART. XVI. Of Sin after Buptism.
The Church hath power to decree Rites or CereNot every deadly sin, willingly committed after monies, and Authority in Controversies of Faith : Baptism, is sin against the Holy Ghost, and unpar. And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any donable. Wherefore the grant of repentance is not thing that is contrary to God's Word wriuen; nei to be denied to such as fall into sin after Baptism. ther may it so expound one place of Scripture, that After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may de- it be repuguant to another. Wherefore, although the part from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the Church be a Witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, grace of God (we may) arise again, and amend yet as it ought not to decree any thing against the our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, same, so besides the same ought it not to enforce which say, they can no more sin as long as they live any thing to be believed for necessity of salvation. here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.
Art. XXI. Of the Authority of General Councils.* ART. XVII. Of Predestination and Election.
ART. XXII. of Purgatory. Predestination to life is the everlasting purpose of The Romish doctrine concerning Purgatory, Par. God, whereby (before the foundations of the world dons, Worsbipping, and Adoration, as well of Ima
* The 21st of the former articles is omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil nature, and is provided for, at to the remaining parts of it, in other articles.
ges, as of Reliques, and also Invocation of Saints,
ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to
Baptism is not only a sign of Profession, and mark
or Difference, whereby Christian men are discerned the Word of God.
from others that be not christened: but it is also a Art. XXII. Of Ministering in the Congrega- sign of Regerteration, or new Birth, whereby, as by tion.
an instrument, they that receive Baptism rightly are
grafied into the Church: the promises of the forgiveIt is not lawful for any man to take upon him the ness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of Office of public Preaching, or Ministering the Sa- God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealeraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully ed: faith is confirmed, and grace increased by vircalled, and sent to execute the same. And those we tue of Prayer unto God. The Baptism of young ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be children is in any wise to be retained in the Church chosen and called to this Work by men who have as most agreeable with the institution of Christ. public Authority given unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the Lord's
Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. Vineyard.
The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in Love thai Christians ought to have among them
such u tongue as the People understandeth, selves one to another; but rather it is a Sacrament It is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith re
of our Redemption by Christ's death : insomuch God, and the custom of the Primitive Church, 10 ceive the same, the Bread which we break is a parhave Public Prayer in the Church, or to minister taking of the Body of Christ ; and likewise the the Sacraments in a longue not understanded of the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the Blood of people.
Transubstantiation (or the change of the Substance
of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, Sacraments ordained of Christ be not only badges cannot be proved by Holy Writ; but it is repug or tokens of Christian men's Profession; but rather want to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth they be certain sure wituesses, and effectual signs the nature of a Sacrament, and bach given occasion of grace, and God's good will towards us, by the to many Superstitions. which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not
The Body of Christ is given, laken, and eaten in only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual faith in him.
And the mean whereby the Body of There are ewo Sacraments ordained of Christ Christ is received and calen in the Supper, is Faith. our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, Christ's Ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is up, or worshipped. to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for ART. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not of the Sacraments of the Gospel, being, such as have
Body of Christ in the Use of the Lord's Supper. grown, partly of the corrupi following of the Aposiles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scrip. although they do carnally and visibly press with
The wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith, tures; bui yet have not like nature of Sacraments their teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the Sacrament with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they of the Body and Blood of Christ ; yet in no wise have not any visible Sign or Ceremony ordained of God.
are they partakers of Christ; but rather to their The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to Condemnation do eat and drink the Sign or Sacrabe gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we
ment of so great a thing. should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or
Art. XXX. Of both Kinds. operation : but they that receive them onworthily, The Cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul Lay-People: for both the parts of the Lord's Sasaith.
crament by Christ's Ordinance and Commandment,
ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike. ART. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers,
which hinders not the Effect of the Sacraments. Art. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished Although in the visible Church the evil be ever
upon the Cross. mingled with the good, and sometime the evil have
The offering of Christ once made, is that perfect chief authority in ihe ministration of the Word and redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the Sacraments : yet, forasmuch as they do not the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; same in their own name, but in Christ's, and do min- and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that ister by his Commission and Authority, we may use alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice of Masses, in which their Ministry, both in hearing the Word of God, it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer and in receiving the Sacraments. Neither is the Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission effect of Christ's Ordinance taken away by their of pain or guilt
, were blasphemous fables, and danwickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from such, as by faith, and rightly, do receive the
gerous deceits. Sacraments ministered unto them, which be effectual, because of Christ's instiwtion apd promise, al
ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. shough they be ministered by evil men.
Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not com. Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Discipline of manded by God's Law, either to vow the estate of the Church, that inquiry be made of evil Ministers, single life, or to abstain from Marriage: therefore an that they be accused by those that have know it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, ledge of their offences : and finally being found guil- to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge ty, by just judgment, be deposed.
the same to serve better to godliness.
Ant. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. they are to be avoided.
17. For the Rogation-days. That person which by opeo denunciation of the
18. Of the State of Matrimony. Church is rightly cut off from the Unity of the
19. Of Repentance. Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of
20. Against Idleness, the whole multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen
21. Against Rebellion. and Publican, until he be openly reconciled by Penance, and received iuto the Church by a Judge it declares the Books of Homilies to be an explica
(This Article is received in this Church, so far as that hath authority thereunto.
tion of Christian doctrine, and instructive in piety Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. and laws of England are considered as inapplicable
and morals. But all references to the constitution It is not necessary that Traditions and Ceremo- to the circumstances of this Church, which also susnies be in all places one, or utterly like; for at all pends the order for the reading of said Homilies in times they have been divers, and may be changed Churches until a revision of them may be conveniaccording to the diversity of countries, rimes, and ently made, for the clearing of them, as well from men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against obsolete words and phrases, as from the local reGod's word. Whosoever, through his private judg. ferences.] ment, willingly and purposely doth openly break the Traditions and Ceremonies of the Church, Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and which be not repugnant to the word of God, and be
Ministers. ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the
The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and Orderlike) as he that offendeth against the common Or-ing of Priests and Deacons, as set forth by the Ge der of the Church, and hurteth the Authority of the neral Convention of this Church in 1792, doth conMagistrate, and woundeth the Consciences of the tain all things necessary to such consecration and or weak Brethren.
dering ; neither hath it any thing that, of itself, is Every Particular or National Church hath Au- superstitious and ungodly: and, therefore, whosothority to ordain, change, and abolish Ceremonies ever are consecrated or ordered according to said ar Riies of the Church, ordained only by inan's au- form, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and thority, so that all things be done to editýing.
lawfully consecrated and ordered. ART. XXXV. Of Homilies.
Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil Magis
trales. The second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth The power of the Civil Magistrate extendeth to contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and ne. all men, as well Clergy as Laily, in all things temcessary for these Times, as doth the former Book poral; but hath no authority in things purely spiof Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Ed. ritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men ward the Sixth, and therefore we judge them to be who are professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful read in Churches by the Ministers diligently and obedience to the civil authority, regularly and legitidistinctly, that they may be understanded of the mately constituted. people.
ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goods, which Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of The right Use of the Church.
The Riches and Goods of Christians are not com2. Against Peril of Idolatry.
mon, as touching the right, title, and possession of 3. Of Repairing and keeping clean of Churches. the same, as certain Ana-baptists do falsely, boast. 4. Of good Works : first of Fosting.
Notwithstanding, every man ought of such things as 5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness.
he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, ac6. Against excess of Apparel
cording to his ability. 7. Of Prayer. 8. Of the Place und Time of Prayer.
ART. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. 9. That Common Prayers and Sucraments ought to be ministered in a known Tongue.
As we confess that vain and rash swearing is for 10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's Word. bidden Christian men by our Lord Jesus Christ, 11. Of Alms-Doistg.
and James his Apostle: so we judge that Christian 12. Of the Nativity of Christ.
Religion doth not probibit, but that a man may 13. Of the Passion of Christ.
swear when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ.
of Faith and Charity, so it be done according to 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacrament of the the Prophets teaching in Justice, Judgment, and Body and Blood of Christ.
are not common.
Form and Manner of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS,
According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, as estab
lished by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, in General Convention, in the month of September, A.D. 1792.
1 THE PREFACE. It is evident unto all men, diligently reading holy Scripture and ancient Authors, that from the Apos
tes' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church,-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which Offices were evermore had in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with imposition of Hands, were approved and adeniued thereunto by lawsul Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be coptinued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, excepe he be called, tried,
examined, and admitted thereunto, according to the Form hereafter following, or hath had Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. And nope shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age which the Canon in
that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any Person to be a man of vir. tuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canonis require, may, at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, adınit him a Deacon, in such Manner and Form as followeth.
The Form and Manner of Making Deacons.
| When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a
Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how oecessary that Order is in the Church of Christ, and also how the People ought to estee m them
in their Office. 1. A Priest shall present unto the Bishop, sitting in Office, let him come forth in the
to be ordained Deacons, each of them being de- name of God, and show what the cently habited, saying these words :
crime or impediment is. EVEREND Father in God, And if any great Crime or Impediment be oh. I present unto you these
persons present, to be admitted Dea- Person, until such time as the Party accused shall cons.
1 Then the Bishop (commending such as shall be The Bishop
found meet to be ordered, to the Prayers of the MAKE heed that the persons ple present, say the Lilany.
Congregation) shall, with the Clergy and Peowhom ye present unto us, " Then shall be said the Service for the Cominube apt and meet for their learning! power in the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, as and god!y conversation, to exer
The Collect. cise their Ministry duly to the
thy Divine Providence hast | The Priest shall answer :
appointed divers orders of MinisHAVE inquired concerning
ters in thy Church, and didst inthem, and also examined them, spire thine Apostles to choose inand think them so to be.
Ito the Order of Deacons the first I Then the Bishop shall say unto the People : Martyr Saint Stephen, with others;
RETHREN, if there be any mercifully behold these thy ser
of you, who knoweth any im- vants now called to the like Ofpediment, or notable crime in any fice and Administration; so reof these persons presented to be plenish them with the truth of thy ordered Deacons, for the which Doctrine, and adorn them with he ought not to be admitted to that innocency of life, that both by
honour of God, and the edifying ALMIGHTY God, who by I
word and good example they may increased, and the number of the faithfully serve thee in this Office, disciples multiplied in Jerusalem to the glory of thy name, and the greatly, and a great company of edification of thy Church, through the Priests were obedient to the the merits of our Saviour Jesus faith. Christ, who liveth and reigneth 1 Then shall the Bishop examine every one of those with thee and the Holy Ghost, ple, after this manner following:
who are to be Ordered, in the presence of the Peonow and for ever. Amen.
you trust that you are inThe Epistle. 1 Tim. iii. 8. wardly moved by the Holy L
be grave, not double-tongued, fice and Ministration, to serve God not given to much wine, not gree-for the promoting of his glory, and dy of filthy lucre; holding the mys- the edifying of his people? impier tery of the faith in a pure con
Answer. I trust so. science. And let these also first
The Bishop. be proved; then let them use the Do you think that you are tru
a blameless. Even so must their will of our Lord Jesus Christ, and wives be grave, not slanderers, so- according to the Canons of this ber, faithful in all things. Let the Church, to the Ministry of the same? Deacons be the husbands of one
Answer. I think so. wife, ruling their Children and
The Bishop. their own Houses well. For
they Do you unfeignedly believe all con well, purchase to themselves the Old and New Testament? a good degree, and great boldness Answer. I do believe them. in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
The Bishop. orts * Or elke this out of the memory Chapter of the Ack WILL you diligently read the Acts vi. 2.
sembled in the Church where you THEN the Twelve called the shall be appointed to serve? them, and said, It is not reason
The Bishop that we should leave the Word of IT appertaineth to the Office of fore, brethren, look ye out among he shall be appointed to serve, to you seven men of honest report, assist the Priest in Divine service, full of the Holy Ghost and wis- and specially when he ministereth dom, whom we may appoint over the Holy Communion, and to help this business. But we will give him in the distribution thereof; ourselves continually to prayer, and to read holy Scriptures and and to the ministry of the Word. Homilies in the Church; and to inAnd the saying pleased the whole struct the Youth in the Catechism; multitude. And they chose Ste- in the absence of the Priest to bappben, a man full of faith and of the tize Infants; and to preach, if he Holy Ghost, and Philip, and Pro- be admitted thereto by the Bishop. chorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, And futhermore, it is his Office, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a pros- where provision is so made, to elyte of Antioch: whom they set search for the sick, poor, and imbefore the Apostles; and when they potent people of the Parish, to inhad prayed, they laid their hands timate their estates, names, and
And the word of God places where they dwell, unto the