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jesty received its last homage; when regrets, sobs, and mute protestations were interchanged, and tears more eloquent than words! The royal fa milyreceived in these touching adieus the true consolation of tlie heart, the sole which can assuage its profound woundsje eisinga svig drw Joi Job "The King, with a voice at once moved and full of dignity, thanked his guards for their conduct, told them how much he regretted being unable to recompense their fidelity but by his affection, that he would never forget their devotion, and that he hoped they would never forget him and his family. He terminated the discourse with these remarkable words in nobtidas lo 1997 *** I receive, gentlemen, from your bands these spotless standards; and I trust the Duke de Bourdeaux will restore them to you as unsullied.
At these words the enthusiasm rose to the highest pitch. Tears flow ed on all sides, but no oath was pronounced, as malignity has since invented. The King would never have exacted an oath from those who loved their country which would have endangered its repose."I. 359. wrist wallonos tud super
It is the fashion for our modern liberals to revile the Bourbons; but the conduct here described can well afford to stand the shafts of ridicule. It has become the province of history; it will continue to dignify the fall of this illustrious family, to elevate and move the human heart, for ages after the obscure herd who calumniate them are lost in the waves of forgotten time.oddalily zonod ten
The author gives the following interesting account of her conversation with leader of the liberal party on with a leader of the liberal party on
“I have taken up arms, said he, against M. Polignac.I regret that the King should have suffered from the contre coup. But this was no children's sport; we were called on to combat despotism, the ancient regime which we were threatened with being restored. I belong to the new order of things, by my age; and I was
of victory. The King has still for him, the provinces, the strong places, the troops, the army of Algiers, and he will certainly be supported by all the armies of Europe babuyer
The gentleman began to laugh. 'Did any one ever see,' he replied, "soldiers combat for chiefs who would not venture to put themselves at their head? Besides, qurs have acquired the unfortunate habity during the last forty years, of abandoning the master who no longer pays them, to range themselves under the one who holds the treasury. Men must live. Open the book of history; you will see that the army passed from Louis XVI. to the Constituent Assembly; from the legal to the usurping power, from the Committee of Public Safety, invested with authority, to the Thermidorian re-action. On the 18th Fructidor, it abandoned the Council invested with the legal right, in favour of the usurping Directory; and still later, on the 18th Brumaire, it answered the call of a hero, without any legiti mate title. Did it defend that new master in 1814? Did it defend the King in 1815? No, but it ranged itself under the command of the fortunate adventurer, who had overturned the monarchy. In these last days, what has been the conduct of the army? Believe me, the army remains faithful only during battle, or in combating a foreign enemy; but woe to the chief who counts upon its support in oppressing the nation! it will always escape from his colours. */
I had nothing to answer to that chronological résumé, which represented all our military revolutions with scrupulous exactness. I had recourse to the fidelity of the provinces, but there too the argument failed me; for I must admit that my opponent had always the better, at feast in appearance, in all our argu
Yes, Madame, onize pushed And who will profit by it?' Oh! you need not be afraid that some one will reap its fruits; the apfor profiting by others' achievenot likely to fail in this age
obliged to defend it. Those who have We shall have the counter
committed follies must bear their consequences; they do not even deserve to be regretted.'
part of the courtiers of the Restora"But, sir,' replied I, you are ra- tion; the wheel will turn, but it ther in a hurry to chant the hymn will bring up the same face. This
last Revolution has come ten years too soon, or too late. "-II. 9.
To all appearance this prediction is destined to be speedily verified. The Revolution has in no ways benefited any class of the people, but essentially injured all. The public burdens have been enormously augmented; trade and industry proportionally depressed; and the rapacity of the Citizen King, and his army of courtiers, exceeds all that is charged against his unfortunate pre decessor.
The first visit of M. de Chateaubriand to the authoress is given at length, and as every thing which concerns that illustrious man is the province of history, and interests the human race, we shall transcribe the conversation which ensued between them.
"I was buried in the most profound reflections, when Chateaubriand was announced. That illus trious name made me thrill with emotion; I rose with speed, and ran to meet my illustrious friend with my eyes bathed with tears.
"By what fatality,' said he,' was I neither at Court nor with the people during the three days? I had just arrived from Dieppe when I heard of the ordinances.'
"Ah! my friend, what a change since we met !-'
"What a fall, madam! what a mixture of good and evil, of virtues and vices! The race of our Kings is a third time tossed by the tempests, and wrecked on a foreign shore, without our being able to op pose any thing but tears and regrets to the calamity. Do you know what most grieves me?-When I arrived at the Gates of Paris, I ran to the office of the Journal des Debats, where I remained a few minutes; in leaving it, I was seized by some young men, who raised me in their arms, and forced all who passed to join in the cry, "Vive M. De Chateaubriand!""
"And why does that distress you?' "Vive M. De Chateaubriand on the tomb of the monarchy !'
"But near that tomb is still an infant, in whose favour the ancient inheritance of Henry IV. may still open.'
"My voice, at least, shall not be wanting in his distress."
"With what energy did he then unfold to me the sentiments of a Royalist and a citizen! He ran over the different parties, who were in presence of each other, and with his eagle's eyes pierced into the depths of futurity.
"The Duke of Reichstadt,' said he, has no chances in his favour : He has nothing for him but the intrigues of the police and the garrisons.-The ancient Napoleonists will not avail him, for their attachment to the son of the hero, who has loaded them with obligations, is kept in subordination to their interest, and their interest will lead them, like all the rich, to the Palais Royal. As to the Republicans, they have not a chance in their favour; the Duke of Orleans will carry the day. Reason and prudence will induce the majority of the nation to range itself under his banners. He will have on his side the shopkeepers, the selfish, and all the characters of the Revolution, the empire, and the restoration, who wish for repose and freedom.” "And glory also.'
"That remains to be seen.' "And what do you propose to do in this new regime?'
"If they do not require of me services incompatible with my principles, I will not desert my post in the Chamber of Peers; if they do, I will leave France for ever.'
“No, my noble friend, you will not leave your country; it cannot afford to detach you from its glory.'
"I cannot,' he replied, separate my cause from that of the Royal Family; and since they had doubts of my devotion, I seek in misfortune the opportunity of giving fresh proofs of it.'
"I fear,' he added, 'that the steps of the new Ministry will be feeble and timid; nor indeed can it be otherwise. It will fear all the world, and will be desirous to displease no one. Subsequently it will not fail to disown its origin, like an enriched servant, who, instead of taking a pride in his skill in amassing a fortune, seeks to pass for a member of his ancient family, and for that purpose adopts its forms and ceremonies.-No one, however, is deceived by all this but the parvenu himself, but that is sufficient to mislead them.' II. 34.
Some months after the Revolution, and shortly before his death, the authoress received a visit from Benjamin Constant. The observations of such a man on the passing events are well worth recording.es "Great events,' said I, have oc curred since we last met. T "Yes, replied the sage, but I fear those who are reaping the fruit know not how to profit by them. Al❤ ready they are striving to envelope royalty in the same robes, to make it repose on the same couch as its predecessor, in order, without doubt, that the change should not be per ceived. The dynasty has only chan ged its chief. To hear our rulers, you would imagine that the Revolu tion, is nothing but a chimera, and that the new King derives his sole title from his quasi legitimacy "I confess that that word is to me utterly unintelligible.'
"You had better ask M. Guizot, Dupin, and their associates, what it means. I have no wish to dispute with them the honour of the invention.-Fatality has attached itself to the great work: it was begun by giants, it has been continued by pigmies, and now they are striving to degrade it in order to lower it to their own level. They will end by sinking it, like the Byzantine Em pire, in an ocean of words; but let us not deceive ourselves. These words will swallow us up.' 0% 0
“' It well becomes you to rail at eloquence, who use it with so much force.
"Eloquence, Madame, does not consist in fine sophisms, in delusions coloured with art; and yet we hear nothing but that at the Tribune. The King is deceived, the nation is deceived, all the world is deceived, and all that for the benefit of foreign powers. We are made to live on illusions. We have already advanced no farther than the 29th July, when we should have raised that mighty shout, that cry to arms, which would have resounded to the uttermost ends of the earth. Our rulers, on the contrary, are striving only to reassure foreign powers, to inspire submission to external despots. We are sleeping on the edge of an abyss, and fortune in vain calls us to range ourselves under that immortal
ægis, that tricolour flag, which only waves over the Tuileries, to contrast our present humiliation with the glories of the Republic and the Empired' (24
Such are the seducing colours under which the passion of Republican propagandism veils its projects of ambition, rapine, and universal do minion!
The Revolution of July effected as great a change in the leaders of fashion, and the manners of the day, as in the men who held the reins of government. Our authoress gives the following entertaining account of her visit to a box of a leader of the liberal party at the opera :
"M. De. L. passed into the antechamber; and I rejoined him in half an hour, equipped for the opera, in that dress du juste milieu, which was then beginning to be in fashion.-We set out, arrived at the theatre; and after passing through several boxes, I found myself in that of M. Guizot, the Minister of the Interior, directly opposite that gentleman, and the high and mighty dame, his wife, surrounded by a crowd of the new courtiers, of whom I thus appeared to swell the train.
Indignant at the trick which had thus been played on me, I looked at my friend who had thus conducted me into the middle of that liberal moby but he had concealed himself behind M. Raoul Rochette, and others, whom I little expected to meet in such company. The lady of the place rose to receive me; her form was arrayed to advantage in a muslin robe edged with blonde, intended no doubt to exhibit the union of simplicity and riches. The contrast was truly curious. She was decked out like a chapel, flowers, plumes, ribbons; nothing was awanting; I was dazzled at the sight.
"M. Guizot was dressed in a handsome black coat, a white waistcoat, tight pantaloons of light blue; shoes finely blacked, with soles half an inch thick; a round hat, adorned with an enormous tricolour cockade; gloves almost new in fine, he exhibited the true costume of a petit-maitre, only you would have some difficulty to assign the period of civilisation to which it belonged.
"I was formally conducted to a
chair near that of the Minister's lady. They complimented me, with that protecting air which so well becomes power, and I answered with all the humility which suited my humble situation.
"While seated there, I had leisure to admire the crowd of young elegans, with their dressed mustaches and affected airs, who arranged themselves, in close column, round the ladies whose husbands were in credit with the government, as if to debar all approach to a humbler class of supplicants. ts. There was something truly amusing in the manners of these fine gentlemen; their college airs, their bourgeois manners, their aping the ease of the Court. They spoke aloud, used abundance of gesticulation, and were perfectly irresistible. The ladies fanned themselves, with a charming air of simplicity; there was an ease, an abandon in their demeanour, which made me feel all the rusticity of my previous habits. I felt like a young village girl suddenly transported from her cottage into a numerous circle, where every thing she sees and hears is a novel ty; with this difference, that, instead of being transported from the cottage to the palace, I had fallen from the palace to the cottage. Never in my life had I witnessed such a scene; but, I own, that after half an hour, I began to think I had had enough of „199, DUR 29but "Is the curtain never to fall,' said I to the gentleman who accompanied me, who at length ventured to ap
comes a Minister of the Interior, and assumes, for a little brief space, the airs of a courtier, he becomes the fit object of ridicule. The ludicrous character of the scene which is here so well described, is a just satire on the folly and presumption of that levelling spirit of the present day which would remove every thing from its proper sphere, make learning despicable without being useful, and industry tumultuous without being beneficial.
Talleyrand is also introduced on the scene. The following conversation will exhibit the views of this veteran politician on the recent changes.
I know not, madam; but I believe that war would not suit France at this moment. The sight of the tricolour flag could not be agreeable to the foreign powers, as recalling the victory of a people over their king. But what most disquiets me is to see our old men ape the ideas of the young, and our youth assume the decrepitude of age. The latter are employed in the governmentto-morrow they will be sent back to their schools.'
What! do you not recollect they are now our rulers ?'
"You know, madam, that wise men sometimes bend to the caprices of children, to let their vehemence evaporate; but, I must own, every thing which has recently occurred in France makes me think that all, young and old, have profited nothing by the lessons of the past. It was in
proach my side. nooga Sutrain to expect that that unanimity, of
"No, madam; for the master of the fête has just ordered refreshments. "Heaven have mercy on us! exclaimed I. 'I already begin to perceive the scent of cider, and beer. Where on earth you brought me?' said I to my companion, as soon as we had left the box.
which the Revolution boasted so loudly, could continue. On all sides, complaints will soon arise from those who now dissemble their regrets and their hopes. The spirit of complaint is uls more persevering than that of joy. The first law passed after a Revolution should be that of an ostracism.' You have not even,' said I,' the relief of emigration So much the worse. In 1830, as at the era of the consulate, I was desirous that the Government should give an issue to all the humours of the social body by encouraging emigration. How many Frenchmen would embrace with alacrity the project of carrying their disappointments to a foreign shore! How many are there,
"Where I promised, said he to the representation of a Comedie Bour geoise, with this difference, that I did! not tell you that it was to take place at the Minister of the Interior's
Now, this raillery appears to us richly deserved. We admire M. Gui zot as much as any one, and will 500 make our readers acquainted with his great works; but when a professor, leaving his proper
among whom, were it but for a mo-
of recent times. We are not sufficiently behind the curtain to know, whether the conversations are all to be fully relied on, though, from their being given as the words of living characters, the variety of ideas and the force of expression which they contain, there seems no reason to believe they are apocryphal. At all events, they convey a clear, forcible, and condensed view of the ideas of the leading political characters and great parties in the state, during those eventful times; and as such, seem well deserving of attention. We have given them at length, both because our readers have elsewhere enough of our own ideas, and because we despair at conveying otherwise than in the humble, guise of a translation, the clear and luminous ideas of the illustrious characters whom the magic lantern of this lively writer brings successively before our eyes.
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