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the Palaces of Princes, especially in Italy, are generally built near the Walls and Ditches of a Town, which are the most unwholsome Parts of it. He adds, That some Years ago being at Modena in the Summer and the Autumn, he observed that several People who lived near the Town-Walls, died of Malignant Fevers; and that there was hardly any Body fick of that Diftemper among those who lived in orher Parts of that Cicy. From whence he infers, how neceffary it is for the Preservation of Health, to live in a pure Air, without which the Transpiration can never be well performed,
- The Author maintains, by Virtue of his Observations upon the Baromerer, That the Air is heavier in clear Weather, and when a North Wind blows, than in cloudy and rainy Weather. From whence he draws this Inference; That a thick Air lefsens the Transpiration, not so much because it obstructs the Pores of the Skin, as because the Body is not so closely pressed by the Atmosphere, and therefore the Fibres must needs be relaxed. Whereas in clear Weather the Air has a greater Force upon the Fibres, which by their Effort facilitate the Circulation of the Blood, whereby the Transpiration is more easily performed. A Physician muft therefore consider the Nature of the Air, and the Temper of a Prince, that he may have a free Transpiration, than which nothing can be more effectual for the Preservation of his Health, The Author makes fome other Observations, on which I cannot enlarge. I fhall only take Notice of one. When the Small-Pox (says he) rages among Children, 'tis a sign that the Air is corrupted. He adds, That he has frequently observed, that the SmallPox has been attended with Epidemical Diseases, such as Malignant Fevers, and Dysentery.
IV, The Tables of Princes, says the Author, are full of such a variety of Dishes, that their Health may easily be impaired by an Excess of Eating, which is the Cause of so many Diseases. Their Stomach has not a sufficient time to digest Crudities.
Besides, so many Sorts of Mears and Ragoos cannot be equally diffolved by one and the same Ferment; and the Blood, consisting of so many different Particles, can never attain to a perfect. Mixture without disordering the Body; and therefore will not be proper for the Nourishment of the Parts, and enable them to perform their Functions. This gives the Author Occasion to take Notice of a Passage in Galer relating to the Emperor Commodus. That Prince felt a violent Pain in his Stomach after Supper : He had a frequent and now Pulse, which was looked upon as a sign of a Fever. Galen being sent for in the Night, declared that the Emperor had no Fever. Commodus asked him, What was to be done? Where. upon that Physician gave him this Answer : " If any
Body else was taken with the same Illness, I would give him, as I use to do, some Wine mixed with
Pepper ; but because you are King, it will be suf“ ficient to lay upon the Orifice of the Stomach a “ Handful of Wool dipped in a hot Pigment of “
Nard.”. The Emperor being well pleased with the ingenuous Freedom of Galen, drank some Sabine Wine mixed with Pepper, and recovered his Health.
Dr. Ramazzini does not approve Drinking several Sorts of Wine, and shews the ill Consequences of it. He recommends Sobriety, as being the only way of enjoying a good Health, and attaining to old-Age; as it appears from those ancient Hermits, who lived up. on Roots and Dates, and from the famous Lewis Cor, naro, a Noble Venetian, whose excellent Book (says the Author) concerning the Advantages of a Sober Life deserves to be illustrated with a Commentary. That Learned Physician informs us, that he will perhaps undertake such a Work. He adds, That a Man's Stomach is the best Judge of the Quantity and Good: ness of Food necellary to him ; that those Aliments that are easily digested, and afford a quick Nourilt ment, ought to be accounted the best, and that, as Lucretius says;
Nec multum refert, quo victu corpus alatur, Dummodo, quod capias, concoctum didere poflis Artubus, & ftomachi humectum servare tenorem.
This Extra&t is continued in ART. XX.
ATHER Martianay has published the Life of
Sister Magdalen of the Holy Sacrament, a Carmelite Nun.
La Vie de Soeur Madeleine du S. Sacrement, Reli
gieuse Clermalise du Voile blanc,
avec des reflexions
excellence de vertus pagg. 235.
Thar Nun was born at St. Sever, a Town of Gafcogne, in the Year 1617. and died at Bourdeaux at Fourscore Years of Age. We are told that her Death was attended with several Wonders. Sifter Magdalen had many extraordinary Favours bestowed upon her by Heaven. Being still in the World, she felt
a wonderful Sweetness as often as she came near " the Holy Table, to receive the Eucharist. That “ Sweetness (said she) was like a Fountain of Sweet
Oyl, which rendred the Use of the Holy Sacra
ment very delicious to her. Whenever the consulted the Child Fesus, he gave her a plain answer, which she heard inwardly. Here follows an Instance of it. “ A Mendicant Fryar, being “ accused of maitaining a new and dangerous Do
ctrine, was like to prove a very unhappy Man; for his Brethren and Superiors, moved with a
“ false Zeal, were resolved to prosecute him with " the utmost Severity. Sister Magdalen was pitched
upon to decide that Difference. The Superior of 66 & the Carmelite Nuns ordered her to beseech the
Child Jesus to discover the Truth, and to recon“cile a Community, that was threaren'd with a ve.
ry fatal Discord. Magdalen said her Prayers, and “ then heard an inward Voice telling her very di
ftinctly, That the Faith and Doctrine of the acac
cused Monk were Orthodox. But because she did do
not understand the Signification of that Word, she “ could not tell whether the Child Jesus had acquit“ ted the Fryar, or whether he was guilty; and there
.fore she said with great Simplicity, That the Do
ctrine of that Religious was Orthodox ; and asked, “ What was the meaning of it. This Answer re" moved all Sufpicions, and secured from Persecution
a Man, whose Faith was not approved by his “ Masters.
The Devotion of Sister. Magdalen was accounted a Chimerical cne by feveral Perfons, even in her Convent. * Mother Anne, my Aunt, (Sags foe, in one
of her Letters) cannot apprehend my Way. Tho' “ The has been my Prioress Fifteen Years, the is als
ways uneasy, being of Opinion that I am mistaken.
If ir be so, I know nothing of it.- My Spirit “ is intolerable to Mother Anne." When the knows " that I have been employed in any thing, or that " I have spoken with some Body, fne is very angry
with our Mother, because, (says she) I have no Wit, nor Sense, nor Judgment.
[The Learned Bishop Stillingfleet publifoed . Curious Book, entitled, The Fanaticism of the Church
À Third Edition of a Body of Philosophy, com. posed by M. Pourchot, late Professor of that Science in Mazarin-College, is lately come out at Lyons.
Institutiones Philosophicæ ad faciliorem veterum ac recentiorum Philosophorum le&tionem comparata. Edi
tio tertia locupletior. Lugduni. 1711. in V. Volumes in 12mo.
That Work is very much esteemed, because the Author has collected in a few Words, and very thodically, the best Things that are to be found upon the several Parts of Philosophy in the most celebra. ted Philosophers both Ancient aud Modern. M. Pourchot has added several curious Observations to this new Edition, and has not forgot President Bon's Dir. covery concerning the Silk of Spiders *.
A new Edition of the Candidatus Rhetorice, has been printed here from that of Father Juvenci lately, published at Rome.
Candidatus Rhetoricæ olim à Patre Francisco Pomey digeftus. In hac Editione novissima à Patre Fosepho Juvencio au&tus, emendatus, & perpolitus. Paris, 1711. in 12mo, pagg. 360.
Father Fuvenci has left out in this Edition whar: ever appeared to him needless, and added many
Things which he thought necessary. He has also altered the Method and Style of Father Pomey in several Places.
* I have given an Account of that Discovery in the First Volume.
HÉ following Book has been lately published:
The English Grammar : Or, an Effay on the Art of Grammar, applied to and exemplified in the Englise Tongue. By Michael Maittaire. London: Printed by W. B. for H. Clements at the Half Moon in St. Paul's Church-yard. 1712. in 8vo. pagg. 272.